评论人:yh3bhggnv35  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:hmxiang8f  评论时间:2017/11/17
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What could I feel or say but No? What could any one, under the circumstances? Why then did a sudden vision of Ada’s face, as she gave me that last look,Russland Drakt Barn, rise up before me, bidding me remember the cause to which I was pledged, and not put too much faith in this man and his plausible explanations.

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   评论人:gkblgo76pn1  评论时间:2017/11/17
     火车采集器html简单模板示范
Chinese Motorcycles - The New Low Cost Transportation For Americans

[标签:来源]

With rising gas prices, many Americans are turning to alternatives from their gas guzzling cars. And yet while common sense would lead one to believe that a motorcycle is a better alternative to a car, the well established name brand motorcycles aren''t seeing the same huge spike in sales that motor scooters are. And why not?

The answer is simple. The best selling brands of motorcycles in America are, relatively speaking, expensive. Whether you''re considering economic evaluators such as "total cost of ownership", "return on investment", or "opportunity cost", trying to save on gas by buying a Harley Davidson, Honda,intel cpu for sale cheap, or other name brand motorcycle just doesn''t produce the right bottom line.

So does this mean that one has to settle for a motor scooter as a result of the high gas prices? Well, as long as free market forces are allowed to run their natural course, the answer is "no". Options are available to the American looking for a way to save gas without having to settle for a scooter, but those options are in slim availability in the US at the moment. And those options are Chinese motorcycles.

According to the Motorcycle Industry Council, 50% of the motorcycles in the world originated in China, and China has been the leading country in the production of motorcycles since 1994. These numbers usually don''t make any sense to American motorcycle enthusiasts because in America Chinese motorcycles make up a very slim minority of the motorcycles in use in the US. So where has China been sending all these motorcycles they''ve been making?

Primarily Chinese motorcycles are exported to countries in Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. The demand in these countries for extremely low cost transportation is higher than anywhere else in the world. For many families, the only vehicle the family will ever own and use is a basic small engine scooter or motorcycle built in China.

In the past few years China has begun exporting their motorcycles to the US. However, the economics that have existed in America have been vastly different than they''ve been in countries in Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. Motorcycle buyers in the US aren''t looking for the lowest form of transportation available. In the vast majority of cases, an American purchases a motorcycle as a supplement to another primary vehicle that they own. These conditions have traditional left the motorcycle product offerings from China as a non-factor to American motorcycle buyers.

However, $4 a gallon gas has significantly changed the demographics of the American motorcycle buyer. Now we see a new demand for extremely low cost transportation as a primary vehicle from Americans, and the name brand motorcycle manufacturers aren''t producing products that meet that need. Enter China.

China is ramping up as fast as possible to provide the same products that they dominate the Asian, Middle Eastern, and African markets with. While most motorcycle enthusiast balk at the idea of America being flooded by Chinese motorcycles, capitalistic forces are far more powerful than their opinions or objections.

Today the majority of Chinese motorcycles are being sold via the internet, from brands such as Roketa, Tank, and SUNL. However brands such as QLink and CF Moto are setting up infrastructures of dealerships to sell and service their brands of Chinese motorcycles.

And a very unique thing these Chinese motorcycle manufactures are providing is a good amount of automatic transmission motorcycles. With many new people turning to motorcycles as a new form of transportation, the automatic transmission motorcycles are very appealing to those who don''t want to learn how to shift.

So as we watch the Olympics in Beijing conclude, rest assured that we haven''t seen the last of China in America. Very soon, Chinese motorcycles will be a part of many American''s daily commutes.

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   评论人:gkblgo76pn1  评论时间:2017/11/17
    According to the font we have confirmed, 2008 Chinese Wenchuan 8 earthquake occurred,samsung galaxy s8 online store, should be energy-saving by prophecy, according to China as is the largest population in the world, the degree of belief so far in 1%, this is a nation without faith without doubt. On 2013 a devastating disaster, we will see that scientists is said to the "Kingdom of Boriska" and "guide" the great puzzle, many theologians explained that: "Boriska said it is Jesus Christ, God''s son Jesus in 2013 will drop disaster in the world since the warning of human." But denied this explanation Boriska theologian. WeChat search and pay attention to science and technology news public account: kejixun more exciting, I know! : [looking down, the next page]: a more wonderful

   评论人:gkblgo76pn1  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Font name is the first place by name, official, occupation, and so the evolution of the place name is the most common, marking the family had lived in the area. But to the Qin Dynasty, "all over the world, all this land belongs to the king, are the king''s servants." All the wealth of the world to the emperor''s rare gifts and bold strategy. The emperor was forced to unify the political, economic, cultural, so that the meaning of the Chinese family name has gradually changed, the surname evolved in China as a symbol of family kinship. The name is the first by name,bulk wholesale nikon cameras, office, etc. occupation evolved in foreign countries, has also said the family name, the earliest or most prestigious territory, such as hundreds of countries ruled the Habsburg family, they have many names, but not in Austria, Portugal and Castile, the surname but still in the Swiss family originated in the name of the queen Isabel in Castile surname. In foreign countries, has also said that the family name, the earliest or most prestigious territory so in most eyes of foreigners, Chinese name and surname put all sorts of strange things, in front of the name, than the name, pay more attention to Chinese surname. WeChat search and pay attention to science and technology news public account: kejixun more exciting, I know!

   评论人:dkel37hb88  评论时间:2017/11/17
    The octopus was about five feet off the ground, over my right shoulder. I turned and stepped closer to walk around it. Anyone watching might have thought I looked silly―I had a bulky black virtual-reality headset strapped onto my face. But at least there wasn’t a cable running down my back to connect it to a PC.

That lack of a cord sets the headset I tried apart from leading devices on the market today. Mobile chipmaker Qualcomm is showing only that one limited demo, which isn’t interactive. But the VR820 design may anticipate the kind of device that will make virtual reality much more widely used.

Headsets that rely on a smartphone for their display and processing power, such as Samsung’s Gear VR or Google’s Cardboard and forthcoming Daydream, are another way to experience virtual reality without cables. But they can’t track the position of your head in space, which is necessary if you want to move around a virtual space to inspect, say, an octopus. You can turn your head to look around, but your view doesn’t change if you stand up or lean forward.

Qualcomm’s design for a virtual-reality headset eschews the cables seen in the leading devices on the market today.
High-end headsets like Facebook’s Oculus Rift and HTC’s Vive can track your head position, allowing more realistic exploration. But they need tethering to a powerful PC and require you to install positioning hardware wherever you want to use your device. Qualcomm’s headset tracks your position using internal motion sensors and a camera looking out from the device. A self-contained device can’t match the power of a gaming PC, putting some complex graphics off limits. And it''s not clear how close Qualcomm''s device comes to matching the accuracy of the position tracking of the Rift or Vive. But Qualcomm says it can support rich 3-D games and experiences.

Qualcomm won’t sell headsets. It is offering its designs to hardware companies in the hope they will build their own versions, boosting chip sales. The first companies doing that will reveal themselves in the next few months, Qualcomm predicts.

Intel unveiled its own all-in-one headset design earlier this summer and is pursuing a similar strategy,cheap apple iphone 7 plus 256gb, but it has not yet made its device available to try (see “Intel and Microsoft Are Teaming Up to Make VR Ubiquitous”). All-in-one headsets of various kinds are already on the market in China.

Hugo Swart, a senior director of product management at Qualcomm, says headsets built to his company’s plans should be similar in price to a high-end tablet. That would make them $500 or under, much less than the $1,400 or more for an Oculus Rift and compatible PC.



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   评论人:dkel37hb88  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:dkel37hb88  评论时间:2017/11/17
    The Burlington Zephyr, America’s first diesel-powered high-speed train, was born of Ralph Budd’s vision of rail travel luxury. And with help from an MIT wind tunnel, that dream came to life, allowing passengers to eat ice cream from gold-banded bowls or to smoke while reclining in a leather seat―and watch the world go by at 100 miles per hour.

Budd, president of the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad in the 1930s and ’40s, hoped that a radically new kind of train would get rail travel out of the slump that had accompanied the Great Depression; by 1933 local railway traffic was just 20 percent of what it had been in 1920. His solution measured 196 feet long, weighed 97.5 tons, and owed its name to Geoffrey Chaucer. Upon reading The Canterbury Tales, Budd had been taken with Chaucer’s mention of the god of the west wind, Zephyrus, who blows sweet breezes that inspire pilgrims to begin their journeys.

Wanting the Burlington Zephyr to be the country’s most aerodynamically efficient train, Budd sought the assistance of Shatswell Ober, an associate professor of aeronautics at MIT. In 1933 Ober set up a five-foot-long stationary model of the Zephyr in a wind tunnel. With a four-blade propeller fan blowing air past the model at 60 miles per hour, Ober and his team could evaluate the train’s aerodynamics as if it were slicing through the breeze.

Engineered for sleekness, the Zephyr had windows and doors that lay flush with the train’s surface, a rounded front nose, and a tapered rear. All mechanical equipment was packed tightly into a bottom compartment, leaving the train’s underbelly smooth.

The Zephyr model outshone a model of a conventional train in aerodynamic testing, but Ober had his doubts. In a report written on October 7, 1933, he expressed his worry that the five-foot-long prototype, about a 40th the size that the real Zephyr would be, was too small to give meaningful results. The idea that the model would approximate the behavior of the full-sized train, he wrote, was “questionable.”

Ober’s anxieties play out on several sheets of indigo-colored draft paper. Notations are scribbled on top of the original train plans, and broad scratches in red pencil suggest an attempt to tighten its lines.

But Ober’s model, although small and stationary, was well engineered to predict the behavior of the full-scale Zephyr. Designed to run at about 110 miles per hour, the train trumped the fastest safe speed of 60 miles per hour for earlier diesel passenger trains. And at less than a third of an ordinary train’s weight, it could run with less than half the resistance of a conventional American train. Its secret: stainless steel.

Promising lightweight engineering without loss of safety, stainless steel was seen as the material of the future―or, as a Railway Age ad for U.S. Steel called it, “the fabric of the modern world.” A 1934 advertisement for Enduro steel proclaimed that “years from now, the Enduro on the ‘Zephyr’ will gleam as brightly as the Enduro on the Chrysler spire and the Enduro on the world-famous tower of the Empire State Building.”

Even as the Depression dragged on, stepping aboard the Zephyr was like entering another era. The train featured pastel-painted compartments, rich window drapes, radio service, and a buffet offering drinks and ice cream. With space for 72 passengers and 50,000 pounds of baggage and freight, the “Silver Streak” hit a speed of 112 miles per hour during a record-setting nonstop dawn-to-dusk dash from Denver to Chicago.

In May 1934, the Zephyr pulled into Boston’s South Station on its exhibition tour. “One of the finest examples of the cold-fabricators art was seen in our fair city last week,” reported the Tech. And MIT had had a hand in putting it together: Albert G. Dean ‘31, an alumnus working for the metal fabrication company that invented shotwelding (applying short pulses of strong electrical current instead of heat, which weakens stainless steel), used that technique to bind the 46 arched side posts that formed the Zephyr’s skeleton.

In the end, the Zephyr did spark a rail revival, just as Budd had hoped. Among the first of many diesel-powered trains to hit American soil, it ushered in a new era of engineering. By 1939, 90 diesel trains were in service across the country, and rail travel had rebounded 38 percent above the 1933 level.

Today, the Zephyr sits in the Chicago Museum of Science and Industry after 26 years of service. It was, as Ober conceded in November 1934, “a strikingly handsome train.”

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In an effort to reduce futile delivery efforts and the stranding of valuable packages on front porches, researchers at Accenture Technology Labs in Chicago are developing a Web-based software system for package shipping and receiving.

When a package reaches a certain point in shipping-say, the regional hub where trucks are loaded for local routes-it’s scanned and identified much as parcels tracked by United Parcel Service and Federal Express are now. The software then sends out an alert to the package’s recipient, based on preferences he or she has preselected online: e-mail, an instant text message or a phone call. A customer can even grant the shipper access to an online personal calendar in order to coordinate a preferred delivery time and can send the system new delivery instructions if the original time or address is inconvenient. The software automatically updates the driver’s delivery list, saving the precious time it takes to drive to an empty home and write a missed-delivery note.

While Accenture will not divulge which of its corporate clients are interested in the prototype, the researchers foresee widespread use of the software within a few years. And since the system is built using universal Web standards, says Michael Hoch, analyst at the Boston-based Aberdeen Group, “You can expect to see any number of companies develop similar services in the next three to five years.” Which could mean the end of those dreaded missed-delivery sticky notes once and for all.

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   评论人:vbk3vyykvzm  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:vbk3vyykvzm  评论时间:2017/11/17
    BAMAKO: Mali''s main Tuareg separatist factions said on Saturday they would boycott talks with the government next week on implementing a nearly 2-year-old peace accord that has been riven by quarrelling.

The pact signed in 2015 was meant to draw a line under the conflict that pitted nomadic Tuaregs in the desert north against a government seated in the south and which has destabilised Mali, turning it into a launch pad for global jihadi groups.

But implementing the agreement has been held up by bickering, while jihadists have exploited the security vacuum to step up attacks.

"The CMA and Platform declare solemnly that they cannot take part in this conference," a statement by the Tuareg rebels said, explaining that it was not sufficiently inclusive and that they were not consulted about the date when it was fixed.

"We cannot take part in a conference which, far from uniting, risks being divisive."

After months of delays and arguments, there have been some signs of progress in recent weeks with the return of state authority to some cities from which it had been absent since the Tuareg uprising began in 2012.

Joint patrols staffed by fighters from the various armed factions and the Malian security forces have also helped restore confidence.

But tensions remain high. Earlier this month,video games online wholesale, armed groups surrounded Timbuktu,Wholesale samsung 105 inch tvs online store, once a tourist trap because of its fabled history of gilded Islamic empires that grew rich on trade connecting Africa''s interior with its Mediterranean coast.

The armed groups were opposed to the return of state authority to the city, and no agreement has yet been reached to allow it to go ahead.

Most government posts have been empty since the Tuaregs and desert jihadists took over northern Mali, before French forces intervened to push them back in 2013, but a breakthrough last month allowed authority to be restored to several cities.

Despite continued French troop deployments, a U.N. peacekeeping mission and years of peace talks, Mali remains beset by banditry, unrest and ethnic strife.

(Writing by Tim Cocks,Cheap desktops for sale; Editing by Mark Potter)

   评论人:vbk3vyykvzm  评论时间:2017/11/17
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This week we look on the bright side of a fraught political period: dark times have also produced the most influential music and art in history. As the music of the 60s or the Guerilla Girls and Keith Haring in the 80s can attest, great art can still flourish in a conflicted country.
Host Jessica Valenti speaks with visual artist Tatyana Fazlalizadeh about public art,Buy galaxy s6 online, the pressure to produce political pieces and how artists will survive.

   评论人:dieo3818my  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Back in the 16th century, a Spanish Benedictine monk called Pietro Ponce pioneered the seemingly magical art of lip reading. Although the technique probably predates him, Ponce was the first successful lip reading teacher. Then, as now, the technique was primarily used to help people with hearing difficulties interpret speech. But it is also used by others to eavesdrop on conversations. Indeed, various experiments show that our ability to interpret speech improves when we can see the moving lips of the speaker. In other words, almost everybody uses lip reading to a certain extent. That raises an interesting question. Can the process of lip reading be automated and performed by computer? And if so, how successful can this approach be and what kind of threat does it pose to privacy? Today, we get some answers thanks to the work of Ahmad Hassanat at Mu’tah University in Jordan. He outlines the challenges that researchers face in the field of automated lip reading, otherwise known as visual speech recognition. What is clear from his analysis is that if lip reading is going to be successfully automated, significant challenges still need to be overcome. The fundamental process of lip reading is to recognize a sequence of shapes formed by the mouth and then match it to a specific word or sequence of words. There is a significant challenge here. During speech, the mouth forms between 10 and 14 different shapes, known as visemes. By contrast, speech contains around 50 individual sounds known as phonemes. So a single viseme can represent several different phonemes. And therein lies the problem. A sequence of visemes cannot usually be associated with a unique word or sequence of words. Instead, a sequence of visemes can have several different solutions. The challenge for the lip reader is to choose the one that the speaker has used. The problem is compounded by the fact that a speaker’s lips are often obscured so that on average, a lip reader only sees about 50 percent of the spoken words. The result is that lip reading is by no means perfect even for the most experienced practitioners. Experiments show just how difficult it is, even when vocabulary is hugely limited. when people are asked to decide which of the digits 1 to 9 have been spoken, purely by lip reading, their success rate averages just over 50 percent. Not good at all. So it is easy to imagine that the prospects for automating this technique are poor. But Hassanat points to a growing body of research that tackles this problem, aided by a rapid improvement in machine vision in recent years. The first problem for automated lip reading is face and lip recognition. This has improved in leaps and bounds in recent years. A more difficult challenge is in recognizing, extracting and categorizing the geometric features of the lips during speech. This is done by measuring the height and width of the lips as well as other features such as the shape of the ellipse bounding the lips, the amount of teeth on view and the redness of the image, which determines the amount of tongue that is visible. Determining the exact contour of the lips is hard because of the relatively small difference between pixels showing face and lips. Indeed,Wholesale samsung phones for sale, Hassanat says this is not necessary since the bounding ellipse and the height and shape of the mouth provide a decent approximation of the real contours. “We argue that it is not necessary to use all or some of the lip’s contour points to define the outer shape of the lips,” he says. The experiments he and others have done have found other problems though. One is that beards and mustaches can significantly confuse visual speech recognition systems. Consequently, they are more successful with female than male speakers. Another problem is that some people are more expressive with their lips than others so it easier to interpret what they are saying from lip movements alone. Indeed, some people hardly move their lips at all and these so-called “visual-speechless persons” are almost impossible to interpret. Nevertheless, Hassanat’s own visual speech recognition system is remarkably good. His experiments achieve an average success rate of 76 percent, albeit in carefully controlled conditions. The success rate is even higher for women because of the absence of beards and mustaches. All this suggests that there is significant potential for visual speech recognition systems in the future, particularly as an aid to other forms of speech recognition. However, important challenges remain. In particular, Hassanat points out that the best human lip readers rely on significant amounts of additional information to interpret speech, such as the context of the conversation, the speaker’s body movements and a good knowledge of grammar, idioms and common speech. These are factors that computers have yet to get to grips with. Automated lip reading may still be some way off but the early signs are that it is by no means impossible. And that raises a whole set of other privacy-related issues. For example, it may be that videos of conversations without sound are impossible to interpret now but may be easy to interpret in future. How might politicians, business leaders and popular figures fair under that kind of future analysis? Something to think about next time you see a CCTV camera. Ref: arxiv.org/abs/1409.1411 : Visual Speech Recognition

   评论人:dieo3818my  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:dieo3818my  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Materials scientists have long played with “shape memory alloys,” metals that shift between one shape and another when heated or cooled to just the right temperature. But so far, real-world applications have been limited, because controlling the alloy’s shape with temperature is often difficult and inefficient. Now, researchers have found a way to accomplish the same shape-memory tricks using magnets rather than temperature-an advance that could make possible efficient, less clunky moving parts for machine components in aircraft, automobiles or even robots.

Materials scientists Bob O’Handley of MIT and Kari Ullakko from the Helsinki University of Technology in Finland reasoned that an alloy of nickel, manganese and gallium might respond to a magnetic field with a change of shape. When the researchers expose a sample of the new alloy to a magnetic field about two or three times stronger than that generated by a refrigerator magnet, the material becomes rubbery and expands. When the researchers remove the field, a spring pushing on the alloy causes it to revert to its original shape. By alternating the magnetic field at high speed, the researchers can repeat the cycle several thousand times per minute. “It sort of looks like a heart beating very quickly,Cheap galaxy s8 for sale,” says O’Handley.

Adding magnetic control, researchers believe, will make shape memory alloys much more practical to use. “There’s a great deal of promise in these [magnetically controlled] materials,” says the University of Minnesota’s Thomas Shield, who also studies shape memory alloys. O’Handley, for example, envisions using the alloy to make lightweight mechanical parts in airplane wing flaps. A lump of the new material wrapped in a magnetic coil could raise and lower a flap on cue, replacing today’s heavy hydraulic systems that require a central pump and multiple oil lines running to the flaps.

O’Handley and his crew have also partnered with two engineering firms in the Boston area-Mid Technology and ACX-that manufacture valves and pumps for automotive and aerospace applications, among other uses. The researchers aim to have a working prototype of a generic pump ready before the end of this year. The MIT scientists are also working with four other universities to make a magnetic shape memory material that combines the metal alloy with a polymer. If it works, it could lead to an even lighter and cheaper “beating heart.”
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   评论人:gkblgo95ou7  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:gkblgo95ou7  评论时间:2017/11/17
    The first " Acer " cup storage engineer technical contest kicked off in November 11th, for the country to recruit technical experts in the field of storage. " " is the big great plan and noble ambition; contest theme, theme poster concept inspired by the Hollywood blockbuster "X men", the master reveals memory than generals condensed stunt throughout the country, has a high level of athletic event storage. " everywhere are brothers, join America ", we will fight; and Hongshan witness China " " in the world; storage; most combat " brain king " birth. This " Hongshan placed under the ring; " like a " from the auditions to the finals of the scene show; ", competition will be divided into ["] preliminary battle; " ["], the semi-finals; division and " ["], the final; Hongshan leader " three the contestants on the stage, the storage technology of master degree, practical ability, innovation ability and other aspects of competition, through the online answer, on-site lectures, test methods such as slug. Will ultimately decide the storage of 10 engineers in March 31, 2017 in Beijing talent shows itself, and share the million prize and " Wang Shan leader of ". When the final will be reflected by " " APP and other live broadcast, and carry out extensive interaction with the audience, all of the storage technology, interested friends, regardless of where, can live a glimpse of the grand event and player style. The contest for the recruitment of all interested in the field of storage technology engineers,nikon cameras online store, as well as Acer MSPE/MSTE certification engineers, they have their own advantages? Let''s take a look at the contestants and see what they have " "! Storage Engineer: This is a widely covered storage engineer across " ", features; ponds; technical differences, talented men still remained in concealment, which can be both a storage Daniel strong, and outstanding ability to innovate new show. Wang Shan technology MSTE (MacroSAN Technical Engineer) Certification Engineer: mainly covers the operation and maintenance of storage products and technical support staff, the trick is to have a deep understanding of the cluster system, data backup, disaster recovery and other related data storage technology, and can skillfully use MacroSAN and other storage products to build a storage network, storage system upgrade and maintenance. Wang Shan technology MSPE (MacroSAN Product Engineer): the main storage Oriented Product Engineer Sales Engineer, advantage is to master the basic knowledge of storage, has a relatively complete knowledge storage architecture, and have strong communication skills of pre storage. Storage is the core component of the IT infrastructure, but also a variety of IT services!

   评论人:vbg2vyykmls  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:vbg2vyykmls  评论时间:2017/11/17
    BEIRUT: The Syrian army and its allies gained control of an arterial road in a small rebel pocket in northeast Damascus early on Monday,samsung galaxy for sale cheap, bringing them close to splitting the enclave in two, a Britain-based war monitor reported.

The advance was along a road that links the besieged districts of Barza, al-Qaboun and Tishrin near the Eastern Ghouta area of towns and farms that spreads out from the Syrian capital, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.

The Barza,Discount sharp tvs, Qaboun and Tishrin area had already been isolated from the main rebel enclave in Eastern Ghouta, a region that has witnessed increasing violence since the beginning of the year.

There was also fighting overnight between the army and its allies and rebels in the southern city of Deraa and in areas near Aleppo in the northwest and Hama in the west accompanied by heavy bombardment and air strikes, the Observatory said.

Syria''s civil war pits President Bashar al-Assad backed by Russian air power, Iran and regional Shi''ite militias against mostly Sunni rebels that include jihadists as well as groups supported by the United States, Turkey and Gulf monarchies.

The war has dragged in regional and global powers, caused hundreds of thousands of deaths and sparked the worst refugee crisis since the second world war since it grew out of a mass uprising against Assad that began six years ago on Wednesday.

Assad''s allies Russia and Iran and the rebels'' backer Turkey sent delegations on Monday to Astana in Kazakhstan for a new round of peace talks but insurgents on Saturday demanded it be postponed because fighting has continued despite a ceasefire,Discount apple ipad store.

The army and its allies are trying to force rebels to agree to truces similar to those that have led to the evacuation of thousands of opposition fighters to northern Syria from other besieged pockets.

It has for weeks concentrated air strikes on Qaboun district, effectively ending a ceasefire that rebels in the area agreed with the Syrian army which had been in place since the end of 2013. Barza also agreed a full truce with the government in 2014.

(Reporting By Angus McDowall; Editing by Toby Chopra)

   评论人:dlsi87oq27  评论时间:2017/11/17
    James E. Roberts Sr. was better known as “Big Jimmy” during the nearly 20 years he patrolled the East Campus and Senior House residence halls. After the popular and beloved night watchman died in 2005, a group of students launched a campaign to establish a memorial scholarship fund in his name. The group also got a grant to bring Tats Cru, a team of graffiti artists from the Bronx, to MIT in May to paint a mural of Big Jimmy. The portable mural will be displayed at both East Campus and Senior House.

“Big Jimmy was the best friend you could have at MIT – generous, caring, loyal, funny,Buy wholesale samsung tv online, irreverent, genuine, unique. He brought the Institute down to earth for generations of east-side students,” recalls Zoz Brooks, an electrical-engineering graduate student and Senior House resident who helped start the fund-raising campaign. “He would never have given up looking after them, so we set up the scholarship to ensure that his name lived on doing that. I’m sure he would have done it himself if he’d had the means.”

To contribute to Big Jimmy’s memorial scholarship fund, visit giving.mit.edu, enter “Big Jimmy” under “search by fund name/number,” click “add to my gift list,” and follow the instructions provided.

[Click here to see a mural created to honor James E. Roberts Sr. (“Big Jimmy”).]

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   评论人:dlsi87oq27  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:dlsi87oq27  评论时间:2017/11/17
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For the over 40 million people served by the more than 300 health systems working with startup CrossChx, checking in for a doctor’s appointment is much like unlocking an iPhone. All you need is your right index finger. Touch it onto a fingerprint reader at the check-in desk, and your identity is verified. Your driver’s license can stay in your wallet.

As well as making doctor visits simpler and preventing fraud, CrossChx’s founders say that its system can eventually help free U.S. patient records from the inefficiencies and errors imposed by the usually isolated and often outdated IT systems of health-care providers.

Although the U.S. government has spent billions to encourage uptake of electronic medical records, many of the intended benefits have proved elusive. CrossChx says that it has found that 14 percent of records have serious identity errors, for example. And it is difficult for patients to compile a complete medical record and get it to a new provider, which can lead to unnecessary or ill-chosen tests and treatments.

Sean Lane, CEO and cofounder of CrossChx, says that using fingerprints to offer a strong, common identity system for health providers provides a crucial piece of plumbing needed to materialize the intended but missing benefits of electronic health records.

“Identity is the foundation you need to build to make portability and all these other grand ideas possible,” says Lane. He hopes to see patients one day have a copy of their own medical record inside a mobile app, and be able to transfer it to a new provider instantly without having to fill forms.

CrossChx is based in Columbus, Ohio, and has received $20 million in investment funding, including from Khosla Ventures, which is betting heavily that computing technology will transform health care (see “More Phones, Fewer Doctors”).

CrossChx doesn’t yet move patient medical records between providers. But providers are using the startup’s fingerprint ID and accompanying encryption software to compare records between different health systems to detect errors, without the actual data having to be disclosed.

A person’s fingerprint generates a unique ID code that’s used to find and compare records for the same person with different providers. CrossChx’s encryption is designed such that errors like typos in a person’s name or social security number can be flagged without disclosing the real data, allowing health providers to take action to fix missing information. CrossChx doesn’t store images of patient fingertips,apple ipod touch for sale cheap, only cryptographic codes generated from them that can’t be used to reconstruct a person’s unique fingerprint.

Niam Yaraghi, a fellow at the Brookings Institution who studies healthcare IT, says that CrossChx has made impressive progress on a longtime problem for the U.S. health system. “Providing a unique patient ID is a very significant step forward, both medically and politically,” he says. “It is an important step toward interoperability.”

Privacy concerns have blocked previous attempts on the problem, Yaraghi says. And in 1999 Congress passed legislation prohibiting the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services from spending federal funds on development of patient ID technology. Yaraghi says that the need for better patient ID technology is now even more acute, due to the fact that patient records are now commonly stolen by hackers (see “Hackers Are Homing In On Hospitals”).

Lane says that people are now much more comfortable with using fingerprints to secure data thanks to the technology appearing on smartphones. His plan is to add more features to its ID plumbing system, gradually making more and more possible with medical records.

The company has built a kind of “app store” where health providers can buy software that works with medical records secured by CrossChx’s encryption software, for example to manage waiting times. Later this year, CrossChx plans to release a mobile app for consumers where they can compile a version of their health record on their phone. Eventually, Lane says, that app will be capable of linking into CrossChx technology for health providers, allowing patients a way to control access to their own records.

However, despites CrossChx’s impressive start, Yaraghi at Brookings says the company’s quest to fix America’s blighted health records system won’t be easy. Signing up 300 providers is a good start, but not everyone is ready to abandon the traditional worries that shared ID systems pose privacy and legal risks, he says.

   评论人:dieo3600zg  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Two high-profile entrepreneurs say they want to put a DNA sequencing machine on the surface of Mars in a bid to prove the existence of extraterrestrial life.

In what could become a race for the first extraterrestrial genome, researcher J. Craig Venter said Tuesday that his Maryland academic institute and his company, Synthetic Genomics, would develop a machine capable of sequencing and beaming back DNA data from the planet.

Separately, Jonathan Rothberg, founder of Ion Torrent, a DNA sequencing company, is collaborating on an effort to equip his company’s “Personal Genome Machine” for a similar task.

“We want to make sure an Ion Torrent goes to Mars,” Rothberg told Technology Review.

Although neither team yet has a berth on a Mars rocket, their plans reflect the belief that the simplest way to prove there is life on Mars is to send a DNA sequencing machine.

“There will be DNA life forms there,” Venter predicted Tuesday in New York, where he was speaking at the Wired Health Conference.

Venter said researchers working with him have already begun tests at a Mars-like site in the Mojave Desert. Their goal, he said, is to demonstrate a machine capable of autonomously isolating microbes from soil, sequencing their DNA, and then transmitting the information to a remote computer, as would be required on an unmanned Mars mission. (Hear his comments in this video, starting at 00:11:01.) Heather Kowalski, a spokeswoman for Venter, confirmed the existence of the project but said the prototype system was “not yet 100 percent robotic.”

Meanwhile, Rothberg’s Personal Genome Machine is being adapted for Martian conditions as part of a NASA-funded project at Harvard and MIT called SET-G, or “the search for extraterrestrial genomes.”

Christopher Carr, an MIT research scientist involved in the effort, says his lab is working to shrink Ion Torrent’s machine from 30 kilograms down to just three kilograms so that it can fit on a NASA rover. Other tests, already conducted, have determined how well the device can withstand the heavy radiation it would encounter on the way to Mars.

NASA, whose Curiosity rover landed on Mars in August,wholesale vizio tv, won’t send another rover mission to the planet before at least 2018 (see “The Mars Rover Curiosity Marks a Technological Triumph”), and there’s no guarantee a DNA sequencing device would go aboard. “The hard thing about getting to Mars is hitting the NASA specifications,” says George Church, a Harvard University researcher and a senior member of the SET-G team. “[Venter] isn’t ahead of anyone else.”

Many scientists are lobbying NASA for what’s called a “sample return” mission–one that would make a round trip, bringing back soil and rocks for analysis. However, taking a DNA sequencing machine to Mars could be a better way to search for life.

“The reason to take a device all the way to Mars and not bring back the sample is because of contamination. No one would believe you,” says Tessi Kanavarioti, a chemist who carried out early theoretical work on Martian biology and was involved in studying rocks brought back from the moon in the 1970s. Sequencing machines are so sensitive that if a single Earth germ landed on the sample returned from Mars, it might ruin the experiment.

Martian chronicler: A micro-fluidic device developed at MIT designed to automatically run DNA experiments on other planets.
Looking for DNA on Mars won’t be easy. A robot would have to scoop up soil and prepare a sample automatically. The sequencing machine would need to work in cold temperatures and in a very thin atmosphere made mostly of carbon dioxide. Martian genes might also be different from those in the bodies of terrestrial animals, perhaps being made up of different chemical building blocks.

“This will work only if the DNA on Mars is exactly the same in its fundamental structure as on Earth,” says Steven Benner, president of the Foundation for Applied Molecular Evolution in Gainesville, Florida. He says he’s skeptical that will be the case: “It is very unlikely that Terran DNA is the only structure able to support Darwinian evolution.”

Discovering and sequencing extraterrestrial life would be an immense scientific prize. Sequencing could reveal whether life evolved in similar ways on both Earth and Mars or, perhaps, moved between the planets. During a series of massive space collisions around four billion years ago, the two bodies exchanged about a billion tons of rocks and debris.

So far, NASA researchers have searched Mars for traces of water—a prerequisite for life as we know it—as well as indirect signs that life might have existed there many eons ago. Since DNA molecules don’t survive more than a million years, even on Earth, anyone sending a DNA sequencer to Mars has to believe that living microorganisms will be found there now.

“The current NASA approach is to look for past life. Many people are reticent to talk about extant life,” says Carr. “We are sticking our necks out a little bit, but we want to take that leap.”

Life probably can’t survive the radiation on the Martian surface, but it could exist under a meter or more of soil, where it would be protected. On Earth, for instance, living microorganisms are found several kilometers beneath the ground.

Carr calls sending a DNA sequencer to Mars a “high-risk, high-payoff” experiment. It might very well find nothing, but if DNA were discovered, that would provide nearly irrefutable proof of extraterrestrial life.

The slim odds apparently appeal to both Venter and Rothberg, two of biotechnology’s biggest showmen. A decade ago, Venter gave academic researchers heartburn with his privately financed effort to sequence the human genome. Rothberg, also a media celebrity, has made news by sequencing the DNA of notables like James Watson, as well as of Neanderthals.

“We want our name out there,” Rothberg says. “[Mars] is a corporate opportunity, but we think our technology is faster and better, too.”

In an e-mail, Venter’s spokeswoman downplayed the idea of any competition to discover extraterrestrial DNA first. “[I] wouldn’t say there is any race,” she said.?“Yes [the] idea is that we would do it, but that certainly doesn’t preclude anyone else from doing it.”

Venter also said it might be feasible in the future to reconstruct Martian organisms in a super-secure laboratory on Earth, using just their DNA sequence. The idea would be to use the DNA data to rebuild their genomes and then inject those into an artificial cell of some kind. It’s an idea he calls the “biological teleporter.”

“People are worried about the Andromeda strain,” says Venter. “We can rebuild the Martians in a P-4 spacesuit lab instead of having them land in the ocean.”

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   评论人:dieo3600zg  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:ge4bhyzin97  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:ge4bhyzin97  评论时间:2017/11/17
    As the lights went on at this year’s Venice Film Festival they did so through a gloom left by the earthquake in Amatrice only a week earlier. The first-night dinner and beach party were cancelled to honour the victims, and the festival issued a statement of solidarity. Under the circumstances, opening film La La Land had a tough job to lift the mood but could not have been better suited: this is a gloriously old-fashioned musical in the vintage MGM mould, complete with toe-tapping numbers, handsome stars and a Tinseltown backdrop.

It begins in a traffic jam on a hot sunny day in Los Angeles, with car drivers compelled to spring from their vehicles to sing and dance atop them in an upbeat inversion of REM’s video to “Everybody Hurts”. Here we meet Seb (Ryan Gosling) and Mia (Emma Stone), and they meet each other. He is a pianist and jazz junkie with his head in the past; she is an aspiring actress ready for her close-up but stuck serving lattes on the Warner Bros lot. Initial antipathy gives way to giddy abandon; the lovebirds court, kiss and occasionally burst into song. Somehow the marriage of 1950s-style musical idiom and contemporary setting works and even feels fresh ― at one point a mobile ringtone ingeniously provides the prelude to the next tune. Gosling turns his charm to max but it’s the suitably flame-haired Stone, Ginger to his Fred, who is the warm heart of this film, and she outshines all around her. She may just keep shining till Oscar night.

The real surprise, though, is Damien Chazelle. Surely this can’t be the same writer-director whose debut was the gruelling drumming drama Whiplash? In one film it seems he’s gone from Thanatos to Eros. In Whiplash, obsessive ambition became a self-destructive spiral that crescendoed in an actual death drive, here the dogged pursuit of dreams becomes a life-affirming fairytale. As its title suggests, La La Land is hopelessly and hopefully romantic, and for a while sugar levels start to run dangerously high.

But Chazelle, a trained musician himself, knows when to shift to a minor key. Just when the film seems a half-step away from becoming toe-curlingly corny he breaks the spell, introduces doubts and threatens to dash hopes of a happy ending. Still only 31, he plays the audience like an old pro, and it’s impossible to resist this sweeping stirring, lovesong to music and the movies. What better way to kick off a film festival.

Will this be the year redheads conquer Venice? Local girl Amy Adams (born just up the road in Vicenza) followed Emma Stone up the red carpet with not one but two strong turns in competition films. In the medium-cerebral sci-fi Arrival she plays a linguistics expert called upon when 12 enormous black alien monoliths land on Earth.

Adams and somewhat unlikely physicist Jeremy Renner are the boffins sent in to make conversation with the towering squid-like figures who dwell within and who speak by projecting an inky smoke from their tentacles. The pair embark on a crash course in “septapod”-speak while the military itch to turn the visitors into calamari. For once, however, in a big-budget modern sci-fi, words are allowed to speak louder than actions as director Denis Villeneuve (Sicario) emphasises atmosphere and finds thrills in the humanistic rather than the pyrotechnic.

Adams is even better in Nocturnal Animals, and so is the movie ― in fact midway through the fest it’s the best so far. Adapting an Austin Wright novel, fashion supremo Tom Ford surpasses all expectations set by the style-saturated A Single Man (2009). The new film is not cut from the same cloth ― in fact it takes stylish trappings and strips them bare. Here Adams plays Susan Morrow, a wealthy art dealer who has it all: chic modernist home, dashing husband, crippling insomnia and creeping despair.

Then arrives the manuscript of a novel written by her ex-husband (Jake Gyllenhaal), a brutal Funny Games-like tale about a family harassed by thugs that we see played out vividly in Susan’s imagination. Ford cuts between the two as the meta-text of a father’s living nightmare starts to seep into Susan’s fragile waking state and a searing intensity takes hold that never lets up. It’s a masterful piece about cruelty, weakness and the pain we inflict on each other bolstered by superb performances from Gyllenhaal and Adams. Don’t sleep on this one.

Even in disappointing entries the women have shined. Derek Cianfrance’s The Light Between Oceans finds Sweden’s Alicia Vikander growing as an actor alongside subdued lighthousekeeper Michael Fassbender. Born to pasty Aussies on a windswept coast but oddly wearing a deep tan (call it Scandi bronze),Discount samsung 105 inch tvs, Vikander emotes her heart out as a woman so desperate for motherhood she commits an unforgivable act. It’s the kind of period weepie in which delicate handwritten letters are weighty with significance and winsome women run breathlessly through garden gates. The trouble is, the heinous act really is unforgivable and the story is too obviously contrived to be convincing.

America threatened to dominate Europe entirely in the Venice Ryder Cup. German stalwart Wim Wenders weighed in with The Beautiful Days of Aranjuez, but this turned out to be a turgid affair in which a lot of hot air blows through a summer garden overlooking Paris as a man and woman muse poetically on life, love and sex to no apparent end.

Luckily Fran?ois Ozon came to the rescue with Frantz. Set in Weimar-era Germany, this mostly black-and-white, German-language outing is a mature work from a director not always known for his subtlety. It tells the story of a young French veteran visiting Germany to pay his respects to a fallen soldier and becoming emotionally involved with the man’s parents and fiancée (beautifully played by Paula Beer). Against a background of lingering European resentment that sadly resonates again today, Ozon unpeels the layers of a story laced with secrets and lies but leaves one vital question intact, allowing it to become an unspoken subtext that silently but powerfully threads through the film.

Religion looms large in Venice, though God mostly stays out of it. Out of competition, The Young Pope introduces Jude Law as a prickly American pontiff determined to shake things up but plagued by personal demons. Paolo Sorrentino, making his first foray into TV, brings with him the sumptuous visuals, delectable black humour and narrative audacity of his film work. Judged on its first two episodes, The Young Pope is something of an unholy mess tonally and Law seems curiously cast but its very unpredictability could make it compelling and Silvio Orlando (Il Caimano) is magnificent as a scheming cardinal with moles both human and facial.

They’re all saints compared with Guy Pearce’s diabolical preacher in the deeply unpleasant Brimstone. Set in a Dutch Protestant corner of the Old West, it finds him tormenting Dakota Fanning at great length. Martin Koolhoven’s film has handsome cinematography, fine acting and a reverse-chapter structure that suggests depths to come, yet after 150 minutes of torture, child abuse,mini pcs discount, incest and self-mutilation it all boils down to a repellent pile of pulp.

Blind Christ is a slow and sombre affair from Chile that follows a well-meaning young man with a God complex on a mission to heal an injured friend. Like its protagonist the film has genuine conviction and it casts an illuminating light on communities left to rot in the country’s northern reaches.

The actual Christ is here too, making his Virtual Reality debut in a new section dedicated to the nascent technology. There is some irony in putting on a headset to enter an immersive world when you’re in Venice. Take off the headset, step out of the screening room and you find yourself in what often seems like a 3D fantasy landscape,lg tv for sale cheap, with beauty and architectural wonders whichever way you turn. It’s the Venice Reality experience and it takes some beating.

labiennale.org/en/cinema/

   评论人:ge4bhyzin97  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:dkel65ch12  评论时间:2017/11/17
    The Digital Sky Tired of sitting on the runway? In a radical experiment that may provide a glimpse into the future of air traffic control, UPS is testing a satellite-based data communications system that could unclog the skies. David Talbot Beyond the Bar Code High-tech tags will let manufacturers track products from warehouse to home to recycling bin. But what''s great for logistics could become a privacy nightmare. Charlie Schmidt Featured Story Wires of Wonder Nobelist Smalley explains how "carbon nanotubes" will affect everything, from living cells to electrical transmission. Technology Review Featured Story Electronic Paper Turns the Page Guttenberg''s printing press needed paper to make a revolution. The clunky e-book needs e-paper. And it''s on the way. Charles C. Mann Featured Story An End to Alzheimer''s? Isolation of key genes at the heart of Alzheimer''s disease has set off a frenzied race to find a drug to stop this cruel affliction in its tracks. Ken Garber Featured Story The Five-Minute Pilot When an aviation expert boasted that new gear makes it possible for any 12-year-old to fly a plane, TR couldn''t resist the challenge. Our correspondent put his own son at the controls. David H. Freedman Featured Story Flying Made Easy New digital technologies designed to ensure safer and more user-friendly flying could turn us into a nation of pilots. It''s not the Jetsons, but you''ll be able to fly yourself to a community "smartport" in an idiotproof miniplane. David H. Freedman Featured Story Medicine Gets Personal Drug designers will soon be able to tailor medications to the patient''s unique genetic makeup,wholesale apple ipad, doing more good and less harm. Marc Wortman Featured Story Emerging Technologies That Will Change the World Ten emerging technologies that will change the world. The Editors Featured Story Nanotech Goes to Work Nanoscale machinery could deliver denser computer memories and faster heart attack diagnosis. David Rotman

   评论人:dkel65ch12  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Just as x-ray technology came along in the 1890s-allowing doctors to peer beneath flesh to see bones and organs-another promising imaging technology is now emerging from an underused chunk of the electromagnetic spectrum: the terahertz frequencies. These so-called t-rays can, like x-rays, see through most materials. But t-rays are believed to be less harmful than x-rays. And different compounds respond to terahertz radiation differently, meaning a terahertz-based imaging system can discern a hidden object’s chemical composition. Thanks to this power, “terahertz imaging is getting hotter and hotter,” says Xi-Cheng Zhang, a terahertz pioneer at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Potential applications range from detecting tumors to finding plastic explosives. And since t-rays penetrate paper and clothing, a terahertz camera could detect hidden weapons.

Terahertz frequencies are tough to produce and detect. They’re higher than microwaves but lower than infrared light. “You’re never sure whether to use electronics-based or optics-based” technology, says Martyn Chamberlain of the University of Leeds in England, a leading terahertz researcher. The terahertz sources now on the market tend to emit many frequencies at once, limiting their utility. In the past year, however, several research projects have made substantial progress in developing devices that produce t-rays within a narrow frequency band-a requirement for precise chemical sensing and medical imaging.

One such system, made by Brattleboro, VT-based Vermont Photonics, works by sending an electron beam across the microscopically rippled surface of a conductor, such as aluminum; the beam causes electrons in the conductor to move up and down the undulations, a motion that shakes loose t-rays. Changing the energy of the electron beam also changes the terahertz frequency generated, says Vermont Photonics cofounder Michael Mross. The company is targeting its instrument primarily at observing interactions involving biomolecules for applications such as drug discovery. Another approach is something called the “quantum cascade laser,” a neat bit of semiconductor engineering used to produce infrared light. Moving the technology into the terahertz range requires exquisitely precise control over the materials. Last year, Qin Hu, an MIT electrical engineer, demonstrated a quantum cascade laser that produces a continuous terahertz beam at a well-defined frequency.

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A cavity shows up clearly as a pink region in a tooth’s terahertz image (right).(Image courtesy of Teraview)

The most near-term application for terahertz technology is in medical imaging. In one ambitious effort, TeraView, a Cambridge, England-based startup, has used terahertz imaging to detect skin cancers that elude other imaging technologies-in particular, tumors that form invisibly beneath the surface of the skin. T-rays could also identify unknown biological materials, since biomolecules naturally vibrate at terahertz frequencies, and each has a distinct terahertz “fingerprint.” In other words, specific proteins absorb certain characteristic t-ray frequencies, which change their molecular arrangement, or conformation; sensors can then monitor this absorption to indicate the identity of the protein. “Life is a terahertz process,” says Chamberlain. One potential application is automated identification of biological warfare agents, such as anthrax. Another is a t-ray chemical sensor, which would take advantage of the fact that other large molecules, such as polymers, also respond to terahertz waves in characteristic ways. A terahertz camera built by QinetiQ of Farnborough, England, takes eerily invasive pictures of people through their clothes.

But the interaction of t-rays with proteins raises the question of how safe human exposure is. The European Union is sponsoring a program, called Terahertz Bridge, to study just that. Preliminary results have been encouraging; researchers have seen no evidence of irreversible, x-ray-like tissue damage from the doses of t-rays that would be used for bodily imaging. “So far, it’s safe,” says Gian Piero Gallerano,Cheap sharp tv for sale, coordinator of Terahertz Bridge.

While scientists go through contortions to produce t-rays, nature has it much easier. Terahertz radiation continues to propagate throughout space from its origin in the Big Bang. Says Chamberlain, “The universe is full of this stuff.” Before long, humans may begin putting it to practical use.

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   评论人:dkel65ch12  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Cable: A Love Story I''m moving today. Or, more exactly, I''ve already moved from a flat in Cambridge to lush East Boston. I''m very happy to walk outside and feel like I''m around people. But that''s not why we''re here. As part of my... Brad King View Google and Copyright Issues Google is in the news again, and the company which famously promises to "do no evil" seems once again to be on the wrong side of the issue. This time the contretemps is over copyright issues. Google, which a while... David Appell View Google''s PR Blunder Google''s tussle with CNET not only demonstrates their pettiness, but is a PR problem for the company, says Adam Penenberg, an assistant professor at New York University and the assistant director of the business and economic reporting program in the... David Appell View Regender Me! Ka-Ping Yee has created a website that automatically regenders websites, swapping the sexes (pronouns and names) and, in the process, demonstrating that there is a still a whole lot of gender-basis in our brains, if not in our society. Take... Simson Garfinkel View Google''s Pettiness Google looks awfully petty in their dispute with CNET, and I have to admit I''ve lost some respect for what I considered a fairly progressive company. If you haven''t heard the story, Google has ceased communication for a year with... David Appell View Detecting Covert Channels in Packet Delays One of the classic ways to smuggle information out of a watched network is to encode the data in the time delays between packets that are sent. Vincent Berk,Cheap asus laptops for sale, Annarita Giani, and George Cybenko at Dartmouth College just published a... Simson Garfinkel View Education Arcade Videos Available Online Videos of this year’s Education Arcade conference held in May in L.A. are now available online (please use the torrents). Presentations cover the intersection of the interactive entertainment industry with both formal and informal education -- including case studies looking... Ravi Purushotma View Microsoft''s HoneyMonkeys Find New Exploits InformationWeek has an interesting story about Microsoft''s HoneyMonkey project, in which a number of computers automatically scan the Internet, hit websites, and see if the websites try to exploit flaws in Internet Explorer. In the first month, the honeymonkeys found... Simson Garfinkel View Pictures of the Shuttle in Space I''ve been saving these pictures because I wanted to make sure that everything was okay with the Space Shuttle Discovery. Now that it''s safely touched down (knock wood), I thought you all might be interested in checking these out. They... Brad King View The International Space Station We hear a lot about the International Space Station -- and it seems like there are visitors going there all of the time. But I was having a discussion with my intern Brittany a few weeks ago (her dad works... Brad King ?

   评论人:eetgyyqkvp8  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:eetgyyqkvp8  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:eetgyyqkvp8  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Reddit Like most humans, I am not naturally drawn to small print,Wholesale samsung phones, says Lucy Kellaway Listen Later on Stitcher ? One year of the pensions taper tantrum Reddit In this week’s FT Money show,Wholesale dell laptops, presenter Claer Barrett is joined by pensions correspondent Josephine Cumbo and guests to discuss the problems faced by higher earners hit by the pensions taper one year on, how you can set up last minute investments for your children and grandchildren,Cheap vaio laptops for sale, and why those with mortgages on holiday homes are facing currency charges. Listen Later on Stitcher ? FT.com podcasts

   评论人:dkel55uk87  评论时间:2017/11/17
    What’s all this talk about “media convergence,” this dumb industry idea that all media will meld into one, and we’ll get all of our news and entertainment through one box? Few contemporary terms generate more buzz-and less honey. Consider this column a primer on the real media convergence, because it’s on the verge of transforming our culture as profoundly as the Renaissance did.

Media convergence is an ongoing process, occurring at various intersections of media technologies, industries, content and audiences; it’s not an end state. There will never be one black box controlling all media. Rather, thanks to the proliferation of channels and the increasingly ubiquitous nature of computing and communications, we are entering an era where media will be everywhere, and we will use all kinds of media in relation to one another. We will develop new skills for managing information, new structures for transmitting information across channels, and new creative genres that exploit the potentials of those emerging information structures.

History teaches us that old media never die. And before you say, “What about the eight-track,” let’s distinguish among media, genres and delivery technologies. Recorded sound is a medium. Radio drama is a genre. CDs, MP3 files and eight-track cassettes are delivery technologies. Genres and delivery technologies come and go, but media persist as layers within an ever more complicated information and entertainment system. A medium’s content may shift, its audience may change and its social status may rise or fall, but once a medium establishes itself it continues to be part of the media ecosystem. No one medium is going to “win” the battle for our ears and eyeballs.

Part of the confusion about media convergence stems from the fact that when people talk about it, they’re actually describing at least five processes:

Much as the historical Renaissance emerged when Europe responded to the invention and dispersion of movable type, these multiple forms of media convergence are leading us toward a digital renaissance-a period of transition and transformation that will affect all aspects of our lives. The first Renaissance was a period of political and social instability, and the old monastic order crumbled. Today, media convergence is sparking a range of social, political, economic and legal disputes because of the conflicting goals of consumers, producers and gatekeepers. These contradictory forces are pushing both toward cultural diversity and toward homogenization, toward commercialization and toward grassroots cultural production.

The digital renaissance will be the best of times and the worst of times, but a new cultural order will emerge from it. Stay tuned.
Even though not all of these publicly traded (or soon to be publicly traded) companies make games, all are exploiting their popularity. Two of them, Zynga and Apple, are relatively new players in the games industry, but both have benefited immensely from the surging demand for casual games, which can be played in spare moments on a smart phone or a social-networking website. The other companies have track records in the mature, though still lucrative, market for complex, ???hard-core??? games typically played on consoles and personal computers. But now they are adjusting their strategies to take mobile and social gaming into account.


Apple

Even though Apple cofounders Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak worked for Atari on one of the earliest successful arcade games, Breakout, Apple???s hardware was never a popular platform for games until the arrival of the iPhone App Store in 2008. Games quickly dominated the best-selling-app charts, and Apple???s mobile devices became the rapidly expanding market of choice for game developers. Apple responded by adding game-friendly features to its mobile operating system, iOS. In addition to helping boost mobile sales, Apple cashes in on the popularity of games on its devices by taking a cut of both game sales and in-game purchases of optional content. It also operates an advertising network that allows Apple and developers to share revenue from marketers wishing to place ads within games.

Activision Blizzard

See the rest of our Business Impact report on The Business of Games.

Activision Blizzard has had a string of hits, most recently Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3, a so-called first-person shooter game that allows a gamer to play from the viewpoint of a Special Forces soldier. Within five days of the game???s release this month, it reached $775 million in global sales. Activision Blizzard also operates World of Warcraft, one of the most popular massively multiplayer online role-playing games, or MMORPGs. World of Warcraft has over 10 million players who pay monthly subscription fees to enter an online fantasy world via their personal computers. Activision Blizzard has also begun increasing its presence on mobile devices, offering features such as apps that let players respond to in-game messages from other players while away from their console or computer.

Electronic Arts

Another giant in personal-computer and console gaming, Electronic Arts develops its own games as well as publishing and distributing titles created by outside studios. It owns several console and personal-computer game franchises that reliably sell millions of copies upon each yearly update, including the soccer simulation game FIFA and the American-football simulation game Madden NFL. In recent years, Electronic Arts has moved aggressively into the market for casual and social games. It purchased PopCap, a casual-games pioneer and maker of the popular Bejeweled series, in a $1.3 billion deal in August.

Nvidia

Nvidia created the first commercial graphics processing unit, or GPU, for personal computers in 1999. GPUs allow CPUs to offload much of the work required to convert the internal mathematical description of a game environment into the 2-D images displayed on screen,Cheap apple iphone se for sale, with the GPU handling details such as lighting a scene or applying textures to objects. Nvidia has shipped over one billion of these chips, which allowed games to become much more complex and realistic. With the ability to play games a critical selling point for the latest wave of smart phones and tablets, the company has found a new market in mobile devices, even offering a general-purpose CPU bundled on a chip with a GPU as an all-in-one solution for device manufacturers.

Zynga

One of the year???s most anticipated IPOs is due soon from Zynga, which is expected to garner a valuation of at least $14 billion. Skillfully exploiting the ability of Facebook to host third-party applications, the company has created so-called social games such as FarmVille and Mafia Wars, which encourage users to play with (and recruit) other Facebook members. Zynga???s most popular games each have tens of millions of players worldwide. They generate revenue mostly from the sale of game items to players.

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   评论人:dkel55uk87  评论时间:2017/11/17
    While many large technology and car manufacturers are building self-driving cars from the ground up, an increasing number of off-the-shelf systems will allow plenty of other models to take to the road without a driver.

The latest such project is a newly announced partnership between the GM tech spinoff Delphi Automotive and Israeli machine vision company Mobileye. Both companies are no stranger to self-driving car technology: they both supply sensors and software to big-name automakers, including the technology behind Volvo’s vehicle detection systems and, until recently, Tesla’s Autopilot.

But while both companies work closely with car manufacturers—Mobileye is working with BMW to put an autonomous car on the road by 2021, for instance—other large automakers, such as Ford, are building systems in-house. Now, according to the Wall Street Journal, the pair plans to invest “several hundred million dollars” in developing an off-the-shelf autonomous driving system, presumably for use by automakers who don’t have the capacity or inclination for such research and development.

The collaboration promises to demonstrate a system that will allow cars to autonomously navigate challenging road conditions—such as roundabouts or turns across multiple traffic lanes—as soon as January. The final product, though, will be longer in the making, with systems claimed to be available from 2019.

Delphi and Mobileye aren’t the only companies creating plug-and-play systems for autonomous vehicles. University of Oxford spin-out Oxbotica has developed a new software system that can make any vehicle driverless—using machine learning to provide the intelligence required to ingest data from sensors, understand surroundings, then decide how to move. It claims to already be working with auto manufacturers.

Meanwhile, startups such as Cruise Automation and Otto have been developing combinations of sensors and artificial intelligence software that allow them to turn everything from big rigs to humble family cars into self-driving vehicles. Both have been acquired recently as well—by General Motors and Uber, respectively.

But there’s something to be learned from another driverless car startup, Comma.ai, about a potential selling point of products that MobilEye and Delphi—and perhaps Oxbotica—intend to create. Set up by George Hotz, who became famous when he hacked the the iPhone in 2007, Comma.ai has demonstrated an autonomy system that uses machine learning and $1,000 of hardware to control a vehicle. The project has received criticism, but it goes a long way toward showing that, with the correct software and well-chosen sensors, off-the-shelf autonomy features could be an affordable upgrade for new cars.

(Read more: Wall Street Journal,Wholesale iphone 7 128gb, “Tesla Is Losing the Supplier of Autopilot’s Brain,” “2021 May Be the Year of the Fully Autonomous Car,” “Oxbotica’s New Autonomous Vehicle Software Learns As It Goes”)

   评论人:dkel55uk87  评论时间:2017/11/17
    As an undergraduate studying biomedical engineering, Bassil Dahiyat planned a career building medical devices. Pursuing a PhD at Caltech, however, he found himself working on much smaller structures; proteins. Indeed, Dahiyat designed the first completely artificial protein- a very simple one- by devising powerful algorithms that combine standard descriptions of the physical properties of protein molecules in novel ways. He then constructed the protein by chemically linking its amino acid building blocks. After graduating in 1997, Dahiyat founded Xencor and put his technology to work creating protein drugs. The Monrovia, CA, company has raised $65 million and plans next year to begin human trials of its first drug, an anti-inflammatory for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and Crohn’s disease. Today Xencor designs its drug candidates by “tweaking natural proteins,” says CEO Dahiyat, but he looks forward to computer models robust enough that he can design complex molecules from scratch,Buy sony tv online store, fulfilling his vision of completely artificial protein therapies. “The dream is to mimic how nature uses proteins- to essentially do any task you can imagine,” he says. “There’s this palette that we haven’t even started to paint with.”

   评论人:dedlcoe8o73  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Recently, " Wulanchabu medical and health precise poverty alleviation project " launching ceremony was held in Wulanchabu city plaza. Reporters learned that the project is in the Wulanchabu municipal government, Beijing City Office, to guide targeted aid cooperation under the Beijing Municipal Planning Commission, the Wulanchabu Municipal Planning Commission, Beijing Medical Association and Wen Kang group to participate in building " Beijing medical health targeted aid to help the poor precision of model " promotion practice in Wulanchabu city. The future of the innovation mode will also inclusive to the country, boosting overall poverty, health Chinese construction and achieve the goal of building a well-off society. Beijing City targeted aid cooperation office director Zhang Libing, deputy director of Cui Hongtao, executive vice president of Beijing Red Cross Runhai Ma, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region CPPCC Vice Chairman Yang Chengwang, Deputy Secretary General of the regional government Xu Hongzhi, autonomous region of the Red Cross executive vice president Wang Fang, deputy director of the autonomous region development and Reform Commission Wei Xiaoming, Autonomous Region Planning Commission deputy director Yin Chilin, deputy secretary of Wulanchabu mayor Ai Lihua, municipal CPPCC Chairman Chang Yongfu, municipal committee, vice mayor Liu Bin, chairman,samsung galaxy s6 for sale, Wen Kang group Xunyiwenyao network founder Zheng Zaoming attended the launching ceremony. The launching ceremony of the reporter learned that, since the beginning of 2015, Wen Kang group and the Beijing Municipal Planning Commission, Beijing City targeted aid cooperation office, launched a health precise poverty helping their counterparts in Wulanchabu City, through the Internet plus medical advanced concept and implementation, high-quality medical resources twinning and the active participation of social forces. In order to enhance the city''s medical Chahar Buh Buh Chahar strength, let the people foot out of the city, enjoy the high quality medical resources in Beijing at the door. In this regard, Wulanchabu Municipal Committee, mayor Ai Lihua said the full affirmation of this pattern: Health precise poverty alleviation project is to implement the central and autonomous region " precise poverty alleviation, precise poverty " an important measure of the basic strategy, the Wulanchabu municipal government and the Beijing Municipal Planning Commission, Beijing municipal cooperation office and targeted aid Wen Kang group to jointly build " Beijing health poverty alleviation precise targeted aid mode " Wulanchabu City, to solve the problem of poverty caused by illness and poverty, to win the battle, building a moderately prosperous society is of great significance. When it comes to medical and health innovation mode of the core logic precise poverty alleviation, Wen Kang group chairman, Xunyiwenyao network founder Zheng Zaoming said at the meeting, in Beijing City, support cooperation office, Beijing municipal health and Family Planning Commission under the guidance of Wen Kang group under the appropriate medical technology company of Wulanchabu City Health individually developed precise poverty alleviation service the platform, with mature brand Xunyiwenyao network existing Wen Kang group to provide " service support for impoverished patients; ", " answer; Health Encyclopedia " ", " health poverty alleviation policy; and other support services, to provide " for rural doctors; lack of expert guidance, " " intelligent ", " diagnosis; medical knowledge base, " " rural doctors hand n

   评论人:dedlcoe8o73  评论时间:2017/11/17
     火车采集器html简单模板示范
How to Sell Your Motorcycle in the Classifieds

[标签:来源]

Do Your Research

You want to get as much as you can for your motorcycle but don''t want to price yourself out of the market. It is worth searching on auto websites or in the classifieds to compare what similar models are being sold for.

Take Great Pictures

When looking through the classifieds people will look at the price, age, make and model of your motorcycle, but what will really catch the eye of the consumer is a great picture. It goes without saying that any pictures should show your motorcycle to be clean, polished and against a suitable background. If your advert allows you to take a number of pictures get close ups of particular features that will help your sale. Add a detailed description to the advert providing all the necessary information including mileage,Cheap macbook for sale, extra features and consideration.

As well as making sure that your bike looks good it is just as important that it starts first time as well. Make sure that the battery is full and the connection has not eroded; if your machine fails to start first time don''t expect to make a sale.

Have previous receipts ready

If you have had any extra features added, or your machine has had regular services keep any documentation and have them ready when meeting the potential buyer. Proof of a good service history and any added features will help to prove the worth of your vehicle and encourage a quick sale.

Meeting Potential Buyers

It is always better to be safe than sorry when meeting potential buyers. If possible don''t meet someone on your own and never disclose the location of where the vehicle is stored. There have been incidents of a meeting between a buyer and a seller where the motorcycle was not sold but was then stolen at a later date. Try to meet in a neutral location if you can.

Test Rides

If you are allowing a potential buyer to test ride your motorcycle make sure that they show you their license and that they are qualified to ride your model. Also be sure that they are wearing the correct protective equipment and approved helmet.

Making the Sale

Having done your research you should have a good idea as to the true market value of your vehicle. Set your price at the high end of market, you can always negotiate down from their. Have a fixed minimum price in your head and do not go below this during the any negotiations. Just because one particular buyer is not prepared to pay the asking price does not mean that another enthusiast won''t. When accepting payment make sure that the funds are cleared and in your account before relinquishing possession of the bike. Remember to check any side bags or under seat compartments to ensure that you have removed all of your personal belongings.

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   评论人:dedlcoe8o73  评论时间:2017/11/17
    In June 7th, according to the news, HUAWEI Mate9 and Mate S 2 will debut in the second half of this year. HUAWEI official hinted at the current point of view, the possibility of great, HUAWEI Mate9 suspected will be released at the end of this year, but today it came an explosive news. At noon today, mobile phone League Secretary old Yao said in micro-blog, HUAWEI Mate9 is equipped with Hass kylin 970 processor,Cheap xbox one for sale, the processor is allegedly the TSMC 10nm process of the first final chip. In addition, he also revealed that the use of the same process MediaTek X30 (MT6799) is expected to be more than Kirin 970 mass production. More exciting content, please pay attention to science and technology news WeChat public account: kejixun

   评论人:vb4edbykzci  评论时间:2017/11/17
    L eaders get things done through others; they constantly need to prioritize tasks, develop growth strategies, and delegate responsibilities. The most effective leaders also know how to have courageous conversations. Most important leadership transactions still take place in live, in-person conversations. Virtual, asynchronous communications such as email, sms, Twitter and Facebook postings are faster, cheaper, and more convenient than in-person options for staying connected and sharing information. But problems arise when they are used to avoid critical or challenging messages that can have significant impact on a business. Good leaders embrace technology to enhance communication productivity, but they are careful not to replace the in-person conversations required to get difficult things done. There are three types of critical conversations for leaders to master — one-on-one meeting, small group discussions, and one-to-many town-hall style convenings — and three ways for improving them. The effectiveness of each style of meeting depends on the participants and setting, the credibility and completeness of your intent, and your responsiveness to and emotional engagement with your audience. The right participants and the appropriate setting Credible and complete intent? Your audience must understand and trust the purpose you have stated for the conversation. Try this for your next one-on-one: list the outcomes you desire, starting with concrete ones such as “She will agree to these two specific performance goals”. Keep going until you exhaust the more abstract ones: e.g. “She knows that I really want her to succeed and will do everything i can to help her.” You might typically have ten desired outcomes in a one-on-one chat. If we interviewed her after the meeting, what percentage of these outcomes would she believe the conversation had achieved? ? In our scoring of dozens of one-on-one conversations by Asian CEOs and CXOs in this manner,cheap apple macbook pro, we were surprised to see a median score of only 43% of intended objectives met, and a range of scores between 20 and 65%. We had imagined that senior leaders would be more effective at covering the vast majority of key points they had planned to discuss. In many cases the executives themselves expressed surprise at their low scores as well. The fact is that in difficult conversations, even senior executives have trouble being either direct or comprehensive with their pre-meeting objective intents. Abstract messages (e.g. I want her to think I still believe in her potential”) are miscommunicated more often than concrete messages (e.g. “You failed to deliver the second-quarter results.”) And those abstract messages are often the most important ones to get right. We encourage executives to prepare a complete list of intents and depending on their ease with the more abstract ones, talk through how they might convey them ahead of time. Responsiveness and emotional engagement The best leaders go beyond good listening to make a caring connection at an emotional level. They respond to others’ needs as they surface, thereby building trust. A good leader is willing to adjust her goals for the conversation based on the discoveries she makes about others’ needs, while staying true to her own values. This does not mean being flexible to the point of agreeing to whatever the other party wants, but rather being open to a set of shared outcomes. ? The ability to engage in direct,Wholesale epson projectors, persuasive in-person conversations remains the skill most crucial to leaders’ success. It’s not often that executives ask for help to improve their conversation skills. More likely, they ask for things like improving teamwork at the top, creating greater empowerment down the line,canon cameras for sale cheap, catalyzing innovation, and helping better align board expectations. When you investigate many of these familiar issues, you usually find that the right conversations either didn’t happen or failed to produce the necessary outcomes. You can’t afford not to have your conversations work the way they should for you and for the good of your enterprise. ? ? This article was first published on the Harvard Business Review Blog.

   评论人:vb4edbykzci  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Highlights: Top Financial Services News of the Day Fund News 04-14-17 AIG CEO Peter Hancock''s Total Pay Fell 23% in 2016 -- Update Fund News 04-13-17 AIG CEO Peter Hancock''s Total Pay Fell 23% in 2016 Fund News 04-13-17 News Highlights: Top Financial Services News of the Day Fund News 04-13-17 News Highlights: Top Financial Services News of the Day Fund News 04-13-17,Cheap apple watch for sale

   评论人:vb4edbykzci  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Redressing the gender imbalance among students is high on the agenda for many business schools. While most struggle, others have seen an opportunity in the potential appeal to women of online MBAs and have focused on recruiting female students.

There are signs that these efforts are paying off. In some cases online MBAs attract a significantly higher proportion of women than full-time or executive programmes.
At Warwick Business School in the UK,Wholesale vizio tv, for example, women make up 24 per cent of students on the full-time course and 22 per cent on the executive MBA, but account for 32 per cent on the Distance Learning MBA. At Babson College in Massachusetts, US, women make up 40 per cent of the intake on the Blended Learning MBA a programme that is mostly online with face-to face elements for the 2015-16 academic year. That compares with 34 per cent for the schools two-year full-time MBA.

Education consultancy CarringtonCrisp has noted a similar trend. When it asked prospective MBA students to select their preferred method of study, full-time options were relatively gender-balanced. One-year campus courses were picked by 28 per cent of men and 26 per cent of women. For two-year programmes the split was 27 per cent for men and 23 per cent for women. This was reversed for online MBAs, which were chosen by 22 per cent of women compared with 16 per cent of men.

Industry-wide data are scarce and inconclusive, however. FT statistics show that women account for 32 per cent of students on 20 programmes in the 2017 Online MBA Ranking. Directly comparable figures are unavailable because of the way and times data are gathered but the overall proportion of women on 100 FT-ranked full-time MBAs is slightly higher at 35 per cent.
Coursera chief on building a platform in the Trump era
Rick Levin looks to life-long learning and direct sales to companies

What is clear is that the proportion of women on certain online programmes including some highly ranked MBAs outstrips that for campus degrees.

What might be the appeal? Some reasons are well understood. "Its the flexibility of the online study that makes it easier for women, particularly if they have young children," says Andrew Crisp, co-founder of CarringtonCrisp.

Babson makes it as easy as possible for parents to attend the face-to-face components of its course. "They have to balance children, work and time to go to [business] school," says Colleen Hynes, senior associate director of graduate admissions. "So we lay the schedule out very far in advance at least a year."

Cost may be another factor. In a separate study, CarringtonCrisp found that 47 per cent of women,Buy sony 65 inch 4k tv online store, compared with 38 per cent of men,Buy dell laptops online shopping, would choose one school over another because its fees were lower.

Beyond flexibility and cost, subtle factors such as culture may be at work.

"MBAs have a reputation for being quite masculine in their orientation," says Julie Cogin, director of the Australian Graduate School of Management (AGSM) at the University of New South Wales Business School.
Profile: Teaching style fits a busy schedule
As an operations leader at RSA Group, a large insurer, Zoe Banks manages teams totalling about 300 people across the UK.

After leaving school without further education and working her way up through the company, she wanted more business skills but was worried about taking a break from her career. Her solution was an online MBA.

"I work in a very male-dominated industry so its challenging to get up to the level where I am," she says. "The fear is that youre not going to get back in or that youll lose momentum."

The programme Warwick Business Schools Distance Learning MBA also accommodates her demanding travel schedule. Materials can be downloaded and finished offline and lectures are recorded so she can watch them at any time.

However, she has found another advantage: its relative gender neutrality. "In a face-to-face situation, the first thing you notice is whether they are male or female thats secondary when youre online," she says.

The schools MBAx programme combines an online management MBA with specialisations including social impact and technology.

MBA study can be "a competitive and aggressive environment", says Prof Cogin. "Some women are put off by that and feel an outside classroom environment might be more conducive."

Studying online provides a more gender-blind form of learning. "It eliminates many of the physical biases in a classroom because you dont know what somebody looks like," says Prof Cogin.

Warwick Business School is using several strategies to attract more women, says Vikki Abusidualghoul, assistant dean for blended programmes.
Join our reporting What is your company doing to increase diversity? Is it working?
The FT is looking into corporate diversity initiatives.

"Its about [increasing awareness] of the flexibility, using more women to promote the course and having more women teaching," she says.

Scholarships are another tool schools can use. For example, AGSM offers scholarships to women who want to study online, including one for those who want to focus on technology.

For business schools, in reputational terms there is more at stake than filling courses with top female candidates. The apparent greater appeal of online courses to women presents an opportunity to help them tackle the broader problem of the persistent gender imbalance in management education.

   评论人:gkblgo76pn1  评论时间:2017/11/17
     火车采集器html简单模板示范
Chiropractic Treatment Of Mobile Sports Players - Quick Relief From Pain

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Even though the athletics world is afflicted with injuries, serious injuries are usually faced by practitioners of mobile sports, such as motorcycle riders or riders of ATVs and single person mobiles. With speed exceeding hundred miles per hour and being exposed to the natural elements, injuries requiring hospitalisation are par for the course for participants in mobile sports.

The musculoskeletal system is the first line of defense of the body and also the first to sustain injuries, when encountered with a fall from a vehicle at high speed. Broken bones are quite common and rare is that mobile sportsperson who has not faced injuries in his career. Just as in boxing and martial arts, all mobile sports enthusiasts to expect to receive at least a few injuries in the course of their career. Not just the players, even the mobile sports watchers know that injury to motorcyclists and ATV riders is expected.

Apart from being able to administer first aid or emergency treatment, those planning to get associated with mobile sports must develop familiarity with chiropractic care for the recuperative powers of this form of therapy. A mobile sports athlete can recover quickly and return to riding at the earliest, with the treatment provided by chiropractic care professionals.

If a chiropractic care professional experienced in treating athletes is available, the mobile sports person should avail of their services. Such a chiropractor, specializing in athletic chiropractic care will be more sensitive to the needs of an athlete as he will be able to diagnose the problems correctly from relevant and administer the right program of treatment. Recuperation in this case would be much faster and the athlete will be able to return to the field quickly. If you get lucky, you might even locate a chiropractor himself or herself experienced as a mobile sports athlete. Such a chiropractic care professional would likely have known personal injury and will be that much more experienced about the chiropractic care treatment to be dispensed.

Following the doctor''s prescription is mandatory for a mobile sports person as with any other patient. An early end to a promising or successful career due to injury is completely unwonted and can be prevented. If correct and timely care is availed of, a mobile sports person with an injury that otherwise appears to be incapacitating, could return to riding within a few days.

Consulting with a chiropractic care professional,Cheap apple iphone 6s plus for sale, even if you are not injured, can have unexpected but positive side-effects. Their tips can help you in making your game better, with superior training tips and stretching that increase efficiency as they understand the finer points of body''s composition and impact of motion and injury on various body parts. Many sportspersons have improved at their game just by taking the advice of chiropractors, even without the need of consulting a chiropractic care giver for rehabilitation.

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   评论人:gkblgo76pn1  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Sharing traditional is the sharing of idle resources and others! In China, the voice of the highest share economy than the v-mobile drops. But I have a doubt, if using the v-mobile drops of idle resources, why more and more vehicles are added? Not in order to make travel better, why are we getting blocked the road? Why It is often seen. Luantingluanfang phenomenon. One of the characteristics of sharing economy is low cost, why drops increasingly high cost? Careful study found that originally known as " bit class " sharing economy, is not really a shared economy, they ignored the most important field of travel in a limited road resources. The core of the sharing is not occupied by the travel area of the shared economy will flourish, because in the case of consumer upgrades, people pursue a more comfortable way of travel. The peak period can be used in the scarcity of vehicles and the scarcity of available road resources, so that there is a way to share the vehicle empty seat has become the trend of development. This kind of real travel area can not only meet the needs of consumers, but also do not occupy the road resources. In other words, whether the additional use of road resources is the key to distinguish the true and false sharing of the economy. In contrast, is known as the share of the economy, but not such a model. Not only the success of the trip on the market monopoly, as well as the user and market brainwashing. It makes people believe that drops is a representative of the shared economy. Subsidies, not to change the future of the economy when the share drops first with the burn subsidies, call your car and solve the pain points, after drops by high rewards to attract a large number of full-time drivers to join, seemingly perfect to solve the taxi difficult pain points, the market and users are immersed in the excitement, as if by on behalf of the sharing economy will become the Savior of your travel difficult trip. However, when the drops " off " Uber, the essence of the real monopoly revealed. In terms of the user side, no longer rely on subsidies and red envelopes to please the people, the lack of external regulation of the peak price adjustment, experience landslides, reputation rapidly deteriorating. In the driver''s side, the proportion of drops of up to 26%, equivalent to the taxi money. At the same time after double baptism of policy and market, and stay on the platform by drivers for their full-time full-time drivers, car loans orders subsidies in war, or to join the " partner business plan drops; " 20 thousand, after paying the insurance for work drops. Working full-time and means to the pursuit of more profit, the pursuit of more profit means more orders and on the road, also means that the occupation of more right of way! This will lead to public roads become more congested, leading to all right assigned to reduce, reduce the efficiency of travel. At the same time in order to make the limited right of way to accommodate the limited road resources, government agencies will continue to make further restrictions on the use of private cars right policies, such as the single and double limit line. Does not occupy extra highway resources is really sharing drops, because the sharing economy and health super unicorn in the game with the government,Buy wholesale desktops online, and in the market competition, causing users and drivers of both loss of travel field!

   评论人:gkblgo76pn1  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Last week, Tesla ModelX City parade landed in Shanghai. As the Asia Pacific region for the first time ModelX test drive city parade, Shanghai guests personally experience the depth of ModelX, feel Tesla speed and the perfect integration of Shanghai landmark buildings. August 20th, ModelX China consumer test drive is fully open, customers can call 400-919-0707 or go to the country any Tesla experience center to make an appointment to test drive. The Shanghai City parade by 7 Tesla, Tesla team from the Hongqiao service center of the way Tesla Hong Kong exchange experience center, Shanghai SOGO, Jingan Temple business district, K11 garden, Tesla new world experience center, Thumb Plaza, Changtai Plaza, finally reaching the Tesla bridge experience center. As a pioneer in the field of electric vehicles, Tesla shoulder the responsibility of cultivating the market. Tesla firmly believe that only the consumer contact with the field, to understand and to drive pure electric vehicles, will understand the pure electric vehicles, and change consumer attitudes and consumer habits, the final choice, accept pure electric vehicles. Therefore,Wholesale blackberry phones, each Tesla experience center has a display and experience. Consumers can display through the body structure, interactive touch screen and personal test drive experience, such as independent, transparent understanding of the most advanced pure electric smart car. Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai area is the most intensive Tesla super charging area. At present, a total of more than 30 super charging stations, more than a hundred destination charging pile. Tesla super charging stations are mostly set up in the area of convenient transportation or urban bustling area, can achieve ten minutes fast charge of one hundred km, the entire worry free for Tesla owners life insurance. (Wu Sibei) more exciting content, please pay attention to science and technology news WeChat public account: kejixun

   评论人:dieo3530qu  评论时间:2017/11/17
    The latest incarnation of security screening for our airports has many friends in high places. U.S. secretary of transportation Norman Mineta described it as “the foundation of aviation security.” The Transportation Security Administration has called the system-known as CAPPS II, meaning the second version of the Computer-Assisted Passenger Prescreening System-the most important single program on the agency’s agenda. Such votes of confidence, however, intensify my fear that this new system-scheduled for deployment in 2004-will do us more harm than good.

Like the CAPPS I system now in place, CAPPS II would sort passengers into two main groups: higher-risk “selectees” who get intense airport screening, and lower-risk non-selectees who are screened less. What differentiates CAPPS II from its predecessor is that it would use personal and demographic data in choosing the selectees. The system would interpret this information using techniques such as data mining-a fast trial-and-error search for patterns and correlations.

Having studied aviation safety and security for a quarter-century, particularly from the standpoint of statistical analysis, I have followed CAPPS II developments closely. This scrutiny leaves me with several misgivings.

The data-mining technology at the heart of the system works best when patterns in existing data can be expected to persist into the future. CAPPS II thus seeks to exploit commonalities among past terrorists as a means of identifying future ones. The limits of this approach, however, were indicated in the 2002 Washington sniper crisis, when experts who “mined” data about previous serial killers believed strongly that the perpetrators were white.

The value of the screening system depends largely on the assumption that potential terrorists could not understand the selection process well enough to outwit it. But someone wishing to beat the system need not know the exact formula; all he or she needs to determine is the likelihood of being personally targeted for high scrutiny. This can be accomplished very simply with trial runs at the airport: a would-be terrorist who breezes through check-in several times without being designated a selectee could reasonably expect that the same will happen the next time he or she arrives-with deadly weapons.

Stung by accusations that CAPPS II would entail ethnic and political profiling and violate personal privacy, the Transportation Security Administration has gone into retreat mode. Recent press reports have suggested that CAPPS II will attach no significance to a bad credit record, that passengers will have the right to appeal their “selectee” status, and that-astoundingly-CAPPS II might not even apply at all to U.S. citizens. Such concessions could enormously degrade the system’s predictive accuracy.

Still,Wholesale ipad pro online store, CAPPS II could yield some security improvement over CAPPS I-as long as two conditions are met. The first is that CAPPS II designates the same percentage of passengers selectees as CAPPS I: that should ensure that the number of actual terrorists caught in the net goes up. The second condition is that security processing does not slacken under CAPPS II-for either selectees or non-selectees.

Alas, the evidence suggests that neither of these conditions will be met. The Transportation Security Administration says travelers “may well notice” that fewer passengers are designated selectees under CAPPS II, and has described non-selectees under the system as people who “clearly pose no threat of terrorism.” In other words, the agency envisions that CAPPS II will select fewer people but nab practically all terrorists. But I see no reason that, if the overall selection rate declines from, say, 5 percent to 2 percent, the selection rate among terrorists will rise: the new system probably isn’t that much better than CAPPS I. If security processing for non-selectees becomes less demanding (and after all, what sort of screening is needed for people who “pose no threat of terrorism?”), then a terrorist erroneously assigned to the low-risk group could have a greater chance of success under the new system than under the existing one.

Used wisely, CAPPS II could be a moderately helpful weapon in the antiterrorist arsenal. Unaccountably, however, many security planners see CAPPS II as the preeminent weapon, and their excess confidence in the system suggests that its forecasts will get more weight than is prudent. This supposed foundation of security could therefore pose a new security threat to U.S. air travelers.

This article originally appeared in the MIT Technology Insider, a monthly newsletter covering MIT research and commercial spinoff activity.

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   评论人:dieo3530qu  评论时间:2017/11/17
    When the legendary MIT linguistics professor Ken Hale retired in 1999, associate professor Norvin Richards, PhD ‘97, a specialist in Native American and aboriginal Australian languages, was hired to replace the man he considers his mentor. Today, Richards continues Hale’s work on the W?pan?ak Language Reclamation Project by collaborating with Jessie Little Doe Baird, SM ‘00, and Nitana Hicks, SM ‘06, on the dictionary of this Native American language.
MIT associate professor Norvin Richards, PhD ’97, consults MIT’s 1685 edition of the Eliot Indian Bible as part of the W?pan?ak Language Reclamation Project.
Richards classifies the two main tasks of a linguist doing language reclamation as “dictionary work” and “grammar work.”

The “dictionary work” using the Eliot Indian Bible involves reading parts of the Bible in search of words that are not yet in the lexicon. “For example,” Richards explains, “I recently finished reading the Book of Isaiah. When I came to an unfamiliar word, I tried to figure out how it would have been pronounced and what it means. Sometimes discerning the meaning and the pronunciation of a new word is comparatively simple. This language (like the rest of its Algonquian relatives) has a lot of words that are composed of isolable smaller parts (which linguists call ‘morphemes’). For example, there’s a suffix -nuhsh that you can attach to a verb to get a new verb that means ‘do something on someone else’s behalf.’ By adding it to a verb that means ‘lift,’ you get a new verb that means ‘lift for someone.’ There are many other examples of suffixes (and, less commonly, prefixes) that can be added to verbs and nouns to change their meanings in various ways. Sometimes, when I find a new word, it’s really a combination of familiar elements: some verb that we already know but haven’t yet seen with (for example) the suffix -nuhsh.

“Sometimes, on the other hand, I come across a word that isn’t just a combination of familiar morphemes. In the Book of Isaiah I found a word for ‘nettle’ (that is, the stinging plant), which was spelled ‘masson’ in the text. When I find a word like that, I have to do some work to figure out how the word would have been pronounced. W?pan?ak has several vowels that are often hard to distinguish. … In order to narrow down further how the W?pan?ak word is pronounced, I do some etymology. One of the early discoveries of linguistics is that sound changes are regular. That is, when we have two related languages, it isn’t just that they have a bunch of words that sound similar; there are actual rules for how the sounds correspond with each other. … We rely on sound correspondences?laws like ‘If Abenaki has a z, then it must be an s in W?pan?ak’?which we’ve established by looking at clear cases where we’re sure what’s being spelled, and figuring out the rules for relating the W?pan?ak words to their counterparts in other languages.”

“?‘Grammar work’ is harder to describe straightforwardly,” Richards continues, “but basically, it involves looking at the whole Bible for patterns. One of my first projects of this kind was something Ken suggested that I do when I was just getting started. Verbs in this language (as in most Algonquian languages) come in two major types (called conjunct and independent), depending on their use in the sentence. So, for example, verbs in relative clauses must use the conjunct form; questions asking ‘why’ are in the conjunct form,Buy toshiba laptops online, and so are most (but not all) questions asking ‘who,’ while questions asking ‘what’ are in the independent form. The rules conditioning the choice are very complicated. Since questions are one place where the conjunct form is sometimes used, I spent a lot of time looking through the Bible for questions, categorizing the verbs as conjunct or independent, and then trying to develop generalizations about when which form is appropriate.”

“Some kinds of things in the non-Biblical texts are more useful than the Bible,” Richards explains. “For one thing, the Bible tends to preserve the English word order, so if we’re trying to study word order, Native Writings in Massachusett, edited by Ives Goddard and Kathleen Bragdon (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988), is generally more helpful. On the other hand, the Bible is a much larger text. The plan eventually is to go through all available texts. After the Bible, I want to read through another book by Eliot, The Logic Primer, published in 1672. It’s intended for use as a training manual for Wampanoag Christians who want to become ministers; it’s supposed to teach them how to construct logical arguments to help convert their people. It’s full of interesting words like ‘syllogism,’ ‘subject,’ and ‘predicate.’” Richards finds it convenient to study an electronic copy of the Eliot Indian Bible on the Web at Early English Books Online, but he periodically checks lists of unclearly scanned words and phrases against the print copy owned by MIT’s Archives and Special Collections, a gift from I. Austin Kelly, ‘26.

Richards first became passionate about endangered languages when he helped create a dictionary of Lardil on a trip to Australia with Hale in 1996. “Ken was a remarkable fieldworker for lots of reasons,” Richards says. “Fieldwork involves a lot of data, which flows past you in a fairly disorganized way. He had an amazing memory and ability to spot patterns, which probably had something to do with his legendary ability to learn languages. But I think one of the secrets of his success was his philosophy. He didn’t see himself as better or more important than anyone else. It’s because of him that Jessie was able to get the education that she got, and the type of partnership that Jessie and I have now is one of the kinds of things he worked his whole life to build.”

Read the related MIT News feature: “Saving a Language”

   评论人:dieo3530qu  评论时间:2017/11/17
    More than a century before the song “Dirty Water” debuted in the 1960s, Bostonians were lodging a peculiar complaint: their tap water tasted like cucumbers.
Spongilla fluviatilis, a common freshwater sponge.
Engineers had begun transporting water into the city through wooden pipes in 1795. By the late 1800s, iron pipes were bringing in millions of gallons each day from such sources as the Sudbury River, a gentle tributary of the Concord River.

An odd taste was noted as early as the 1850s and reappeared in 1875. The cause wasn’t immediately clear. Worried that the water had been accidentally contaminated, city officials asked William Ripley Nichols, Class of 1869, to investigate.

In the world of New England water, Nichols was a major player. An MIT grad and a professor of chemistry at the Institute,Cheap galaxy note 5 for sale, he was the Massachusetts Board of Health’s go-to researcher for all kinds of sanitation queries. For more than a decade, Nichols had analyzed local ponds and explored troubled pipes. Once, he’d been dispatched to check out a reservoir full of diseased fish.

That fall, Nichols got to work. He visited suspect sources to sample the water and consulted other experts, including Harvard botanist W. G. Farlow. Despite careful testing, Nichols could not determine what was behind the cucumber taste. In his 1876 Report on a Peculiar Condition of the Water Supplied to the City of Boston, he ran through the prevailing theories, including decaying animal or vegetable matter. Still, he wrote, “I must frankly confess that as yet I am quite in the dark as to the cause of the trouble.”

In the fall of 1881, the taste grew so bad that many Bostonians resorted to buying spring water from carts. Official reports sometimes characterized the tap water as “oily” or “fishy” in addition to cucumber-like. The Tech, then in its first year of publication, politely called it “peculiar.” One scientist put it more bluntly: “The water tastes of the pig-pen.”

By then, Nichols had fallen ill with pleurisy, so a new scientist took over the investigation: Johns Hopkins chemist Ira Remsen, who had recently stumbled on saccharin, the first artificial sweetener. When he arrived in Boston, he set about obtaining his own samples. He discovered that some―particularly those from Farm Pond, a natural basin connected to the Sudbury River―were chock-full of albuminoid ammonia, a marker for contamination with organic material. He tried those samples and found they tasted far worse than those that were ammonia-free.

As his report to the city delicately put it, “The chemical evidence is in accordance with that obtained of the senses.”

Remsen trooped back to the troubled water sources and ultimately nabbed the culprit: a freshwater sponge known as Spongilla fluviatilis. It had settled in leafy green clumps all along the banks and the bottom of Farm Pond. There, it was decomposing―rotting right into the water supply. “The marked intensity of the odor … was stronger than I had ever before perceived,” wrote Farlow, who was consulted again on the new findings.

That November, Remsen recommended that the city lower the level of Farm Pond to remove clumps of the decaying sponge. But he noted that it would be impossible to drain the pond completely, as the Sudbury River flowed directly through it. City workers would have to remain vigilant, rooting out any sponges that might spring up along the water’s route to the city.

Indeed, after the city lowered Farm Pond and built a temporary, mile-long ditch to allow Sudbury water to flow directly to the aqueduct, workers collected “nearly a bushel-basketful” of the sponges from every square yard of the old conduit.

The work appeared to be successful. By January 1882, a doctor reported to the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal that while the water still retained some of its smell, he could once again drink “without disgust.” The next year’s annual report of the Boston Water Board confirmed that the off taste had abated. But to prevent it from returning, an 1883 report recommended constructing a permanent conduit around or across the pond and cleaning both the new conduit and the aqueduct to Boston every year.

The scientists who pinpointed the problem got little public recognition for their efforts. “Few men would choose to follow sanitary chemistry exclusively if they were ambitious of a wide reputation as chemists,” Nichols once said at a meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. “The consciousness of work well done brings satisfaction if it does not bring glory.”

   评论人:eedb4yggdi3  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:eedb4yggdi3  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:eedb4yggdi3  评论时间:2017/11/17
    REUTERS: WATFORD 1 SWANSEA CITY 0,Buy ipod online store

French striker Etienna Capoue pounced on a defensive error just before halftime to give Watford a deserved 1-0 win over struggling Swansea City in the Premier League on Saturday,Cheap ipad mini 4 for sale.

Swansea defender Alfie Mawson was caught in possession and though his goalkeeper Lukas Fabianski managed to block Capoue''s first shot with his legs,Wholesale laptops, the Frenchman slammed home the rebound to give Watford the lead.

In bright sunshine, Swansea had more than their fair share of possession in the second half but created little, their best chance a stoppage-time header by Gylfi Sigurdsson that flashed just wide.

A sixth straight away defeat left Swansea in the bottom three on 28 points while Watford are in mid-table on 40.

(Reporting by Philip O''Connor, editing by Ed Osmond)

   评论人:edcb3ygcpa5  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Economists have long noted that publicly traded companies suffer from an incentive problem.? The people who run the company (management) are not the same as the people who own the company (shareholders) or who otherwise have a stake in its success (stakeholders).

Managers are paid professionals with their own self interests.? In order to prevent managers from making decisions that benefit themselves but that are detrimental to others, a system of checks and balances is put in place.? This system is called “corporate governance.”? At a minimum, governance systems include a board of directors (to hire,Buy samsung led tv online, fire,Cheap samsung 4k uhd tv, and compensate management) and an external auditor (to make sure financial statements are accurate).? Other constituents such as creditors, customers, suppliers,Wholesale apple iphone 5s, labour unions, the media, and regulators also play a role in corporate governance by making sure that management behaves appropriately.

Example
It is easier to point out examples of “bad” governance than “good” governance.? The most famous example of bad governance is Enron.? Executives lied about Enron’s financial results for years in order to increase the value of personal stock options.? Their actions went undetected by the board, the auditor, ratings agencies, regulators, and the media for many years until the company ultimately collapsed into bankruptcy.? If Enron had had a more effective governance system in place, this behavior would have been detected many years earlier and management would have been replaced. [1]

Financial Times definition
How a company is managed, in terms of the institutional systems and protocols meant to ensure accountability and sound ethics. The concept encompasses a variety of issues, including disclosure of information to shareholders and board members, remuneration of senior executives, potential conflicts of interest among managers and directors, supervisory structures, etc. [2]

   评论人:dlsie4ws62  评论时间:2017/11/17
    MIT Technology Review Magazine January/February 2011 The Evolution of Cambridge MIT moved to Cambridge in an era of smokestacks and shoe polish. Now it’s exploring ways to energize the high- tech mecca it helped create. ??Previous Issue . Submit a class note?? MIT News Magazine Speaking of Science William Barton Rogers enlisted his powers of persuasion to realize the vision that became MIT: a scientific institution dedicated to both theory and practice. Making Nanotech Safer Desirée Plata, PhD ‘09, is on a mission to make nanotube production less toxic and more efficient. Mirror, Mirror on the Wall ... System could monitor vital signs without contact A Hideout for Cancer Cells Targeting cells that evade chemotherapy could prevent relapses More Students on the Way Alumnus gift will let MIT increase enrollment Maximum Plus Classic logistics algorithm gets a makeover Team Thinking Study probes nature of “collective intelligence” Another Nobel Laureate Peter Diamond wins economics prize for work on markets MIT by the Book Examining turning points in the Institute’s history The 146th Anniversary MIT got its charter in 1861, but another 150th celebration may be in order in 2015. Defining Moments The give and take of ESL tutoring Super Collider Strikes a New Note Lincoln Center performance features a digitally controlled ensemble Celebrate MIT''s 150th Anniversary Join the festivities wherever you are in the global MIT community Janice R. Rossbach, SM ''51 Retired military systems engineer paved the way for other women Charles C. Counselman III ''64, SM ''65, PhD ''69 MIT professor emeritus advanced GPS technology Karen Arenson ''70 Retired New York Times journalist uncovers the stories of MIT William L. Jones ''80 Noise-reduction pioneer advances communications Isabelle Groc, MCP ''98 Wildlife photography and writing go hand in hand Brian Chan ''02, SM ''04, PhD ''09 Origami master makes the intricate look effortless Lucille Cesari Winchester, Massachusetts
Determining depth: PrimeSense’s sensor determines depth by combining a number of techniques, including structured light, where an infrared pattern (red lines) is projected onto objects. How the pattern is distorted gives information about distances. The illustrated example here is an interactive airport information display (gray box), below is the depth sensor (blue box).

How do you issue complex commands to a computer without touching it? It’s a crucial issue now that televisions are connected to social networks and cars are fitted with computerized systems for communication, navigation, and entertainment. So Alexander Shpunt has designed a 3-D vision system that lets anyone control a computer just by gesturing in the air.

Shpunt spent five years developing the system at Tel Aviv-based PrimeSense, and Microsoft adopted the technology to power its popular Kinect controller for the Xbox 360 game console. Players can use it to direct characters with their bodies alone?no need for the wands, rings, gloves, or colored tags that previous gestural interfaces relied on to detect the user’s movements.

The key to dispensing with those props was getting the computer to see the world in three dimensions,Wholesale sharp tvs for sale, rather than the two captured by normal cameras. Sensing depth makes it relatively easy to distinguish, say, an arm from a table in the background, and then track the arm’s movement.

Shpunt recalls that when he started developing his system there were a few ways to sense depth?primarily “time of flight” (determining distance from a sensor by measuring how long it takes light or sound to bounce off an object) and “structured light” (projecting patterns of light onto objects and analyzing how the patterns are distorted by the object’s surface). Although there was a lot of academic activity and a few companies built prototypes, there was “nothing really mature” that could be mass-produced, he says. Instead, he built his own system, cobbling together an approach that borrowed from those two techniques as well as stereoscopy?comparing images of the same scene from two different viewpoints.

The Kinect is only the beginning of what Shpunt believes will be a gestural-interface revolution. A small army of hackers, encouraged by PrimeSense, is already retooling the controller to other ends. Researchers at Louisiana State University have rigged a helmetless, gloveless virtual-reality system out of a Kinect unit and an off-the-shelf 3-D TV set. In Australia, a logistics software firm quickly put together a gesture-controlled system for monitoring air traffic. Further real-world applications are easy to imagine, says Shpunt: gaze-tracking heads-up controls for automobiles, touchless interactive displays for shopping malls and airports.

For now, Shpunt is working with computer maker Asus to build gestural controls for today’s increasingly complex and network-connected televisions?essentially turning a TV into a giant iPad that can be operated from the couch without a remote control.

See all 2011 TR10

   评论人:edcb3ygcpa5  评论时间:2017/11/17
    VIENNA: Austria will seek an exemption from having to accept more asylum-seekers under an EU relocation system, it said on Tuesday, arguing that it has already taken in its fair share during Europe''s migration crisis.

The move is a new blow to the system that would cover only a fraction of migrant arrivals to the European Union and that has barely been implemented because of opposition led by Eastern European countries including Poland and Hungary.

It also coincides with a tightening of security and immigration rules by the centrist coalition government in Austria, where a wave of arrivals that began in 2015 helped fuel a rise in support for the far-right Freedom Party, which still leads in opinion polls.

"We believe an exception is necessary for Austria for having already fulfilled its obligation. We will discuss that with the European Commission," Chancellor Christian Kern told reporters after a weekly cabinet meeting. "We will send a letter as quickly as possible and then begin discussions."

Fewer than 14,Bulk ipad air 2 for sale,500 asylum-seekers have been relocated from Greece and Italy,Buy projectors online, the first EU countries that many refugees and migrants from the Middle East and Africa set foot in, under the two-year EU plan that was supposed to cover 160,apple ipad online wholesale,000 people and which expires in September.

"We are of the opinion ... that the people in question here already sought an asylum application or arrived in Italy or Greece," Kern said. "We must check whether we have already fulfilled our quota and discharged our obligation."

Austria took in roughly 90,000 asylum seekers in 2015, more than 1 percent of its population. More than a million migrants arrived in Germany that year, most of them having passed through Austria after crossing the Balkans from Greece.

Austria has repeatedly called on other EU countries to take their fair share, and has even backed the idea of financial penalties for those that do not.

The Commission granted Austria a temporary exception because of the large number of people it had taken in, but that has since expired.

"Austria is now expected to fulfil its legal obligation ... to start relocating," Commission spokeswoman Natasha Bertaud said.

The government has been seeking to erode support for the Freedom Party with a series of law-and-order measures and stricter immigration rules.

An "integration bill" agreed in cabinet on Tuesday would ban face-veils in public places and oblige unemployed refugees to perform jobs "of public utility" for no pay beyond their normal benefit payments.

(Reporting by Francois Murphy; additional reporting by Waverly Colville in Brussels; Editing by Catherine Evans and Robin Pomeroy)

   评论人:dlsie4ws62  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Roman Mugriyev was driving his long-haul 18-wheeler down a two-lane Texas highway when he saw an oncoming car drift into his lane just a few hundred feet ahead. There was a ditch to his right and more oncoming cars to his left, so there was little for him to do but hit his horn and brake. “I could hear the man who taught me to drive telling me what he always said was rule number one: ‘Don’t hurt anybody,’” Mugriyev recalls.

But it wasn’t going to work out that way. The errant car collided with the front of Mugriyev’s truck. It shattered his front axle, and he struggled to keep his truck and the wrecked car now fused to it from hitting anyone else as it barreled down the road. After Mugriyev finally came to a stop, he learned that the woman driving the car had been killed in the collision.

Could a computer have done better at the wheel? Or would it have done worse?

We will probably find out in the next few years, because multiple companies are now testing self-driving trucks. Although many technical problems are still unresolved, proponents claim that self-driving trucks will be safer and less costly. “This system often drives better than I do,” says Greg Murphy, who’s been a professional truck driver for 40 years. He now serves as a safety backup driver during tests of self-driving trucks by Otto, a San Francisco company that outfits trucks with the equipment needed to drive themselves.

At first glance, the opportunities and challenges posed by self-driving trucks might seem to merely echo those associated with self-driving cars. But trucks aren’t just long cars. For one thing, the economic rationale for self-driving trucks might be even stronger than the one for driverless cars. Autonomous trucks can co?rdinate their movements to platoon closely together over long stretches of highway, cutting down on wind drag and saving on fuel. And letting the truck drive itself part of the time figures to help truckers complete their routes sooner.

But the technological obstacles facing autonomous trucks are higher than the ones for self-driving cars. Otto and other companies will need to demonstrate that sensors and code can match the situational awareness of a professional trucker—skills honed by years of experience and training in piloting an easily destabilized juggernaut, with the momentum of 25 Honda Accords, in the face of confusing road hazards, poor surface conditions, and unpredictable car drivers.

And perhaps most important, if self-driving trucks do take hold, they figure to be more controversial than self-driving cars. At a time when our politics and economy are already being upended by the threats that automation poses to jobs (see “The Relentless Pace of Automation”), self-driving trucks will affect an enormous number of blue-collar workers. There are 1.7 million trucking jobs in the U.S., according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Technology is unlikely to replace truckers entirely anytime soon. But it will almost certainly alter the nature of the job, and not necessarily in ways that all would welcome.
Self-Driving Trucks
“We’re not waiting”

Otto’s headquarters, in the once-seedy South of Market section of San Francisco, isn’t much like many of the other tech startups that have transformed the area. Proudly oblivious to that neighborhood upgrade, it’s a barely renovated former furniture warehouse converted to a garage and machine shop, with semi trucks in various states of dismantlement hulking over benches of tools and computers. “No fancy, shiny offices here,” brags Eric Berdinis, Otto’s young and clean-cut-looking product manager.

Berdinis shows off the latest generation of the company’s fast-evolving technology, which is currently installed on Volvo semis. Unlike the bolted-on, kludgy-looking hardware that’s been on testing runs for the past year, the newer versions of the company’s sensor and processing arrays are more sleekly integrated throughout the Volvo cab. The equipment includes four forward-facing video cameras, radar, and a box of accelerometers that Berdinis boasts is “as close as the government allows you to get to missile-guidance quality.”

Particularly key to Otto’s technology is a lidar system, which uses a pulsed laser to amass detailed data about the truck’s surroundings. The current third-party lidar box costs Otto in the vicinity of $100,000 each. But the company has a team designing a proprietary version that could cost less than $10,000.
A human can push the red buttons to the right of the steering wheel to instantly take over from the self-driving system. The driver can sit in the back of the cab while the truck drives itself—albeit in the right lane only. A shipment of Budweiser was loaded onto an autonomous Otto truck last year.
Inside the cab is a custom-built, liquid-cooled, breadbox-size micro-supercomputer that, Berdinis claims, provides the most computing muscle ever crammed into so small a package. It is needed to crunch the vast stream of sensor data and shepherd it through the guidance algorithms that adjust braking and steering commands to compensate for the truck’s load weight. Rounding out the hardware lineup is a drive-by-wire box to turn the computer’s output into physical truck-control signals. It does this through electromechanical actuators mounted to the truck’s mechanical steering, throttling, and braking systems. Two big red buttons in the cab—Otto calls them the Big Red Buttons—can cut off all self-driving activity. But even without them, the system is designed to yield to any urgent tugs on the steering wheel or heavy pumps of the pedals from anyone in the driver’s seat.

Even if drivers stay on in the cab, it’s not clear the economics will work out in their favor.

Otto was founded early in 2016 by Anthony Levandowski, who had been with Google’s self-driving-car effort, and Lior Ron, who headed up Google Maps, along with two others. It was a natural move to build on Google’s vast experience with its autonomous cars, which have driven more than two million miles on U.S. roads in several states, with an eye toward the four million trucks in the U.S. alone. Volvo Trucks, Daimler Trucks, and Peterbilt have been working on their own autonomous-truck technology.

Then, as further validation, Uber snatched Otto up for a reported $680 million last August. That deal has given Otto’s team access to roughly 500 engineers at Uber working on self-driving technology, according to Berdinis. Levandowski now heads that effort for Uber, which has said it envisions providing an overarching and largely automated transportation network for both goods and people.

Otto has only seven trucks on the road with its technology, but it hopes owners of many more trucks will eventually take on the equipment for free to test it out. Berdinis says the company is working to drive down the cost of the technology to the point where it offers a one- or two-year payback. That’s likely to mean something in the vicinity of $30,000 for a retrofit. “We expect the government to mandate this technology eventually, and for truck manufacturers to integrate it into their vehicles,” says Berdinis. “But new-truck development is on an eight-year cycle, and we’re not waiting.”
Greg Murphy, left,a longtime long-haul trucker, keeps an eye on things during tests of Otto trucks.

Roman Mugriyev, right, wonders how well self-driving trucks would handle dangerous situations.
Pay cuts

Last October an Otto-outfitted self-driving truck carried 2,000 cases of Budweiser beer 200 kilometers down Interstate 25 in Colorado from Fort Collins to Colorado Springs—while the truck’s only human driver sat in the sleeper berth at the back of the cab without touching the vehicle’s controls.

That commercial delivery, the first ever to be handled by an autonomous heavy truck, illustrated the potential of the technology. But it also demonstrated the current limitations. The human driver piloted the truck to and from the highway the old-fashioned way, because the technology doesn’t drive on small rural roads or in cities. Even after it was on the highway, a car drove ahead of the truck to make sure the far right lane remained clear. Otto’s system is programmed to stay in that lane, because on many roads trucks are restricted to the far right and are generally considered safer there. And the truck was surrounded by several cars carrying Otto personnel and Colorado State Patrol staff.

In all other testing of Otto-equipped trucks, a professional driver like Greg Murphy sits in the driver’s seat,Bulk macbook for sale, constantly ready to take the controls at a moment’s notice, even on the highway. Another Otto employee is in the cab as well. Murphy hits the Big Red Buttons when there’s debris on the road, or construction. “My hands are always on the wheel, and I have to concentrate pretty hard to be ready,” says Murphy. “It’s actually harder than normal driving.” (I was invited to sit in on an Otto test ride, but shortly before I was due to show up I was told there had been a scheduling miscommunication and a truck wouldn’t be available. I suspect the cancellation had more to do with that morning’s heavy rain—which can throw off autonomous vehicles—but Otto stuck to its story.)

In fact, Otto insists it has no plans to release products intended to operate trucks without a driver in the cab. “We’re at least a decade away from having trucks with no driver in it,” says Berdinis. But Otto does expect to free up the driver during highway cruising to remain in the back of the cab relaxing, working, or even napping. And therein lies the strongest part of the economic case for self-driving trucks. Drivers are legally restricted to 11 hours of driving a day and 60 hours a week. Given that a new big rig goes for about $150,000, and taking into account the vast delays that pulling over to rest injects into the movement of goods, trucks that can cruise nearly 24/7 could dramatically lower freight costs.

There are other anticipated savings from having trucks drive themselves across America’s 230,000 miles of highway. Fuel is about a third of the cost of operating a long-haul truck, and while drivers are capable of wringing maximum miles per gallon from their trucks, many are too heavy-footed on the pedals. (Berdinis says the best drivers are 30 percent more fuel-efficient than the worst ones.) Otto’s equipment is programmed to keep trucks pegged to optimal speeds and acceleration.
Otto says it has no intention of getting drivers out of the cab entirely—at least for the next decade.
Then there’s the potential to cut down on accidents. Truck and bus crashes kill about 4,000 people a year in the U.S. and injure another 100,000. Driver fatigue is a factor in roughly one of seven fatal truck accidents. More than 90 percent of all accidents are caused at least in part by some form of driver error. We don’t yet know what fraction of those errors would be eliminated by autonomous technology—or what new errors might be introduced by it—but tests of self-driving cars suggest the technology will cut down on mistakes.

As long as self-driving trucks require a driver to remain on board, driving jobs seem safe. In some ways those jobs, which pay an average of about $40,000 a year, could even improve. For one thing, driving a truck 11 hours a day is stressful. “You get physically and mentally tired,” says Mugriyev, the driver in the Texas accident, which occurred in 2013. (He was not found to be at fault.) Besides being able to nap and relax in the cab while Otto does the driving, says Berdinis, drivers could use the time away from the wheel to catch up on trucking’s heavy paperwork, locate a “backhaul” load that would pay for the return trip, chat with family and friends, learn a second trade, or run a business. “And while they’re doing it, the drivers are still getting paid for driving,” he says.

These potential benefits could help with recruiting and training truck drivers—a key concern, because there’s actually a big shortage of drivers in both the U.S. and Europe. The American Trucking Associations pegs the current U.S. shortage at about 50,000 drivers and predicts that a total of nearly 900,000 new drivers will be needed over the next eight years. “We have customers calling us up saying they’ll buy 10 new trucks from us if we can provide the drivers, too,” says Carl Johan Almqvist, who heads product safety at Volvo Trucks.

One endorsement of the potential benefits of autonomous trucks to both trucking companies and drivers has come from the state government of Ohio, a trucking hub that’s home to more than 70,000 drivers. The state has committed $15 million to set up a 35-mile stretch of highway outside Columbus for testing self-driving trucks. The heads of both the American Trucking Associations and the Ohio Trucking Association have publicly suggested that autonomous trucks will be good for truckers.

However, the technology is not just a way to make the job more attractive to human drivers; it’s potentially a way for trucking companies to fill in for drivers who aren’t available. And if self-driving systems someday become accepted as capable of standing in for drivers, why keep human drivers on at all? After all, drivers account for a third of the per-mile costs of operating a truck.

Even if, as is likely for the foreseeable future, drivers stay on in the cab of self-driving trucks, it’s not clear the economics will work out in their favor. That’s because there’s currently no regulation that would require companies to pay drivers for the time they spend in the back of the cab. What’s more, freight companies are likely to be forced to convert the cost savings from always-rolling trucks into lower hauling charges in order to compete. Those dropping fees could put pressure on truckers’ pay. “If load prices get pushed down with this technology, the company will say, ‘You didn’t do as much driving, so you don’t make as much,’” says Mugriyev.

Safety questions

Is Otto’s technology up to safely piloting 80,000 pounds of truck down a busy highway? Having a driver in the cab won’t do much to make up for any shortcomings in the system, given that by Otto’s own reckoning it can take up to 30 seconds for a driver resting in the back to fully orient to the driver’s seat.

The extensive history racked up by Google’s self-driving cars is encouraging, with only 20 crashes over seven years and millions of miles. Only one of the crashes was found to be the fault of the car: a traffic merging situation of the sort that Otto hands off to the driver.

But that record doesn’t easily translate into a prediction for the safety of self-driving trucks. As Berdinis notes, trucks can’t swerve to avoid a hazard the way cars can. A fast, hard turn of the steering wheel at high speed would set the truck to fishtailing and possibly jackknifing. From the moment the brakes are applied in a truck going 55 miles per hour, it takes well over the length of a football field for the vehicle to stop. There are only six inches of lane on either side of a truck, meaning even small hazards at the side of the lane can’t be avoided without leaving the lane. “Many avoidance algorithms for self-driving cars just don’t apply to trucks,” says Berdinis.
A key detail not seen in most images of the Budweiser delivery: Otto staff and police riding nearby in cars to ensure safety.
One advantage for trucks is that some of the sensors can be mounted at the top of the cab, providing a high-up view that can see over traffic far ahead. But even state-of-the-art sensors can struggle to provide accurate, unambiguous data. Bright sunlight can briefly blind cameras, computers can’t always differentiate between a car by the side of the road and a big sign, and systems can be thrown off by snow, ice, and sand. They also can’t interpret facial expressions and gestures of nearby drivers to predict the driving behavior of other vehicles. And few systems would be able to differentiate between a hitchhiker and a construction worker gesturing to pull over.

Self-driving cars have managed to do well in mostly city driving in spite of these limitations, but at highway speeds and with limited maneuverability, trucks may come up short more often. “We’re still having problems with these challenges,” says Volvo Trucks’ Almqvist. Heavy-truck drivers typically spend months in driving school, and go through thousands of miles of supervised driving, before taking full charge of a big rig. Thus, matching a human driver’s skill is harder for a self-driving truck than it is for a self-driving car. Mugriyev wonders, for example, if an autonomous system would be able to do what he did: wrestle to a safe stop a truck with a blown front axle and a smashed-up car pasted to its front.

Because of such safety concerns, Volvo has no current plans to field its autonomous trucks on public roads. Instead, it intends to limit them to private locations such as mines and ports. “On public roads, we’ll use the technology to support the driver, not to replace the driver,” says Almqvist. Volvo is still unsure about social acceptance of the technology. The company sometimes identifies the license plates of passing cars when testing its autonomous trucks, and then tracks the car owners down and surveys them about their perceptions.

Berdinis acknowledges the challenges, but he insists Otto’s technology is rapidly evolving to meet them. “We won’t ship until we’re confident there are no situations where we’d need a human to immediately take control of the truck,” he says.

Otto will also have to convince regulators its systems are ready for the highway. Unlike Uber, which has relied on the consumer popularity of its passenger service to take to the roads first and wrestle with regulations later, Otto will do everything strictly by the book, notes Berdinis.

Even Volvo’s Almqvist thinks the technology will make it to public roads in the not-too-distant future. But timing will be crucial, he adds: “If we do it too soon and have an accident, we’ll hurt the industry. And if you lose the public’s trust, it’s very difficult to regain it.”
Conventional wisdom descries a black hole between the infinite uncertainty of modern theoretical physics and the can-do spirit of entrepreneurship and engineering. One more reason to ignore conventional wisdom, says Carver Mead, who became a technology legend by working both sides of what often seems an uncrossable divide. A Caltech stalwart – he is the emeritus Gordon and Betty Moore Professor of Engineering and Applied Science – Mead is one of the seminal figures in the story of Silicon Valley, with a résumé stretching back to integrated-circuit pioneer Fairchild Semiconductor and more than 20 startups to his credit.

Mead’s early work in “electron tunneling” provided insights crucial to the development of solid-state electronics. His calculation of the theoretical potential for shrinking transistors gave Intel founder Moore the basis for his eponymous law, which predicts the steadily increasing power of microchips. And in the early 1980s, Mead and Caltech colleague Richard Feynman, the late Nobel laureate physicist, took circuitry into a new dimension by exploring “neuromorphic” electronics modeled on living organisms. Along the way Mead has stacked up prizes, including the $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize for invention and innovation and the National Medal of Technology in 2003. But his proudest achievement is a string of companies that includes touch pad maker Synaptics and the revolutionary image-sensor and camera startup Foveon, both outgrowths of his work in neuromorphic computing.

Spencer Reiss talked with Mead, who turned 70 this year, at his house among the redwoods in Woodside, CA.

This story is part of our September 2004 Issue See the rest of the issue
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Technology Review: You’re famous for saying, “Listen to the technology.”

Carver MEAD: To understand reality, you have to understand how things work. If you do that, you can start to do engineering with it, build things. And if you can’t, whatever you’re doing probably isn’t good science. To me, engineering and science aren’t separate endeavors. It’s like, “Are you a husband or a father?”

TR: How do you decide what to pursue?

MEAD: Are you kidding? Research is a matter of love. It’s not a left-brain thing. Once you figure out something, then you construct an elaborate rationale – the talks you eventually give that make it all sound so simple. Until then, I get angry when people ask me what I’m working on, because I have no way yet to express it.

TR: Is that what venture capitalists are for – to be cold-blooded about what to put resources into?

MEAD: All my favorite VC types – I know that sounds like an oxymoron, but actually I do like some of those guys – say the same thing: they go with their gut. Does the technology have enough potential applications to score at least one? Spreadsheets won’t answer that.

TR: What about looking at the marketplace?

MEAD: Sure, you can analyze the marketplace, talk to customers, do all the things they teach you in business school. The problem with “demand pull” is that by the time you have a real product, the market will have moved on. You’re doomed to playing catch-up. I prefer “technology push” – find an interesting new technology and try to come up with uses for it. “A solution looking for a problem” is supposed to be a terrible epithet, but in my experience it works.

TR: For example?

MEAD: Impinj, a company started by a former student of mine at Caltech, Chris Diorio. I’m on the board. Starting out with something completely unrelated – neurally inspired computing – he came up with a very precise and low-power way to put a charge on a floating-gate transistor, which is the basis for flash memory. It was a classic “solution looking for a problem,” which is turning out to be RFID, the little [radio frequency] identity tags to put on things. They’re the ultimate lower-power device – picowatts, whatever you can get out of a little antenna. So instead of just having a “dumb” tag that can tell you its name and nothing more, you get a smart one that updates itself as it goes. You get a package or a product that can tell you its whole history, right there.

TR: Peter Drucker says, don’t solve problems, seize opportunities.

MEAD: Right. If Impinj had looked around and said, “Hey, let’s do RFID,” they would have ended up with a nonrewritable tag. Just like a dozen other companies out there now.

TR: RFID tags for Wal-Mart are a long way from trying to reverse-engineer computers from biological models… MEAD: When you’ve finally got a product, the fact that you were inspired to go that way by thinking about touch and vision and hearing or whatever doesn’t matter much. You’re on to making products, and everything that led up to that falls away.

TR: That’s a little sad, no?

MEAD: Of course it is, but it’s what happens when you start a company. The unlimited potential of your new technology – it’s a huge high just thinking about it. But once it’s manifest, once it becomes a product, it’s not a myriad of anything; it’s one thing. So inevitably, there is a huge postpartum – a sense of all the things you weren’t able to do.

TR: Is that when you pull up stakes?

MEAD: It’s happened with every company I’ve worked with. They get to the point where they’re successful, they’re on a track, and there’s less and less that someone like me can contribute. You actually become a distraction: they’re trying to focus, and you’re wandering around thinking about all these interesting new questions. That’s when it’s time to leave.

TR: Some people think young technologists need to spend more time learning how to market their ideas.

MEAD: Science is not just about self-expression; you have to be able to explain what you’re doing. Dick Feynman was one of the best marketers I have ever met. He never wanted to admit it – in his day, anything entrepreneurial was socially unacceptable for an academic – but he was able to position physics as something exciting, in a way that has survived to this day.

TR: You and Feynman were behind a big neuromorphic-computing project launched at Caltech in the ’80s. What happened?

MEAD: Part of the problem was the refusal of the CS [computer science] community to have a new thought – the fact that there might be inherently more powerful ways to do computing. People said, “Everything’s a Turing machine, and that’s that.” No matter that we already have a working example of a massively parallel machine – the animal brain. And meanwhile, now, the quantum computing guys have come along and showed yet another alternative model – one that in theory will solve problems that are exponentially unsolvable by a Turing machine. I’m making no statement about the realization of quantum computers – we still don’t know about that. I’m just talking about our understanding of computing in the abstract. You need a fundamentally new conception of that if you want to try to make a better machine.

TR: Another neurally inspired company you’ve been involved with makes advanced hearing aids, Sonic Innovations.

MEAD: The thought process there came from thinking about how human hearing works, but again the actual device is just a little digital signal processor. The same thing happened with the idea of neural networks, by the way. They became just another algorithm for existing computers.

TR: What about Foveon, the camera company you founded in 1997? Most people probably don’t realize that its roots are in studies of the eye.

MEAD: We started out making models of the retina, which by itself might make a big difference to a few people, but it’s not enough of a commercial opportunity to justify big investment. What we realized was that if you took what we were doing and strip out the retina part, that’s a really good image sensor – so let’s do that. Foveon technology captures light directly, consuming less power and requiring far less processing than the file captured by a conventional digital camera. But when we explain it today, we don’t have any reference to anything neural.

TR: So we’re still at square one with neuromorphic computing?

MEAD: Actually, quite a lot of progress has been made. One of the exciting things that grew out of neuromorphic thinking is Lloyd Watts’s company Audience. They’ve got a working cochlear model that builds a significant portion of the auditory pathway – including precision signal recovery and sophisticated analysis – into a chip-level component. It’s more than just a better microphone; think of it as the auditory front end for any device that wants to use sound as an input.

TR: Voice recognition lives!

MEAD: Voice recognition as we know it is really brain dead. I shouldn’t say brain dead – a lot of smart people have worked on it for many years. But it’s an old paradigm. It’s advancing logarithmically with processing power; that’s about it. And yet we have these incredible working models right here – our own eyes and ears. That’s where we want to be looking.

TR: Hearing, vision – the same problems you picked out nearly 20 years ago are still interesting problems.

MEAD: They’re even more interesting, because we’re starting to know enough about them to make some progress. It’s taken this long to get the engineering-oriented people talking to the physiology people. Lawyers talk about “Chinese walls” in organizations; well, the barriers between scientific disciplines have been fierce.

TR: Is it the inherent difficulty of adapting digital technologies to our mostly analog human world?

MEAD: Digital abstraction is a wonderful thing. It substitutes a very simple set of logic operations – “and,” “or,” and “not” – for an infinite set of physical things. Working in analog is much harder, because there are essentially countless ways for the thing to go wrong. You’re working with the physics itself, rather than with some very small set of circuits that have been crafted to show digital behavior.

TR: We can’t let you get away without asking about Moore’s Law. You get a lot of credit for its formulation.

MEAD: Gordon had observed what was happening and asked me how far things could go, how small you could make the transistors. We did some work in the lab, and the answer turned out to be .15 microns [150 nanometers], maybe smaller. That was shocking at the time, but it turns out to have been conservative.

TR: So how far can it go?

MEAD: I looked at things again a few years ago, and if you don’t do anything differently, you can get down to 30 nanometers – a factor of five from what we originally said was going to be easy, and still a long ways from where things are today. So it’s certainly not going to stop.

And at the same time, we don’t have to keep doing things exactly the way we are doing them today. I for one certainly hope we don’t.

Salisbury, CT-based writer Spencer Reiss likes to interview people smarter than he is. The last time he did it for TR was with venture capitalist Michael Moritz, the man behind Google (April 2004).

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   评论人:edcb3ygcpa5  评论时间:2017/11/17
    The world’s largest aerospace company is celebrating its 100th anniversary this year. So far it’s off to a turbulent centennial: the company’s stock price has dropped 20% from an all-time high of nearly $160 per share in Feb. 2015. Investors are trepidatious after the company, which generates about two-thirds of its revenue from its commercial business and the rest from defense contracting, said it would deliver 740 to 745 commercial aircraft this year–less than the record 762 it delivered last year. The company also said it would lay off 4,Buy iphone 7 plus online store,000 workers in an effort to cut costs and that it would earn less than expected this year. Low oil prices have softened customer demand for the company’s latest and more fuel-efficient plane models,Cheap intel cpu for sale, such as its costly 787 Dreamliner. Competition from rivals Airbus Group and Bombardier pose a threat to its lucrative single aisle 737 jetliner business. Meanwhile,Buy samsung 4k suhd tv online store, the SEC is investigating multple years of the company’s accounting and financial filings.

   评论人:dlsie4ws62  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Last month Siemens and EADS demonstrated a new gas-electric vehicle capable of carrying two people and their luggage 900 kilometers―roughly the distance from New York to Detroit―between refuels and recharges. The prototype was not a car, but a small two-seater airplane.

Flying hybrid: This two-seater electric-gas airplane may be the first of many to take to the skies.
The hybrid plane is similar to the Chevrolet Volt in that it relies on an electric motor and uses a gas engine as backup. The airplane matches the performance of some private airplanes already on the market, but it has two distinct advantages: it’s remarkably quiet, and uses about 25 percent less fuel.

The achievement presages what is likely to be a big shift toward hybrid propulsion in airplanes. Several major corporations envision a future in which airplanes rely at least in part on electric propulsion. Although the technology will be applied to small planes at first, eventually it could help reduce noise and emissions from airliners.

“Within this decade, we will certainly see hybrid electric aircraft entering the market,” says Frank Anton, who heads the hybrid aircraft efforts at Siemens. Four-seat hybrid aircraft are likely within that time frame, he says, but even 19 seaters are possible before the decade is out. Anton predicts that eventually we will see 100-passenger hybrid aircraft that use half as much fuel as today’s airplanes.

Boeing is taking this a step further with a concept for hybrid airplanes the size of 737s, which can seat more than 150 passengers, although it’s unlikely these will come into service before 2030. EADS, the parent company of Airbus, has also developed a conceptual design for passenger airplanes that fly exclusively on electricity, although the range of these aircraft would be limited.

Motor head: The new plane is the first to have a hybrid drivetrain.
“A few years ago, the idea of flying an airplane on batteries was a joke,” says Marty Bradley, a principle investigator for advanced aircraft concepts at Boeing Research and Technology. While batteries and electric motors are efficient and quiet, batteries tend to be big and heavy, storing far less energy than liquid fuels.

Two things have changed. The amount of energy that batteries can store is steadily improving, and this looks likely to continue as they’re developed for use in portable electronics and electric vehicles, Bradley says. Meanwhile, the technologies needed to integrate batteries and electric motors with conventional engines are getting smaller, lighter, and more efficient. Siemens demonstrated an earlier version of its hybrid airplane in 2011, but it was too heavy to be practical. For the new plane, Siemens decreased the weight of the electric motor, power electronics, and gears by 100 kilograms to bring its cargo and passenger capacity up to the level of similarly sized small planes.

In airplanes, a hybrid electric design improves efficiency mainly by making it possible to use a relatively small gas-powered engine designed to run at its most efficient at cruising speeds. The battery and electric motor provide the extra power needed for takeoff and ascent. The batteries also make it possible to recover energy during descent much the way hybrid cars capture energy during braking (propellers spin a generator). And,Cheap samsung 4k suhd tv, as batteries improve, they will provide more and more of the energy on board.

Electric motors confer other advantages. They can be mounted in unusual places on an airplane, which can be used to improve aerodynamics. They can also be steered: angled upward, for example, during takeoff to get a plane off the ground faster. In flight, the motor could be pointed left or right to steer the plane, eliminating the need for a rudder. These design changes, together with the efficiency of the hybrid propulsion, could help decrease fuel consumption by half, he says (see “‘Hybrid Wing’ Uses Half the Fuel of a Standard Airplane”).

How fast electric propulsion is adopted depends mostly on the development of the batteries. EADS’s electric airplane plans call for a battery that can store 1,000 watt hours per kilogram, which is about five times more energy than a typical lithium-ion battery. New battery chemistries like lithium-air and lithium-sulfur could provide more capacity, but some big challenges remain (see “Nanostructures Boost Battery Life Fivefold” and “Beyond Lithium Ion: ARPA-E Places Bets on Novel Energy Storage”). Bradley expects that all-electric aircraft will be limited to 1,600 kilometers until after 2050.

For larger aircraft, electric propulsion might be used to help spin the large turbofans on the front of a jet engine. The first application of electric propulsion for large planes will be for taxiing, allowing planes to save fuel on the ground, he says.

So for the next several years hybrid technology will be limited to small planes. One near-term benefit of the technology is that small airports (which are often located near residential areas) will be quieter, says Jean Koster, a professor of aerospace engineering sciences at the University of Colorado at Boulder who has founded a company to commercialize a more compact gearbox for combining gas and electric power. Hybrid designs could also put an end to one of the last holdouts of fuel that contains lead: small airplanes with high compression engines still require lead additives. In fact, the battery boost could make it possible to use the same gas-powered engines used in hybrid cars.

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   评论人:gkblgo95ou7  评论时间:2017/11/17
    [font technology news] January 27th news,Cheap ipad pro, the day before, there was a crowd of his first wife rate to catch rape in the hotel mistress and photographed nude video naked fire. The day before, there was a crowd of his first wife rate to catch rape in the hotel mistress and photographed nude video naked fire. All the men in the field to hear the cry came and found this scene! Analysis of a Kaba Nery ring. A dark Equinox flower symbol... Wonderful street beat all the information the Aiqi Godfather B small skirt stumped the connotation of tens of millions of people in Secret Japanese AV actress selection process and recommend oral beauty masturbation benefits hot demonstration

   评论人:gkblgo95ou7  评论时间:2017/11/17
    

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   评论人:gkblgo95ou7  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Platon described the lost island Atlantis as a maritime power that defeated most Western European and North African countries in 9000 bc. After the failure of the invasion of Athens, Atlantis is likely to sink into the sea. Even in Platon''s own time, his story is considered to be a story. Modern historians and archaeologists, however, say that the satellite images of the island of Tori show a sunken island in the middle of the archipelago. Others believe that Platon was wrong, and Atlantis existed in 900 BC, and was one of the times of the tsunami destroyed Noah''s civilization in Crete. In 2011, a team of archaeologists claimed that they had found Atlantis in the mud swamp in southern spain. The legend of Atlantis, the Mayan prophecy: fourth Sun Ji according to the Mayan calendar prophecy legends, earth humans live in a world, a total of five cycles of destruction and rebirth each cycle of the so-called " Sun Ji " and that, at the end of each discipline, all would be a tragedy of thrilling destruction. The fourth sun is Zonder Ric (Atlantean civilization), also known as the light of civilization, is to inherit a civilization. This is the inheritance, not to continue, because Atlantis is the colonists from orion. They have the power of light to cause the destruction of the earth under the fire and rain. Established as early as in the period of the Lemurian civilization of atlantis. Later, the two civilizations also fought nuclear war. Atlantis,Buy sony tv wholesale, and Art Landis, as in the Vatican City State manuscripts preservation of ancient Mexico (i.e. "Vatican City State Codex") and has retained the United States of Mexico Indian civilization works, also had the similar narrative: " earth has had four generations of humans. The first generation was a generation of giants, and they were starving. The second generation was destroyed by the fire. The third generation of human beings is the ape man. Then there was the fourth generation of human, which is " the sun and water " stage of human, at this stage of human civilization destroy major flooding in waves. Modern scientific discoveries, in the great flood before the earth really existed a continent, the continent has a high level of civilization, in a global catastrophe, the continent sank in the Atlantic. For nearly a century, archaeologists have found traces of prehistoric civilization at the end of the Atlantic, which seems to confirm the hypothesis. In the folk belief, people put this piece of land called Atlantis " ", the pregnant with the country of prehistoric civilization called " " states;. In fact, the scientific community has long been named to the mysterious disappearance of the continent, which is followed by the name of Platon put forward: atlantis.

   评论人:vbk4gbykwoi  评论时间:2017/11/17
    LONDON: Intercontinental Exchange (ICE) is set to launch clearing for London''s benchmark gold price auction before participants are ready as it races to prevent rivals muscling in on the city''s US$5 trillion-a-year bullion market, market and banking sources said.

Clearing - where an exchange acts as an intermediary to guarantee and settle trades - is regarded as a necessary progression for the gold trade as tighter regulatory capital requirements increase the cost of trading off-exchange. ICE , the London Metal Exchange (LME) and CME Group are competing to offer services through futures contracts and grab the biggest slice of the new business.

U.S.-based exchange operator ICE has already pushed back the launch of its service by several weeks to allow the banks and brokers who participate in the auction to adapt their IT systems, four sources with direct knowledge of the matter told Reuters. Two of the sources said ICE now planned to introduce clearing from Apr. 3 - the first Monday of the month.

However, at least four of the 14 banks and brokers who participate in the LBMA Gold Price auction - which sets the benchmark for bullion traders around the world - will still not be ready to use the new system, three separate sources said.

When asked by Reuters about any delay in the launch and any lack of readiness among auction participants, ICE declined to comment for this story.

Banks that are not ready would be suspended from the auction until they have the necessary IT infrastructure in place or would have to participate through other players who could clear deals, according to the sources.

ICE''s readiness to provoke such disruption illustrates how much it wants to avoid further delays that could torpedo its ambitions to become the dominant exchange in London''s vast bullion market, market sources said.

It comes as the LME is preparing to launch its own rival precious metals contracts in June. The LME, owned by Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Ltd , has moved aggressively by reaching a 50:50 revenue-sharing deal with a company founded by a group of banks to promote its offering.

If it quickly builds up liquidity, it could mop up a big slice of the market.

The sources said a launch by ICE within weeks could give it time to cement its own position before the LME contract begins trading.

"ICE is obviously of the view that if they go early, before the LME, then they will win long term,Cheap nintendo game for sale," said a source familiar with the process of launching the service. "If something already has liquidity, it will tend to attract liquidity."

U.S.-based CME launched a cleared gold contract in January but it has so far struggled to attract business.

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Societe Generale ,Buy laptops online, Standard Chartered , ICBC Standard Bank and China Construction Bank will not be ready to clear the LBMA auction from day one, according to four sources.

"We are trying our best to communicate with our broker to make the clearing possible. But I''m not sure whether we can get ready before deadline as some issues still need to be solved," a spokesman for China Construction Bank said.

Societe Generale declined to comment, while Standard Chartered was unable to provide immediate comment and ICBC did not respond to a request for comment.

The remaining LBMA Gold Price benchmarking participants are Bank of China, Bank of Communications, Goldman Sachs, HSBC, JPMorgan, Morgan Stanley, ScotiaMocatta, Toronto-Dominion Bank and UBS. INTL FCStone is an indirect participant.

A telephone-based benchmark gold price auction, or gold fix,Cheap lg tv for sale, dates back to 1919. In those days, each representative had a small British flag that they raised after receiving any change from their dealing room. As long as any flag was raised, the chairman could not declare the price as fixed.

This was replaced by the current electronic alternative in 2015 because of regulatory pressure and U.S. lawsuits alleging rigging by the banks that set bullion prices.

Sources at many participant banks said that they were unhappy with the speed at which ICE was seeking to introduce clearing, which require investment in IT processes and back office systems and raise complex compliance issues.

"They are struggling because they''ve been focusing on getting ready for MiFID," said one source, referring to new guidelines on commodity derivatives which will come into force next year.

ICE says clearing will open the price benchmarking process to new participants by removing the need for them to have bilateral credit lines in place with all other direct participants in the auction.

But it is also a way of bringing more business to the exchange and could be key for the success its gold contract, market participants said.

(Additional reporting by Pratima Desai, Clara Denina and Veronica Brown; Editing by Pravin Char)

   评论人:vbk4gbykwoi  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Whenever I see a big bunch of fresh curry leaves, I buy them. If they’re not on your supermarket shelves (they’re sometimes there, but often not), you’ll find them in most Indian or south-east Asian grocers. They freeze well, so don’t worry about buying too many, not least because most recipes involving fresh leaves tend to ask for quite a lot of them. Despite the association with heat that the word “curry” brings to mind, curry leaves are all about their fresh citrus fragrance. Yes, they’re often used in a curry and feature in ingredients lists alongside “curry powder” (in reality, a blend of ground spices), but all have very different characteristics. Don’t be tempted by freeze-dried curry leaves, though: they may be widely available, but they lack the heady aroma that makes me seek (and sniff) out fresh ones.
Crisp prawns with oats, chilli and ginger
Get everything chopped and ready before you start cooking, and this will be on the table in minutes. The kaffir lime leaves need to be fresh, too; if you can’t get hold of them fresh, leave them out. Serve with stir-fried Asian greens. Serves four.

50g instant porridge oats
500g peeled raw king prawns, patted dry with kitchen paper
Salt and black pepper
40g cornflour
200ml vegetable oil
40g unsalted butter
3 red chillies, deseeded and julienned
4cm piece ginger, peeled and julienned
2 large garlic cloves,cheap samsung 78 inch tvs, peeled and thinly sliced
1? tsp black mustard seeds
5 stems fresh curry leaves (ie, about 50 leaves)
8 fresh kaffir lime leaves, thinly sliced
1 tsp sesame oil
4 large spring onions, trimmed and thinly sliced
2 tbsp sesame seeds, toasted
1 tsp soft dark brown sugar
2 limes, halved, to serve

Heat the oven to 200C/390F/gas mark 6. Spread the oats out on a small oven tray, roast for six minutes, until golden-brown, then remove and leave to cool.

In a bowl, mix the prawns with a quarter-teaspoon of salt and a good grind of pepper. Put the cornflour in a separate bowl. Heat the oil in a medium-sized saute pan on a high flame and, once hot, dip four to five prawns one at a time into the cornflour and then drop them straight into the hot oil. Fry for a minute or two, turning halfway, until just cooked. Use a slotted spoon to lift out the prawns and drain on a plate lined with kitchen paper while you flour and fry the rest.

Melt the butter in a large frying pan on a high heat and, once it starts to foam, fry the chilli, ginger and garlic for two minutes, stirring, until the garlic starts to brown. Add the mustard seeds, curry leaves and kaffir lime leaves, fry for 30 seconds, stirring continuously, then add the oats and sesame oil and fry for one to two minutes, stirring, until the oats are golden-brown and crunchy. Add the spring onions, sesame seeds, sugar, prawns, a third of a teaspoon of salt and a good grind of black pepper. Stir through for about 30 seconds, then serve hot, with half a lime alongside each portion.
Spiced root vegetable gratin
Again, if you can’t get fresh kaffir lime leaves, just leave them out. Serves eight.

40g unsalted butter
2 tbsp olive oil
1 large onion, peeled and thinly sliced
2 garlic cloves, peeled and crushed
1 tbsp medium curry powder
10 fresh kaffir lime leaves, finely shredded
4-5 stems fresh curry leaves (ie, about 40-50 leaves)
1? tsp mustard seeds
Salt
300ml double cream
300ml vegetable stock
1 small celeriac,Buy sony playstation 4 online discount store, peeled, cut in half and then into 0.5cm-thick slices
1 swede, peeled, cut in half and then into 0.5cm-thick slices
2 large parsnips, peeled and cut into 0.5cm-thick slices
2 turnips, peeled and cut into 0.5cm-thick slices

For the topping
65g fresh white breadcrumbs (from 1-2 medium slices, crusts removed)
50g blanched peanuts, roughly chopped
100g cheddar, roughly grated
1? tsp mustard seeds
2 tsp coriander seeds, gently crushed
? tsp turmeric
15g unsalted butter, at room temperature, diced

Heat the oven to 200C/390F/gas mark 6. Put all the topping ingredients in a medium bowl with a quarter-teaspoon of salt and rub together with the tips of your fingers, until the mix is the texture of chunky breadcrumbs.

In a large saucepan for which you have a lid, heat the butter and oil on a medium-high flame. Once the butter starts to melt, fry the onion for eight to nine minutes, stirring a few times, until golden-brown and soft. Add the garlic and curry powder, stir constantly for a minute, then add the lime leaves, curry leaves, mustard seeds and a teaspoon of salt. Fry for another minute or two, until the curry leaves are aromatic and starting to turn crisp, then stir in the cream, stock and sliced vegetables. Bring to a boil, turn down the heat to medium, cover and simmer for seven minutes, stirring from time to time, until the vegetables start to soften.

Transfer the vegetable mix to a high-sided, 22cm x 32cm baking dish, spreading out the veg so they are evenly distributed, then cover with foil and bake for 40 minutes, until the vegetables are cooked but there is still quite a lot of liquid in the dish. Remove and discard the foil, then press down on the vegetables with a slotted spoon, so they’re submerged in the liquid. Sprinkle over the topping and return to the oven for 15-20 minutes, until the topping is golden-brown and the gratin has thickened. Leave to rest and cool for 10 minutes before serving.
Mulligatawny


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Yotam Ottolenghi’s mulligatawny. Photograph: Louise Hagger for the Guardian. Food styling: Emily Kydd. Prop styling: Jennifer Kay
I love the ready-made crisp, fried shallots you can buy in jars from Asian food stores, but if you can’t find any, don’t worry: you’ll still have plenty of crunch from the peanuts. Red Camargue rice looks particularly good here, but other rice (brown or basmati, say) also works. Serves six as a main course.

550g skinless and boneless chicken thighs (halved if on the large side)
5 garlic cloves, peeled and crushed
1? tbsp garam masala
1 tsp paprika
? tsp cayenne pepper
? tsp turmeric
Salt
3 tbsp coconut oil
1 onion, peeled and roughly chopped
4cm piece fresh ginger, peeled and roughly chopped
40 fresh curry leaves (ie, from about 4 sprigs)
2 tsp black mustard seeds
100g red split lentils
1 small butternut squash, peeled, deseeded and cut into 3cm cubes
3 plum tomatoes, quartered
1 litre chicken stock
400ml tinned coconut milk
100g red Camargue rice
10g coriander leaves, roughly chopped
60g roasted salted peanuts, roughly chopped
30g shop-bought crisp fried shallots (optional)
3 limes, halved, to serve

Mix the chicken in a medium bowl with two of the crushed garlic cloves, half a tablespoon of garam masala, the paprika, cayenne, and a quarter-teaspoon each of turmeric and salt, and set aside.

In a large saucepan, for which you have a lid, heat two tablespoons of coconut oil on a medium-high flame and, once hot, fry the onion for eight minutes, stirring a few times, until golden brown and soft. Add the remaining garlic, a tablespoon of garam masala, a quarter-teaspoon of turmeric, the ginger, curry leaves and mustard seeds, and fry for two minutes, stirring frequently. Stir in the lentils, squash and tomatoes, then pour in the stock and coconut milk, and add a teaspoon and a quarter of salt. Bring to a boil, turn down the heat to medium, cover and simmer for 30 minutes, until the squash and lentils are soft.
Yotam Ottolenghi’s slider recipes
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Using a hand blender, blitz the soup until it’s smooth and thick (or whizz it in a liquidiser, though you’ll need to do so in batches).

While the soup is simmering, put the rice in a separate saucepan filled with plenty of salted water. Bring to a boil, then turn down the heat to medium and simmer for 30-35 minutes, until cooked. Drain and set aside.

Heat a tablespoon of oil in a large, nonstick frying pan on a high flame, then fry the chicken for 10-12 minutes, turning the pieces halfway through the cooking, until dark-golden and crisp on both sides. Remove from the heat, and shred the meat in long,apple macbook for sale cheap, 2cm-wide strips (I use my fingers, but a knife and fork will do).

To serve, divide the warm rice between six bowls and ladle over the soup. Top with the chicken strips and dribble any leftover oil from the pan on top. Sprinkle with the coriander, peanuts and the fried shallots, if using, squeeze half a lime on top of each portion and serve at once.

? Yotam Ottolenghi is chef/patron of Ottolenghi and Nopi in London.

   评论人:vbk4gbykwoi  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:dkel24ai26  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:dkel24ai26  评论时间:2017/11/17
    A plaque-busting antibody being tested by Biogen stands a chance to become the first real treatment for Alzheimer’s and could settle a long-running debate over the true cause of the disease.

Biogen’s drug, called aducanumab, was given to 165 patients, and the company says in those who took the highest dose it practically eradicated the amyloid plaques in their brains. Those plaques are widely thought to be what kills nerve cells and causes memory loss.

No effective drug for Alzheimer’s has ever reached the market and scores have failed in testing, so stakes couldn’t be higher. Biogen has estimated that testing aducanumab could cost $2.5 billion, but if it works, it would be hugely profitable and essentially transform what it means to get old for many people.
$1 trillion
Estimated amount per year it will cost the U.S. to care for Alzheimer’s patients by 2050

Biogen’s chief medical officer, Alfred Sandrock, said in a teleconference with journalists that his biggest hope is the drug could be used widely and preventively, as cholesterol-lowering statins are used to ward off heart attacks. “The question will be, can you treat people even earlier?” says Sandrock. “You could treat people before they have symptoms.”

The Boston biotech company is reporting the results of a pilot study today in Nature, but two larger Phase III studies, involving 2,700 volunteers, are already under way and will determine whether the drug not only clears plaques but also prevents memory loss and death. Sandrock said Biogen’s data so far offer “hints” that the drug does slow the progression of the disease.

“I would have to say the data are pretty exciting,” says James Leverenz, director of the Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health at the Cleveland Clinic. Along with other doctors, he began learning about the Biogen data last year, when the company began talking it up at meetings and arranged for his center to participate in the larger study. His center has contributed five patients so far.

“When we all saw this, a lot of us said ‘Gee, this seems almost too good to be true,’” says Leverenz. “So I wanted to join the Phase III data before I jump on the boat.”

Biogen is selecting patients at the earliest stage of the disease, when the plaque-busting drug is expected to help the most. Patients are chosen who have plaques in their brains but few symptoms as yet. The idea is to prevent the disease, since once brain cells are dead, the drug won’t help.

The decay of memory in Alzheimer’s is different from the memory loss that most people experience as they age. “Normal aging is difficulty pulling up information,” says Leverenz. “You can’t pull up a name. But five minutes later you can. The information is in there.” But Alzheimer’s is characterized by the inability to form new memories. Its onset is often first observed by family members. A husband notices that his wife can’t remember they had friends over for dinner last week; a daughter returning home for a visit finds that her father doesn’t know her.

If the Biogen drug works, it will also basically prove the “amyloid hypothesis,” the dominant theory that Alzheimer’s is caused by the buildup of a peptide called amyloid beta as plaques on brain tissue. The drug sticks directly to the plaques and probably recruits scavenger cells called microglia to arrive and remove them.

“What they showed very nicely was a reduction in plaques as they increased the dose. This is the most significant part of the study, and it looks very convincing,” says Steven Paul, who is CEO of Voyager Therapeutics, a gene-therapy company, and previously co-invented a different anti-Alzheimer’s antibody currently being tested by Eli Lilly. Paul says Biogen’s drug is the first to break up plaques in this way.

If the drug doesn’t help patients, however, scientists might have to fundamentally reconsider their approach. Some maintain that the plaques are a side effect of the disease and not its cause.

The drug did have worrying side effects,xbox one online store. It caused brain swelling in some patients and caused them to drop out of the trial. That could limit how widely the drug is used if it ever reaches the market.

The implications of a drug that slows Alzheimer’s are difficult to overstate. Paul says if the progression of the disease could be delayed by five years, it would cut by half the number of people who suffer from it (people would die from other causes). By some estimates, caring for Alzheimer’s patients in the U.S. will cost a staggering $1 trillion per year by 2050.

   评论人:dkel24ai26  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:yh3bhggnv35  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:yh3bhggnv35  评论时间:2017/11/17
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Insgesamt ist das Samsung Galaxy A3 (2017) sicher ein solides Mittelklasse-Smartphone, doch gerade in Sachen Ausstattung h?tten wir uns etwas mehr erwartet. Gerade wenn man das A3 mit der Konkurrenz von Huawei und Honor vergleicht, zieht es in der direkten Gegenüberstellung meist den Kürzeren. Erst wenn das Galaxy A3 (2017) noch weiter im Preis f?llt, k?nnte es für viele Interessenten deutlich spannender werden.

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   评论人:yh3bhggnv35  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:dkel23ms06  评论时间:2017/11/17
    David Sinclair is very good at persuading people. The catch, says a longtime colleague and scientific rival, is that he is sometimes overly optimistic about his results. “David is brilliant, but sometimes he is too passionate and impatient for a scientist,” says another colleague. “So far, he is fortunate that his claims have turned out to be mostly true.”


Sinclair’s basic claim is simple, if seemingly improb?able: he has found an elixir of youth. In his Australian drawl, the 38-year-old Harvard University professor of pathology explains how he discovered that resveratrol, a chemical found in red wine, extends life span in mice by up to 24 percent and in other animals, including flies and worms, by as much as 59 percent. Sinclair hopes that resveratrol will bump up the life span of people, too. “The system at work in the mice and other organisms is evolutionarily very old,Wholesale sony projectors, so I suspect that what works in mice will work in humans,” he says.

This story is part of our September/October 2007 Issue See the rest of the issue
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Sinclair thinks resveratrol works by activating SIRT1, a gene that many scientists believe plays a fundamental role in regulating life span in animals. Biologists have found that increasing the expression of SIRT1 slows aging and fends off maladies associated with growing old, including cancer and heart disease. If Sinclair is right, and resveratrol can activate SIRT1?and if the gene does in fact help control aging?he has found something truly remarkable.

The scientific uncertainty surrounding Sinclair’s claims hasn’t stopped him from raising millions of dollars. In 2004 it took him a single lunch meeting to persuade California philanthropist Paul Glenn to put up $5 million for a new Harvard institute on aging, of which Sinclair is now a director. Sinclair also cofounded Sirtris Pharmaceuticals to develop drugs based on resveratrol and helped persuade an A-list of venture investors to pony up $103 million in private funding. In late May, the company made an initial public offering that netted $62 million more. The stock price quickly rose 20 percent, providing Sinclair, who holds less than 1 percent of the shares, with a pleasant (if, for now, notional) addition to his academic salary?and possibly a big payday should the company ever produce a fountain-of-youth pill. “I grew up middle class in Sydney,” he says, flashing a characteristically shy though confident smile. “As an academic, I never expected to be wealthy, so any extra is unexpected, although [it] feels pretty good.”

Read a detailed explanation of the science behind resveratrol and sirtuins.

Later, Sinclair winces when I mention that some colleagues describe him as a good salesman. “Scientists don’t like to be called salesmen,” he says. “It’s an insult.” Still, he says, “I believe in my work and advocate for my conclusions.” One thing is certain: Sinclair’s persuasiveness gives him an edge over his rivals in a field where a good deal of money and glory is at stake?not to mention potential impact on the future of medicine.

Obsessed
Sinclair says his bravado and drive come from his grandmother Vera, who fled to Australia in the wake of the failed 1956 revolution in her native Hungary. Her son, David’s father, changed the family name from Szigeti. “My grandmother is the black-sheep rebel of the family,” he says. “She gave birth to my dad at age 15 in 1939?imagine the scandal then?and has lived with natives in New Guinea and eaten human flesh, among other things. She once got in trouble with the police for being the first person to wear a bikini on a Sydney beach. She’s a ’60s bohemian who helped raise me and taught me how to think differently and to question dogma.”

A slight man with a mischievous smile, Sinclair grew up in St. Ives, near Sydney, where as a boy he liked to make bombs from chlorine or gunpowder to blow things up. “It was rebellious and dangerous,” he says. “That was the thrill. I think I was bored.” When he was seven years old, he came up with a list of 10 ways to change the world, and one was to create inventions to make money. Later, he took up windsurfing and racing around in cars. He got so many speeding tickets that he once had his license confiscated. “He was always quite cheeky and could get under your skin if he knew you well enough,” says Mark Sumich, his best friend growing up.

“I think the day I got most scared in my life was when he showed me his brother’s new compound bow,” recalls Sumich, who now owns a market-research company in Australia. “We went up to the park, and he would shoot it straight up in the air, and having lost sight of it, we would scatter for cover. That, to this day, is still the most stupid thing I have ever done.”

Sinclair attended the University of New South Wales and was studying gene regulation in yeast when he learned about longevity research during a conversation with Leonard ?Guarente, an MIT molecular biologist who was in Australia giving lectures. Back then?1993?most people assumed that aging was a complex and inevitable process that could not be regulated by just a few genes. But that year, Cynthia ?Kenyon, a biologist at the University of California, San Francisco, published a study showing how manipulating a single gene, daf2, could double the life span of a tiny roundworm. Guarente himself was beginning experiments on yeast that would lead to the discovery of the antiaging gene sir2 in 1995.

The field was so new and unproven, though, that ?Guarente talked about it only informally?as, for instance, when a young Australian scientist sat down next to him during a group lunch. “This was incredibly serendipitous,” says Sinclair. Inspired, he sold his Mazda Miata to buy a ticket to Boston to interview for a postdoc position in ?Guarente’s lab. During his interview, he gave a spirited whiteboard presentation arguing that scientists studying aging should look for genes that prolong life rather than genes and mecha?nisms that end it. He got the job.

While Sinclair was in Guarente’s lab in the late 1990s, he discovered that sir2 prevents aging in yeast by slowing down the accumulation of ERCs, circular strands of DNA that build up in organisms as they age, eventually killing them. Around the same time, others in Guarente’s lab made another crucial discovery: that a link may exist between sir2 and a molecule critical for metabolizing food, called NAD. The connection suggested that the longevity gene might be related to diet?specifically, Guarente postulated, to caloric restriction. A nutritionally complete diet containing 30 to 40 percent fewer calories than normal had long been known to extend life span in some animals, ramping up cell defenses and slowing down aging. Guarente and others theorize that in times of scarcity, such as famine or drought, this mechanism allows an organism to survive?and postpone reproduction?until the crisis is over. The link between sir2 and NAD, therefore, suggested to Guarente that caloric restriction might be affecting longevity by activating the antiaging gene.

Colleagues who were students in Guarente’s lab during this period remember Sinclair as highly ambitious. Shin?ichiro Imai, then a postdoc, now a molecular biologist at Washington University in St. Louis, and still a friend, describes him as “obsessed,” with a penchant for aggressively pursuing his ideas. “He is an introvert who becomes an extrovert for what he’s working on,” Imai says.

Sinclair’s ambition has also complicated his relationship with his mentor, who helped him secure an appointment in Harvard Medical School’s department of pathology in 1999. Guarente, a lanky man with a shaved head and intense eyes, says he is proud of his protégé. In 2004, however, an article in Science described a rivalry between the two men that began during a meeting at Cold Spring Harbor in New York, where Sinclair stunned Guarente by disagreeing with him about how a key gene associated with caloric restriction increases life span in yeast. The two began publishing competing papers, vying head to head to figure out how sir2 and, later, other antiaging genes are regulated. “Most young scientists would not compete directly with their mentors, but David did,” says Imai.

Sinclair also said no to signing on with Elixir Pharmaceuticals, the company cofounded by Guarente and ?Cynthia Kenyon in 1999, which for a time he had hoped to join. By the time Elixir called, he had discovered the effects of ?resveratrol; in 2004 he surprised his former teacher by cofounding Sirtris, a company whose name incorporated that of the SIR genes that Guarente had helped to discover.

Both men say that Science overstated the extent of the rift between them. There was some tension for a couple of years, they say, but that has died down. They now collabo?rate on some experiments and articles, and they talk frequently. In a curious turnaround, Guarente left Elixir last year and has considered working with Sirtris, although he can’t join the company until the fall of 2007 because of a one-year noncompete clause in his contract with Elixir.

Breakthrough
In 2003, one unsolved mystery among the still-small cadre of longevity researchers was how to modulate genes, such as SIRT1, that regulate life span. Was there a compound that could be taken as a pill? Elixir and other companies and labs were beginning to screen thousands of chemicals to see if one would work as a gene activator, but none fit the bill.

In February 2003, in what was then his small, shoestring lab at Harvard, Sinclair was doing his own screening when he learned that scientists at Biomol Research Laboratories, a biotech company in Plymouth Meeting, PA, had observed that SIRT1 was activated by certain polyphenols, including resveratrol. Sinclair and Konrad Howitz, Biomol’s director of molecular biology, collaborated to isolate resveratrol and test it in yeast and fruit flies. “Never in my wildest dreams did I think we would find an activator of sir2,” says Sinclair.

In a 2004 Science interview, Sinclair added to his reputation as a zealot, calling resveratrol “as close to a miraculous molecule as you can find.” “One hundred years from now,” he said, “people will maybe be taking these molecules on a daily basis to prevent heart disease, stroke, and cancer.”

That same year, two scientists who were students in ?Guarente’s lab when Sinclair was there published a paper casting doubt on the underpinning of Guarente’s hypothe??sis that caloric restriction activates sir2?a hypothesis that is critical to Sinclair’s own theories. (“I have independent-minded students, I guess,” Guarente told me with a wry smile.) The former students, Brian Kennedy and Matt ?Kaeberlein, both biologists at the University of Washington, claimed that, at least in yeast, caloric restriction could exert antiaging effects in the absence of sirtuins?the enzymes produced by sir2 and its mammalian homologues (such as SIRT1). Studies published soon after posed a more direct challenge to Sinclair’s contention that resveratrol mimics caloric restriction by activating sirtuins. Peter DiStefano, a coauthor of one of these studies and the chief scientific officer of Elixir, told me in 2005 that resveratrol does wondrous things, but it is unlikely to be an activator of the SIRT1 enzyme.

That skepticism, however, didn’t deter Sinclair. In 2004 he set out to prove that resveratrol indeed mimicked some effects of caloric restriction, joining with Rafael de Cabo of the National Institute on Aging to test the chemical on mice.

Mice live about two to three years; when I first visited Sinclair’s lab, in 2005, his test mice were about a year old. Sinclair was already ecstatic, because the resveratrol-fed mice seemed healthier than the controls; their cells were also aging remarkably slowly, even though the mice were being fed a fatty, unhealthy diet. When the paper on these experiments came out the following year in Nature, the results supported the claims Sinclair had been making about resveratrol in mammals. They showed that mice on a high-fat diet fed large doses of resveratrol were as healthy as mice on a regular diet. Resveratrol also improved the mice’s insulin sensitivity and increased their energy production.

The mice were given very high doses of resveratrol?22 milligrams per kilogram of weight. In comparison, a liter of red wine delivers 1.5 to 3 milligrams. To consume ?resveratrol at the same rate as the mice, a 150-pound human would need to drink roughly 1,500 bottles of wine (or take scores of pills) each day.

Sinclair’s paper came out within days of a study in Cell from the lab of Johan Auwerx of the Institute of Genetics and Molecular and Cellular Biology in Illkirch, France. ?Auwerx’s team, which was partially funded by Sirtris ?(Auwerx is on the company’s scientific advisory board), had given mice even higher doses of resveratrol?400 milligrams per kilogram. These mice stayed slender and strong on a high-fat diet, with the energy-charged muscles and reduced heart rate of athletes. The number of mitochondria in their cells increased, which improved the cells’ energy output.

Sinclair’s and Auwerx’s success in extending the life span and improving the health of mice has partly assuaged critics’ doubts that resveratrol can work in mammals. “Both studies are extremely exciting,” says Kaeberlein; it’s “pretty clear” that resveratrol modifies certain proteins, such as mitochondrial proteins associated with energy production. ?Kaeberlein points out, however, that the tests involved mice on a high-fat diet and should be duplicated with mice on a normal diet.

And Kaeberlein is not yet convinced that resveratrol is an activator of the SIRT1 enzyme. “We were unable to reproduce the work from the Sinclair lab in yeast,” ?he says, adding that results have been mixed in flies, worms, and other animals. He also still disagrees that sir2 is the pathway by which caloric restriction increases longevity in yeast. “Sir2 regulates longevity, and caloric restriction regu?lates longevity,” he says. But it doesn’t follow that caloric restriction necessarily increases life span by activating sir2.

Critics point out, too, that no one yet knows whether resveratrol will work in humans. According to Harvard population biologist Lloyd Demetrius, the evolutionary forces determining life span are so radically different in mice and humans that mechanisms responsible for slower aging in mice are unlikely to have much effect in people. Demetrius has studied caloric restriction, not resveratrol, but he’s still skeptical of the chemical’s viability as a drug. “I think its effects on the maximal life span in humans will be almost zero,” he says.

A Believer
One convert to Sinclair’s views on the effects of resveratrol was Christoph Westphal, then a partner at Polaris Venture Partners, based in Waltham, MA. Though only 35 years old, Westphal had already cofounded two publicly traded companies, Momenta Pharmaceuticals and Alnylam Pharmaceuticals?both Cambridge, MA, biotech startups developing novel drugs. Westphal read the paper and e-mailed Sinclair, who was already working on starting a company. Sinclair had had someone else in mind as CEO, but he and Westphal hit it off.

“David was young and controversial,” says Westphal. “Half the people thought he was crazy, and they were pounding on him. But I saw something in him and believed in his science.” Westphal and Sinclair are now close friends, with adjacent desks in a small office at Sirtris. Sinclair spends his Saturdays at work, often bringing his two older children to play with Westphal’s two kids. ?Sinclair says that he and Westphal exchange 50 e-mails a day.

I accompanied Westphal one day last winter on his morning walk from his home in Brookline, MA, across the Charles River to Sirtris’s offices in Cambridge. He explained that Sirtris’s intention is not to produce drugs that extend life span. “That is not an end point recognized by the FDA,” he said. “Our end points will be specific diseases.” The company has developed a supercharged version of resveratrol, called SRT501. It has also discovered novel small molecules that are not related to resveratrol but, it claims, are a thousand times as potent in activating the ?sirtuins. So far, animal tests have shown that the drugs may help treat neurological disorders and diabetes.

This past spring, the company launched phase I human trials of SRT501 in patients with diabetes; it also plans human trials later this year to test the drug as a treatment for Melas syndrome, a rare disorder that hastens aging and causes fatal deterioration of the brain and muscles. Sirtris expects to begin human trials of its non-resveratrol compounds in the first half of 2008.

Keeping Score
From his modern ninth-floor office on the Harvard Medical School Campus in Boston, Sinclair has a view that includes Fenway Park. “I can see the scores light up at night,” he says. I’m there on an oddly warm day in January, when a few trees are budding and the sky is crystal blue. On a shelf are a book by the Australian golfer Greg Norman called The Way of the Shark and a number of textbooks. Behind ?Sinclair’s desk are pictures of his wife and children.

Sinclair’s Harvard lab, now well funded, is working feverishly to clarify the health benefits of resveratrol and other compounds, and to discover exactly how sirtuins work on aging and the diseases of aging. In experiments involving thousands of mice, researchers are homing in on different sirtuin pathways and determining how they affect different diseases. Sinclair smiles and tells me they are getting great results, but he can’t say any more on the record. He does say he is working with Guarente on some experiments. “Lenny and I typically don’t work on things that aren’t important,” he says.

It has been two years since I last saw him, and in that time Sinclair has become more seasoned, more confident about fending off critics, and more comfortable with his stance as a scientist-zealot. “I am a science rebel,” he says. “That’s who I am. Everything we publish is criticized.”

In the conference room where I join his team to watch a presentation, the table is made of blond wood, and the black mesh chairs look expensive. Sinclair is dressed conservatively in a dark-red button-down shirt and gray slacks?not exactly the clothes of a rebel. A postdoc, Juan J. Carmona, gives a talk about what happens to the SIR system when a worm is exposed to the stressor of heat; Sinclair asks questions, pushing hard. Like most leading academic scientists with labs, he does little bench research himself, leaving the experiments to his students. His own success is highly dependent on their work. In the end, Sinclair looks pleased when Carmona describes how heat activated the sir2 pathway and increased life span in the worms.

Students in Sinclair’s lab say he sometimes seems driven, and he admits that he is: “I’m driven to get to goals as fast as possible. It frustrates people in my lab who have something they think is cool, but if it doesn’t move us forward, I don’t want to do it.” He says he views all the experiments being done at Sirtris, all his work, as part of a master plan. “I see this laid out in my mind, every step. But it’s happening faster than I imagined?it’s taking 10 years instead of 20 years.”

“When will it be ready for humans?” I ask.

“This will impact humans within a decade,” he says. “That’s why I don’t think there is anything more important than this quest. That’s why I take chances, and why the controversy is worth it: because I think we are right.”

He is also not averse to discussing the possibility that a Nobel Prize will someday be awarded to longevity researchers?something Lenny Guarente has also mentioned, though with the “I don’t really think much about it” attitude that is typical of senior scientists talking about the ultimate award. If such a prize is given, Sinclair says, Guarente and Cynthia Kenyon are likely to be two of the winners?out of a possible maximum of three.

“And the third person on the prize, who will that be?” I ask.

Sinclair smiles coyly and says nothing.

David Ewing Duncan is a freelance journalist. His last article for Technology Review was “Brain Boosters,” in the July/August issue.

To read a detailed explanation of the science behind resveratrol and sirtuins, go to technologyreview.com/sirtuins.

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   评论人:dkel23ms06  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Nothing in our system currently matches this topic,Buy sony ps4 online. Please make another selection. by ! article.published Sponsored by
Drivers stuck in traffic in Mexico City lately have found themselves being buzzed by a fleet of sign-toting drones. “Driving by yourself?” some scolded in Spanish. “This is why you can never see the volcanoes”―a reference to the smog that often hovers over the mega-city and obscures two nearby peaks.
More on Uber and drones
It wasn’t exactly a plea for environmentalism, though―it was an ad for UberPOOL, part of Uber’s big push into markets across Latin America. As Bloomberg points out, Uber already does more business in Mexico City than any other city it operates in, and Brazil is its third-largest market after the U.S. and India. Uber sees Latin American countries as generally easier targets for expansion than either of its top two markets.

In the wake of a costly war with Didi Chuxing in China that finally forced Uber to wave a white flag, the company is going back on the offensive. And that, apparently, involves accosting drivers in gridlock with a swarm of drones.

(Read more: Bloomberg, “With Its Sale in China, Uber Drives a Better Bargain”)

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   评论人:dkel23ms06  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Defense contractor BAE Systems is in the business of understanding extreme risks: it designs and makes a variety of technologies for war zones, from communications and surveillance systems to weapons. But it didn’t want to deal with any risks when it came time to invest in becoming more energy efficient. So the company adopted a novel strategy that kept them to a minimum.

Green upgrade: BAE Systems is using a novel payment model for a retrofit of equipment including compressors like the one above. The amount of money it pays is based on the amount of energy it saves.
In December BAE, which has its U.S. headquarters in Arlington, Virginia, announced a $2 million project to upgrade heating and cooling equipment, pumps, and motors and control systems at its facility in Greenlawn, New York. The company won’t be paying that price for the upgrades, however. Instead, it will pay project developer Metrus Energy an amount based on how much it saves on energy use. Crucially, Metrus will not only develop the project; it has lined up financing to pay for it, and it will pay Siemens Industry to install and maintain the equipment.

The energy service contract will last 11 years and promises to save BAE about $300,000 in annual energy and operational costs. About 70 percent of the savings will come from using less energy, and about 30 percent will result from spending less on maintenance because the equipment is new and improved, says Don Hill, director of facilities in BAE Systems’ Electronic Solutions business. At the end of the contract, BAE will pay for the residual value of the equipment and installation, Hill says. “It frees up capital for us to invest more strategically,” he says.

The project, set for completion in 2011, reflects a growing market for energy efficiency projects in which payment is tied to the amount of energy saved over time. This approach has been common for about two decades in public facilities such as government buildings, academic institutions, and hospitals, says Peter Larsen, a researcher at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, which has tracked the energy service market for over 15 years and amassed a database of about 3,500 projects.

Project developers typically guarantee certain savings, some or all of which are used to pay the cost of installing and maintaining the equipment; on the assumption that customers will use less energy, the developer charges them less than they would pay the utilities. If the money saved on energy falls below the guaranteed amount, then the energy service company will have to make up the difference. If it exceeds the guaranteed amount, then the customer gets to pocket the extra. Energy service companies tend to set conservative estimates for the savings they could deliver.

“What we’ve found is more than 85 percent of projects in our database met or exceeded the guaranteed amount,” Larsen says.

Companies such as Johnson Controls and Honeywell collected about $4.1 billion in revenue from energy service contracts in 2008, and the figure should increase to around $7.3 billion in 2011,apple iphone 6 online wholesale, according to a Berkeley Lab study published in June 2010.

This chart shows the average source of cost savings, by sector, associated with hiring an energy services company.
Energy service companies generally prefer to tackle larger projects than BAE’s in order to earn good profits. The same is true for banks or other investors that finance this type of project. Large public institutions have been the main target for these companies because many public facilities are in old, worn-down buildings with inefficient wiring and equipment for heating, cooling, and lighting, Larsen says. Private companies tend to carry out smaller energy efficiency projects that they can finance themselves. They also expect a much quicker payback period in order to keep their shareholders happy. The median payback period for a private company’s project is three years, while the median for public projects is eight years, according to Berkeley Lab’s database.

But a growing number of private companies are choosing long-term service contracts, Larsen says. As energy costs rise and reducing carbon footprints becomes a corporate focus, more businesses are undertaking larger, more complex energy efficiency projects. An ideal customer would spend about $1 million on energy per year, says Metrus’s CEO, Bob Hinkle. Metrus then bundles projects into one investment portfolio when it discusses project financing with banks or other types of investors. Hinkle cites an Urban Land Institute report showing that retrofitting commercial buildings for energy efficiency is expected to be a $190 billion market in the United States over the next 10 years.

“Customers generally recognize that energy efficiency is a good thing, but when push comes to shove, they don’t want to use their capital for it,” Hinkle says. “They want to put the capital to work in their main line of business, not in boilers, chillers, or lights.”

Metrus, which is based in San Francisco, was founded in 2009 and was previously part of MMA Renewable Ventures, a company that focused on developing solar-energy projects. The work taking place at BAE’s New York facility is the second retrofit project it has worked on with the defense contractor: Metrus completed a $1 million project for BAE’s facility in Merrimack, New Hampshire, in the fall of 2010. That project, which comes with a 10-year service contract, should save BAE about $200,000 in utility bills alone, according to Metrus (Hill says the energy and operational cost savings should reach $227,000 per year).

For the New Hampshire facility, BAE asked for less expensive upgrades, which included new lighting and sensors that shut off equipment when it’s not in use. Overall, the project should reduce BAE’s carbon emissions by 400 tons per year; the improvements in New York should cut 800 tons. Hill says the company is considering retrofitting its other facilities for energy efficiency as well: Hill’s business group operates 15 main sites, or 4.7 million square feet of indoor space, in the United States.

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   评论人:vbk3vyykvzm  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Bob Lutz: You have to be in favor of anything that simplifies the tax code Discussing the timeline for Trump''s tax reform and the news that local and state tax deductions may be eliminated, with Robert Lutz, former General Motors vice chairman. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000611358 NYT''s Stewart: Can''t reform Fox until you hold people accountable Jim Stewart, The New York Times, discusses the news that Bill O''Reilly''s time at Fox may be ending as well as the cultural issues at Fox following several sexual harassment allegations. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000611367 Tom Brady not attending White House ceremony for Patriots New England Patriots star Tom Brady will not be attending the White House ceremony honoring the team''s Super Bowl win due to a family matter. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000611353 The decision on O''Reilly ''is pretty clear'': Walter Isaacson Walter Isaacson, Aspen Institute president & CEO and former CNN chairman & CEO, discusses the news that Bill O''Reilly''s time at Fox may be up following allegations of sexual harassment. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000611351 Real estate sector most impacted by possible tax deduction reform: Pro Stephen Myrow, Beacon Policy Advisors managing partner, and Peter Cecchini, Cantor Fitzgerald chief market strategist, discuss the battle over tax reform and its impact on the markets. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000611341 Cramer''s Stop Trading: Genuine Parts raises outlook CNBC''s Jim Cramer explains why he is watching shares of Genuine Parts. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000611338 UK parliament votes in favor of snap election The "Squawk on the Street" crew talks about British lawmakers voting in favor of holding an early national election. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000611185 US stocks trade in mixed session as IBM drags down Dow CNBC''s Bob Pisani takes a look at what''s moving in early morning trading, including a slow down in loans and the outlook on General Electric. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000611186 Opening Bell, April 19, 2017 William Spence, PPL Corporation chairman & CEO at the NYSE, and Bart Brookman, PDC Energy president & CEO at the Nasdaq, ring today''s opening bells. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000611166 Fox to cut ties with Bill O''Reilly? 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CNBC''s John Harwood reports on Georgia''s special election to replace the seat vacated by Tom Price who became President Trump''s secretary of Health and Human Services. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000610973 Market opens down after GS miss CNBC''s Bob Pisani looks at what moving in early morning trading, including bank stocks after reporting quarterly results. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000610968 Opening Bell, April 18, 2017 Ringing today''s opening bells are Ray Allen, United States Commodity Fund, at the NYSE, and Kirill Tatarinov, Citrix president and CEO, at the Nasdaq. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000610806 Industrial production up 0.5% in March CNBC''s Rick Santelli breaks down the latest data on real output in manufacturing. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000610960 Today''s Bell Ringer, April 18, 2017 Today''s bell ringers are Ray Allen,Cheap desktops for sale, United States Commodity Fund, at the NYSE, and Kirill Tatarinov, Citrix president and CEO, at the Nasdaq. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000610807 BAC''s big beat over GS CNBC''s Wilfred Frost compares Bank of America and Goldman Sachs'' quarterly numbers. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000610955 Netflix burns cash as it builds global subscriber base: Pro Michael Morris, Guggenheim Securities, and Alan Gould, Rosenblatt Securities,Bulk apple watch for sale, provide their outlook on Netflix after subscriber growth slows and competition rises. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000610961 British PM May: No turning back from Brexit CNBC''s Willem Marx, reports on Theresa May''s call for a snap election on June 8th. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000610954 Snap unveils World Lenses CNBC''s Julia Boorstin reports Snapchat''s new lenses offer users 3D images. http://video.cnbc.com/gallery/?video=3000610972 Billionaire Jeff Greene: I think we''re likely to have a slowdown of 0% percent growth "I think we have been in a period of insane ''animals spirits,''" billionaire real estate investor Jeff Greene tells CNBC. http://www.cnbc.com/2017/04/17/billionaire-jeff-greene-watch-for-a-slowdown-of-0-percent-growth.html

   评论人:vbk3vyykvzm  评论时间:2017/11/17
    - By Sangara Narayanan IBM ( IBM ) reported strong fourth quarter earnings,Cheap nintendo, beating analyst estimates, and also raised its full year earnings guidance for 2017. IBM reported fourth quarter revenues of $21.77 billion with earnings of $5.01 per share, while the market was expecting $21.66 billion and earnings of $4.88 per share. Despite the beat, this was the 19th consecutive quarter of earnings decline for Big Blue. The good news for IBM investors was that the company''s strategic imperatives, which includes forward-looking business lines such as Analytics, Cloud and Security, accounted for a little more than 40% of IBM''s overall revenue in 2016. This growing part of the business has not yet reached a position where it can offset the losses the company is facing from its legacy lines. But if the segment continues on its current growth trajectory, that will change within the next eight quarters. Revenue from the Analytics division reached $5.6 billion for the fourth quarter, with 2016 sales from this unit reaching $19.5 billion, a growth of 9% compared to the prior year. Cloud-as-a-service run rate reached $8.6 billion during the fourth quarter,Cheap iphone 7, a 63% growth compared to the prior period. Analytics and Cloud are the two superstars of IBM''s strategic imperatives, and will continue to remain in the lead over the next several years. 2016 full-year revenues came in at $79.9 billion, with $32.8 billion coming from strategic imperatives and $47.1 billion from other business streams. In 2015, IBM''s total revenues were $81.741 billion. Since strategic imperatives grew by 13% this year, it must have recorded nearly $29 billion in sales last year, which means nearly $52.7 billion came from other business streams. That means other business lines declined to $47.1 billion from $52.7 billion, a drop of 10.6%. We can now use these figures to extrapolate their earnings for fiscal 2017. If IBM can repeat its current performance over the current fiscal, 13% growth in strategic imperatives and a 11% decline in the rest of its business, the former will hit $37.06 billion in sales,Wholesale galaxy note edge, and $41.92 billion will be from other businesses, for a total of $78.98 billion. That''s still a billion dollars away from posting flat sales. Clearly, the gap between the growing parts and the declining parts is rapidly reducing. That means there is a very good chance that IBM will post flat sales growth within the next four to six quarters and then start showing positive, stable and growing numbers from that point on. Sometime in 2018 seems to be when IBM will reach that point, unless it is able to accelerate growth in the two key segments, Analytics and Cloud. Disclosure: I have no positions in the stocks mentioned above and no intention to initiate a position in the next 72 hours. Start a free seven-day trial of Premium Membership to GuruFocus.

   评论人:vbk3vyykvzm  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:dkel23kv21  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Instructions



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   评论人:dkel23kv21  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Nanotechnology research and development funding almost doubled to more than $10 billion in 2004 from the previous year. Most of the increase was driven by a big jump in corporate and private funding, which grew by 160 percent, while government and academic research outlays on nanotech R&D increased by a vigorous, but less outstanding, 37 percent. Japan led the way, with expenditures approaching $4 billion; the United States, however,discount mini pcs online store, was not far behind, with spending of about $3.4 billion.

The expected payoff for all this investment could be huge, even over the next few years. Nanotech was already a $10 billion market last year, and that is expected to triple by 2008. Much of that growth will result from new nanomaterials. By 2008, more than $100 billion in products will likely involve some type of nanotechnology.

Still, only about half of Americans have heard anything about nanotechnology. Much has been made of the potential nanotech risks, from uncontrollable nanorobots to the breathing in of nanoparticles. Not surprisingly, public fears are directly correlated with the amount of knowledge that people have about nanotech: the less knowledge, the more fear.

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   评论人:dkel23kv21  评论时间:2017/11/17
    As wireless networking becomes a more and more important amenity, it has become helpful to know where you’ll be able to tap into a publicly accessible WiFi signal. Yahoo! Maps now offers just that: Just click on the “WiFi Hotspots” icon below the map and an overlay appears identifying all the restaurants, coffee shops, libraries, hotels, and other venues where you can surf the Net and check your e-mail on your laptop through the magic of wireless. (It’s quickly evident that Starbucks dominates the public WiFi scene,Wholesale galaxy note 7, lest there were doubts.) You can find out details for every hotspot, such as the signal strength and access cost. Here is the wireless action in the vicinity of the Technology Review offices in Kendall Square, Cambridge, MA; here’s what’s available near the White House. Go ahead–find where WiFi is making waves in your corner of the world.

   评论人:eetg2yguma3  评论时间:2017/11/17
    The fastest growing country among the G-7 group is none other than the United States neighbor to the north: Canada.

According to a Bloomberg report, Canada''s central bank''s latest estimates show that the country grew at an annualized pace of nearly 4 percent in the first quarter of 2017. In fact, this strong pace of growth is unseen among the remaining six countries, which make up the G-7 group.

The Bank of Canada also projected that the country will end 2017 with a growth rate of 2.6 percent. While this would signal a slowdown from the first quarter it nevertheless represents a strong growth rate for the resource-rich country that has struggled over the years amid low oil prices.
Don''t Rush To Invest In Canada Just Yet
But after 2017, the Bank of Canada isn''t overly optimistic. The central bank said that while it "welcomes the recent strength" in economic data,Cheap sony ps4 for sale, it needs to "see more of it in order to be more confident that growth is on a solid footing."

A prior Bloomberg report also suggested that rising interest rates in the United States will also hurt the Canadian dollar,Cheap iPhone 7 256gb for sale.

There are also three factors which point a less-than-perfect picture for Canada''s economic growth over the near term. First, while energy prices are showing signs of stabilizing, it isn''t showing signs of growth. Second, an increase in government transfers is helping household spending but the impacts can''t last, and third, housing activity in the uber-hot Toronto region will eventually slow.

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Cronos Execs On Marijuana Legalization In Canada And How It Affects The Co: Market Could Be Ready To Go By 2019

? 2017 Benzinga.com. Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

   评论人:eetg2yguma3  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:eetg2yguma3  评论时间:2017/11/17
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   评论人:dlsie2ch36  评论时间:2017/11/17
    We look different. What’s changed?

Readers hope that redesigns should work and flatter their eyes. They worry that things they liked have been lost, and they dislike additions at odds with their sense of a publication.?

Rest assured. The changes are meant to enhance your experiences. We’ve taken away nothing except a small section called “From the Labs,” a not-very-useful summary of recent academic publications. We added “MIT” to “Technology Review,” because our authority derives in part from our ownership by the world’s leading technological institution.?

Rather than writing about fonts and graphic design, or about the navigation of different sections (which I hope is self-evident), let me tell you what we believe, care about, and hope to do.?

Name a problem. Any will do. We believe that for any big, difficult problem, technology is at least part of the solution. At the same time, new technologies are providing entrepreneurs and businesses with opportunities that can grow prosperity and expand human possibilities.?

We’re not uncritical boosters of new technologies, recognizing that any revolution has losers as well as winners; but we are disposed to think technology a powerful force for good.?

Ours is a technological civilization. Given the number and urgency of the world’s problems, it has never been so important to understand how technologies can overcome apparently intractable difficulties. It has never been so important to understand how technologies can overturn existing markets and create entirely new ones.?

Yet no earthly activity is so badly served by the journalism that seeks to explain it. Nothing humans do is so obscured by hyperbole, jargon, and inaccurate reporting. Technology matters, but you can’t understand it by reading most technology sites and magazines. We want to change that by applying an authoritative filter to the overwhelming flood of information about technology.?

We’re committed to informing our readers about important new technologies by explaining the practical impact of these advances, describing how the technologies work and how they will change our lives. Our main criterion in choosing what to write is our judgment as to what will best serve our audiences. To fulfill our mission, we make accuracy and independence our highest priorities. We do everything in our power to publish correct information. Our coverage is independent of any corporate relationships, including our ownership by MIT, or any business arrangements, such as agreements with advertisers.?

We mean to publish smart, literate, originally reported journalism and useful information in a variety of beautifully designed media,cheap sharp tvs, both digital and print; we want to produce thought-provoking events that make that journalism live and breathe on stage; and we hope to provide the world with a badly needed example of an innovative, commercially sustainable, digitally oriented global media company.

We’ve been doing something like this since 1899, when MIT began publishing The Technology Review. But starting today, we’re going to do it better, with more impact, and in new ways. We want to lead the global conversation about new technologies because nothing is more important.?

Write to me and tell me what you think of our designs at jason.pontin@technologyreview.com.
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   评论人:dlsie2ch36  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Diamond Patterning Technique Could Transform Photonics A simple way to carve patterns onto nanodiamonds without damaging them could lead to a new generation of photonic devices, say materials scientists. The Physics arXiv Blog Facebook Buys Oculus So You Can Take a Virtual Vacation Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg says the virtual reality technology he bought will offer more than just gaming. Rachel Metz Marc Andreessen Predicts “Libertarians Will Turn on Bitcoin” Venture capitalist and browser inventor Marc Andreessen says Bitcoin will soon outgrow the “fringe” politics that helped get it started. Tom Simonite Economic Network of Organized Crime Revealed An approach based on network theory reveals the pattern of links between Mafia-controlled firms involved in organized crime and the rest of the economy. The Physics arXiv Blog The Curious Nature of Sharing Cascades on Facebook Most content on Facebook is shared a few times but some can be shared millions of times. Now computer scientists are beginning to understand the difference. The Physics arXiv Blog Five Interesting Things in the Box IPO Filing Cloud storage company Box has 25 million users,Buy vizio tv online store, large revenues, and larger losses. Tom Simonite Data Show Turkey''s Tweeters Beating Ban Tweets in Turkish are down but not out, even as Turkey’s prime minister tries to block Twitter inside the country. Mike Orcutt Other Interesting arXiv Papers (Week Ending 22 March 2014) The best of the rest from the arXiv preprint server. The Physics arXiv Blog A Net Neutrality Riddle If Netflix has to pay tribute to Comcast, then shouldn’t Comcast pay tribute to cloud storage firms? David Talbot Seven Must-Read Stories (Week Ending March 21, 2014) Another chance to catch the most interesting, and important, articles from the previous week on MIT Technology Review . MIT Technology Review ? Find your preferred version. Choose from six languages and in 13 regions worldwide. Archives Explore 114 years of innovation from the most respected technology publication. Lists Discover the most important people, companies and technologies shaping our future. Events Attend one of our over 400 thought-provoking live events worldwide. Subscribers Have MIT Technology Review delivered to your doorstep, desktop, or tablet?

   评论人:dlsie2ch36  评论时间:2017/11/17
    No one knows how climate change will transform our lives. Not only is it uncertain how much elevated levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere will raise temperatures and affect precipitation in different parts of the world, but there remains much to learn about how these changes will reduce agricultural productivity, damage human health, and affect economic growth. In addition to these worrisome unknowns is a question that provokes even deeper anxiety: could the damage wrought by climate change, or even the threat of it, lead to a far more violent world?

In Black Earth: The Holocaust as History and Warning, Timothy Snyder argues that such fears have historical justification. A Yale University professor and a prominent scholar of the Holocaust, Snyder describes Hitler as driven by a twisted ecological panic that the German people would not have enough land to grow the food they needed. To Hitler, he writes, “ecology was scarcity, and existence meant a struggle for land.” Hitler particularly lusted after the fertile lands of Ukraine. In fact, Germany was not in danger of starving, and Snyder points out that many of the agricultural improvements that would later produce the Green Revolution were already under way. But Hitler, Snyder explains, did not believe technology was capable of significantly increasing agricultural output; indeed, he rejected the idea that science in general could disrupt the racial struggle for survival he perceived.

Much of Black Earth is a description of how Germany ruthlessly destroyed neighboring countries and their political institutions, leading to the mass murder of Jews in those regions. But then, in the conclusion, Snyder makes a disturbing “warning” based on the lessons of the Holocaust. As the benefits of the Green Revolution peter out and the risks of climate change increase, he suggests, we are once again becoming vulnerable to fears of food insecurity—and, thus, once again in danger of battling over agricultural lands. “Another moment of choice, a bit like the one Germany faced in the 1930s, could be on the way,” Snyder writes. He adds: “We have changed less than we think.”

“It will be the largest redistribution of wealth from the poor to the wealthy in history.”

Snyder argues that the changing climate has already played a role in conflicts in Africa, such as the civil war in Sudan that began in 2003. But his real fears are for the future. China, he points out, is unable to feed itself with domestic agricultural production, and many of its people have personally faced the terror of starvation: the famine caused by Mao’s Great Leap Forward between 1958 and 1962 killed tens of millions. Much as Germany in the 1930s envied the agricultural resources of Eastern Europe, China is increasingly attempting to control those of Africa and eyeing the vast resources of its neighbor Russia, says Snyder.

Invoking the haunting evils of Nazi Germany to warn of future dangers ignores the unique perversion of Hitler’s thinking. And, as Snyder readily acknowledges, China is not Nazi Germany; its rulers have embraced science and technology in addressing climate change. Nevertheless, Snyder’s fundamental point remains: climate change—even the prospect of it—has the power to grotesquely transform global politics. And if history is any guide, governments and rulers may not respond to the threats in a rational manner.

Syria and the Mideast

The suspicion that climate change will contribute to conflict is not new. ?Nicholas Stern, a former chief economist of the World Bank and advisor to the British government, predicted in his 2006 report “Economics of Climate Change” that “higher temperatures will increase the chance of triggering abrupt and large-scale changes that lead to regional disruption, migration and conflict.” Over the last decade, many researchers have tried to document the connection.

In 2011, Solomon Hsiang, then at Princeton and now a professor at the Goldman School of Public Policy at the University of California, Berkeley, coauthored a paper showing that instances of civil war doubled in the tropics during times when the El Ni?o effect produced unusually warm temperatures at those latitudes. The paper was the first to demonstrate that a global climate effect could be linked to conflict. A few years later, Hsiang and his colleagues at Berkeley and Stanford analyzed the growing literature on climate and conflict and found a consistent result in 60 research papers: rising temperatures and changes in precipitation patterns increased the risk of conflicts. Not only is there evidence that climate is connected to conflict, says his coauthor Marshall Burke,samsung tv for sale, a Stanford professor, but the effects can be substantial. He says, “In sub-Saharan Africa, when temperatures are a degree warmer, we see 20 to 30 percent increase in civil conflict. That’s a huge number.”

One explanation might lie in the way climate changes affect agriculture. Take the war in Syria, for example. Beginning in the winter of 2006-2007, the Fertile Crescent, which runs across northern Syria and provides the country with much of its food, experienced a three-year drought that was the most severe on record. It prompted as many as 1.5 million people to migrate to the country’s urban centers. These formerly rural people joined more than a million refugees from Iraq’s war of the mid-2000s, who were already living in the areas surrounding Syria’s cities. There, growing crime, inadequate infrastructure, overcrowding, and a lack of response from the government all contributed to unrest. Widespread uprisings in these urban outposts quickly spun into today’s civil war, which began in early 2011.

Climate change made the drought far more severe, and the subsequent widespread crop failure and resulting mass migration contributed to the conflict, says Colin Kelley, a climate scientist at the University of California, Santa Barbara, who has specialized in the Mediterranean region. In a recent paper, Kelley and his coauthors document how rising levels of greenhouse gases disrupted the normal patterns of wind that bring moisture from the Mediterranean during the winter rainy season. It’s part of a long-term drying effect in the region and consistent with predictions from climate-?change models, he says. In general, he adds, subtropical regions around the world, such as the Fertile Crescent, are expected to become more arid.
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Some political scientists aren’t convinced that such climate effects trigger wars. “There is more that we don’t know than what we do know, but we do know there is no general and direct relationship between climate variability and large-scale organized wars,” says Halvard Buhaug of the Peace Research Institute Oslo in Norway. Still, Buhaug does say it “makes sense” that climate change might exacerbate the main causes of civil war, which he says include systemic inequality, severe poverty, and poor governance. “If climate change affects groups in society differently or presents challenges too severe or too great for political systems to respond,” he says, “then of course climate change might contribute to more instability in the future.”

The relative importance of the drought in causing the Syrian war is very difficult to untangle from the other factors, Kelley acknowledges. But, he says, determining the specific role of climate is not merely an academic question, especially in regions as volatile as the Middle East. “Who’s next?” he asks. “What countries will climate change push over the edge?”

Costs

The research on the links between climate change and conflict is part of a larger effort to better understand the economic and social impact that rising temperatures will have on people in various parts of the world. The effort is designed to improve on previous analyses that often involved crude back-of-the-envelope calculations of impacts averaged over large areas. “Until a few years ago,” says Berkeley’s Hsiang, “we really had no idea what was coming down the road.”

In an attempt to make economic forecasts more rigorous, Hsiang and his colleagues, who include climate scientists and social scientists, have looked at how temperature has affected labor productivity and agriculture in different countries over the years. In a paper published this fall in Nature, the group examined how yearly changes in temperature affected economic output in 160 countries between 1960 and 2010. Then they combined the data with climate-change models developed by dozens of teams around the world that predict how temperatures will change with global warming. The result is a projection of economic growth throughout the next century.

The findings are disturbing. The scientists expect that if climate change continues largely unabated, global economic output will drop 23 percent by century’s end, a much higher cost than previously predicted. The researchers found that economic output universally declines as average yearly temperatures rise above 13 °C; labor performance, productivity, and agriculture output begin dropping as temperatures increase. Surprisingly, the drop after 13 °C is seen in both rich and poor countries, regardless of whether the economy was dependent on agriculture or nonagricultural industrial sectors.

But perhaps the most shocking finding is just how uneven the impacts will be. Since poorer countries already tend to be hotter, they will feel the brunt of the damage. While the economies of China, India, and much of South America suffer, those of Western Europe, Russia, and Canada could actually benefit. “It would be the largest redistribution of wealth from the poor to the wealthy in history,” Hsiang says. “It’s incredibly regressive.”

How the world’s politicians and populations respond to this growing wealth inequality could be the most critical uncertainty we face. And Snyder reminds us how badly things can go if politicians and rulers prey on the fears and prejudices of their people.

One of the most powerful lessons from Hitler’s regime has to do with, as Snyder puts it, “conflating science with politics.” Rightly, he points an accusing finger at climate-change deniers motivated by political ideology. Likewise, he might have cited those on the other end of the political spectrum who turn their backs on technology and science, rejecting options such as nuclear power and genetic advances in agriculture that could help lessen the impact of climate change. Rather, he argues, policy decisions must be informed by objective scientific results.

Despite all the uncertainties about the future of climate change, the science is clear on a few basic points. We must move as quickly as possible to transform our energy infrastructure so that we can reduce carbon emissions and, by around midcentury, essentially stop such pollution altogether. But the science is also beginning to tell us that even radical steps to curb emissions may not be enough. The damage from climate change is already beginning to hurt people in many parts of the world and will escalate even if emissions begin to drop soon. It’s time we figured out how to adapt. And that’s where the recent research clarifying the social and economic costs could help. “The climate is going to change,” says Hsiang. “We need to figure out how to minimize the losses.”

   评论人:dedlcoe8o73  评论时间:2017/11/17
     火车采集器html简单模板示范
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Ever heard of Razor? This doesn''t involve shaving or hair removal - but is on the cutting edge of fun. They are a brand of kick scooters, electric scooters, motorcycles and accessories. They also make electric dirt bikes and trikes as well. They also have go carts, yo-yo''s, and mini-bikes. Actually it''s hard to keep track of all the items they carry, but you can be sure what you see will make you want to be a kid again. Some items are even for adults. These are all new and exciting kinds of sports scooters, bikes,Wholesale mini pcs online store, trikes and other items that active youngsters and adults love. People buy their products on line and then rave about them to their friends. Let''s check out a few.

The razor scooters come in all kinds of colors and styles. Some have 2 wheels on the back and some have just one. There is also a model called the ''Sole Skate''. This is like skateboard, but in a new and exciting style. It can easily attach to a backpack. Most of the razor scooters come in unique styles that can be a perfect fit for the rider. There are even kiddie scooters and one called the ''Dragon''. There''s one called the ''Black Label Ultra Pro Lo'' and it is made for serious riders. People that need high performance and pro level features prefer this one. It also boasts a sophisticated design. On the other end of the scale, you''ll find the ''Folding Kiddie Kick'' for children six and under. It has a three wheel design that makes it more stable for younger people. This model can help build coordination. It folds for easy transport.

The razor electric scooters are a whole other category of fun. The selection of razor electric scooters is enough to satisfy kids, teens and even adults. They feature twist grip throttles and chain driven motors. The tires are pneumatic for a smooth ride. There''s even a Vespa style scooter called the ''Razor Pocket Mod Electric Scooter''. It has a Euro-style chic and goes up to 12 mph for up to 10 miles on a just one charge.

Let''s look at the razor bikes. The line of razor bikes includes electric motorcycles that guarantee a lot of fun for ages 12 and up. The ''Pocket Rocket Mini Electric Motorcycle'' is a sell-out and ''MX350 Dirt Rocket Electric Dirt Bike'' for ages 12+ also promises to deliver fun for all. Enjoy the hills without the heat and noise from a gas engine. Electric bikes are easy to charge and easy to ride. With the proper safety gear in place, and a rider under the 170 lb. limit, riding with friends on your electric dirt bike will make your day.

Razorama provides helmets and pad kits that give extra safety while having fun. Their razor scooters, razor electric scooters and razor bikes are just a small sample of the many products offered. The reviews are indicative of a company that provides fantastic quality and service as well as a great selection. Check them out for yourself. Just browsing the offerings makes one want to go on a test ride of everything they see.

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   评论人:dedlcoe8o73  评论时间:2017/11/17
    More and more private cars, the road more and more crowded, people across the street, someone ran red lights, a man riding a bicycle and a motorcycle around, the accidental factors in the vehicle very much, even if you are driving to high, but also more will encounter a bump, then I''ll find you if there is no pengci. The evidence, that is really Nanbian, and after the accident the loss of property is also very big, small is big hundreds of yuan, several million yuan, all of which are required by the evidence to define the responsibility of the accident. The recorder is an emerging automotive electronic products, it is installed in the front windshield of the car, shooting Mini DV camera driving driver, through video playback can provide clear evidence of accident responsibility for the traffic accident, can also avoid pengci party extortion, to protect their own safety, it is the equivalent of second witnesses the witness. In addition, the friends who like to travel during the holiday driving, it can also record the beautiful scenery in the journey, so the traffic recorder has gradually become a driving car essential products. Digital cameras in the recently launched a new tachograph HD-G2, it has some of the basic functions of the recorder, and simple to use,Bulk macbook pro for sale, cheap. The whole set of products is composed of the main engine, rear view camera, car charger, USB connector. A host of exquisite appearance, equipped with 4.3 inch large screen, and the use of innovative blue screen anti glare technology, integrated design is very concise, totally do not worry about the impact of the driver''s line of sight, the operation is very convenient, with 140 degree high resolution super wide-angle lens, the camera up to 12 million pixels, you can shoot 19201080 (1080P) HD picture, truly HD traffic. Convenient installation, simple operation cameras HD-G2 ultra-thin body design, the thickness of only 12MM, it can be directly installed on the front windshield of rearview mirror, ensure that it will not affect the driver''s line of sight, even if the vehicle will encounter greater turbulence, the original car rearview mirror tightly. Below the display screen, including the opening of the key, the key mode, on the key, the next key, the key to confirm, the Chinese menu interface is easy to operate. Video recording can be video format, motion detection, cycle time, and other settings, the use of the middle of the bottom up / down key to determine the operation. The 7 core technology, your preferred tachograph 1, G-SENSOR gravity should be a car accident, the Philippine Star recorder will automatically start recording function, and lock save. 2, single intelligence cycle video through the 5000 cycle video test, seamless connection of not less than 0.00001 milliseconds, is your complete driving video library. 3, the mobile detection experts when opening the mobile detection function is in the parking state of the camera range, the Philippine Star recorder automatically sensing the moving object to activate the automatic detection, video. 4, HD 1080P driving the real of course need to match the true 1080P, in order to show the most superior performance, generally in the market 720P, HD-G2 new upgraded 1080P, which is a breakthrough in the field of vehicle traveling data recorder. 5, mirror.

   评论人:dedlcoe8o73  评论时间:2017/11/17
    The latest news about dinosaur extinction is actually dark matter? The comet hit the earth already doomed to cause the extinction of dinosaurs 65 million years ago the most surprising Public opinions are divergent., five animal trusted 2016-01-08 22:20 earth has been extinct for hundreds of millions of years for big comet or asteroid theory than the dinosaurs also from the earliest ancient fish: when the aquatic environment of prosperity,cheap iphone 6s plus 64gb, life on earth is still the most in the early stage. A half fish.. 2016-01-11 12:33 terrorist vampires really exist "vampire" period dinosaur fossils have been found in Inner Mongolia Chinese newly discovered 16 billion 500 million years ago a freshwater bloodsucking insect. They are mainly Jurassic singular, 2016-01-11 15:06 is not the only dinosaur in ancient times had a king in ancient times overlord beast pursues the law of the jungle law of survival, only strong, sharp teeth, can really stand in the food chain. 2016-01-11 15:49 shocked most of the dinosaur edible vegetable is a vegetarian? According to the results of a new study shows that most dinosaurs may not that terrible as people see in the movie 2016-01-05 15:49. Eight of the world precious fossils of prehistoric dinosaurs swallowed Python archaeologists and paleontologists are always exploring ancient fossils of mystery. Trying to uncover what happened thousands of years ago.. 2016-01-05 16:01 never seen! Inventory of the ten newly discovered species of the 2015, the newly discovered species of sneezing monkey, was " because of its nose; Snubby". This unique monkey lives in northern Burma. 2016-01-05 16:46 Raptor had long wings of 2015 seven amazing fossil discovered dinosaur eggshell fossil analysis temperature: scientists use analysis of fossil dinosaur eggshell temperature that sauropod. The huge 2016-01-05 16:56 wide variety of ancient creatures giant crocodile world have existed in the African American archaeologists have discovered a prehistoric crocodile fossils ruins in sub Saharan Africa, they dig out on the site of the number of 2016-01-05 18:25. Paleontologists discovered 80 million years ago dinosaur fossil remnants of vascular tissue scientists the latest research confirmed the existence of vascular tissue 80 million years ago dinosaur fossils, they will be the organization with the modern bird 2016-01-06. 10:34 Rex nearly complete skeleton in Germany Berlin Natural History Museum exhibition in Germany Berlin, called Tristan Otto Rex nearly complete skeleton on display at the Berlin Museum of natural history, the 2016-01-06 11:04. Spain is now 125 million years ago, ornithopod new species of Morelladon beltrani according to foreign media reports, the day before the Spanish scientists at the University of Autonoma Madrid published the article said, as early as 4

   评论人:vbg2vyykmls  评论时间:2017/11/17
    With Rudy Gobert out, Clippers throw party in paint, win Game 2 99-91 to even series The Clippers three stars all had their moments in the spotlight in this game. Durant (calf) questionable for Game 2 of Warriors-Blazers Shaun Livingston (sprained finger sprain and hand contusion) also questionable. George on Stephenson: ‘He’s got to learn to control himself’ Bulls beat top-seeded Celtics 111-97 to take 2-0 series lead Jimmy Butler scored 22 points, Rajon Rondo finished one rebound shy of a triple-double and the Chicago Bulls beat the Boston Celtics 111-97 on Tuesday night to take a 2-0 lead in their series against the No... - Associated Press Watch Kyle Lowry’s game-sealing clutch step-back jumper over Bucks (VIDEO) The series now heads to Milwaukee with the teams tied, 1-1. - Dane Carbaugh Kyle Lowry bounces back, Raptors edge Bucks to even series at 1-1 Kyle Lowry scored 22 points, including the clinching basket with less than 10 seconds to play, and the Toronto Raptors beat the Milwaukee Bucks 106-100 on Tuesday night, evening their first-round playoff... - Associated Press Rajon Rondo falls down, delivers crazy full court assist to Jimmy Butler (VIDEO) Maybe sign Jimmy up for WR? - Dane Carbaugh Watch Serge Ibaka block both Giannis Antetokounmpo and Thon Maker (VIDEO) Ibaka swatted both Thon Maker and Giannis Antetokounmpo. - Dane Carbaugh Mike Conley bought 500 playoff tickets so Grizzlies fans can go to Game 3 Pretty cool thing of Conley to do. - Dane Carbaugh Iman Shumpert sparks Cavaliers after J.R. Smith hurts hamstring in Game 2 Iman Shumpert went from odd-man out to go-to guy in just two games. - Associated Press It’s official, Isaiah Thomas will play for Celtics Tuesday night, then fly to Seattle to be with family This was what the team had said he wanted to do. - Kurt Helin Rajon Rondo understands Celtics fans booing him now He''s wearing red now, he knows what to expect. - Kurt Helin Doc Rivers says he wants to keep Clippers together no matter what happens in playoffs This is the sixth year of the Chris Paul/Blake Griffin experiment. - Kurt Helin Clippers’ Raymond Felton on Rudy Gobert: ‘I almost want him to come back and play’ Jazz won Game 1 with Gobert essentially out - Dan Feldman Knicks lose pre-lottery tiebreaker to Timberwolves Raptors, Bucks and Hawks also come out ahead - Dan Feldman Jusuf Nurkic out for Game 2 of Trail Blazers-Warriors Portland still down its starting center - Dan Feldman How has Knicks'' tenure hurt Phil Jackson''s legacy? Phil Jackson was a Hall of Fame caliber NBA coach but has his time with the Knicks dramatically altered his legacy? Joel Embiid: I was told before latest knee surgery I’d be out six months (but it’ll be far less) 76ers catch a break -- this time - Dan Feldman Statistical analyst Roland Beech leaving Kings Where does this leave Sacramento? - Dan Feldman New York Knicks can''t shake dysfunctional label The New York Knicks have been seen as a dysfunctional franchise for the past decade and the futures of Kristaps Porzingis and Carmelo Anthony with the team are hanging in the balance. Raptors coach Dwane Casey on Matthew Dellavedova’s Game 1 screens: ‘A lot of them weren’t legal’ Bucks guard agrees - Dan Feldman D''Antoni details how to stop Russell Westbrook Rockets coach Mike D''Antoni shared his game plan of how to slow down Russell Westbrook in the playoffs. 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Metta World Peace scores 18 in possible final home NBA game Lakers'' fans loved it. - Kurt Helin Three games to watch on final day of NBA season Wednesday The best race is the one for the final playoff spots in the East. - Kurt Helin Ben Simmons announces CT scan on foot went as planned, cleared for 5-on-5 (VIDEO) At least we''re getting some injury news out of Philadelphia that''s positive. - Dane Carbaugh Hawks clinch 5th seed in Eastern Conference with win over Hornets After a maddening, up-and-down season, the Atlanta Hawks seem to be getting hot at just the right time. - Associated Press Report: Cleveland Cavaliers waive Larry Sanders, sign Edy Tavares The Cleveland Cavaliers will add Edy Tavares to their roster after waiving Larry Sanders on Tuesday. The team will likely be set from there on out as they look to head to the playoffs. 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   评论人:vbg2vyykmls  评论时间:2017/11/17
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When Thaddeus Jusczyk enters a busy train station, he doesn’t just see teeming masses of people. He sees missed opportunities.
In this model of the train station in Turin, Italy, steel wires representing people show where crowds gather
“It’s really astounding how much [energy] moves through the crowd,” says the architecture graduate student. “I think it’s an untapped resource.”

He’s not the only one. To demonstrate how public spaces can tap pedestrian power, Jusczyk and ?architecture classmate James Graham have re?imagined a train station in Turin, Italy, as what they call a “crowd farm”: its floors convert the force of footfalls into electricity that powers, among other things, the station’s lights. Initially created for a Venice Biennale exhibit in 2006, their design recently earned first place in a competition organized by the Swiss Holcim Foundation for Sustainable Construction. It features a mesh floor with small bricks that depress slightly under pedestrians’ weight and move magnets past metal coils, generating electricity on the same principle that governs the wheel-?powered light of a bicycle dynamo.

Next year, a Rotterdam nightclub plans to add a dance floor that draws energy from pounding feet. But ?Jusczyk and Graham hope the concept will transcend such novelty uses. “Rather than just having a high-tech floor mat in a building,sony cameras for sale, we’re talking about reassessing the design of urban spaces, and building around the pedestrian,” says Jusczyk.

With current technology, one human step would light two 60-watt bulbs for only a second. Still, Jusczyk believes future architectural forms could turn everyday motions into great assets. “There are small actions from which we can harvest small amounts of energy that would accumulate over a large population,” he says.

Once Jusczyk and Graham line up more funding, they’ll be able to work with engineers to build a working model of their crowd farm.

   评论人:dkel21vb32  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Geoblogging A very thought-provoking entry by Senior Editor Wade Roush on his Continuousblog about what he calls "geoaware computing" - by which he means the confluence of a variety of geography-related social computing technologies, including moblogging, photoblogging, geocaching, geotagging (also called... Jason Pontin Bored by Apple''s Deal with Intel Today, during my weekly appearance on CNN, I was asked about Steve Jobs''s announcement at the World Wide Developers Conference that henceforth Apple''s computers would use Intel''s chips (and not the PowerPC chip manufactured by IBM and Motorola that powered... Jason Pontin Technology and Fun Within the walls of Technology Review, the editors call the August issue (in the hands of our print subscribers in the first week of July), the "Summer o'' Fun" issue. Most months, we limit ourselves to analyzing emerging technologies and... Jason Pontin Milton Friedman Interviewed I missed this interview in the San Francisco Chronicle last week. I am no fan of the 92-year-old Friedman, and consider his influence on the Anglo-Saxon economies entirely lamentable, but it is hard to deny that he is the... Jason Pontin Going to China. Need Guanxi! On June 17th, I am going to Shanghai for a few days. I have been to China twice before, and to Hong Kong thrice - but not since 2000. There are three purposes to my trip. I want to find... Jason Pontin Dinner with Sir Tim Berners-Lee Dinner last night with the organizers of Finland''s Millennium Prize, whose mission is to recognize "a technological innovation that brings significant improvement to the quality of life." Present were Sir Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the World Wide Web and... Jason Pontin Another Day, Another Knight I read in John Haffenden''s just-published biography of the poet-critic Sir William Empson (Volume I: Among the Mandarins) that the old codger''s favorite tipple was a brimming pint glass of gin and Guiness - which really does sound perfectly... Jason Pontin Heads Up, Pontin Fans There are some, right? Come on, a few? No? In any case, I shall be doing my weekly gig on CNN''s Headline News at 1.15 PM, EST. My subject? NitroMed''s new drug BiDil, which shows remarkable efficacy in treating congestive... Jason Pontin Where Are They? A pleasantly lulling subject for speculation (at least for those of us who grew up reading science fiction) is the following: if the universe is very big and very old, and multicellular life is not vanishingly unlikely, then where are... Jason Pontin I''m Leaving on a Jet Plane I will be in Shanghai for the next four days and posts may be intermittent. I shall try to jot down a few impressions - but the final report will have to wait until my return.... Jason Pontin
Last time around, we examined how IBM overhauled its research management. This time, let??s look at a dramatically different approach to research: Intel??s.

Unlike IBM, Intel avoids deep internal research whenever it can. This unusual approach to research is rooted in the experience of Intel??s founders: Gordon Moore, Robert Noyce and Andrew Grove. All worked in Fairchild Semiconductor??s research organization. All found it enormously difficult to get research out of the lab and into actual production. And all vowed to avoid that problem when they started Intel.

Intel chose instead to rely on excellence in the ??D?? part of R&D and effectively to outsource a great deal of its ??R.??

This sounds easy to do-just don??t hire any researchers, and don??t pay for research. In practice, though, it is quite tricky to manage this in a technology-intensive industry.

Controlling Without Creating

How does Intel gain access to critical new technologies if it does not create them itself? How can Intel plan its future product developments if it does not control the key technologies in those products? How will Intel avoid being overtaken by companies with greater technological capability, if it does not do enough research to know where the technologies are moving? After all, many agree with Steve Jobs that ??the best way to predict the future is to invent it.??

First, I should qualify what I??ve stated above about Intel??s research. Intel does have a large staff of researchers. Three laboratories house them: the Intel Architecture Lab, the Intel Microprocessor Lab and the Intel Component Research Lab. Intel also has created a large number of smaller labs (80 by the latest count) around the world. However, Intel manages these labs quite differently from IBM and expects different things.

A Fab Approach

For starters, there??s location, location, location. The three major labs are immediately adjacent to an Intel chip fabrication facility (a ??fab?? in industry jargon). This simplifies the transfer of new ideas and methods, since it??s a quick walk across the parking lot to introduce them into the production environment.

In addition, Intel takes great pains to make sure that the equipment and tooling in its labs are closely related to the equipment already in use in its fabs, so that new processes and technologies are more easily replicated in the fab. This is the essence of Intel??s famed ??Copy Exactly?? methodology of scaling up its production.

Once a fab creates a process for a new chip, it is ??copied exactly?? in a second fab so that the many headaches of ramping up volume are diminished. As a result, new Intel products get into high volume,nikon cameras for sale cheap, high yield-and higher profits-faster.

Consistent with this philosophy, each of the labs reports to the head of one of Intel??s business groups. (At IBM and many other organizations with central research facilities, research is a separate function that reports into the CEO??s office as a peer organization to IBM??s businesses.) So Intel has structured and managed its labs with technology transfer to the fab foremost in mind.

Not that this is the only activity underway in the in-house labs. The Intel Architecture Lab focuses on developing new software and hardware standards for the PC and Internet industries for Intel??s customers and their customers. The Microprocessor Lab conducts research into new microprocessor features, functions and structures. The Component Research Lab focuses on the intricate supply chain that provides the tools and equipment to make semiconductors. The smaller labs might focus on one aspect of technology development, to feed into Intel??s overall system.

This emphasis on manufacturing has paid off for Intel. When the industry adopted new standards for semiconductors, such as the larger 200-millimeter and 300-millimeter wafer sizes, Intel put them into high-volume production faster than most other competitors. Indeed, there were instances where AT&T or IBM helped to fund a new semiconductor technology and got the earliest access to the technology-but Intel still got it into production faster!

Leveraging Universities

But Intel does not passively sit and wait for new research discoveries to arise. Instead, it has been proactive in identifying, funding and leveraging the research discoveries of others.

In particular, Intel runs an elaborate program to fund hundreds of university research projects in over 15 selected U.S. universities and a similar number of foreign universities. These projects are in areas that Intel deems critical to its future business success, and it manages these relationships not only with individual researchers but also with their institutions.

Intel??s spending in these programs exceeds $100 million, making it one of the largest sources of research funding available to university researchers in its targeted areas outside the federal government. As a result it solicits research proposals from hundreds of excellent university scientists and engineers. This allows it to survey the landscape of research opportunities, before it invests a dollar.

If this programmatic approach to funding external research sounds familiar, well, Intel has even hired a former senior DARPA official, David Tennenhouse, to lead this effort. In late August, Tennenhouse announced the opening of three new Intel labs at Berkeley, Carnegie Mellon and the University of Washington, to focus on collaborative research efforts with university scientists and engineers. (See ??Intel Revamps R&D??.)

Rethinking Roles

This philosophy changes the role of a researcher. Instead of seeking to defend his or her particular solution to a problem, Intel??s researchers evaluate others?? solutions. It also allows Intel to hedge its technical bets, by funding multiple approaches to solving a particular problem. Indeed, this flexibility is one of the primary benefits of Intel??s model.

Once Intel identifies and funds a promising research proposal, it must negotiate with the university to assure that it gets access to the results of that research. Intel does not want to fund the research only to find that the university has later patented the technology and now wants Intel to pay royalties to use it.

Intel must also decide whether and when a research project is ready to be put into the fab. The labs select the ones that look to be ready for prime time and then get deeply involved in the transfer of an external research project into Intel??s production environment.

Additionally, Intel devotes significant time and energy to industry groups such as Sematech, which hammers out the path for future semiconductor developments. That helps to coordinate complex, fundamental standards that dictate the investment of billions of dollars in equipment and processes. While Intel plays a leadership role in the organization, it cannot and does not unilaterally dictate future technologies for the industry. Instead, it must persuade others to agree to a particular approach and must sometimes sacrifice its own preferred agenda to iron out final differences so that the industry can move ahead.

The Limits of Central Research

Intel??s approach suggests some important principles for research in the future:

Moreover, there is another side to Intel??s approach to research, reflecting how many important new technologies are coming out of startup organizations rather than central research laboratories. That will be the subject of my next column.

   评论人:dkel21vb32  评论时间:2017/11/17
    In May, Apple announced that it was investing $1 billion in Didi Chuxing, China’s leading car-hailing service. That’s part of a reported $7 billion the Beijing-based startup has raised in recent months. Didi, which arranges 14 million rides a day in cities across mainland China, commands about 87 percent of the private car-hailing business there. It is so dominant that its main rival,Wholesale samsung tvs, San Francisco–based Uber, recently acknowledged it is losing $1 billion annually in the country. Both companies spend heavily on marketing and on subsidizing drivers to offer lower fares. Interestingly, Uber China’s director of strategy, Liu Zhen, is a cousin of Didi’s president, Jean Liu. In an interview with reporter Christina Larson, Jean Liu said she thinks data will help Didi maintain its edge. In its four years of operation, the company has gathered information like common pickup points and destinations, peak demand times, and frequent routes in 400 Chinese cities. It’s used the data for predictive analysis and to create new products such as Didi Bus, a bus-booking service that’s become a popular alternative to crowded public buses.
See the Rest of the Package
Why did you come to join Didi two years ago from Goldman Sachs, where you were a managing director?

I was born and raised in Beijing. I love the city, and I also get stuck [in traffic] in the city. I studied computer science for my bachelor’s and master’s degrees, [but] I went into banking after graduation. I stayed in finance for about a dozen years. My last investment opportunity was Didi.

How has the company changed in those two years?

When I joined, there was only one business line—that was the taxi [service]. But the opportunity is so much bigger than just taxi-hailing. It’s really a world-class dilemma—how to move around 800 million urban Chinese.

China has a lot of urban density, but the public transit system really lags behind. Today our product line includes hailing taxis [working with existing taxi companies to give drivers a more efficient way to find passengers]; private car services [like the Uber model] with higher-, middle-, and lower-end [vehicles and prices]; a bus service.

The bus is like an expanded carpool shuttle service: instead of taking a public bus with many stops, and maybe no seats left, and uncomfortable, we offer a shuttle-?like service with typically just one or two stops. All the seats on the bus are prebooked. We can [use our years of data] to determine popular origins and destinations, where commuters are basically making the same journey in the morning. With the scale of this network, we can pull people together.

What role has data played in developing your new services?

When passengers want to go, they want to go in five minutes. We need to be fast and efficient. Analyzing that data, we have a very good idea, in a particular city, what demand will look like in 10 minutes. Even before the 6 p.m. rush hour, we can dispatch drivers in particular directions. We can predict at 6 p.m. on a Wednesday how many people will [hail cars] from a particular workplace. The only way you can match the supply with the demand is to do intelligent dispatching and demand prediction.

What are the differences between Didi and Uber in China?

The understanding of the local market and the local users is very different. There is a product we invented last June called Hitch, a social ride-?sharing product. Now we have half a million rides completed just on that. Daily. That’s what I mean by understanding the local market.

Uber is known, in part, for friction with its drivers. Does Didi face similar challenges or ?resentments?

We provide business opportunities to 14 million registered drivers. If you count just the drivers whose majority income comes from Didi, that’s 2.5 million on a monthly basis. We actually help drivers increase their income by increasing the efficiency of their routes. In Beijing, a lot of the private car drivers [who find customers via Didi’s app] earn four times the minimum wage. That resolves the fundamental issue for the drivers.

What are your biggest challenges?

At this stage, we spend a lot of time talking about how to recruit and retain top talent.

What’s the story behind the recent Apple investment, and how will Didi use the money?

Both of us [Apple and Didi] are invested in technology; it just seemed very intuitive. Both have a big overlap in our customers in China. We have some ideas. But bear in mind, this is a speed date: we got to know them in late April. A lot of things are still in discussion. Going forward, maybe we could use voice function [technology] from Apple; a big percentage of our users are using iPhones.

   评论人:dlsie5eo16  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Plastic That Performs
Organic transistors get up to speed

Context: Organic transistors, which are made from semiconducting plastics, are cheap to manufacture. Although they enable thin, bendable electronics, so far they can???t implement the fastest, most efficient circuit designs, because the plastics can???t transport electrons. Instead, they rely on a flow of positive charges, or electron ???holes,??? to pass current, which limits their use. Now, in a surprising discovery, Lay-Lay Chua at the University of Cambridge and Peter Ho at the National University of Singapore have shown that the transistors??? inability to move electrons is due not to the plastic itself but to an interaction with other materials in the transistor.

Methods and Results: In a transistor, current passes through a semiconductor under the control of a gate electrode. The gate electrode is separated from the semiconductor by an insulator, typically silicon dioxide. In conventional silicon transistors, electrons pass through the semiconductor without interacting with the insulator. But in most plastic semiconductors, atoms at the interface between the insulator and the plastic trap electrons, so they can???t flow through the transistor. By carefully designing an alternative insulator to replace silicon dioxide, Chua, Ho, and colleagues demonstrated that organic semiconductors can indeed conduct electrons. The discovery could make for simpler, higher-quality organic transistors that can implement the most commonly used designs.

Why It Matters: Organic transistors can be built using relatively cheap fabrication technologies such as ink-jet printing. The new insulator should let such cheap transistors perform many more tasks. The first application that beckons: electronically active tracking labels known as radio frequency identification (RFID) tags. With the new understanding of organic transistors provided by Chua and his colleagues, fast and cheap plastic electronics could soon be as ubiquitous as ink.

Source: Chua,samsung 55 inch tvs for sale, L.-L., et al. 2005. General observation of n-type field-effect behaviour in organic semiconductors. Nature 434:194-9.

Contents under Pressure
Modeling motor oil could lead to lighter, more efficient engines

Context: Since the late 1930s, zinc dialkyldithiophosphates ??? or ZDDPs ??? have been added to motor oils to prevent wear in steel engines, but no one knows why they works so well. The puzzle is more than academic: the auto industry would like to build engines from aluminum, but aluminum wears quickly, and there is currently no antiwear additive that works for aluminum as well as ZDDPs work for steel. Now a group from the University of Western Ontario has developed a computer model that could lead to new additives that make nonsteel engines feasible.

Methods and Results: Nicholas Mosey and colleagues performed a quantum mechanical simulation of how zinc phosphates ??? the molecules created when ZDDPs decompose in oil ??? react to the intense pressures generated when engine components slide against each other. They discovered that zinc phosphate molecules, when squeezed together, form a dense network that withstands friction created by rapidly moving engine parts. Strong materials like steel can stand up to the high pressures needed to create this network, but such pressures are too much for aluminum. Before the zinc phosphates organize into the protective network, they become very hard ??? harder than aluminum ??? and would cause abrasive wear.

Why It Matters: Using aluminum in engines could boost fuel economy. With an understanding of how ZDDPs work, additives could be designed for aluminum engines, making them more practical.

Source: Mosey, N. J., et al. 2005. Molecular mechanisms for the functionality of lubricant additives. Science 307:1612-5

   评论人:dlsie5eo16  评论时间:2017/11/17
    When it comes to the study of memory, we might be living in something of a golden age. Researchers are exploring provocative questions about what memory fundamentally is―and how it might be manipulated. Some scientists are tweaking the brains of lab rats in order to remove memories or implant false ones. Others are looking into how?memory might be enhanced. Such research often sounds creepy, but it could lead to ways of staving off dementia, neutralizing post-traumatic stress disorder, reducing anxiety, treating depression, or curbing addiction.

Much of this work is possible because neuroscientists have realized that memory is more plastic than previously thought. Think of something that you did long ago―on a sunny afternoon when you were a child, let’s say. Does your brain rummage around for that memory, show it to you, and put it back intact, as you might do with a photograph in a trunk in the attic? For decades, the prevailing answer was essentially yes―that strong memories were “consolidated” in the brain and remained static. But it now appears the opposite is true: every time you remember something, your brain rewrites or “reconsolidates” the memory. Your memory of any sunny day in your childhood is merely a version of the last time you thought about it.

Among the stunning implications is that intervening in the reconsolidation process can alter a memory and change how it feels. Some of the most intriguing research on this idea has been led by?Joseph LeDoux, a neuroscientist who has been working since the 1970s to investigate how processes in the brain generate emotions. In recent years, he and colleagues have investigated whether giving people an antianxiety drug as they recall a traumatic experience can reduce the dread they feel upon further recollections. If it works, it could be one of many opportunities for reshaping memory, as LeDoux told?MIT Technology Review’s deputy editor, Brian Bergstein, in his NYU office.

Giving people a pill as they reconsolidate a troubling memory sounds like an elegant treatment for PTSD and other disorders. How well has the research progressed?

The idea is still viable. The drug that’s going to do the trick in humans―we don’t yet know what it is.

Why not the antianxiety drug propranolol, which has been used in several experiments?

We know this thing works very well in rats. [In humans] there’s been some success, but it doesn’t seem that’s actually going to be a very robust solution.

What are the prospects for improving the memory of people with dementia―or any of us, for that matter?

The issue you get at whenever you’re dealing with a memory failure of any kind is: is the problem an inability to retrieve a memory that’s there, or is it that the memory is no longer there and by no means could you retrieve it? And it’s definitely the case that we have retrieval problems, right? You can’t remember something, you kind of know it’s there, and then a couple of hours later it pops up. There is stuff in our brain that we can’t easily retrieve. I think that’s where there’s hope. You can do things that would facilitate the retrieval process.

What might that be,Cheap iphone 7 32gb for sale?

The simplest idea would be that it’s a problem of low arousal in the brain. We know that emotionally arousing situations are more likely to be remembered than mundane ones. A big part of the reason for this is that in significant situations chemicals called neuromodulators are released, and they enhance the memory storage process. The brain is more alert and attentive. All the spokes are working and all the gears are oiled.

So could we develop memory vitamins that offer that same boost?

[The effects of the neuromodulators] can be mimicked with drugs that do the same thing. Or if you want to remember something, put the information in a significant context. In other words, make it meaningful by thinking of it in a way that adds some positive or negative charge, or by doing something that increases your level of arousal―exercise, for example.

Would a memory prosthetic be possible―something put into the brain to restore lost memories in someone with dementia or a brain injury?

DARPA [the U.S. military’s R&D agency] seems to be going full steam ahead on these kinds of technologies. What they plan to do is put chips in [the brain]. It would be like a prosthesis―instead of moving your arm, you’re fixing memory. I have no idea how they would achieve that.

We don’t know the route to get there?

I don’t know the route.

Memory is, first of all, not in one spot―it’s distributed across probably multiple brain areas, many millions of synapses in those brain areas. So I don’t know how you reconfigure it, fix it. I don’t know how you regenerate the right patterns of connectivity. I don’t think you could restore lost memories. But what you might conceivably do is restore some ability to store new memories.

“You can’t remember something, you kind of know it’s there, and then a couple of hours later it pops up. There is stuff in our brain that we can’t easily retrieve. I think that’s where there’s hope. You can do things that would facilitate the retrieval process.”

Messing with memory is a huge deal. It goes to the core of who we are. Treating PTSD would be wonderful, but isn’t it also possible to make people artificial Pollyannas?

Or fearless monsters. There’s always going to be ethical implications. But we’ll just have to sort that out.

When we first published this work [on reconsolidation], someone wrote a commentary in the New York Times saying, “Let’s say you were a Holocaust survivor. You lived 50 years with these awful memories, and all of a sudden you’re erasing memories of the Holocaust. What would that do to your personality? It’s who you are now.” [After further research], the conclusion that we came up with is that a patient and therapist would have to slowly chip away at a memory to a level they were comfortable with. [And] the research so far suggests it reduces the zing, takes the emotional valence out of the situation, rather than erases the memory itself.

The other side of that is you can also intensify memories. So we did studies in rats where we give them propranolol, and that weakens the memory. But if you give them ?isoproterenol [which has the opposite effect on the brain’s neurostimulators], the memory is now stronger. If you have some way to strengthen memory after retrieval, it could be stronger and better.

What’s a situation in which people would want to do that?

In general, people who have sluggish memories, they’re not forming memories very well. Were they to be on a low dose of isoproterenol, they might get a little extra boost.

The other idea is that we might be able to give people positive experiences and a shot of isoproterenol, and store those instead of negative experiences.

You could build up more positive memories in them?

Right, right.

I imagine that could be useful in helping people struggling with depression.

And as far as I know it’s never been done. It’s doable.

So why hasn’t it been done?

Well, you know, I had the idea a while ago, and then I kind of forgot about it. And now the memory of it―maybe I’ll think about doing something.?[He laughs.]

   评论人:dlsie5eo16  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Agricultural Drones Relatively cheap drones with advanced sensors and imaging capabilities are giving farmers new ways to increase yields and reduce crop damage. Ultraprivate Smartphones New models built with security and privacy in mind reflect the Zeitgeist of the Snowden era. Brain Mapping A new map,Wholesale nikon lenses online store, a decade in the works, shows structures of the brain in far greater detail than ever before, providing neuroscientists with a guide to its immense complexity. Neuromorphic Chips Microprocessors configured more like brains than traditional chips could soon make computers far more astute about what’s going on around them. Genome Editing The ability to create primates with intentional mutations could provide powerful new ways to study complex and genetically baffling brain disorders. Microscale 3-D Printing Inks made from different types of materials, precisely applied, are greatly expanding the kinds of things that can be printed. Mobile Collaboration The smartphone era is finally getting the productivity software it needs. Oculus Rift Thirty years after virtual-reality goggles and immersive virtual worlds made their debut, the technology finally seems poised for widespread use. Agile Robots Computer scientists have created machines that have the balance and agility to walk and run across rough and uneven terrain, making them far more useful in navigating human environments. Smart Wind and Solar Power Big data and artificial intelligence are producing ultra-accurate forecasts that will make it feasible to integrate much more renewable energy into the grid. The Download

   评论人:ge4bhyzin97  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Alexa Skills Amazon Video Amazon Warehouse Deals Appliances Apps & Games Arts,Cheap imac for sale, Crafts & Sewing Automotive Parts & Accessories Baby Beauty & Personal Care Books CDs & Vinyl Cell Phones & Accessories Clothing,Wholesale iphone 6s plus 128gb online store, Shoes & Jewelry ???Women ???Men ???Girls ???Boys ???Baby Collectibles & Fine Art Computers Courses Credit and Payment Cards Digital Music Electronics Gift Cards Grocery & Gourmet Food Handmade Health, Household & Baby Care Home & Business Services Home & Kitchen Industrial & Scientific Kindle Store Luggage & Travel Gear Luxury Beauty Magazine Subscriptions Movies & TV Musical Instruments Office Products Patio,Wholesale canon cameras, Lawn & Garden Pet Supplies Prime Pantry Software Sports & Outdoors Tools & Home Improvement Toys & Games Vehicles Video Games 0 Your Amazon.com Today''s Deals Gift Cards & Registry Sell Help Disability Customer Support Automotive Your Garage Find parts and accessories that fit your vehicle and ask other owners for tips and advice. Sign In About Amazon Investor Relations Sell Your Services on Amazon Sell on Amazon Business Sell Your Apps on Amazon Become an Affiliate Advertise Your Products Self-Publish with Us Amazon.com Store Card Amazon.com Corporate Credit Line Shop with Points Credit Card Marketplace Reload Your Balance Your Orders Shipping Rates & Policies Amazon Prime Returns & Replacements Manage Your Content and Devices Amazon Assistant

   评论人:ge4bhyzin97  评论时间:2017/11/17
    Unabh?ngige Tests seit 1978 Im Test erreicht die heliumgefüllte Festplatte Seagate IronWolf 10TB (ST10000VN0004) ein insgesamt sehr gutes Ergebnis. Im Testlabor offenbart unser Testkandidat St?rken in den Kategorien Performance Schreiben und Performance Lesen. Durchschnittliche Transferraten betr?gt über 200 MBytes/s sowohl beim Lesen als auch beim Schreiben - ein Top-Ergebnis. Eine gute Nachricht für alle,Wholesale samsung 60 inch tvs online store, die sich für das Ger?t interessieren - im Test konnten wir keine besonders auff?lligen Defizite feststellen. Zum Testzeitpunkt ist die Preis-Leistungswertung der Seagate IronWolf 10TB (ST10000VN0004) auf mittelm??igem Niveau. Vorteile Weitere Angebote vergleichen Die Seagate Enterprise Capacity 10TB (ST10000NM0086) ist noch etwas teurer,epson projectors online wholesale, hat aber kürzere Zugriffszeiten und noch ein Tick bessere Performance.? Auch spannend: Festplatten ab 5 TB mit dem besten Preis-Leistungs-Verh?ltnis: Kommentare DIE BELIEBTESTEN PRODUKTE

   评论人:ge4bhyzin97  评论时间:2017/11/17
    More from the FT Group Markets data delayed by at least 15 minutes,Buy acer laptops from china. ? THE FINANCIAL TIMES LTD 2017,Buy lg tv from china. FT and ‘Financial Times’ are trademarks of The Financial Times Ltd,Wholesale sony ps4. The Financial Times and its journalism are subject to a self-regulation regime under the FT Editorial Code of Practice . Close

   评论人:gkblgo95ou7  评论时间:2017/11/16
    [news] April 19th Hongkong science and technology news, real supernatural events: Dead takeout real money would suddenly become mingbi. Hongkong has happened with the sensational real supernatural events, a tea restaurant encounter dead point takeout, found money counting real money into mingbi. This caused a great stir at the time, but it still can not explain what it is, it is a dead corpse? Morning at about 11, the tide remember waiter small day received a takeaway phone, the other points to the bottom with rice, beef powder, eggs about 4 meals,wholesale iphone se, room address is po Tian West show a unit like Les Loges Du Park Hotel. After doing the small day meal hurriedly sent to the unit, no one answered the door, after a while the door opened a crack, a stack of money from inside the plug, there is a voice said: " you take away outside is good, small day " a very strange feeling, but also did. In the evening tide remember the boss found a pile of Mingbi in the business section, and quickly asked the staff in the store, but did not admit, boss, shortness of breath, but I do not know who is put into it, it only has one practical joke. Who knows second days and found a stack of Mingbi, the boss was furious: " what is this wicked thing who did? Stole the money and even put in Mingbi is looking for my bad luck? "

   评论人:gkblgo95ou7  评论时间:2017/11/16
    [science and technology] May 11th news, the ten unsolved mysteries of Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, why Terracotta Army is a single eyelid? Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor is the first ancient China emperor Qin Shihuang''s tomb, the mystery is not much, a lot of crisis mystery still whirling, whether it is to let people remain perplexed despite much thought of the mercury corpse, or implied the Millennium curse of the Terracotta Army, has been the most controversial topic in archaeology. The Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, discovered the underground Treasury Chinese first generation of feudal king Qin Shihuang and his underground Treasury buried together, this news sounds fantastic. However, according to official reports, through an MRI scan on both sides of Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, archaeologists have not only a clear grasp of the structure of the tomb, also found in the Palace of the Earth buried a lot of money, some experts even said that most coins coins, but there will also be a small part of silver. The tomb of a large number of coins, is undoubtedly the Treasury of the Qin Dynasty, the discovery is too shocking. However, due to technical problems, we should not just out of curiosity, opened the grave. The reason is very simple, the Terracotta Army faded, Mawangdui Xinzhui also dry wet body, a plate of lotus root dug out of Ming Dynasty Tombs in Beijing is the ashes. Digging means destruction, and if these treasures are well protected in the ground, let us not disturb them. Two, Terracotta Army will become a hundred years after the pit pit due to air pollution, the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor Terracotta Army is slowly weathering. These buried in the ground for more than 2200 years after the beginning of the old ground life, has been faced with the threat of oxidation, water intrusion, and now there is a lack of symptoms. Experts say that if there is nothing to be done to protect it, the Terracotta Army will be more severely corroded in 100 years, and the nose and hair may disappear,wholesale ipad mini, and the arms may fall off the body. At that time, the Terracotta Army pit looks nothing like the coalfield, two, no longer any aesthetic value. According to relevant media reports, scientists of the two countries have launched a short-term protection plan, the effects of air pollutants on the Museum of Terracotta Army, and strive to put forward the control countermeasure, finally from the rescue protection current into preventive protection. At the same time, experts said that if the rescue measures properly, the aging process of Terracotta Army will certainly be delayed, but how many years can still be maintained in Terracotta Army, it is not clear.

   评论人:gkblgo95ou7  评论时间:2017/11/16
    

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   评论人:eetgyyqkvp8  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Our commitment ,Wholesale apple iphone 7 plus
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As the producer of the world’s leading business newspapers, we believe that the printed newspaper will be around for a long time.

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From paper to online
In 2000, around two thirds of the FT business was print focused. Today, two thirds of our circulation is digital rather than print-based. Digital subscribers access content online increasingly through their mobile devices.

This shift in the way readers access our content is also changing our environmental footprint. We are committed to mapping our digital environmental footprint,video games for sale cheap.
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In 2013, the tonnage of paper we used was 26,206 metric tonnes (down nearly 50% from 50,509 tonnes in 2008). This was due to a number of factors, including efficiency savings created by:



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   评论人:eetgyyqkvp8  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:eetgyyqkvp8  评论时间:2017/11/16
    SINGAPORE: Improving its outreach to more Singaporeans is among SkillsFuture Singapore’s priorities this year. The newly-formed statutory board, which aims to provide Singaporeans with the opportunities to develop their fullest potential through life – regardless of their starting point – saw 380,000 Singaporeans benefit from programmes under the SkillsFuture movement last year, 30,000 more than the year before.

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“SkillsFuture has really benefited me by offsetting a huge portion of my school fees, since I''ve (started attending) 3dsense Media School. And it''s really allowed me to learn important skills to follow my dreams and enter the film and games industry. Without it, I may not be able to further my studies to get a degree later on,” said student Samuel Lim.

HELPING THE UNEMPLOYED

Skills mismatch and a tight labour workforce are some challenges facing the Singapore economy. As such, the agency also wants to reach out to those who have been unemployed.

"(I think) the group of unemployed Singaporeans certainly is a pressing issue. And that''s an issue that we are working very closely with Workforce Singapore on – helping individuals to reskill; find new jobs,” said Mr Ng.

SkillsFuture Singapore is also concerned that many Singaporeans are still not aware of programmes under the movement,?or are unsure how to tap on such schemes.

As such, a key priority for the agency this year is to improve its engagement with individuals as well as companies.

   评论人:vb4edbykzci  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:vb4edbykzci  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:dkel45cm17  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Peter Thiel is the co-founder of PayPal, the investor who discovered Facebook, and the author of Zero to One, a short account of the counterintuitive thinking that’s made him a godfather figure in Silicon Valley (see “The Contrarian’s Guide to Changing the World.”)

Peter Thiel
But what’s less well known about Thiel is his affinity for biotechnology. By now he has invested in more than 25 startups, one of which has already turned into a $1 billion success story.

That puts Thiel, 47, at the vanguard of prominent tech investors putting their money into biology. Google drew attention when it started Calico, a life-extension company, in 2013, and this year the accelerator Y Combinator said 10 of the 116 startups it accepted were biotechnology companies (see “The Startup Whisperer”), a record for that program.

Thiel, like Google, is motivated partly by the hope of defeating aging, an area of medicine that he says is “structurally underexplored.”

But the wider change is that biology is getting cheaper and easier to do. That means biotech companies are acting more like software startups. These days, you can order DNA online, crowdfund a genetic engineering project, or outsource experiments.?

Austen Heinz, CEO of Cambrian Genomics, a company that sells built-to-order DNA strands, says you can imagine what will happen if biotech becomes as easy as software to try and to test. An “explosion of biotech companies is coming,” he says.

Most of Thiel’s biotech investments have been made by his charitable Thiel Foundation. But at least five biotechs have received funding from his venture capital firm, Founders Fund, including Cambrian, Emerald Therapeutics, and Stem CentRx, which has an antibody drug in clinical testing for lung cancer.?

To Thiel, the biotech industry suffers from a fundamental problem. Companies have to spend tens of millions developing drugs that might work but might not. They’re not really sure, because biology is so unpredictable and complex. “Most companies are very heavily invested in the unpredictably paradigm,” he says. “But when you treat it as a lottery ticket, both the participants and the investors have already psyched themselves into losing. A small probability times a big payoff normally equals zero.”

By contrast, Thiel says, he’s looking for companies with a theory that can be systematically put into practice, not a plan to gather empirical evidence. Take Counsyl, a genetic testing company that offers DNA tests to would-be parents. “Their basic pitch was ‘Genomics is a fraud,’” says Thiel, who became one of Counsyl’s investors in 2011, putting in $17 million since then.

At the time, scientists were hyping the idea that DNA could tell you the risks for common diseases like diabetes. Instead, Counsyl created an inexpensive, highly automated, and consumer-friendly way to test for rare disorders whose inheritance patterns are well understood. In fact, they follow Mendel’s theory, first elaborated in the 1800s.

Counsyl’s tests are now used in connection with more than 3 percent of U.S. births,bulk wholesale ipad, and the private company is valued at around $1 billion. It is one of Silicon Valley’s “unicorns,” those rare runaway successes that Thiel often seems to be involved with.

Counsyl’s success cleared the way for Mark Kaganovich, who launched SolveBio, a startup that hopes to become “the Bloomberg” of DNA information. “It made the Valley aware of genomics,” he says. His bioinformatics company took in $2 million late last year from the venture firm Andreessen Horowitz, among others. “Thiel is a master technologist and salesperson. If he is looking to change biotech, the old players need to watch out,” says Kaganovich.

Unlike Thiel, Andreessen Horowitz has said it won’t fund actual biotech companies that do laboratory work, because the area is too unfamiliar. Instead, the money it put into SolveBio is part of the booming category of “digital health,” mostly medical software or fitness gadgets, which last year garnered $4.2 billion in venture investment, according to Rock Health.

Thiel has invested in digital health too, but he says it worries him when too many companies are chasing the same ideas. “I would say everything that fits a trend is bad, just always bad,” he says.

Funding biology companies that do “wet lab” work keeps Thiel in less crowded territory. There’s also a connection to his interest in anti-aging strategies. He takes human growth hormone daily and has signed up for cryonic freezing. These are what Thiel might term “definite” behaviors–taking action rather than assuming no change is possible. “The way people deal with aging is a combination of acceptance and denial,” he says. “They accept there is nothing they can do about it, and deny it’s going to happen to them.”

In 2011, the Thiel Foundation created Breakout Labs, an internal organization that gives small companies, often of just two or three people, investments of $350,000 to “de-risk” scientific ideas and prepare them to raise more cash.

Breakout has become the foundation’s largest effort. It has so far put $7 million into roughly two dozen hard science companies, nearly all them biotechnology firms. These include 3Scan, which is commercializing a new kind of scanning microscope, and EpiBone, a New York City spinoff of Columbia University that’s using a bioreactor to grow replacement bones.

Lindy Fishburne, Breakout’s executive director, says Thiel’s hope is to “jailbreak” good technologies trapped in universities or other institutions and get them into the economy. Fishburne says Breakout will only invest in companies actually run by their founders. This may be Thiel’s most significant departure from the way many blue-chip biotechnology startups get formed. These are often conceived by venture firms and overseen by professional managers; they spend their seed money licensing patents and lining up advisory boards of important researchers.

Compare that with Immusoft, a Thiel investment that is using gene therapy to turn blood cells into drug factories and hopes to treat a rare syndrome called Hurler’s disease. Founder Matthew Scholz, a software entrepreneur, says he became obsessed with the idea that the immune system can be “programmed.” Previously, he’d run a truck logistics company. Thiel wasn’t discouraged that Scholz had no formal training in biology or had used Wikipedia to make sense of academic papers.

Scholz says the Breakout grant allowed him to demonstrate his ideas in mice for the first time. This year he expects to ask the FDA to permit tests in people. “It’s gone from ‘This guy has no business in this space’ to ‘Oh, Dr. Scholz is calling,’” he says.

Thiel’s contrarian formula is no guarantee. A few years ago, Founders Fund plowed money into Halcyon Molecular, a startup run by a pair of college dropouts in a loft with a foosball table. Halcyon wanted to develop an ultra-cheap DNA sequencing machine. But it failed. ?

More to the point, none of the companies in Thiel’s portfolio have ever put a drug or treatment on the market. That may be the ultimate test of a biotechnology company, but getting there requires it to complete years of studies and gain clearance from regulators. “That is different than the tech world—they are used to something happening more rapidly,” says Terry McGuire, head of the health-care practice at Boston-based Polaris Ventures, which made more investments in biotechnology companies last year than any other U.S. venture fund.

McGuire says West Coast tech investors are good at making bold, extreme bets. But no one has a monopoly on inventing the future. “There is boldness that we find here as well,” he says, “but it’s tempered with reality.”

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   评论人:dkel45cm17  评论时间:2017/11/16
    A little more than a year ago, Microsoft veteran Stephen Elop agreed to become CEO of Nokia, the world’s largest maker of mobile handsets. Elop’s job at the Finnish cell-phone company was to stop a dangerous slide in mobile-phone sales.
Mobile plan: Nokia CEO Stephen Elop unveiled phones using Microsoft software in October.
Elop, a Canadian who is the first non-Finn to head Nokia, studied the company and the mobile-phone market and quickly concluded that the situation was dire. In a remarkable parable e-mailed to Nokia’s employees in February, he described an oil worker on a burning platform who had to decide whether to be consumed by the flames or leap into the “dark, cold, foreboding Atlantic waters.” The man, said Elop, was Nokia.

The fire had been set mostly by Apple, a company that Elop said had “disrupted the market by redefining the smartphone.” Nokia had practically invented the category, but Apple wasn’t selling just handsets. It had created an entire ecosystem of developers, apps, and revenue tied to its phone operating system, and that ecosystem was making Nokia’s offerings irrelevant. ?

Elop decided to jump. The CEO announced that Nokia would wind down development of its own phone operating systems and join forces with Microsoft to build a competing mobile ecosystem around Windows Phone software. Less than eight months later―earlier than expected―Nokia unveiled two Windows phones, the Lumia 710 and 800. This week Nokia announced it would start selling the Lumia 710 in the United States come January.?

Reporter William Bulkeley interviewed Elop via e-mail about his strategy for fixing Nokia’s problems.

TR: In your “burning platform” memo, you asked: “Why did we fall behind when the world around us evolved?” Over the last year, have you developed a different understanding of why Nokia fell behind?

Elop: Well,Buy iphone 7 online, it’s now been a little over a year, in fact, and I’ve had a good chance to get to know the company and visit many sites. I wouldn’t say I’ve developed a different understanding; I’ve certainly developed a deeper one.

To outsiders, Nokia was a company that was having a rough spell―changing the CEO is rarely a sign that everything is running smoothly―but it also had a commanding share of the smart-phone market and led the industry in terms of volume of phones sold.

When I started I found pockets of brilliance, plus numerous unpolished gems, that together were clear proof of why, and how, Nokia had been able to lead the mobile industry for the past 12-odd years. But I also found many, many frustrated people who had seen Nokia get bogged down by layers and layers of management, committees, and supervisory committees, plus all the other potentially fatal diseases that can beset successful companies.

Most critically, however, the world―the context for our industry―had undergone a remarkable shift from a battle of devices to a war of ecosystems, and it became clear that big changes were needed to compete more effectively in the future. It’s a testament to the work of thousands of determined, driven Nokia people that we were able to go from new strategy to new devices in just eight months.

Nokia delivered its Windows phones ahead of schedule. What have you learned about speeding the pace of innovation at such a large company? What is the most difficult aspect of transforming a company?

What has been crucial in 2011 is the growing change in Nokia’s internal culture. We have focused on three significant changes of attitude, [emphasizing] urgency, accountability, and empathy―ensuring that we are better connected to consumer, supplier, and operator requirements and able to anticipate what they might need in the future.

Nokia is a company that has ‘shed its skin’ many times during its 146-year history, and it has a proven track record of innovation, so we did not start this change process from scratch. But it’s important to stress here that our journey is just getting under way, and the phone launches were the first fruit of our strategy. We have more work to do to instill a true challenger mind-set throughout the company.

Nokia still has a dominant share in lower-end phones sold in large volumes in developing countries. What is the technology trajectory you see in those regions?

I’d be cautious in lumping together trends in, say, Africa with those seen in Asia, as there are naturally differences market by market. That said, what we are clearly seeing is that the lines between a smart phone and a feature phone are blurring; people, regardless of where they are based, want to do more with their phones.

Individuals in fast-growing markets have the same aspirations for usage as their counterparts in developed markets but may have limited economic means. Thus, the secret here will be to deliver on as many of those aspirations as possible in creative ways at lower price points. At Nokia World we launched the Asha line of mobile phones, offering consumers features like touch screens, QWERTY keyboards, and games like Angry Birds―the same ones you see in developed markets.

We feel very good about our prospects in developing markets. We have a strong offering of devices and a brand that is trusted by hundreds of millions of consumers. We are strongly committed to connecting the next billion to the Internet, and this is one of the main pillars of our strategy.
Starter phone: The Lumia 710 will go on sale in January in the U.S. for $49.99. Nokia has lost nearly all its American smart-phone business to Apple and other competitors.
You’ve described a war between ecosystems. What is the single most important technology, or user experience, that will decide the winners?

I don’t think it will be one single element, but rather the key will be the depth of integration between different elements. The first-level ecosystem experience has been characterized by a static collection of app icons on a fixed grid. What we like about Windows Phone is the smooth integration of things like social networking throughout the whole experience. While we know that there are many different components to an ecosystem, the seams between the components should be less and less obvious to consumers.

The history of corporate leaders surviving disruptive innovation is discouraging (Kodak, RCA, Compaq, Sears). Were there historical precedents that inspired you, such as Lou Gerstner at IBM?

I think there are many great cases of companies that have prospered through disruptive times. In the tech field, IBM is a great example where significant changes in strategy combined with a commitment to ongoing transformation can produce strong results.

As I mentioned above, Nokia has a storied history and a knack for reinventing itself. It’s embedded in our DNA.

What did you see Microsoft do wrong in your tenure there that you are committed to having Nokia avoid?

I think looking at what Microsoft does right is more instructive: for example, an absolute commitment to a strategy to see it through, adjusting as one goes. The word “tenacity” is used a lot at Microsoft, and that is how one must approach significant strategy changes.

When will you know your strategy was right? What metrics will show you?

Well, as I said earlier, we are now starting to see the first fruits of our strategy, and that’s encouraging. But this is the first step in a long journey for us. Clearly, we are aiming to win back market share in smart phones and bolster our position in mobile phones. Nokia also needs to adapt a challenger mentality. We must never get to the point where we say, “Okay, we’re done.”

I think the same is true with strategies―you always have to ask yourself if your chosen path is the right one. The mobile market has shown it can change quickly and radically, so we have to always track our strategy with the reality of the industry and make the adjustments―large or small―as necessary.

   评论人:dkel45cm17  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Picture that icon of science, the test tube. Now forget it-or at least envision it as a vastly smaller and differently shaped vessel that is leading to a much faster, more organized, and less expensive way to develop drugs, agrichemicals, and advanced materials.

The square-inch grid shown here contains 128 troughs-new-wave test tubes-filled with varying combinations of metallic oxides that scientists examined for their ability to form high-temperature superconductors. A research team at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, led by physicist Xiao-Dong Xiang and chemist Peter Schultz,Buy samsung tv online, used a gun-like mechanism to deposit the chemicals. After applying heat to mix and stabilize them, the scientists lowered a plate with 128 probes to test which compounds showed negligible electrical resistance at certain temperatures-an indication of potential superconductivity.

In a process known as combinatorial chemistry, scientists are using such grids to assemble and evaluate large numbers of permutations of compounds at one time. To continue their research, for example, Xiang and his colleagues created one-inch grids with 1,024 troughs earlier this year.

This story is part of our August/September 1997 Issue See the rest of the issue
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This photograph, which shows molecular combinations diffracting light like paints in a miniature watercolor palette, was taken by Felice Frankel, artist-in-residence at MIT??s Edgerton Center. Her forthcoming book On the Surface of Things (Chronicle Books, 1997) will include a similar image, among many other photographs, and text by George Whitesides, a Harvard University professor of chemistry.

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   评论人:eedb4yggdi3  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Arsenal beat Everton in race to sign Schalke’s Sead Kolasinac Arsenal have beaten Everton to the signature of Schalke’s Bosnia international defender Sead Kolasinac Published: Borussia Dortmund ''deeply regret'' attacks on RB Leipzig fans Dortmund police have filed 28 charges for breaches of the law, including assault,Cheap hp laptops for sale, after supporters allegedly attacked women and children Published: Manchester City target Holger Badstuber joins Schalke on loan Pep Guardiola, who has stated he wants to bolster his Manchester City defence in the transfer window, has missed out on the Bayern Munich defender Published: Borussia M?nchengladbach score first win in nine games by downing Mainz Borussia M?nchengladbach won for the first time in nine attempts with a 1-0 Bundesliga victory over Mainz Published: RB Leipzig restore lead at top amid controversy after beating Schalke RB Leipzig defeated Schalke 2-1 at home to go three points clear at the top of the Bundesliga, with their first goal a hotly disputed penalty in the second minute Published: Football transfer rumours: Dimitri Payet to leave West Ham in January? Mamadou Sakho leaving Liverpool? | Domagoj Vida to Sunderland? | Bastian Schweinsteiger on loan to Everton? | Lukasz Teodorczyk wanted by loads of people? Published: Borussia Dortmund fall flat in the Revierderby as Schalke close the gap A 0-0 draw at the Signal Iduna Park was a fine result for Schalke but served to increase the pressure on Dortmund’s Thomas Tuchel Published: Schalke prove you don''t always get what you deserve but what you need Christian Heidel’s side stumbled upon their good fortune against Borussia M?nchengladbach like a late 80s, new-school hop-hop producer acquiring James Brown’s Funky People compilation Published: Bundesliga round-up: Hertha Berlin keep perfect record with win over Schalke Mitchell Weiser and Valentin Stocker scored to give Hertha Berlin a 2-1 win against Schalke, their third in three games this season, as 10-man Mainz won 2-1 in Augsburg Published: Robert Lewandowski on target again as Bayern Munich steal late win at Schalke Robert Lewandowski atoned for a glaring miss by scoring the first goal in the 81st minute, then setting up Joshua Kimmich in injury time, as Bayern Munich earned a hard-fought victory at Schalke Published: Nabil Bentaleb completes loan move from Tottenham Hotspur to Schalke Nabil Bentaleb has expressed his delighted after completing his transfer from Tottenham Hotspur to Schalke on loan until the end of the season Published: Leroy Sané: a rough diamond who could be a Manchester City bargain at ?37m The attacking midfielder served notice of his ability with a remarkable performance for Schalke at Real Madrid and is regarded by some in Germany as the outstanding talent of the country’s next generation Published: Leroy Sané: I chose Manchester City because of Pep Guardiola ? video Manchester City’s newest recruit,dell laptops for sale, Leroy Sané,Buy wholesale nintendo online, says manager Pep Guardiola was the most important factor in his decision to move to the club Published: Chelsea defender Baba Rahman joins Schalke on season-long loan The Chelsea defender Baba Rahman has joined Schalke on a season-long loan just a year after moving to London from Augsburg Published: Manchester City sign Leroy Sané from Schalke for ?37m Manchester City have signed the German forward Leroy Sané from Schalke for ?37m Published: Leroy Sané in Manchester for expected ?37m move to City Leroy Sané has arrived in Manchester for an expected ?37m move to City Published: Pep Guardiola confirms Manchester City interest in Schalke’s Leroy Sané New Manchester City manager Pep Guardiola has confirmed his interest in signing the Schalke forward Leroy Sané but added that the clubs have yet to agree on the player’s value Published: Tottenham and Leicester interested in signing Iceland’s Ragnar Sigurdsson Premier League clubs are interested in signing central defender Sigurdsson after his impressive displays in for Iceland in their run to the quarter-finals of Euro 2016, although they face competition from two German sides Published: Schalke seal ?20m deal for Switzerland striker Breel Embolo Bundesliga sign front man from Swiss champions Basel amid alleged interest from Barcelona, Manchester United and Arsenal Published: Europe’s top 10 football transfer targets under the age of 23 From Ousmane Dembélé to Leroy Sané, we look at the young players on the continent who will be the most sought-after this summer Published: Managing peak Schalke: media madness, money and messy misunderstandings After defeat by Bayern André Breitenreiter was again quizzed about his job, prompting a messy backlash that served only to darken the clouds over the club Published: Robert Lewandowski sinks Schalke to push Bayern Munich closer to title Robert Lewandowski scored twice in Bayern Munich’s 3-0 win over Schalke as the Bundesliga champions edge closer to a fourth straight title Published: Borussia Dortmund draw at Schalke and appear to concede Bundesliga title Borussia Dortmund make eight changes, draw at Schalke and then appear to concede Bundesliga title Published: Liverpool confirm Schalke defender Joel Matip will join club in summer The Schalke central defender Joel Matip will join Liverpool at the end of the season on a free transfer, the Bundesliga club have confirmed Published: Leroy Sané does not have buyout clause in contract, say Schalke Schalke have denied reports the 20-year-old attacking midfielder could be bought for ?28m Published: Kevin-Prince Boateng rejoins Milan until end of season Milan have re-signed their former midfielder Kevin-Prince Boateng on a six-month contract until the end of the season Published: Manchester City target move for Schalke and Germany forward Leroy Sané Schalke want ?32m for the Manchester City target Leroy Sané, who won his first full cap for Germany last month Published:

   评论人:eedb4yggdi3  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:eedb4yggdi3  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:edcb3ygcpa5  评论时间:2017/11/16
    .jpg?width=620&dpr=1&format=jpg&source=htsi" alt="The Woods’ tennis pavilion" itemprop="contentUrl" srcset="320w,480w,660w" sizes="(min-width: 660px) 660px,Cheap lenovo laptops online store, (min-width: 480px) 480px, 320px" /> The Woods’ tennis pavilion
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   评论人:edcb3ygcpa5  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:edcb3ygcpa5  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Your Post Has Been Launched! BuzzFeed Staff We absolutely love Chrissy Teigen! It’s safe to say when we’re not laughing at her hilarious tweets, we’re stalking her Instagram. View this image ? ID: 10852529 After practically getting arthritis from scrolling through her page,Cheap iphone 6 for sale, we came to one conclusion: Looking at Chrissy with her 11-month-old daughter Luna Simone could make the Grinch love kids…and Christmas. Loading ID: 10852596 Which is why we decided to dedicate this entire post to their adorable moments together. Sorry, John Legend,wholesale ipad mini, but this post is all about your beautiful ladies. Loading ID: 10852686 Hmm, where shall we begin… ID: 10852732 1. Enjoying some fun in the sun. Loading 2. Morocco life is the best life! Loading 3. You know, just doing what ballerinas do… Loading 4. …being flexible and whatnot. Loading 5. That time Chrissy bought a Christmas present for Luna just so she could play with it herself, LOL. Loading 6. Or when they explored an entire new world of sea creatures and friends. Loading 7. When we found out Luna thinks her mom is just as funny as we do. Loading 8. When we realized Luna could probably cook a better omelet than us. Loading 9. Hoping Luna will share her frequent flyer miles with us. Is that Chrissy’s mini-me or what?! Loading 10. Remember when Chrissy couldn’t handle all of her daughter’s cuteness? Loading 11. Has anyone else realized Chrissy passed on her photogenic genes to this little beauty? Loading 12. Giving her mom a touch-up before she hits the red carpet is always a fun time. Loading 13. So many furry animals, so little time! Loading 14. Because who wouldn’t want to see those cheeks in all of Snapchat’s crazy filters? Loading ID: 10853174 To end it off, we thought we’d invite Luna’s daddy back into the picture. ID: 10853185 15. Check out their adorable family jamming out to the smooth sounds of the piano. Loading https://www.buzzfeed.com/morganmurrell/chrissy-... Can you adopt us already? In The News Today Democrats hoped to flip a reliable Republican House seat in Georgia on Tuesday, but they came up short. A runoff election is scheduled for June. The White House wants the world to think Syria, Afghanistan, and the deployment of an aircraft carrier were all about North Korea. Is that cover for a lack of policy? Fox News is reportedly considering cutting ties with its embattled host Bill O''Reilly as a sexual harassment scandal continues to grow. Adidas said it''s "incredibly sorry" for sending out a marketing email congratulating people on surviving the Boston Marathon. Download the BuzzFeed News app 21 Really Cute Tattoos That Are Perfect For Couples An Aussie Tech Billionaire Has Called "Bullshit" And Tipped The Bucket On Peter Dutton A Three-Year-Old Did A Reddit AMA And It Is Honestly The Purest Thing Patrick, The World’s Oldest And Heaviest Bare-Nosed Wombat,Cheap galaxy note edge online store, Has Died We Watched The Season 7B Premiere Of “Pretty Little Liars” And Here’s What We Thought Facebook’s New Camera Could Make It Even Harder To Tell What’s Real People Are Freaking Out About Australia’s Crackdown On Foreign Workers The End May Be Near For Bill O’Reilly And Fox News The Death Of The First Black Female Judge On New York’s Highest Court Is Being Investigated As Suspicious We Tried Out Facebook’s New Social VR App At F8 Someone’s Pitching Current Day "Kath & Kim" Episodes And It’s Perfect Drag to highlight one or more parts of the screen. Cancel Thanks! We got your feedback, and we''ll follow up with you at Done Sadly, an error occured while sending your feedback. Please contact bugs@buzzfeed.com to let us know.

   评论人:dkel37qp43  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:dkel37qp43  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Despite 300 years of peering through microscopes, growing bacteria in culture, and screening soil, air, and water for new microbial species, scientists have clearly overlooked much of life on earth. Thanks to powerful new research tools, bacteriologists are discovering that the living world is suddenly far bigger and more complex than they imagined even a decade ago. The finding is similar in magnitude, perhaps, to Dutch microscopist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek’s first glimpse of microbes-he called them “animalcules”-cavorting beneath his crude glass lenses.

Because bacteria were essentially undetectable unless they could be grown in culture, most species-which exist in hard-to-replicate environments-have been, in a sense, off limits. “Imagine if our entire understanding of biology were based on visits to zoos,” says Norman R. Pace, a biologist at University of California, Berkeley. “That is analogous to our situation with respect to understanding the microbial world.”

Melvin Simon, chair of the department of biology at the California Institute of Technology, estimates that “about 99 percent of the bacteria out there can’t yet be grown” in laboratory culture dishes. That’s because scientists often can’t determine the precise combination of conditions-including oxygen, temperature, and light-that microbes need and because it’s difficult to simulate these requirements all at once to make them happy. About 6,000 species of microorganisms have been formally described. And until now, he says, the rest have remained “invisible” to us.

The key to gaining a first glimpse at this new world was in learning how to isolate, amplify, and study an organism’s genetic material directly from the environment without culturing the organism itself. By using molecular instruments that selectively pick out a bacterium’s highly specific genes from a broth of DNA, scientists can now quickly identify new organisms, explore their properties, and determine their kinship to organisms that are already known.

Prominent among the new molecular tools is the gene-amplifying technique called PCR, the polymerase chain reaction. PCR allows specific genes to be isolated and copied endlessly, so enough become available for detailed study, such as of a gene’s DNA sequence. And it’s in the sequence-actually the differences in sequences from one organism to another-that the microbes’ identities can be seen.

Along with PCR, the new tools include rapid sequencing technology, quick computer processing of gene-sequence data, and increasingly accurate electrophoresis technology, which electrically separates genes in a gel or fluid according to size.

One of the major analytical targets of such work is the ubiquitous RNA (ribonucleic acid) in ribosomes, the little rounded bodies that living cells use as protein-building devices. All cells have ribosomes, and because the RNA they contain differs slightly from one species to the next, it serves as a reliable marker-sort of a molecular dog tag-that can be used for identifying, classifying, and analyzing each new microbe.

The surprising finding is that everywhere researchers apply these new techniques, they are encountering strange new bacteria, in abundances and diversities that no one really anticipated. For example, as Paul Dunlap, an associate scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts, explains in the Woods Hole publication Oceanus, the sea’s microbial life is so incredibly abundant that in some cases organisms occur “in extraordinarily high numbers, up to about 100 billion per milliliter” of seawater. In fact, organisms less than 2 microns in diameter found living in the sea are so abundant they account for 95 percent of the mass of all forms of life in the world’s oceans.

Sedimentary soils, even the ancient mud deposited on the deep-sea floor, are also vastly alive with microorganisms. Recent drilling into the floor of the Sea of Japan, for example, brought up samples-from layers of sediment buried 500 meters deep-containing millions of organisms in every gram of soil.

New Realms

The findings suggest that even a tiny sip of water, or a small sample of soil, carries enough bacteria-most of them previously unknown-to keep squads of researchers busy for years. “There are new genes, new enzymes, and new functions we don’t know anything about,” Simon notes, and the data are piling up too fast to be analyzed in detail. “They (the microbes) even have some different kinds of cell membranes,” suggesting that whole new realms of biology are there to be explored.

Since each organism has its own genes,Cheap sharp 60 inch tv, characteristic biochemistry, structure, and behavior, the industrial potential is huge. Each species harbors between 1,000 and 5,000 genes, and for the most part their biochemical properties are still unknown. So it is likely that new enzymes, foods, drugs, chemicals, materials, and processes will be discovered. Bacteria that can live in the hostile environment of hot springs, for example, have yielded special enzymes that perform beautifully at high temperature, which could be of use in chemical processing. Also, Pace says, some microorganisms make substances that adhere to surfaces in water that is almost boiling, which could be valuable in certain manufacturing operations.

In evolutionary terms, Simon notes, it should come as no surprise that so many different kinds of bacteria exist, even in places where they once seemed unlikely. After all, “for 3 billion years the world was populated by bacteria” and probably very little else. So these single-cell organisms have had far more time to evolve than most other creatures on earth.

   评论人:dkel37qp43  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Some scientists are exploring the possibility of treating epilepsy by shutting off out-of-control neurons with a jolt of electricity. New research from MIT now suggests another approach: silencing brain cells with light.
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A research team led by neuroengineer Edward Boyden has identified a class of proteins that can be used to modify neurons in such a way that exposing them to yellow-green light makes them stop sending signals. This kind of selective brain silencing, reported in Nature in January, could not only help treat brain disorders but also allow researchers to investigate the roles that different types of neurons play in normal brain circuits and the ways those circuits can go wrong.

Boyden, an assistant professor in the Media Lab and an associate member of the McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT, first demonstrated the use of light to reduce neuron activity in 2007. However, the feat was performed in cells, not living animals, and the silencing was not as precise. In the new study, the researchers used a different protein?Cone that inhibits neurons more strongly, silences more brain tissue, and returns to its original state within milliseconds after the light is shut off, at which point it can be activated again.

With the newly identified protein, called Arch, brain silencing is ??extremely clean and digital,?? says ?Boyden. ??The other one was more like a volume knob turning up and down.??

The researchers?? ??optogenetic?? technique for controlling neuron activity combines genetic and optical technologies. First, they used a virus to deliver the gene that codes for the Arch protein into the brain cells of living mice. The protein functions as a proton pump, moving protons through the cell membrane to alter the cell??s voltage. They also implanted an externally controllable light source inside the mice??s brains. When yellow-green light shines on the proton pumps, they force protons out of cells, lowering the voltage inside the cells and preventing them from firing.

The researchers, who screened light-sensitive proteins from bacteria, plants, and fungi, discovered the Arch proton pump in Halorubrum sodomense, a strain of archaebacteria that lives in the Dead Sea. ??This is the result of mining the wealth of the natural world?Cgenomic diversity and ecological variation?Cto discover new tools that can empower scientists to study complex systems like the brain,?? Boyden says.

His lab is working with dozens of groups at different institutions to assess neuron silencing as a potential therapy for epilepsy, chronic pain, and post-?traumatic stress disorder. In collaboration with Robert Desimone??s lab at the McGovern Institute at MIT, his group is conducting preclinical studies that will assess the technology??s safety and efficacy in nonhuman primates. In future studies, the researchers plan to use their neuron-silencing tools to examine the neural circuits of cognition and emotion.

   评论人:dedlcoe8o73  评论时间:2017/11/16
    UFO has repeatedly appeared in the U.S. nuclear power plant aliens and UFO in the end there is a presence or visit the earth, has been the United States government strictly confidential " top military secrets ". However, before a group of the former Air Force officers but collective violation of " letter password " and they plan to break decades of silence, in September 27th this year, held a press conference in Washington, they have been disclosed " and alien UFO; third contact " the amazing insider and credible evidence. Today held a news conference to expose " UFO truth; " according to a group of the former Air Force officer said alien UFO not only monitoring nuclear military bases, and possibly a nuclear missile system on military bases of " ", leading to the mysterious attacks; these nuclear missiles all temporary failure of " "! In fact, since 1947, the United States of New Mexico, Roseville " " since the incident, aliens and UFO whether the existence or presence of earth, has been the United States government " strictly confidential; the military secrets ". However, in September 27th this year,Buy sony camcorders online discount store, 6 U.S. Air Force retired officers before but will break the decades of silence and " letter password ", they will hold a press conference in Washington, the National Press Club, the disclosure of alien UFO amazing story was to visit the U.S. nuclear missile base!

   评论人:dedlcoe8o73  评论时间:2017/11/16
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Ok, I imagine that you''ve done your research about hydrogen powered cars, and are now ready to jump into the magical world that is hydrogen power. However, you''re probably wondering, what is HHO gas, and what does it have to do with your desire to run an inexpensive hydrogen powered car?

HHO Gas: The facts

The HHO in HHO gas is known scientifically as oxyhydrogen, and is a fancy way of saying that an HHO gas molecule has 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom per molecule. HHO gas is produced through electrolysis of water, and water is obviously pretty easy to get, so it is easy to get a source to generate HHO gas from. HHO gas has been proven to be 3 times more powerful than gasoline, so the potential for fuel is enormous.

The HHO Generator: How it works

A HHO Generator, or HHO gas car kits as some literature may refer to it, is a special modification added to your car that allows your car to run on HHO gas. The HHO generator essentially works by using a small quart size container of distilled water (and a small smidgen of baking soda) to generate the HHO gas. The HHO generator performs an electrolytic conversion using power from your car''s engine to create the HHO gas, and pushes the gas into the car''s carburetor.

Benefits of a HHO Generator

HHO Generators, as you can see from the previous paragraph, are relatively maintenance-free,Cheap sony projectors for sale, requiring only the occasional addition of a few ounces of water to keep it running. You can also use your HHO generator in many different vehicles such as cars, trucks, motorcycles, and even lawn mowers! They also don''t take up much room under the hood, and for your average handyman, are easy to install.

So what are you waiting for, get off your butt and get those HHO generators running. I see increased fuel savings in your future!

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   评论人:dedlcoe8o73  评论时间:2017/11/16
    [font technology news] February 7th news, Rolls-Royce and bird collision, Oscar knocked the loss of tens of thousands of users praise. We all know that the plane in the air, if the collision with the birds, will cause the plane crash accident, but you know the speeding car too? Recently, such a thing happened,Bulk desktops for sale, a Rolls-Royce and a bird collision, although did not cause a major accident, but give off the Rolls-Royce logo Oscar, the loss of up to tens of thousands. A Rolls-Royce car in Zhejiang city of Wenzhou province to Ruian high-speed road, the engine cover in front of the "Oscar" just hit a flying bird, the bird died, "Oscar" knocked. Pictures released from the user can see that a bird lying on the road, the body, the golden man has been knocked out and there is damage. The reporter contacted the car rental company is the general. He said, the day Ruian guests 10 Rolls-Royce car, car damage is one of the cars. WeChat search and pay attention to science and technology news public account: kejixun more exciting, I know! : [looking down, the next page]: a more wonderful

   评论人:vbk4gbykwoi  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Ihre Kurznachrichten verschicken Sie mit Skebby ab sofort deutlich günstiger. Mit der Hybrid-App Skebby wickeln Sie Ihren gesamten SMS-Verkehr über eine App ab. Schreiben Sie an einen Skebby-Nutzer, bleibt der Versand kostenfrei. Alle anderen Netze kosten nur sieben Cent pro SMS – ein akzeptabler Preis. Mit Ihrer Telefonnummer und einer E-Mail-Adresse k?nnen Sie nach kurzer Zeit loslegen. Im Check ging leider eine Nachricht vollkommen unter,Wholesale iphone 8, die übrigen wurden dafür sofort übertragen. Für den Start stehen Ihnen fünf SMS gratis zur Verfügung. Die neue Version 3.2.1 wurde nun auch für iOS 7 optimiert. Fazit: Die App bietet eine gute Grundlage mit den wichtigsten Features. Leider müssen Sie die Auswahl des Tarifs immer wieder selbst vornehmen,Cheap apple watch for sale, was Nerven und Zeit kostet. Hinweis: Diese Applikation erfordert iOS 5.0 oder h?her. ?ber den Download-Button werden Sie direkt zu iTunes weitergeleitet,sony cameras discount, welches zur Installation Voraussetzung ist. App installieren

   评论人:vbk4gbykwoi  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Across 1 Disturbance: reorganisation (5-2) 8 Golf or American Football statistic (7) 9 Racing dog (7) 10 Paying close attention to (7) 11 River and bridge which connect Devon and Cornwall (5) 12 Kitchen implement (3,Wholesale audio for sale,6) 14 Cabernet or Blanc? (9) 17 Hindu holy man (5) 19 Make angry: aromatic substance (7) 20 Fiasco (7) 21 Supervise, monitor (7) 22 Lingered over (5,discount sony ps4 pro online store,2) Down 1 South African township (6) 2 Adage (5) 3 Wiser next step? (anag) (6,Buy intel cpu online,7) 4 Dragon killed by Apollo at Delphi (6) 5 Showing lack of care for consequences (13) 6 ------- Trench, the deepest part of the Earth''s oceans (7) 7 Church caretaker (6) 13 Race; pick up speed (7) 14 Matelot (6) 15 Essential; called for (6) 16 Of the Jews (variant spelling) (6) 18 Formerly a gold coin of several European countries (5) View all comments >

   评论人:vbk4gbykwoi  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Privacy Policy Data is a real-time snapshot *Data is delayed at least 15 minutes Global Business and Financial News,Cheap sony cameras, Stock Quotes,iphone 6s discount, and Market Data and Analysis Data also provided by ? 2017 CNBC LLC. All Rights Reserved.

   评论人:gkblgo76pn1  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Mobile phone > mobile phone; Android > HUAWEI 6.1 inch giant screen new machine Mate will be listed at 2688 Wah Yuen 6.1 inch giant screen Mate new machine will be listed price of 2688 yuan yesterday, HUAWEI released the Android mobile phone terminal giant screen 6.1 inch HUAWEI''s Mate in Beijing Chinese Film Museum, the price is not the legend of 3210 yuan 2688 yuan, but close to the people, in March 26th 10 at the mall Tmall and HUAWEI mall on sale. ??? HUAWEI terminal released a 6.1 inch giant screen mobile phone Android''s HUAWEI Mate in Beijing China Film Museum,samsung projectors for sale, the price is not the legend of the 3210 yuan, 2688 yuan but close to the people, in March 26th 10 at the mall Tmall and HUAWEI mall on sale. ??? HUAWEI Mate equipped with Hass K3V2 quad core processor, 6.1 inches 720p resolution touch screen, 2GB RAM+800 megapixel camera, 4050 Ma battery will begin today 26 day appointment, 10 point synchronous sale in Tmall, HUAWEI mall, until the 28 day sale end. During this period, the success of a single, will receive 100 yuan of cash coupons, and give HUAWEI a protective cover. HUAWEI relevant responsible person said, due to the sale of all available for cash, it will take the first buy first, sold out. The price of 2688 yuan, the obvious target is the resurgence of 5.7 inches giant screen phone Grand Memo n5. Domestic giant screen mobile phone war smoke is rising, which do you prefer? Share to: Science and technology news home page

   评论人:gkblgo76pn1  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Font] [science and technology] June 14th news, the earth''s water resources have existed for hundreds of millions of years, these water resources have been in a constant cycle, purification. From the beginning of their lives, they are in the use of these water resources, until today, we are still using these countless renovation of the water. See, now you drink water,Cheap video games for sale, may give the ancient Nautilus bath, walk in a circle anomalocaridid lungs, swallow spit to go by trilobites, excreted by dinosaurs... So the next time you drink water, think of this glass of water that might contain a dinosaur''s urine. Scientists have explained that the earth''s water resources might have been contaminated by the waste of the dinosaurs millions of years ago". Previous page

   评论人:gkblgo76pn1  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Digital > digital > beyond Google SONY glasses upcoming beyond Google SONY glasses upcoming according to a recently published patent, the Sony Corp is also developing a glasses products, and have the potential to surpass Google. The SONY glasses may be inspired by Google, but unlike Google glasses, this product has binocular display. According to the patent content,Cheap iphone se online store, this product in November 2012 has been close to the practical model stage. According to a recently published patent, Sony Corp is also developing an optical product, and has the potential to surpass Google. The SONY glasses may be inspired by Google, but unlike Google glasses, this product has binocular display. According to the patent content, this product in November 2012 has been close to the practical model stage. ? this is not SONY''s first head wearing device patent. In the summer of 2012, Sony Corp published an eye view of the concept of patent. After this, and applied for a very similar to Google glasses, but the eyes show the head of the device patent. The latest patent does not reveal what will be displayed in the glasses, but the patent shows that it has a two-dimensional interface, and the screen can be adjusted a few millimeters. The Sony Corp has a long history of research on head mounted displays and augmented reality devices. Sony Corp''s commercially available products, such as HMZ-T2''s personal 3D viewer. SONY has been committed to the development of head mounted display devices in this field has spent a lot of money and time. The latest patent can be said to be a continuation of the patent application in 2008. The head mounted display device is a brand new market with plenty of space to accommodate SONY, Vale, and several other companies with this intention. Each company has its own unique advantages, Google''s advantage is to provide search engines to support the connection services, and SONY 50 years ago has begun to create world-class hardware equipment. ? in this market, Google is not a person in combat. A war against the glasses has kicked off. Share to: Science and technology news home page

   评论人:dkel37hb88  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Europe Builds a Network for the Internet of Things. Will the Devices Follow? So far, connected devices are monitoring shipping containers, fire hydrants, and cows. by Russ Juskalian Cheap Gas and Big Cars Are Killing Obama’s Fuel Economy Push Americans continue to favor light-duty trucks and SUVs. by $32 Billion Buyout of ARM Is a Giant Bet on the Internet of Things The Japanese telecom and Internet company SoftBank is taking control of technology that powers most of the world’s mobile devices (and increasingly more besides). by The White House Is Pushing Precision Medicine, but It Won’t Happen for Years For starters, it’s too expensive and the science isn’t advanced enough. by Oxbotica’s New Autonomous Vehicle Software Learns As It Goes A new system developed at Oxford could turn any vehicle into a driverless one. by
A research consortium that includes the Beacon Institute, IBM, and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute plans to distribute hundreds of sensors throughout the Hudson River. By collecting information on everything from salinity and temperature to oxygen levels and the presence of fish schools, the sensors will help create a “virtual river” that can aid scientists monitoring aquatic life and pollution levels.

River watch: In this artist’s rendering, a solar-powered autonomous underwater vehicle (foreground) joins forces with fixed sensors tethered to buoys (background).
Some sensors are likely to be mounted on a novel, solar-powered underwater robot developed by RPI, the Autonomous Undersea Systems Institute in Lee,Wholesale iphone, NH, and Falmouth Scientific in Cataumet, MA. Other sensors will be fixed to buoys and suspended at various depths. In some cases, fiber-optic cables will convey data to the surface, where it will be sent ashore wirelessly. “This project is without a doubt a huge advancement [in sensor networks] and is on a much larger scale than anything that has been done before,” says Sandra Nierzwicki?-Bauer, a freshwater biologist at RPI and a leader of the effort.

This story is part of our November/December 2007 Issue See the rest of the issue
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Because of its scale, the network will demand a massive new data-?analysis system, which IBM will provide. One goal is rapid response to changing conditions, such as a sewage release or a drop in oxygen that could kill fish. Completing the design will take more than a year, but the first sensors will be placed in the river in early 2008. The full installation is expected to take three years.

Become an MIT Technology Review Insider for in-depth analysis and unparalleled perspective.
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   评论人:dkel37hb88  评论时间:2017/11/16
    In the world of computer data storage,Cheap lenovo laptops, it’s all about making the digital bits occupy the smallest possible space. Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have brought the concept to a whole new level-the nanoscale. By shining a blue laser beam onto an ultrathin film of silver oxide, a team led by Robert M. Dickson has created silver nanoclusters made up of only two to eight atoms each. Bits that small could give rise to optical discs holding thousands of gigabytes; today’s best DVDs hold less than 10 gigabytes per side. The data is read by exposing the clusters to green light, causing them to fluoresce. Each cluster can be made to glow in a range of colors-not just the “on” and “off” of binary systems-opening the possibility of storing multiple bits in the same cluster simultaneously. So far, Dickson’s group has used the fluorescent method to create nanoscale geometric images, such as the letter “L.” Development of the technique for digital data storage will require further research to reveal why the material works as it does. One unresolved question: can the film be optically erased and rewritten?

   评论人:dkel37hb88  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:yh3bhggnv35  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Morningstar Tools Instant X-Ray? Stock Screener Premium Stock Screener Fund Screener Premium Fund Screener Discuss See what other investors have to say about: Feature Articles In Global Investing,Cheap sony ps4 for sale, Seek Value,Bulk sony ps4 pro for sale, Not Growth by Ryan McLean Why International Value Funds Are All Over the Map by Gregg Wolper Solid Foreign Equity Fund Choices by Karin Anderson Three Foreign Funds That Have Sailed 2009''s Stormy Seas Skillfully by William Samuel Rocco What''s the Best Way to Invest in Europe? Don''t Overlook These Core International Funds Five Steps To Better International Investing Three Up-and-Coming International-Stock Managers What to Make of the Top International Funds of 2006 International Isn''t Just for Equities Keep an Eye on Overseas Funds The Best Ways to Broaden Your Currency Holdings Four Ideas for Exposure to Foreign Small Caps Three Hidden International Mutual Fund Gems Three International Funds Ripe for a Rebound Our 2006 Fund Managers of the Year What Should Investors Who Need Overseas Diversification Do? Foreign Small-Cap Alternatives for Prudent Latecomers Is Now the Time to Jump into Emerging Markets? Keep the Foreign Smaller-Cap Slump in Perspective Site Map Help Advertising Opportunities Licensing Opportunities Glossary Store ? Copyright 2017 Morningstar,Cheap iphone 6 plus, Inc. All rights reserved. Please read our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy . Content Partners

   评论人:yh3bhggnv35  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Die kostenlose Skyrim-Mod Enderal ist eine Total-Conversion-Mod für "The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim" und bietet weitere 100 Stunden Spielspa,Discount canon lenses?.
Enderal - Skyrim-Mod Enderal ist eine kostenlose Komplettkonvertierung des Spiels "The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim", die in einer eigenen Spielwelt mit eigener Landschaft, Tradition und Story angesiedelt ist. Die Mod bietet dabei ein komplett ver?ndertes Skillsystem und eine rundum erneuerte Spielmechanik. Um Enderal zu installieren, wird eine installierte Version von Skyrim ben?tigt.

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Die kostenlose Mod bietet, genau wie das Grund-Spiel auch, eine offene Spielwelt mit einer komplett eigenen Lore. Die Handlung spielt dabei in handgemachten sehr unterschiedlichen Landschaften. Darunter finden sich ganz unterschiedliche Klimazonen wie zum Beispiel Wüsten, Heiden, W?lder und Dschungel. Aber auch die nordischen Landschaften aus Skyrim haben Ihren Platz in der Mod gefunden.

Beim Gameplay wurden einige Elemente aus Skyrim unver?ndert übernommen, andere etwas verfeinert und wieder andere wurden komplett ver?ndert. So gibt es nun Rüstungs-Sets, die je nach der Anzahl der angelegten Teile dem Spieler verschiedene Boni gew?hren. Vor allem das Skillsystem unterscheidet sich nun komplett vom Basis-Spiel. Es umfasst neun verschiedene Klassen, die jeweils auf die drei Oberklassen Krieger, Magier und Schurke aufgeteilt sind. Au?erdem leveln Sie Ihren Charakter nicht mehr über die "Learning-by-doing"-Mechanik aus Skyrim, sondern erhalten jetzt Erfahrungs-Punkte und Skill-Bücher. Features, wie das zuf?llige Spawnen von Gegnern und die automatische Anpassung des Levels der Gegner an das Spieler-Level,Buy samsung tv online, wurden sogar komplett entfernt. Ein zus?tzliches M?bel- und Housingsystem erm?glicht Ihnen die Gestaltung und Ausstattung von eigenen H?usern.

   评论人:yh3bhggnv35  评论时间:2017/11/16
    NEW YORK: Delta Air Lines has hired a consultant to assess the impact on jet fuel prices if the carrier sells or closes the Philadelphia-area refinery it purchased five years ago to keep fuel affordable, two sources familiar with the process said.

They said the consultant will also study other scenarios involving jet fuel prices and the refinery sector, including the impact if other refineries close.

The U.S. East Coast refining industry is fighting a battle to survive, with concerns about a second wave of plant closures after four refineries shuttered in the past decade due to the rising costs of acquiring crude.

Dallas-based consultancy Baker & O’Brien Inc was asked to perform a financial valuation of the refinery''s assets and study other scenarios,bulk wholesale cameras, such as other regional refineries closing and the financial impact of new emissions regulations, the sources said.

Baker & O''Brien did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Delta, the world’s largest airline, shocked the industry in 2012 when it rescued the 185,000 barrel-per-day Trainer, Pennsylvania, refinery from near-closure, arguing in part that jet fuel prices in the region would spike if the plant closed.

In a statement to Reuters, the airline confirmed that it had hired a consultant to look at the refinery business, but it did not name the consultant and added that it was a routine assessment and not a precursor to selling or closing the plant.?

“Delta has said publicly many times that we are committed to the refinery and that position hadn’t changed," Delta spokesman Trebor Banstetter said, in a statement. "The study was commissioned as a routine evaluation of our investment five years after the refinery was purchased."

The refinery continues to perform as expected as part of the company''s broad fuel management strategy, he added.

After profitable years in 2014 and 2015, Delta''s refinery lost US$125 million last year as refinery industry margins collapsed. The company reported overall net income of US$4.01 billion for the year, so the refinery''s loss was miniscule for its balance sheet.

Skeptics argued in 2012 that Delta''s purchase subsidized competitors, who could enjoy the benefits of lower jet fuel prices without the burden of running a refinery.

The plant’s manager told employees last year that refinery losses were offset by savings for the airline in jet fuel prices, saying the company was going to continue to maximize jet fuel production in the New York market to keep pressure on prices.

"This negatively impacts our refinery economics,Buy sharp tv online store, but greatly helps reduce Delta’s fuel cost,Cheap sony tv," refinery manager Jeff Warmann wrote then.

As of December, Delta had decided to start marketing its own gasoline and diesel fuel produced at the refinery, rather than swap it under existing contracts. It was a signal the airline was trying to find ways to mitigate losses at the refinery.

Baker & O''Brien is one of several firms that bid for the work, according to people familiar with the process. Several consultancies based in Texas focus on helping companies navigate strategy related to their refining operations. Often, these consultancies work with companies that do not have the capacity to do such studies in-house.

The work was authorized by Delta from its Atlanta headquarters, not by Monroe Energy, the refining subsidiary, sources said.

Ed Hirs, an energy economics professor at the University of Houston and a skeptic of Delta''s refinery purchase, said the company''s board was willing to overlook the refinery''s issues when it was making money, but losses will now draw more scrutiny.

"From everything I''ve seen, the refinery has not been able to pay for itself," Hirs said.

(Reporting By Jarrett Renshaw and Jessica Resnick-Ault; Editing by David Gregorio)

   评论人:dieo3818my  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Natalya Brikner, CEO of the startup Accion Systems, holds an impossibly small spacecraft thruster in the palm of her hand. It looks more like a computer chip than a rocket—a gold-coated square of silicon the size of a dime.

Accion’s thruster has 480 barely visible nozzles etched into the surface of that silicon. It relies on a type of electronic propulsion that to date has only been used on a few space missions. An electric field is used to accelerate charged particles, normally using ions generated from a gas propellant, to create thrust.

Dozens of Accion’s thrusters can be packaged, along with a fuel tank,Cheap canon cameras for sale, into a space propulsion system about the size of a deck of cards. Brikner says the technology, which will be launched into space on its first satellite in July, will make it practical to add propulsion to low-cost satellites that are as small as a tissue box, making them considerably more useful.

Microsatellites have largely been used for research, but commercial applications are gaining traction (see “Startup Plans Constellation of Tiny Monitoring Satellites”). The commercial potential of the technology was highlighted last year by Google’s $500 million acquisition of Skybox, whose small imaging satellites weigh 5 percent as much as conventional ones.

The capabilities of such satellites have been limited in part because they typically cannot maneuver themselves. Propulsion systems have proved difficult to shrink. Conventional thrusters tend to lose efficiency and power at small sizes, and they can double the size of a small satellite, making it too expensive to launch into space.

The systems normally used to ionize gases for electronic propulsion are also typically bulky. But Accion eliminated some of this bulk by using an ionic liquid (a salt that’s liquid at room temperature). “We don’t have to do any ionization in space; it’s done already on the ground,” Brikner says.

Adding propulsion to microsatellites could allow clusters of them to fly in formation, allowing them to mimic the performance of much larger and more expensive satellites for applications such as imaging. Propulsion could also help microsatellites maintain orbit instead of slowly deorbiting, allowing them to last up to 10 times longer.

Other companies, including Aerojet Rocketdyne and Busek, are also developing miniaturized thrusters for small satellites. “It’s a micro space race to see who will launch these things into space first,” says Paulo Lazano, director of MIT’s Space Propulsion Lab, where the basic technology behind Accion was developed.

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   评论人:dieo3818my  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Anyone who has spent spring on campus should be familiar with the Patriots’ Day holiday, Boston’s unofficial beginning of spring and the date of the Boston Marathon since 1897.
Sculpting The Minute Man, located at the Old North Bridge in Concord, launched the career of alumnus Daniel Chester French, whose later works include iconic statues in Harvard Yard and Washington, D.C.
Historically, Patriots’ Day honors the first military engagements of the American Revolution―the battles of Lexington and Concord, which took place about 10 miles west of Cambridge in 1775. The battle at Concord’s Old North Bridge is commemorated by The Minute Man, a statue in Concord sculpted by former MIT student Daniel Chester French, who would later become famous for sculpting the colossal marble statue of Abraham Lincoln at the Lincoln Memorial.

French, who lived from 1850 to 1931, spent less than a year at MIT as a student in the late 1860s. According to Chesterwood.org, the website for his historic property in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, he failed physics, algebra, and chemistry before leaving school to work and study with artists John Quincy Adams Ward and William Rimmer.

He was commissioned to execute The Minute Man, his first major monument, in 1873, and the statue was dedicated on the battles’ centenary on April 19, 1875. The seven-foot statue, which depicts a farmer armed with a rifle, launched his career. French spent parts of the next 15 years working in Boston, Washington, D.C., New York, Florence, and Paris.

By the turn of the 20th century, French was a sought-after artist based at Chesterwood, which would be designated a National Historic Landmark in 1965. In 1903, he sculpted Continents, a massive four-work piece at the entrance of the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House in New York City, which depicts four women symbolizing Asia, America, Europe, and Africa.

French produced more than 100 monuments, memorials, and other works during his career, and in 1914, he was selected to sculpt the Lincoln statue. The work took more than three years, and the finished piece, unveiled in 1922, elicited some controversy: some believe that Confederate general Robert E. Lee’s face is carved into Lincoln’s hair.

“What I wanted to convey was the mental and physical strength of the great war President and his confidence in his ability to carry the thing through to a successful finish,” French wrote in 1922.

While his time as a student was unremarkable, French’s Cambridge legacy is permanent. He sculpted the bronze sculpture of John Harvard in Harvard Yard that is a frequent target for MIT hackers, who have added a toilet stall door,vaio laptops for sale cheap, a brass rat, and an “Ask Me about My Lobotomy” sign over the years.

Because no photographic evidence exists to indicate what John Harvard actually looked like, an MIT urban legend suggests that French modeled the statue after one of his former MIT classmates.

Perhaps it was a hack, cast in bronze?
On a winter’s night in 1894, a 20-year-old Italian inventor named Guglielmo Marconi invited his mother into his attic workshop. Leading her to a table, he pressed a switch connected to an elaborate apparatus that produced a spark and a snapping sound. Instantly a bell sounded across the room. Marconi had linked the switch to the distant bell, but by sending a wireless signal through the air. The technology was primitive by modern standards but also strangely precocious. More than a century after the first “spark gap” transmitters crackled into life, wireless technology is returning to its roots. The latest ultrawideband wireless devices, which are just starting to appear on the market, have much in common with the very first transmitters. History is repeating itself.

The signals from those early transmitters built by Marconi and his contemporaries sprawled across the electromagnetic spectrum, unlike those from modern radio transmitters, which broadcast on particular frequencies. Today’s cutting-edge ultrawideband radios are now going back to transmitting over a wide range of frequencies simultaneously. They use very low power levels to avoid interference with traditional radio broadcasts: ultrawideband transmissions are invisible to conventional radios, and vice versa.

Like the system Marconi demonstrated to his mother, ultrawideband is initially being put to short-range use in the home. The technology will let you beam video from your camcorder to your television, or zap music files from your PC to your MP3 player. The first ultrawideband-capable consumer electronics products will go on sale in the first half of this year. Analysts believe that ultrawideband will eliminate bewildering tangles of wires and transform the way digital devices connect to each other.

Ultrawideband is not the only technology from the 19th century being dusted off for the 21st. William Grove built the first working fuel cell in 1845; the technology is now being readied to power a new generation of hydrogen vehicles. Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico have proposed using an update of 1816’s Stirling engine to power future space probes. And what are text messages if not a modern take on the telegram?

Just as soldiers study the history of warfare, today’s innovators could learn a thing or two by studying the history of technology. Internet coinventor Vinton Cerf points out that knowledge of history can make innovators aware of old technologies that might be applicable today. “Leonardo da Vinci had many inventions that really could not be built effectively in the 15th or 16th centuries because of a lack of suitable materials,” he says. “The latest technologies often produce opportunities to reapply earlier ideas more effectively.”

Understanding historical innovations can help in other ways too, says Lucian Hughes, director of research at Accenture’s Palo Alto, CA, laboratory. He uses historical examples to remind his staff that successful inventions often consist of systems rather than individual innovations. Edison, for instance, is remembered for inventing the light bulb, but it was useless on its own: Edison’s real innovation was the entire system of electrical generation, distribution, and lighting. “History provides inspiration through analogy,” concludes Hughes, whose father is Thomas Hughes, a prominent historian of technology.

Thomas Hughes suggests that as well as providing ideas and insights into why technologies succeed and fail, familiarity with the history of technology can also help innovators spot opportunities, in the form of “reverse salients,” which he defines as “components in the system that have fallen behind or are out of phase with the others.” As Edison’s electricity system expanded, for example, it became apparent that it could only supply electricity efficiently within a couple of kilometers of a generator. This reverse salient, identified by other inventors, led to the development of alternating-current distribution. Charting the development of technological systems, and spotting which parts are falling behind, can help innovators decide where to focus their efforts. Handheld devices, for example, are being held back because battery technology has not kept pace with energy demands, so several firms are now developing tiny fuel cells to power them.

Ultrawideband, fuel cells, Stirling engines, and even da Vinci’s proposed flying machines show that sometimes a good idea has to wait until the time is ripe, or until technological changes have transformed a drawback into a benefit. As they attempt to devise the technologies of the future, innovators would be foolish not to keep one eye on the past.

   评论人:dieo3818my  评论时间:2017/11/16
    First Quantum Computer With Quantum CPU And Separate Quantum RAM Computer scientists have built a superconducting number cruncher with a Von Neumann architecture that paves the way for a new era of quantum computation The Physics arXiv Blog The Future of Hydrogen Cars Proton OnSite''s lack of progress toward its proposed "hydrogen highway" demonstrates the low priority America gives this alternative fuel. Laurie Wiegler Business Report: The Era of E-Medicine With Watson,Wholesale nintendo, IBM Seeks to Sell Medical Knowledge As medicine grows more complex, doctors are about to get an ambitious new assistant: the IBM computing system that defeated humans on Jeopardy! A Future of Fossil Fuels EIA''s latest numbers shows a continuous growth in energy consumption, led by China and India. David Rotman How Negative Reviews Increase Sales Online Panos Ipeirotis set out to study the dollar value of online reputation, and along the way he discovered the counter-intuitive ways that reviews inform it Christopher Mims Turn Your Smart Phone Into a Robot Remote Control Here are two ways to show your robot who''s boss with your iPhone or Android. David Zax A Space Heater You Can Play Quidditch With The Dyson Hot resembles the hoop from the Harry Potter sport. Is it overdesigned? David Zax Artificial Fingerprints Help Robots Distinguish Shapes Fingerprints are signal processors for touch, enhancing the way we sense the world. Now robots have access to the same trick The Physics arXiv Blog Google Invites Everyone to Be Friends??on Its Social Network Anyone can now sign up for Google Plus, which has new features including mobile video "hangouts." Tom Simonite Turn That Music Down! New earphones aim to protect users'' hearing. Stephen Cass

   评论人:vbk3vyykvzm  评论时间:2017/11/16
    There are 15 secret “directions” in force under the Telecommunications Act enabling the intelligence services to collect bulk data about online and phone traffic, a surveillance watchdog has revealed.

The number of orders imposed on telephone and internet companies under section 94 of the 1984 legislation has been published for the first time by the interception of communications commissioner’s office (IOCCO). The firms involved have not been identified.


A further eight directions have been made to provide for emergency services and to protect security personnel, according to a report on the operation of the rarely disclosed powers.

Parliament does not have to be notified of section 94 directions and until last year they were not subject to formal oversight from any watchdog. Their operation will be reorganised under the investigatory powers bill although the IOCCO is pressing for stronger oversight of bulk communications data collection.

Related: Snooper''s charter: GCHQ will be licensed ''to hack a major town''

The 15 directions, or warrants, relate to traffic data, subscriber and service user information acquired by the government’s monitoring agency, GCHQ, and the national security service, MI5. They do not include the content of calls or emails.

Any secretary of state can sign a secret section 94 direction. Their use was so poorly recorded within Whitehall, the IOCCO said, that it was difficult to be sure it could account for every one ever issued.

Sir Stanley Burnton, the commissioner, said: “The review of section 94 has been extremely challenging. Our report highlights clearly the difficulties when statutes are operated in secret and without codified statutory procedures.


“We make extensive recommendations that the intelligence and law enforcement agencies must implement to clarify and bring consistency to their procedures, to remedy the lack of record-keeping requirements and to ensure that we can oversee properly how section 94 directions are given and used.”

Telephone and internet service companies have to comply with the orders and cannot reveal their existence. Directions are not time limited.


The report notes: “It is not an exaggeration to say that the lack of codified procedures made it challenging for us to piece together and determine historically what section 94 notices had been given,Cheap samsung projectors for sale, by whom and when, which ones had been modified and whether they were still extant or not.”

There are other section 94 orders that do not fall within the scope of the watchdog, including some relating to Ofcom and the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.

The report shows that some service providers subject to bulk collection orders were worried about publicity and whether information would be shared with foreign intelligence agencies.

Some of the public electronic communications networks (PECNs), the watchdog said,samsung 75 inch tvs for sale cheap, raised concerns “relating to reputational [and commercial] risks”. Others worried about whether bulk communications data they had disclosed had been shared with agencies in other jurisdictions. “In one case, a PECN had asked the agency to ensure that this did not happen and we were able to confirm that their data had not been shared with another jurisdiction,” the report says.

It revealed that in 2015 GCHQ “identified 141,251 communications addresses or identifiers of interest from communications data acquired in bulk pursuant to section 94 directions which directly contributed to an intelligence report”.

In the same year, MI5 “made 20,042 applications to access communications data obtained pursuant to section 94 directions. These applications related to 122,579 items of communications data.”

Millie Graham Wood, a legal officer at the campaign group Privacy International, said the report was “a damning verdict of the government and intelligence agencies’ use of very vague powers as a justification of mass surveillance of innocent people”.
She said it was “shocking and unacceptable” that there had never been a public or parliamentary debate about the use of the powers, and that rigorous oversight was vital. .
“Section 94 is tucked away in the ‘miscellaneous’ provisions of the 1984 Telecommunications Act and provides a very broad power to any secretary of state to give secret directions to any provider of a public electronic communications network. Communications providers can be instructed ‘to do,Buy canon lenses from china, or not to do’ anything specified and the direction does not automatically expire.
“The agencies have used this vague power to demand our internet and telephone network providers hand over huge swaths of our personal data. The intelligence agencies tell us that they need this data to conduct targeted searches, however, in 2015 GCHQ and MI5 searched bulk communications data databases for 263,830 communication addresses or identifiers. This is hardly looking for the needle in the haystack. We need robust oversight and a transparent authorisation process for access to data.”

   评论人:vbk3vyykvzm  评论时间:2017/11/16
    First Look Asia
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   评论人:vbk3vyykvzm  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:gkblgo95ou7  评论时间:2017/11/16
    According to media reports,hp laptops online wholesale, the 60 year old Romania folk singer Leah honey (Elena Milea) has a good voice, but also the local folk singer known to every family, but she had a wish recently, is hoping to break a virgin. According to the British "Metropolis Daily" reported that honey Leah claimed to have been guarding the 60 year old virgin, in the past she did not believe in love, so I do not need a man. Honey Leah said: " I saw and heard a lot of married women''s story, they did not have a happy ending, I do not want to be like them. " she also said that her family''s sisters in marriage and love have had bad experience, so she lost faith in love. But now, honey Leah said she saw " ", she decided to enter a life cycle after the change. Leah said on television, her spouse conditions include: the man is not too fat, to take care of her, believe in God, can not be a liar. Then television issued a statement pointed out that since the honey Leah finished condition after the meal time into TV matchmaker line, there are many viewers call in to the phone. But the television program is only for clarification, the honey Leah''s visit, not matchmaker programs, they will not take the initiative to provide honey Leah contact information to the audience.

   评论人:gkblgo95ou7  评论时间:2017/11/16
    

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   评论人:gkblgo95ou7  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:eetg2yguma3  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Neustart für Skype: Ab sofort steht Skype für Linux in der Beta-Version zum kostenlosen Download bereit.
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   评论人:eetg2yguma3  评论时间:2017/11/16
    MobileMule ist ein kostenloses Tool,discount canon lenses online store, um mit dem Handy Ihre eMule-Downloads zu überwachen.
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   评论人:eetg2yguma3  评论时间:2017/11/16
    BEIJING: Ant Financial, the finance affiliate of Alibaba Group Holding , and Indonesian media company Elang Mahkota Teknologi (Emtek) are to form a joint venture to offer payment and financial services in Indonesia.

The Emtek tie-up is Ant''s fifth international payments deal since November, seeking to tap Asia''s third-largest country by population as the company continues to extend its mobile finance empire outside China.

The new venture will initially take the form of a payments platform within BlackBerry''s messaging service, which has about 63 million users in Indonesia, the two companies said in a joint statement.

"Ant Financial has proven know-how in delivering payment and other financial solutions to a large and growing mobile audience in China ... and we are looking forward to replicating and creating this success in Indonesia,cheap sony ps4 pro," Emtek CEO Alvin Sariaatmadja said in the statement.

Ant''s Alipay payment app has 450 million users, the vast majority of which are in China, where it is the country''s most popular mobile wallet. The company also has an internet banking licence and offers financial services including insurance products and mutual funds.

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Ant has already struck deals with Thai payment company Ascend Money,Buy lg 55 inch tv online store, South Korea''s Kakao Pay Corp and Philippines-based fintech business Mynt. It also has plans to close further deals in Asia this year.

The Indonesian venture also comes as Ant faces off against U.S. company Euronet Worldwide to acquire Dallas-based Moneygram International, a remittance business that could play a significant role in linking Ant''s other payment assets in Asia.

Emtek, an investor in online marketplace Bukalapak.com and travel portal Reservasi.com, signed a strategic alliance with BlackBerry last June and will help Ant Financial to roll out a range of payment products anchored in the BlackBerry social messaging system (BBM) as well as payment services for unspecified e-commerce platforms in Indonesia.

An Ant Financial spokeswoman declined to comment on a timeline for when services by the new joint venture will be rolled out,Wholesale apple iphone se online store.

(Reporting by Cate Cadell; Editing by David Goodman)

   评论人:dlsi87oq27  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Have you ever read Bleak House, the Dickens classic in which lawyers fight incessantly over a disputed inheritance until they gobble it all up in legal fees? With the U.S. Patent Office now handing out a staggering number of patents on various methods of doing business-as opposed to actual inventions-it looks like we???re in for a modern-day remake. In today???s version of Jarndyce v. Jarndyce (the interminable Bleak House proceeding), lawyers haggle over these absurdly vague and broad patents, squandering not just money but the very innovation the patent system was established to stimulate.

For a preview of Bleak House 2: The Patent Years, consider last November???s appeals ruling in the case Interactive Gift Express Inc. v. CompuServe et al-a.k.a. the fight over U.S. Patent No. 4,528,643, ???System for Reproducing Information in Material Objects at a Point of Sale Location.??? One of the first patent infringement claims involving an e-commerce business method to reach the top (the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit), this case has seen almost as many judicial twists as the presidential election. I thought we had reached a sane solution in 1998, when a lower court took a narrow interpretation of the patent???s scope. But now, after several years of litigation that has tied up time and resources at more than 40 e-commerce companies, the appellate court has overturned the lower court on all five contested claims. What???s more,Cheap pcs, instead of definitively reversing the decision, it has remanded the case for-you guessed it-more legal proceedings.

The question in this case is whether the patent gives E-Data of Greenwich, CT (formerly Interactive Gift Express), an exclusive right to the underlying ???method??? of selling downloadable material-music, software, books, films and more-over the Internet. E-Data???s lawyers claim it does. They contend CompuServe (now part of America Online), Ziff Davis Publishing, Broderbund, Intuit, Waldenbooks, and other defendants-and by inference thousands of additional online businesses-infringe the patent whenever they sell downloadable material.

The result has been a judicial mess. But, to be fair, you can???t blame the courts alone. Like many other business-method patents, E-Data???s is so enticingly broad, so vaguely worded and so potentially lucrative it???s little wonder a dizzying succession of lawyers, financiers and small-time entrepreneurs want to cash in on it. (For the hairsplitting legalese of the appellate ruling and related documents, see /ige.htm.)

It all started in 1983, when electrical engineer Charles Freeny envisioned a networked computer system that could allow store owners to offer customers downloaded copies of products like books or sheet music. Freeny never tried to build such a system. Instead, he patented his idea and, finding little interest in it, sold the patent to a speculator in 1989.

After changing hands again, the Freeny patent resurfaced dramatically in 1996. That???s when new owner E-Data sent a letter to 75,000 companies threatening to sue if they didn???t pony up licensing fees. The campaign landed notable licensing agreements with IBM, Adobe and others. But it also sparked outrage, paving the way for the current litigation, which has lawyers on both sides poring over the ambiguous text like alchemists hoping to spin gold from pig iron. Consider the phrase ???point of sale location.??? The case has hinged in part on whether this can include people???s homes, or just stores. Now, as the case returns to the courtroom, the judge has been ordered to let the participants dive deeper into the quagmire by considering whether the patent covers downloading data to a hard disk or only to some more tangible format like CD-ROM. (More legalistic alchemy, since the patent itself mentions neither device specifically.)

As this case shows clearly, business-method patents tend to be so, well, ???fuzzy??? they are difficult, if not impossible, to adjudicate by wrangling over such particulars. Rather than affording a limited monopoly on a new, improved design for a mousetrap or vacuum cleaner, as patents are reasonably intended to do, method patents confer a monopoly on a broad concept-the equivalent of inventing the idea of ???catching mice with a trap??? or ???using a suction device to clean carpets.???

This point is fundamental. Because such patents are, by their nature, nearly impossible for competitors to work around, they are likely to stymie innovation rather than spur it. It???s all the more worrisome when you consider that this case is the tip of an enormous iceberg. Thousands of broad business-method patents have issued since Freeny???s, and the Patent Office says it now receives some 2,500 such applications annually in the software field alone. Which means that until Congress can come to its senses and bring the long-running IP Bleak House serial to an end, we???re facing a scenario only a patent attorney could possibly love.

   评论人:dlsi87oq27  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Stanley Johnson’s father was an MIT athletic trainer who encouraged his son to get involved in track and field events in high school and urged him to stay in shape for the rest of his life. And the advice has served Johnson well: at 95, he is thriving in Arden, NC, with only a bit of trouble getting around on his walker. “I wouldn’t want to live to 107 like my mother did,” he muses, “but my brain works a little bit, so I can get along.”

As an MIT student,Buy cameras online store, Johnson competed in Olympic trials with the legendary athlete Jesse Owens and, although he didn’t make the Olympics, set an MIT outdoor long-jump record of 24 feet, 2 inches. That record lasted 74 years, until Stephen Morton ‘10 broke it last year–by a quarter-inch. Johnson still holds the indoor MIT long-jump record of 23 feet, 6? inches, set in 1935. In his freshman year, he broke a hurdle record held by Henry Steinbrenner ‘27, who won the national championship in the 220-yard hurdles as an undergraduate.

After earning his MIT degree in metallurgy, Johnson took a job with U.S. Steel in Pittsburgh. He and his wife, Astrid, whom he married in 1945, then moved to Europe, where Johnson worked for four years–first in Sweden and then in Belgium–as a metallurgical engineer and in sales. He stayed with U.S. Steel for nearly 50 years until retiring in the early 1980s. Ultimately, he worked as manager of purchasing, buying raw materials for all of U.S. Steel’s American plants.

Johnson still enjoys reminiscing about his MIT days, when he got to class by walking across the Harvard Bridge from his Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity house. He also remembers that outdoor athletes had to work particularly hard in the winter: they had to shovel the snow off the track before they could race. “We didn’t have a crew that prepped the track. We did it,” he says. “Then we ran on it … and we won it.”

Johnson and his wife celebrated 60 years of marriage before she died in 2006. He has a son, Steven, a daughter, Elizabeth, and three grandchildren.
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   评论人:dlsi87oq27  评论时间:2017/11/16
    A decade-plus of anthropological fieldwork among hackers and like-minded geeks has led me to the firm conviction that these people are building one of the most vibrant civil liberties movements we’ve ever seen. It is a culture committed to freeing information, insisting on privacy, and fighting censorship, which in turn propels wide-ranging political activity. In the last year alone, hackers have been behind some of the most powerful political currents out there.

Freedom fighters: A protester wearing a mask takes part in a march protesting SOPA and ACTA in Dublin, Ireland, in February 2012.
Before I elaborate, a brief word on the term “hacker” is probably in order. Even among hackers, it provokes debate. For instance, on the technical front, a hacker might program, administer a network, or tinker with hardware. Ethically and politically, the variability is just as prominent. Some hackers are part of a transgressive, law-breaking tradition, their activities opaque and below the radar. Other hackers write open-source software and pride themselves on access and transparency. While many steer clear of political activity, an increasingly important subset rise up to defend their productive autonomy, or engage in broader social justice and human rights campaigns.

Despite their differences, there are certain ?websites and conferences that bring the various hacker clans together. Like any political movement, it is internally diverse but, under the right conditions, individuals with distinct abilities will work in unison toward a cause.

Take, for instance, the reaction to the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA), a far-reaching copyright bill meant to curtail piracy online. SOPA was unraveled before being codified into law due to a massive and elaborate outpouring of dissent driven by the hacker movement.

The linchpin was a “Blackout Day”—a Web-based protest of unprecedented scale. To voice their opposition to the bill, on January 17, 2012, nonprofits, some big Web companies, public interest groups, and thousands of individuals momentarily removed their websites from the Internet and thousands of other citizens called or e-mailed their representatives. Journalists eventually wrote a torrent of articles. Less than a week later, in response to these stunning events, SOPA and?PIPA,?its counterpart in the Senate, were tabled (see “SOPA Battle Won, but War Continues”).

The victory hinged on its broad base of support cultivated by hackers and geeks. The participation of corporate giants like Google, respected Internet personalities like Jimmy Wales, and the civil liberties organization EFF was crucial to its success. But the geek and hacker contingent was palpably present, and included, of course, Anonymous. Since 2008, activists have rallied under this banner to initiate targeted demonstrations, publicize various wrongdoings, leak sensitive data, engage in digital direct action, and provide technology assistance for revolutionary movements.

As part of the SOPA protests, Anonymous churned out videos and propaganda posters and provided constant updates on several prominent Twitter accounts, such as Your Anonymous News, which are brimming with followers. When the blackout ended, corporate players naturally receded from the limelight and went back to work. Anonymous and others, however, continue to fight for Internet freedoms.

In fact, just the next day, on January 18, 2012, federal authorities orchestrated the takedown of the popular file-sharing site MegaUpload. The company’s gregarious and controversial founder Kim Dotcom was also arrested in a dramatic early morning raid in New Zealand. The removal of this popular website was received ominously by Anonymous activists: it seemed to confirm that if bills like SOPA become law, censorship would become a far more common fixture on the Internet. Even though no court had yet found Kim Dotcom guilty of piracy, his property was still confiscated and his website knocked off the Internet.

As soon as the news broke, Anonymous coordinated its largest distributed denial of service campaign to date. It took down a slew of websites, including the homepage of Universal Music, the FBI, the U.S. Copyright Office, the Recording Industry Association of America, and the Motion Picture Association of America.

Just a few weeks later, in Europe, as massive online and offline demonstrations, notably in Denmark and Poland, were unfolding to protest ACTA, another international copyright agreement, Anonymous again appeared (see “Europeans Protest Anti-Piracy Treaty”). After the Polish government agreed to ratify ACTA, Anonymous took down a slew of government websites and publicized street protests sweeping Krakow. Soon after, the left-leaning Polish Party, Palikot’s Movement Party, adopted the signature Anonymous symbol, the Guy Fawkes masks, wearing them during a parliamentary session to protest ACTA. Amidst this and many other outcries, the European Union scrapped this proposed law in July 2012.

So powerful was Anonymous in these events that a few weeks after they passed, I received a call from a venture capitalist involved with organizing the SOPA protests. He wanted to learn more about how Anonymous operated and whether its participants could be harnessed a little more directly. The beauty and frustration of Anonymous lies in an unruly and unpredictable spontaneity—as they like to boast, “We are not your personal army.” But his intuition—that they were an important part of the mix—was correct.

One key ingredient to the success of Anonymous lies in its participatory nature, especially when compared to spheres of hacker action where technical skill is a prerequisite for participation (and often respect). Skilled hackers are indeed vital to Anonymous’s networks—they set up communication infrastructure and grab most of the headlines—for instance, when they hack into servers to search for information on government or corporate corruption. Hacking, however, still remains one tool of many (and some Anonymous subgroups oppose hacking and defacing). There is other work to be done: stirring press releases to write, propaganda posters to design, and videos to edit. Geeks and hackers may have different skills sets, but they are often traveling companions online, ingesting similar news, following similar geeky cultural currents, and defending Internet freedom, although using distinct methods and styles of organizing.

The depth, extent, and especially diversity of this geek political movement was made evident to me just recently, not at an official political event but at a memorial service that doubled as an informal political rally. Over a thousand people gathered in New York City’s regal Cooper Union Hall to honor Aaron Swartz, a hacker and self-proclaimed activist who had recently taken his own life, some say due to government overreach in his federal case concerning the legality of downloading millions of academic articles from MIT’s library website (see “Why Aaron Swartz’s Ideas Matter”).

They spoke about Aaron’s life, quirky personality, and especially his political accomplishments and aspirations. Like his peers, he abhorred censorship, and thus naturally joined the fight against SOPA; the service featured snippets of his famous keynote address at the Freedom to Connect conference from May 2012, when Swartz said, “It was really stopped by the people themselves.” He had been instrumental in fundamental ways, for he had founded an organization, Demand Progress, a nonprofit that had effectively harnessed this citizen discontent over SOPA through petitions and other campaigns.

Unlike Anonymous, which has no single mission,apple iphone 7 256gb for sale cheap, physical address, or official spokesperson, Demand Progress is an institution with a board and executive director located in the heart of political power, Washington, D.C. Although it channels, quite effectively, grassroots activities in the service of protecting civil liberties, a contained group can co?rdinate action with deliberation and precision.

Clearly geeks and hackers are behind distinct modalities of political organizing, willing to deploy a diverse array of tactics. Demand Progress, along with the prominence of the Pirate Party in Western Europe, demonstrates the willingness of geeks and hackers to work within existing institutional channels. And all signs point to this type of traditional political activity becoming more common. But it will likely exist alongside the loosely organized acts of disobedience, defiance, and protests that have also become more frequent and visible in the last few years, in large part thanks to Anonymous.

But on that Saturday afternoon, any differences were largely cast aside in favor of standing united in grief, in commemoration, especially in the conviction that the battle to preserve civil liberties has really only just begun.??

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   评论人:dieo3600zg  评论时间:2017/11/16
    In the last few years, head-up displays (HUDs), which project information onto the driver’s view of the road, have started appearing in a few high-end cars. But a more compact kind of projection device, small enough to fit inside a rearview mirror, could see this kind of display more widely deployed.

Wing vision: Holographic projection creates a head-up display in a vehicle’s wing mirror.
A head-up display overlays information on a normal view of the road. For example, symbols can be used to show the car’s current speed or the distance to the vehicle ahead without the driver having to look away from the road.

This story is part of our November/December 2009 Issue See the rest of the issue
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The new projection device, developed by Light Blue Optics, based in Cambridge, UK, uses a technique called holographic projection that allows it to be far smaller than current in-car HUD systems. “We can make an HUD so small you can put it into a rearview mirror or wing mirror,” says Edward Buckley, Light Blue Optics’s head of business development.

Details of Light Blue Optics’s prototype were presented today at the Society for Information Display’s Vehicles and Photons 2009 symposium, in Dearborn, MI. The prototype projects an image through a two-way wing mirror so that it appears to be about 2.5 meters away, superimposed over the reflected road scene. The picture appears to originate from a point in space in front of the mirror, only from a narrow perspective.

Existing HUDs require relatively large liquid-crystal arrays and optics to generate an image, says Buckley. “In a BMW 5 Series, the size is about five litres,” he says. “We can make it about one-tenth of the size. This means you can start to put these virtual image displays where you couldn’t previously.”

Holographic projection uses constructive and destructive interference of light to make up the picture, allowing the device to be much smaller. “[Size is] the number-one detriment in getting HUDs into vehicles,” says Mark Larry, an expert on in-car displays at Ford who co-chaired the symposium.

Holographic projectors use liquid crystal on silicon (LCOS) to modulate beams of red,samsung phones for sale, green, and blue laser light to create a complete image. Holographic projection does not actually involve creating a hologram, but rather uses principles of holography to create a projected image through optical interference. Buckley says the technology could work equally well on a forward-facing display such as a windshield.

The image appears in focus behind the front of the mirror. “You get the optics to define a sort of point in space where the driver can see the image, but outside that, there is nothing,” Buckley says.

The big advantage of HUDs is improved vehicle safety, Buckley says. It takes a certain amount of time for the muscles in the eyes to adjust their focus, which has safety implications. “At speeds of 100 kilometers an hour, this can cost you 22 meters in stopping distance,” he says.

Steven Stringfellow, a lead engineering specialist in HUDs for General Motors in Warren, MI, notes that HUDs are becoming increasingly common. “Once someone drives with one, the universal reply is that they never want another car without one,” he says. “The safety benefits become obvious in daily use. More features are being added as higher-resolution displays become available.”

It is not the first time holographic projection has been explored for vehicle HUDs, says Sven Krueger, founder of Holoeye, a German company that is also exploring their use. But historically, the use of lasers has created a speckle effect–bright specks of light occur in the field of vision, typically caused by aberrations in the mirror. “And you have to have enough processing power to generate the holograms in real time,” he says.

Light Blue Optics’s core technology includes a more efficient hardware chip as well as software for driving the holographic engine.

“We see holographic projection still at an early stage with these hurdles to overcome,” says Krueger. “We’re not there yet.”

Light Blue Optics is in discussions with several manufacturers, but “it takes at least four years to bring a mature research concept to market,” says Buckley.

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Over the last 35 years, the transistors that make up computer chips have steadily shrunk, leading to smaller, faster and cheaper PCs. But while transistors perform the chip??s computations, they can??t do their work without other key electronic components-the resistors, capacitors and inductors that store and route power across circuit boards. Typically plunked down on the surface of a circuit board, these components have hardly shrunk over time, and they hog prime computing real estate-like a parking lot in downtown Manhattan. This places severe limits on how much smaller cell phones, personal digital assistants and computers can be made.

Several companies are now on the verge of breaking these limits by shrinking the components and integrating or embedding them into the circuit board to make computers even smaller. Others pack the miniaturized components together with microchips, then attach those combined units to the board. Manufacturers could soon shrink circuit boards to fit into smaller devices or fit more chips onto a circuit board. With close to 100 integrated components set to launch by year??s end, cell phones may be a step closer to playing MP3s, Web browsing and acting as organizers all at once.

Key to making this happen has been? the integration of power storage devices called capacitors. Fayetteville, AR-based Integral Wave Technologies has accomplished that with photolithography-the technique used to pattern the tiny silicon transistors on microchips. The company targets products to high-end computer chip makers and what firm president Michael Yates calls the ??shrink-and-cram?? market: wireless- and handheld-computer manufacturers. Other companies, like Intarsia in Fremont, CA, and Lucent Technologies spinoff SyChip, are also aiming products at the wireless market.

??Everyone knows we??re going to integration,?? says University of Arkansas electronics researcher Richard Ulrich, who works for Integral Wave. ??We??re just trying to figure out the materials and how.?? Within three to six years, the technology could play a major role in creating multi-tasking cell phones and handheld computers with the same capabilities as today??s laptop.?

   评论人:dieo3600zg  评论时间:2017/11/16
    The video consumption experience provided by traditional distributors—TV companies—has never been further from the one consumers would prefer. The increasing prevalence of mobile devices with access to video has only widened the gulf, to the point that those old distribution models are confronting a serious challenge (see our feature on Apple TV).

Rapid adoption of mobile Internet-connected devices is changing the way consumers think about and experience video. Touch screens offer a natural control surface. Browsing large collections of video content is easy, and controlling the viewing experience is simple and straightforward. Consumers want their videos to be available to them at all times, wherever they may be, on whatever device they have with them. People are also now accustomed to being surrounded by multiple screens as a natural part of life. We are all familiar with the scene of a family watching television from the couch, each viewer with a mobile device in hand.

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What people really want is control over their viewing experience, total mobility, and true on-demand viewing for all types of content. The current aggregators and distributors of video content seem to want just the opposite—an experience focused on the television, with a confusing array of windows and tiers for viewing, controlled by the provider. This model from the past, with its high overhead for the consumer, is increasingly difficult to defend in an interconnected, mobile world. The television is a great way to play back video, but it is a poor and cumbersome delivery vehicle for anything more. In the end, it is just one more screen.

   评论人:vbg2vyykmls  评论时间:2017/11/16
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    Avira Phantom VPN: Kostenlose Android Anonymisier-App zum Download Die Bedienung der App gestaltet sich sehr simpel: Mit ?Meine Verbindung sichern? bewegen Sie sich fortan über einen der VPN-Server durchs Web und verwischen somit all Ihre Spuren. Um den Server-Standort zu wechseln tippen Sie einfach das den unterstrichenen Namen des aktuellen Standorts an. Sollten Sie mehr als die 500 MByte freien Traffic ben?tigen, k?nnen Sie das Kontingent auf einen GByte aufstocken, indem Sie sich kostenlos registrieren. Sollte auch das nicht ausreichen, nutzen Sie den Dienst in der Pro-Version für rund 60 Euro im Jahr unbegrenzt. Insgesamt stehen aktuell zehn Server-Standorte zur kostenlosen Verwendung bereit. Manuell ausw?hlen k?nnen Sie Deutschland, die Schweiz, ?sterreich, Tschechien, Spanien, Polen,Wholesale samsung laptops, Rum?nien, Schweden,Cheap dell laptops, England und die USA. Damit sind die wichtigsten L?nder vertreten, um die meisten Web-Dienste mit L?ndersperren freizuschalten. Fazit: "Avira Phantom VPN" ist ein sehr guter VPN-Client für Ihr Android-Smartphone, mit dem Sie bis zu einem GByte kostenlosen Traffic im Monat erhalten. Auch der Preis für die Pro-Version ist angemessen. Neben der mobilen App steht auch eine Version für Windows zur Verfügung. Hinweis: Diese Anwendung erfordert Android OS 4.0.3 oder h?her. ?ber den Download-Button werden Sie zum Google Play Store geführt,samsung 78 inch tvs for sale, über den Sie die Software installieren k?nnen. App installieren

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    A?new computer model could soon help researchers determine how best to treat patients during the early stages of heart disease and how to promote healing after surgery or stroke. Using data from previously published research, Thomas Skalak and his colleagues devised more than 50 rules that, together, can predict how cells involved in the development of new blood vessels will respond to stimuli such as growth proteins or drugs. Skalak, the chair of the biomedical engineering department at the University of Virginia, hopes the model will help researchers figure out which existing or potential drugs-and what specific sequence of drugs-will stimulate new vessels to form in tissue damaged by injury or disease. “I consider it a breakthrough,iphone 6s 128gb for sale,” says Steve Burbeck, a senior researcher at IBM Life Sciences. “This model can highlight therapeutic regimens that you would never find by trial and error.” A patent for the model is pending, and Skalak is seeking a pharmaceutical company or startup with which to partner.

   评论人:dkel65ch12  评论时间:2017/11/16
    With Firefox OS, an $80 Smartphone Tries to Prove Its Worth Despite limitations,sony projectors online store, the Firefox OS-running ZTE Open shows promise for low-cost smartphones. Rachel Metz The Clever Circuit That Doubles Bandwidth A Stanford startup’s new radio can send and receive information on the same frequency—an advance that could double the speed of wireless networks. David Talbot AI Startup Says It Has Defeated Captchas Brain-mimicking software can reliably solve a test meant to separate humans from machines. Rachel Metz Automated Manufacturing for 3-D Printers Drawing on artificial-intelligence capabilities, PARC researchers are developing software meant to help make manufacturing accessible to people without manufacturing expertise. Mike Orcutt Why the U.K. Wants a Genomic National Health Service The U.K. plans to sequence 100,000 National Health Service patients by 2017—in a bold push to be a genomic medicine leader. Susan Young A Lifeline for a Cellulosic-Biofuel Company $100 million in new funding will keep the woodchip-to-gasoline company Kior afloat, for now. Kevin Bullis Cutting-Edge Ads Have Enabled Web Businesses to Flourish Innovations in digital advertising and consumers’ willingness to share their data have made the growth of free and cheap online services possible. Scott Jacobson News You Won’t Recognize the First Automated Vehicles Self-driving cars are likely to be delayed by the challenges of integrating them with today’s roads, traffic, and human drivers. Sven Beiker News How to Solve Unaffordable Drug Prices in the United States The newest cancer drugs cost over $100,000 for a year of treatment. There are fairer ways to set prices. Hagop Kantarjian News Review: Qualcomm’s Toq Is a Watch Smart Enough to Keep It Simple Qualcomm shows how a smart watch can make sense: by offering only limited functions. Tom Simonite

   评论人:dkel65ch12  评论时间:2017/11/16
    The Mitochondria Close-Up and in Color Super-resolution images show the metabolizing organelle at work. Katherine Bourzac House Committee Approves Flawed Cap-and-Trade Bill Congress fails to learn from the cap and trade failures in Europe. Kevin Bullis Where the Equivalence Principle Breaks Down Modified gravity theories violate the equivalence principle. If they are correct, we should see the effect in nearby galaxies. The Physics arXiv Blog Giant Lens May Be Distorting Echo of the Big Bang The pattern imprinted on the cosmic microwave background may have its origins in the Solar System. The Physics arXiv Blog Stream Computing Moves Forward IBM will sell software that analyzes data in real time. Kate Greene How Gravitational Waves Could Generate Radio Signals The radio signals produced by passing gravitational waves could make them easier to detect. The Physics arXiv Blog Transistor Theory Fundamentally Flawed Incomplete understanding of noise in transistors will soon impede efforts to make low-power chips. Katherine Bourzac Modeling Sneaky Robots Researchers create a stealth-mode behavior Kristina Grifantini View Recycling Robot Shows Clutter-Sorting Skills A new vision system can identify objects within clutter. Kristina Grifantini View How to Find Bugs in Giant Software Programs A study of the distribution of bugs within large software programs should make it easier to find errors. The Physics arXiv Blog Editions Find your preferred version. Choose from six languages and in 13 regions worldwide. Archives Explore 114 years of innovation from the most respected technology publication. Lists Discover the most important people, companies and technologies shaping our future. Events Attend one of our over 400 thought-provoking live events worldwide. Subscribers Have MIT Technology Review delivered to your doorstep,Cheap lg tv, desktop, or tablet? More

   评论人:ge4bhyzin97  评论时间:2017/11/16
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    Our approach to external linking How links are chosen for BBC Online
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    In some ways putting out a magazine is a little like producing a play. We have our own scenery (our graphic design), a cast (our editors, writers, and graphic artists), and a script that we work from (the editorial focus of the magazine).

Right now it feels as if we’re working hard here behind the curtain at 201 Vassar Street on the edge of the MIT campus to make sure that our production is ready to open on time, with everything polished and in place.

The new scenery (the graphic design that David Herbick of Civilization magazine has been working so hard on) is almost complete. We’ve seen several rounds of preliminary designs from David for feature stories and the new departments, and we’re all very pleased. The new design will be open, clean, contemporary, and highly readable-an excellent combination of cutting-edge style and the substance you expect from MIT.

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The new cast is arriving now. Almost every Monday brings the arrival of a talented new player to our offices. By the time the first issue of the “new” TR is published, the cast and crew will be complete. The script that we’re all working from-the magazine’s new editorial structure-has gone through several rewrites and is just about ready for the public. The new arrivals are walking about backstage memorizing their lines and cueing one another if they forget.

A word or two about the script that we’ll be working from. In response to my previous “First Line” column, in which I began talking about the new editorial focus of the magazine, I received some responses from one or two readers who were upset about the change. That’s perfectly understandable. Change in familiar objects is inevitably disturbing, and TR has been not only familiar but of consistently high quality. Therefore, the concern is something that we sympathize with.

Yet there is one specific kind of concern that I would like to allay because I think it’s unwarranted. That is the concern that Technology Review, in its new incarnation, will become a magazine that is, as some of you put it, “boosterish” about technology and that therefore fails to appreciate the implications and context of innovation. That isn’t the case. Our new focus on innovation doesn’t by any means imply that we will be talking only about the latest innovations and how they work. We will be discussing those issues,Cheap canon lenses for sale, of course. We think they’re important. But that isn’t all we’ll be talking about. Far from it. Our concept of innovation ranges widely to include the entire context of technology-personal, organizational, social, cultural, economic, global.

In fact, some of the most interesting thinkers about innovation today argue that it isn’t possible to separate technology and human organization in any straightforward way. The most important examples of innovation, they argue, always combine hardware (and, today, software) with a specific kind of human context. And Technology Review will be very sensitive to the human context. We’ll be asking what kinds of organizations are capable of innovation and which are not. We’ll be looking critically at the effects of innovation on society and culture. In our articles we will never forget that technology is a human activity and not a disembodied abstraction.

Indeed, without giving too much away, I would like to tell you that the very first cover story from the “new” TR (the May/June issue) will very much focus on the context of innovation: what corporations and society as a whole must do to remain successful during periods like the present that are marked by rapid innovation, economic globalization, and great volatility. I hope you’ll find this exclusive piece a rich prologue to our efforts.

In addition to these changes in scripting, we are, as I mentioned above, going through changes in our cast of players. And I’d like to take this time and space to acknowledge and thank a group of seven people who have given a great deal of themselves to Technology Review during their tenure here. That group includes: Art Director Kathy Sayre, Senior Designers Nancy Cahners and Lori Nollet-Damon, Senior Editors Laura van Dam and Faith Hruby, MIT News Editor Susan Lewis, and Office Manager Peggy Shea. The high quality of Technology Review-along with its many awards and honors over the years-is due in large measure to the work of this group. We are grateful to them and we wish them well as they move on to new scripts and new scenery.

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Backed by rich private investors, proton therapy, a highly precise but expensive form of radiation used to treat cancer, is booming in China. The country has gone from having no operating proton therapy centers two and a half years ago to having two in operation today plus at least 43 more proton projects in various stages of development, according to China Particle Therapy News, an industry newsletter.

“Proton therapy is going into overdrive,” says Zeng Xianwen, a leading radiation oncologist with 60 years of experience in the field. Zeng is positive on the development but cautions that the treatment is not a cure-all.

Advocates hold that proton-beam therapy is better than conventional radiation treatment based on X-rays because protons release most of their energy on the tumor and then stop, causing less damage to nearby healthy tissue. And researchers, including Zeng, are looking for ways to further improve the therapy by minimizing its impact on skin and other tissue the radiation travels through to reach the tumor.
Proton therapy equipment from Belgium''s IBA. The company will be equipping a new center in Qingdao, China.
But studies of proton therapy have been limited, and their authors say more work in this area is needed. For example, a 2014 study of childhood brain tumor survivors supports the idea that proton therapy may lead to a better quality of life for patients when compared to conventional radiation, but its authors say more study is needed to prove that. Another paper published earlier this year concludes that despite its higher cost, proton therapy “offers promising cost-effectiveness” for childhood brain tumors and some types of breast, lung, and head and neck cancer. This study, however, was based on limited data, and its authors warn that the conclusion could change as more evidence becomes available.

Proton centers are far more expensive to build than conventional radiation suites. Traditionally centers cost hundreds of millions of dollars to build. Even new, more compact designs cost between $25 million and $30 million per system.

Rather than stemming from demand from the medical community, this building spree in China originates from the country’s shifting economic winds. Chinese investors have seen returns from traditionally lucrative stakes in manufacturing and real estate decline in recent years, and that has made investment in medical centers, particularly ones focused on a cutting-edge technology, an area of increasing popularity, says Yu Hongxia, general manager of APH Medical, a subsidiary of a medical supplies company that is investing 1.6 billion yuan ($240 million) in a proton center in southeastern China.

Further encouraging this interest is a 2015 decision by the government to relax restrictions on the importing of medical equipment. That made it easy to purchase proton-beam systems from foreign manufacturers.

Some worry these centers could further worsen the existing disparity of health care between what the rich and well-connected receive and the average citizen. Although detailed pricing information for the new centers is not yet available, it is certain to be expensive. The going rate for an average treatment at a proton center in Shanghai, one of two operating today, is 278,000 yuan ($41,636). Patients pay for that out of their own pocket. No insurance policy covers proton therapy in China today.

Others question whether China has the medical expertise needed to staff so many centers. Some of the hospitals that have teamed up with private investors to build proton centers have never had radiation oncology departments, and there are few professionals experienced with providing proton therapy. As a result, Hu Yimin, chief medical physicist at Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, worries that patients may suffer. “We should develop proton therapy, but not in such haste,” he says.

Chao, a 28-year-old who underwent proton therapy treatment two years ago, would argue the centers can’t open quickly enough.

In early 2014, when a doctor told her that a rare cancerous tumor nestled at the base of her skull had begun to grow again after two surgeries, Chao, who declined to have her full name published in order to protect her privacy, says she didn’t know what to do. A second doctor suggested proton therapy, but it wasn’t then available in China.

That fall, her family scratched together 200,000 yuan ($29,954) and took her to a cancer center in Japan for treatment. “I was lucky,” says Chao, seated recently in her brightly lit office in Beijing. Her tumor is no longer growing, and she’s working full-time again.

   评论人:dkel55uk87  评论时间:2017/11/16
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The problem with mobile phones, says Allan Knies, associate director of Intel Research at Berkeley, is that everyone wants them to perform like a regular computer, despite their relatively paltry hardware. Byung-Gon Chun, a research scientist at Intel Research Berkeley, thinks that he might have the solution to that problem: create a supercharged clone of your smart phone that lives in “the cloud” and let it do all the computational heavy lifting that your phone is too wimpy to handle.
Face in the cloud: CloneCloud allows processor-intensive applications, like this prototype face-recognition application, to be offloaded to remote servers.
CloneCloud, invented by Chun and his colleague Petros Maniatis, uses a smart phone’s high-speed connection to the Internet to communicate with a copy of itself that lives in a cloud-computing environment on remote servers. The prototype runs on Google’s Android mobile operating system and seamlessly offloads processor-intensive tasks to its cloud-based double. Details of the project will be revealed at the HotOS XII conference in Switzerland later this month.

It’s a trick not unlike the way that many Web-based applications, such as Google Docs, run on remote servers. The difference is that because CloneCloud creates a perfect copy of the phone’s software, it can take on literally any processor-intensive task that it calculates it can do faster than the phone itself, after weighing the amount of time and battery life required to transfer the required data.

The big benefit of CloneCloud is battery-life extension, which would naturally follow from lower utilization of the phone’s CPU. Chun imagines that this could become a competitive advantage for vendors, like free voice mail or unlimited data plans.

But CloneCloud wouldn’t just make smart phones more efficient: it could also make them more capable. A test application developed by Chun performs face recognition on photos. It required 100 seconds of processor time on a standard Android phone, but it finished in only one second when run by a clone of the phone running on a desktop computer. Because the software runs on a cloud-computing platform, it can be scaled in terms of the amount of both memory allocated and processing power, both of which increase performance on computationally intensive tasks.

Security could be an important potential application of CloneCloud. Ya-Yunn Su, a researcher at NEC Laboratories, in New Jersey, who previously developed a prototype system similar to CloneCloud, notes that “as smart phones become mini general-purpose computers, more of the problems we see in desktops, like viruses, will become smart-phone problems.” Virus scans, which involve checking the entire file system of a device, are exactly the sort of process that Chun envisions CloneCloud accomplishing in the background, even while the smart phone is off.

On the other hand, like all cloud-based services, CloneCloud could create a whole new class of security vulnerabilities–the sort that arise when all of a user’s private data is stored on publicly accessible servers. “Even after you address the technical issues,Buy asus laptops wholesale, how can you get users to trust the cloud?” asks Su.

Maniatis, Chun’s collaborator on CloneCloud, notes that the team is working on a number of different methods to secure CloneCloud. One approach, known as “private data disclosure detection” or “taint checking,” examines all of the variables in a program that could be affected by inputs from outside sources, in order to detect whether these inputs contain data inserted for malicious purposes. Taint checking is extremely processor intensive, which means that CloneCloud could be a unique enabler for it on mobile devices. “We’re using execution in the cloud to run e-mail applications in an environment where you can do this emulation without waiting for the heat death of the universe for your smart phone to finish,” says Maniatis.

CloneCloud could be bedeviled by another issue that prevented earlier research into offloading computation from mobile devices from being commercialized: network latency and bandwidth limitations. “When they did research on this in the late ’90s,” says Chun, “their wireless connection was a modem, 28.8 kbps. You can imagine that sending data on this connection could take quite a long time.” Smart phones now use much faster wireless technologies: Wi-Fi, 3G, Bluetooth, and, eventually, 4G and WiMax. But the speed of the phone’s connection and the power consumption required to transmit data may still limit the kinds of tasks for which CloneCloud can be used.

Chun says that network latency can be masked: the phone could guess what the outcome of a particular process might be and proceed until told otherwise, for example. But it’s clear that some applications, like games, would require connections faster than those currently available and might rapidly drain a phone’s battery.

Ultimately, Chun envisions that the research behind CloneCloud will help intelligently shuffle tasks to the fastest, or most power-efficient, processor in a data center. This application is especially relevant at Intel, which makes everything from the energy-sipping Atom processors used in netbooks to powerful (and power-hungry) Nehalem processors used in Web servers. “There will be a family of heterogeneous devices, and you would like to move the computing job to the one that makes most sense; from that standpoint, it is a great idea,” says Knies.

The same approach could someday allow a computing environment to be unshackled from any one particular device. “You could come home and sit down at a mobile Internet device and have it transfer content and calculations to your desktop PC,” says Knies. “You could imagine what that would enable in terms of sharing information between devices in the home and the mobile device you have on you all the time.”

   评论人:dedlcoe8o73  评论时间:2017/11/16
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    From 1038 to 1227, Chinese in northwest,Cheap desktops, there is a song, Liao (gold) and the minority Daxia kingdom a situation of tripartite confrontation of feudal dynasty, because of its territory, including Gansu, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Qinghai, parts of Xinjiang, located in the northwest of our country, so the history known as the " Xixia; ". Xixia is from eleventh Century to thirteenth Century to a branch of the ancient Qiang Dangxiang people as the main body, including part of the Han and other ethnic groups established minority feudal separatist regime. If from 881 A.D. Tuoba Sigong in Shaanxi this summer, north of the establishment of regime since 1227 by Gen Gi Khan to do so, the Xixia kingdom had a long history of 347 years; if the emperor Li Yuanhao from 1038 formally established the Xixia Dynasty date, also has 189 years of history. Dangxiang people are how to grow up? According to historical records, Dangxiang people originally lived in present-day Sichuan, Tibet and Qinghai provinces border area, " area occupied; East West pine, leaf support, South Spring mulberry, North spit muddy, have more than 3000 ". As their tribal name to name, a " not married, no grain, soil " primitive nomadic life. In the early Tang Dynasty, gradually moved to the eastern part of Gansu, the northern part of Shaanxi. The late Tang Dynasty, settled in the Xia state (now Shaanxi Hengshan County West Area) Dangxiang Ping Xia, in the Tang Dynasty crackdown on Huang Chao peasant uprising, the chief of Tuoba Sigong was hardly Jiedushi, Prince Guogong summer. Since then, gradually become a strong local separatist forces. Song Zhaochu, Li Jiqian (noble Dangxiang Tuoba Ngong descendants) of anti Liao Song, Liao letter for the king of Xiping. In 1002, Li Jiqian captured this Ningxia Lingwu City, southwest of the spirit of the state government of Xiping, and because of its " Beikong Heshuo, South Qing Liang, according to Zhu Lu upstream, hold the Key West, and people are Lihao " Xi Huafeng, and many other advantages, so in the capital Xiping, continue to expand their power, establish the foundation for the founding of xixia. After the son of Li Deming, the capital will be moved by the spirit of the state of Huaiyuan town (now Ningxia, Yinchuan), renamed Xing state. In 1032, the son of Li Deming Li Yuanhao to the throne, call himself " Wei ", claimed " Wuzu " (can sweat Italy), and Sheng Xing state house, named Xingqing palace, later renamed the ZTE mansion. In 1038, the formal establishment of Xixia dynasty emperor Yuanhao. In the name of benevolence and filial piety to the 54 year of the reign of Xixia, the political, economic and cultural development to a peak.

   评论人:dedlcoe8o73  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Zhu Xian? Mobile Games beta has not yet opened, but the appointment has been the first step to. We are ordinary, high quality and top grade, the best, Shenpin different grades for Xianyou packs. Contains a lot of silver, all kinds of treasure props, exclusive title and other items, the reservation number more, the activated packs to higher levels, with the more lucrative rewards, and reached the top of the "legend" package, as well as leading fashion performance!? and who participated in the Zhu Xian hand tour official appointment activities were Xianyou. The opportunity to get beta activation code,Bulk apple watch for sale, and will be the exclusive honor packs in the beta. The clarion call has sounded, activation of a higher level of the package needs your support, please make an appointment! More exciting content, please pay attention to science and technology news WeChat public account: kejixun

   评论人:eetgyyqkvp8  评论时间:2017/11/16
    "Project Giana" will die Tradition der "Giana Sisters" aus den 80er-Jahren fortsetzen. Die erste Demo macht schon mal Lust auf mehr,Buy wholesale hp laptops online.
Demo: Project Giana Die Jump & Run Heldin Giana ist zurück. Das deutsche Spielestudio "Black Forest Games" will den Videospiel-Klassiker mit "Project Giana" ins 21. Jahrhundert bringen und einen Plattformer mit einem "Twist" programmieren.

Giana kann so das Spiel und die Umgebungswelt auf zwei verschiedene Arten erleben und unterschiedliche F?higkeiten einsetzen. Da dies den Reiz von "Project Giana" ausmacht, wollen wir hier nicht zuviel verraten - probieren Sie es selber aus! Das Spiel profitiert von einem Gamepad,Buy apple iphone 7 plus online, der XBOX360-Controller wird beispielsweise voll unterstützt.

Fazit: Mit der kostenlos spielbaren Demo soll potentiellen Unterstützern von "Project Giana" Lust auf mehr gemacht werden. Auf Kickstarter wird momentan dafür kr?fig die Werbetrommel gerührt - ist das Project erfolgreich,Discount sharp tvs, wird das Spiel umgesetzt.

Hinweis: Mittlerweile ist ein Patch für Windows XP-Nutzer erschienen - ohne diesen Patch stürzt das Spiel unter Windows XP ab. Die Entwickler weisen darauf hin, dass "Project Giana" unter "DirectX 9" sehr instabil l?uft und empfehlen auf "DirectX 10" oder "DirectX 11" umzustellen.

   评论人:eetgyyqkvp8  评论时间:2017/11/16
    PARIS: France''s consumer fraud watchdog said on Monday it had closed its investigation into diesel emissions by Opel cars and would take no further action against the General Motors brand.

The DGCCRF investigation, part of a wider probe carried out in the wake of the Volkswagen diesel test-cheating scandal, "did not bring to light any evidence of fraud", the government agency said in a statement.

The watchdog has previously sent files to prosecutors detailing suspected emissions fraud by Fiat Chrysler,ipod online store, Renault and PSA Group.

PSA,Buy note edge from china, the maker of Peugeot and Citroen cars, agreed earlier this month to buy Opel in a deal valuing the business at 2.2 billion euros (US$2.3 billion).

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   评论人:eetgyyqkvp8  评论时间:2017/11/16
    TURIN, Italy: Juventus coach Massimiliano Allegri promised to throw caution to the wind against Barcelona in Tuesday''s Champions League quarter-final,Wholesale samsung tablets, saying it was impossible to keep a clean sheet against the Spanish side''s attack.

Instead, Allegri said on Monday, he would throw on all his best attacking players in an attempt to outscore his opponents in the first leg at the Juventus stadium.

"It''s impossible to think about playing two 0-0 draws and winning on penalties," Allegri told reporters.

"All the four or five attacking players will play, I don''t see any reason why we should have to do without them.

"It''s a great challenge and we have to play with the confidence that we can beat Barcelona."

Allegri did not name his team but his comments suggest that Croatia forward Mario Mandzukic and Colombia winger Juan Cuadrado will both play in addition to the attacking pair of Gonzalo Higuain and Paulo Dybala.

"It''s always good not to concede a goal when you play the first leg at home but that is going to be difficult this time and it is likely they will score,sony cameras for sale cheap," admitted Allegri, even though his side have conceded only two goals in the competition.

"Barcelona have those three in attack but they also leave space behind," he said referring to Lionel Messi,Buy pcs wholesale, Luis Suarez and Neymar. "You have to play on their weaknesses.

"We''ve changed a lot in recent years, we''ve grown in self-confidence and awareness in the Champions League.

"Juventus should be used to playing games like this. Juventus have important qualities and we need to show them on the pitch, while knowing the difficulties we''ll face against a great team."

(Writing by Brian Homewood; Editing by Ian Chadband)

   评论人:gkblgo76pn1  评论时间:2017/11/16
    

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   评论人:gkblgo76pn1  评论时间:2017/11/16
    [font technology news] July 25th news, recently, archaeologists have witnessed a thousand years of love, a couple of bones buried in the tomb of hand in hand,Wholesale samsung 60 inch tvs for sale, after the death of thousands of years have been together, never separated. At present, archaeologists excavated a mysterious corpse of young men and women in a courtyard of the Dominican Republic, the age of their life is the middle ages, is a real version of "Romeo and Juliet", buried when they hand in hand. Archaeologists in a former monastery of the Dominican Republic in the mining of a mysterious couple of bones, the young men and women holding hands, looked at each other and to rest a WeChat search and focus on technology news public account: kejixun more exciting, I knew!

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   评论人:dieo3530qu  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Josephine Lee arrived at MIT in 1978 intending to emulate her scientist father. While she did earn a bachelor’s degree in physics, the Institute’s literature and arts programs proved so engaging that Lee took a second SB in humanities―a step that has led her to a career in both theater studies and Asian-American studies. She recently served as president of the Association for Asian American Studies.

“MIT is great, because while it’s engineering-focused, there’s also a side that’s very interested in history, society, and culture,” says Lee, a professor of English at the University of Minnesota and a founder of the university’s Asian-American studies program. “There’s something philosophical in a lot of the best scientists and engineers. It’s very interesting to talk to them about the world outside the lab.”

Lee, who also holds a Princeton PhD in English language and literature, was born in New Jersey, to parents who met in the United States after emigrating from China. “Today there’s a lot of engagement between the U.S. and Asia, but for many years, Asian immigration was restricted,” she says. “After World War II, the restrictions were lifted, and the Asian-American population grew astronomically. Asian-Americans have changed the nature of what we think of as ‘racial minorities’―they don’t necessarily follow the old models of migration and assimilation.”

In a 2011 book, Lee drew on her knowledge of culture and theater for a unique perspective on Western perceptions of Japan. In The Japan of Pure Invention: Gilbert and Sullivan’s “The Mikado,” Lee, who played clarinet in Gilbert and Sullivan productions as an undergraduate, surveys the performance history of the popular comic opera and analyzes how its racial dynamics have been adapted to different times and places.?

“Theater has dimensions that are very interesting in a world of technology,” she writes in a recent anthology she coedited, Asian American Plays for a New Generation. “It provides an opportunity for a live connection between people, while also integrating music and visual art. As an academic, I don’t always get into the creative side, so it’s very gratifying to work directly with playwrights and directors.”

Lee,Cheap sony tvs for sale, who competed on MIT’s gymnastics team and got interested in skating at the Institute, is still athletic; she and her ice-dancing partner, Jim Kamin, recently won their division at the U.S. Adult Figure Skating Championships. She has been married for 22 years to Kevin Kinneavy and has two sons, Julian and Dylan.?

   评论人:dieo3530qu  评论时间:2017/11/16
    With its open-source, modular approach to personal electronics, New York’s Bug Labs could be on to something big. Its beautifully designed flagship device, the Bug, is a central base about the size of an iPhone that can be programmed to serve as a custom-designed gadget with the help of snap-in modules. To maximize its flexi?bility, a user needs to be able to program in Java, so initially, the Bug may be of interest only to hobbyists. But the company is building up a library of programs and designs that will be easy for the average person to use. The Bug, and the first modules made for it, began shipping at the end of 2007.


Linux Computer
Most electronic devices, because of their limited memory and processing power, must be programmed using languages and techniques that are difficult to master. But the Linux computer at the heart of Bug Labs’ modular device provides tools that let users program applications more easily. The technically inclined can program in Java, a widely known language, and make their programs available to other users. The device has enough memory to store multiple programs, so it can perform many different functions when the proper modules are connected.

This story is part of our January/February 2008 Issue See the rest of the issue
Subscribe
Multimedia
A. Common Connections
Rather than use a customized connector for each module that snaps into its base, the Bug relies on standard 40-pin connectors. “It’s a very low-tech, brute-force method, but we didn’t want to get into the cable business,” says Bug Labs CEO Peter ?Semmelhack. In addition, the sides of the base ?feature USB, Ethernet, power, and memory ports. The Bug contains embedded software designed to ?recognize modules. To avoid crashes, the software prevents programs from running unless all the ?necessary modules are plugged in. For example, a program that tells the Bug how to take geotagged photographs will run only if the system detects the camera and GPS modules.

B. Modular Design
Modules currently available for the Bug include a camera, a motion detector, a GPS receiver, and a touch-sensitive color LCD screen. On the way are a mini QWERTY keyboard, an audio speaker with mini input/output jacks, and an LCD screen twice the size of a regular module. Technically inclined users can also design and build their own components for the Bug, connecting them through the Von Hippel module–named for MIT professor Eric Von Hippel, who advocates making it possible for people to participate in the design of the products they use. The module is a plastic case, empty except for the tools necessary for a user to connect it to the base.


Simple Download
A drag-and-drop interface allows users to easily download or upload Bug programs. An online development environment,Cheap iphone 7 plus 256gb for sale, which works much like iTunes, can be accessed through a user’s computer. When the Bug is connected to a computer by a USB cable, the development environment detects it and its connected modules and displays popular programs using the given configuration. A user can download the programs by dragging their icons onto the Bug icon. If the user changes the Bug’s physical configuration, the change is mirrored on-screen in the development environment.

Community Electronics
In the spirit of the open-source movement, Bug Labs makes available all the schematics of its hardware. Users can collaborate through the development environment, sharing programs for the device and ideas for different configurations.

Images credit: David Arky

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   评论人:vb4edbykzci  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:vb4edbykzci  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:dlsie4ws62  评论时间:2017/11/16
    When the Oculus Rift virtual reality headset launched earlier this year, our reviewer noted that it was expensive and awkward to use―yet “too cool to ignore.” New hand controllers to be released by Oculus in December could go a long way toward helping to realize the potential of virtual reality as a new medium for entertainment, art, and education.

Oculus, a division of Facebook, released the Rift headset in March with only a simple remote and conventional game pad, leaving the device seriously compromised. Whether you’re knifing mutant humans, spraying graffiti, shooting three pointers, or defusing bombs, getting hands-on with virtual reality makes it much more powerful and interesting.

At first glance and touch, the Oculus hand controls, known as Oculus Touch and priced at $199, are bewildering. They don’t look like any conventional remote, game pad, or joystick, and have buttons in odd places.
Touch controllers bring your hands into virtual reality.
The first time you try a new game or experience, you have to figure out how holding, tapping, and pressing the different controls translates into picking up or interacting with objects. Even how you rest your fingers is important, because the buttons can tell when you’re touching them.

That can lead to some overwhelming moments the first time you try to set up a professional basketball player for an alley-oop, as in the forthcoming title VR Sports Challenge, or find yourself trying to shoot an approaching zombie with a flashlight, not your pistol,Buy wholesale intel cpu online, in Killing Floor: Incursion.

But even when sampling six different games and experiences in the space of a few hours, picking up a new control scheme takes less time than you might expect. Content makers are already converging on some standard control methods that work between games. And being more physically engaged with a virtual environment helps you lose yourself in the experience. You more easily forget that you have a heavy gadget strapped onto your head and an LCD within a couple of inches of your eyes.

The benefits of being physically present in VR are particularly obvious when you’re playing with someone else. In Killing Floor: Incursion, I worked with another heavily armed player to clear an abandoned house of mutants. In The Unspoken I was destroyed by another wizard in a magical duel. (Learning the hand and finger movements needed to cast spells was the trickiest control scheme I encountered, perhaps because it doesn’t have an analog with movements from real life.)

Getting hands on with virtual objects, like this basketball, makes virtual reality more fun.
In some games you see other players as full-size characters. In others you just see ghostly disembodied heads and hands. Working with someone else to graffiti a wall or waste the undead hinted at how being able to physically act in virtual space could lead to some interesting social experiences.

Despite their clear benefits, the Oculus Touch controllers won’t turn virtual reality into a mass market phenomenon overnight. So far the experiences designed for them mostly come from the video-game industry. And Oculus Touch makes an already expensive system more costly. To buy a Rift headset, a PC powerful enough to drive it, and the controllers will set you back more than $1,500.

But using Oculus’s new controllers feels like a partial glimpse of the future. (HTC’s motion controllers for its less prominent Vive headset, available since April, underline that feeling.) Something like this―but cheaper and ideally easier to use―is needed if many or most people are to see the value in spending time in virtual reality.

Oculus Touch feels like a missing piece needed for the Rift to really make sense. Using it makes efforts by Oculus and others to develop more intuitive ways to grab hold of virtual space using gloves or cameras feel crucial to this new medium’s future (see “The Step Needed to Make Virtual Reality More Real”).

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   评论人:dlsie4ws62  评论时间:2017/11/16
    48 Years Ago

MIT Technology Review (ISSN 1099-274X), May/June 2017 Issue, Reg. U.S. Patent Office, is published bimonthly by MIT Technology Review, 1 Main St. Suite 13, Cambridge, MA 02142-1517. Entire contents 2017. The editors seek diverse views, and authors opinions do not represent the official policies of their institutions or those of MI T. Periodicals postage paid at Boston, MA, and additional mailing offices. Postmaster: send address changes to MI T Technology Review, Subscriber Services, PO Box 5001, Big Sandy, TX 75755, or via the Internet at /customerservice. Basic subscription rates: $41.94 per year within the United States; in all other countries, US$54. Publication Mail Agreement Number 40621028. Send undeliverable Canadian copies to PO Box 1051 Fort Erie, ON L2A 6C7. Printed in U.S.A. Audited by the Alliance for Audited Media
Taming the Weather

Nearly five decades ago it seemed as if we might gain mastery over the weatherbut what of the risks?

"Most of mans inadvertent weather modification has resulted from pollution of the atmosphere by discharges from his technological establishment. Thermal pollution of the air over cities has caused them to become heat islands. Particulates and freezing nuclei have increased at all levels of the troposphere and have been related to increased cloudiness. The increase of atmospheric aerosols and particulates has been associated with an increase in atmospheric turbidity. Although direct measurements have not yet shown it, the greater cloudiness and turbidity threaten to reduce solar isolation. At the same time there has been a measurable rise in atmospheric carbon dioxide. Because this gas has a greenhouse e;ect, several observers have forecast a general rise in the global air temperature of as much as 4 C by the year 2000.

"Within the past decade man has had su;cient success with manipulating weather processes to encourage him to press on toward greater and more precise control. We need information that will help us to anticipate the nature and magnitude of biological changes that may result from a given weather modification.

"Some of these cause-and-e;ect relationships seem relatively simple: increased precipitation might favor tree growth but deep snow seriously impairs overwintering elk. But other biological e;ects may be remote from the target of the weather-modifying operation. Outbreaks of pests or of plant and animal diseases might materialize as a consequence of heavier amounts of rain and weaker animals. Weeds and undesirable animals might move into habitats made hospitable by weather modification. It is equally possible, however, that the altered weather might prove favorable for plants and animals desirable for man.

"Taming the weather can be a dangerous game. There may be gains for human welfare from achieving some control over the weather. At the same time, there are some imponderable ecological risks. Because man is as much a species of the biosphere as any other organism, he must critically evaluate these gains against the risks. He must undertake ecological studies that will allow him to anticipate the consequences and implications of conscious weather modification for the biosphere. In a real sense he holds his destiny in his own hands."

Adapted from "Weather Modification and the Biosphere," by Frederick Sargent, from the March 1969 issue of Technology Review.
When the iPhone was new, Steve Jobs showed one to Alan Kay and asked him if it was ??good enough to criticize.?? Kay, a computing pioneer, had been a hero to Apple??s founder: in 1972, when much of the world was still using magnetic tape, he had proposed to his colleagues at Xerox??s Palo Alto Research Center a small, portable, and, above all, personal computer called the Dynabook. Apple borrowed slavishly from Kay??s vision. Over a quarter-?century later, Kay told Jobs that the iPhone could be worth criticizing?Dbut only if Apple enlarged the screen to the size of a 5-by-8-inch Moleskine notebook.

Kay??s 1972 proposal specified the properties of screen, processor, and memory, but the model of computing it described was as much moral as technical: a world of software ??objects?? that could be directly manipulated by the machine??s users, who might be children. This was four years after Douglas Engelbart??s demo of NLS (oNLine System), which introduced hypertext, the mouse, and videoconferencing, and two years before Ted Nelson published Computer Lib/Dream Machines, a sprawling manifesto of personal liberation through hypertext. All were part of a Palo Alto tradition that believed the computer should be (in Jobs??s words) a ??bicycle for our minds.??


The Android operating system is also part of that tradition?Dmostly because it borrows the iPhone??s conventions, but also because of its parentage at Google, a company whose mission is to ??organize the world??s information and make it universally accessible and useful.?? Both Apple and Google sell their users a kind of superhumanism made possible by trillions of processor clock cycles, echoing the Whole Earth Catalog??s 1968 dictum: ??We are as gods and might as well get good at it.??

This story is part of our July/August 2013 Issue See the rest of the issue
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Facebook has different values. At its heart, it is a data structure, an enormous social graph of interconnected people, objects, and concepts. Improving that graph, increasing its breadth and density, is the driving ambition of the company??s chief executive, Mark Zuckerberg. The better the quality of the database, he believes, the better the proposition for users and advertisers. The network, the graph, is to Facebook not a means to an end but the thing itself.

It??s funny how rarely ?people ask what Facebook is for. It??s for perpetuating Facebook.

No other company is like Facebook. It is an advertising-driven business that grows by routing more human social signals through its enormous proprietary network. As people use mobile devices to do more things, the company needs to capture more of smartphone users?? attention. Globally, people send 8.6 trillion text messages each year, and not through Facebook. Choosing not to limit itself to an app on smartphones, Facebook has built on Android, grafting onto it a new interface layer it calls Facebook Home.

It is an imperfect graft, and it may not take. One reason is the less-than-happy implementation of Facebook??s idea. But the broader problem is that the social-?networking company??s vision of the relationship between humans and computers is at odds with the Palo Alto tradition, which the world has irreversibly embraced. If there is a conflict between Facebook Home and the Android system on which it is built, it??s this: Android knows many small things, and Facebook Home knows only one big thing.

Avatars

First, the implementation. For two weeks I carried the HTC First, the first smartphone to come with Facebook Home installed, as my primary mobile device. The hardware is the standard marvel of miniaturization?Dthat is, it??s wonderful today, but it will be next year??s junk. Launching Home on Android was probably a choice of expedience, because Android??s standard license permits modification. Facebook is reportedly negotiating with Apple to add the Home interface to iOS, but it??s easy to imagine those negotiations going on for some time.

From the moment the phone turns on, one encounters a lack of resolution (of the old-fashioned kind?Dthe phone itself has a high-definition screen). The f-in-a-?circle logo on the box promises a Facebook experience, but the first thing the phone demands is your Google account information. And from that moment, Facebook Home is a series of compromises.

True to its name,Buy sony tv wholesale, Home overtakes the home screen of the phone, removing the dock of favored icons at the bottom and replacing them with the user??s avatar (in my case a photograph of my head). By tapping and holding the avatar, one brings up a few grayish icons; dragging the avatar onto an icon summons, for example, the application home screen. Perhaps Facebook hoped that making people move a tiny representation of themselves would create an intimate connection with the device. But the result is friction: too many steps between my finger and the application (say, Gmail) that I want to open.


When the user is not engaged with an app, the home screen displays images and status updates from Facebook friends. You can quickly swipe from update to update, or the phone will do it for you. The most recent update comes first, so the effect is of moving backward in time. A home screen of updates is clever, because picking up a phone and fiddling with it is something people do dozens of times a day, and Home colonizes those moments with Facebook content. But the selection algorithm is indiscriminate, and the noisiest people come to dominate the home screen; I learned a lot in two weeks about some old high-school friends but very ?little about the people closest to me. Though some meaningful signal rises above the background noise of chatting acquaintances, the final effect of the home screen is like being at a crowded reunion of half-remembered faces rather than on the eternal holiday promised in Facebook??s advertising campaign. Perhaps I am too old to appreciate the party.

To ??like?? an update, one can click a small icon or tap twice. In general, this is a bad phone for anyone with poor motor control. For me, swiping status updates was likely to pull down Android??s native notification drawer. Sometimes I would tap something on the home screen?Da name, for example?Dby accident and find myself linked into Facebook??s Android app. It was easy to become lost in a sequence of actions, none of them meaningful.

And then there were the ??chat heads.?? When someone sends you a message, small, circular avatars appear with a pop. They indicate conversations in medias res; tapping one brings up a chat in progress. They are persistent, although they will disappear when you enter an app with a full-screen mode, such as the Kindle reader. The heads themselves are neat, but they are large enough to occasionally hide elements, even in Facebook??s own app. I spent some time looking for a way to post a Facebook status update before I realized that the button I wanted was behind the smiling face of my wife.

A way of being

The real goal of Home is to replace apps with people, making the process of interacting with a smartphone inherently social. The marketplace has so far responded without warmth. The price of the HTC First has dropped from $99 to 99 cents with a contract. And yet given Facebook??s size and the scope of its ambitions, and the fact that Home is a small effort in the scheme of things, it??s safe to assume that all this is just a shot across the bow. Home-like features, such as the chat heads, have already found their way into Facebook??s app, and they will no doubt appear in other phones. The company must own more of the smartphone?Dnot of the market, but of the phone itself?Dto continue to grow.

Amazon??s Kindle Fire is also based on Android. Amazon sells digital access to books, films, and the like, which is to say that Amazon understands its users as consumers of media: they might do other things with their Fires (including checking Facebook), but they are interested in personal interactions with media?Dinteractions that can be sustained for hours or even, in the case of some books, weeks.

But hours spent reading a book are hours lost to Facebook. Smaller pieces of content that encourage immediate reaction do more to bolster and enlarge the social graph. Facebook has created an environment that elevates a few lines of text, the individual photo, people who can be poked, things that can be liked. Dancing, live music, vacations with good phone reception?Dall these are good for the social graph.


This is the stuff of the home screen in Facebook Home. The chat heads are small and the conversations brisk; I didn??t have a chat longer than a few minutes, and a typical sentence might be just a few words. When these chats were done, they faded immediately from my memory, as did most of the things I swiped away on the home screen. The goal of Facebook Home is ambiance, not permanence.

But when we use computers, we??re used to creating and consuming things that possess some permanence. Even though smartphone interfaces generally abstract away files and folders, the underlying model of computing has remained unchanged since Kay??s time at Xerox PARC: the user opens an application, loads it into memory, and uses software tools to operate on specific blobs of data. Dropbox is one of many services that hold your files in the cloud so that they can be accessed from any phone, tablet, or computer. You may never share what you create or own, or you may share it only years later. People have written and read novels on their smartphones. The joke about the first iPhone was that it was a great little computer but a lousy phone. That didn??t stop people from buying it: they understood the value of having a computer in their pocket.

The social network, however, is not a tool but a way of being. If you want to leave a note for yourself on Facebook, using the service as a notebook, you must share it with yourself?Dselecting the ??only me?? option from a list that also includes ??public?? and ??friends.?? It??s funny how rarely people ask what Facebook is for. We??ve just come to accept it, this mountain that rose up one day and is never quite out of view. It??s not really for anything, certainly not for tasks and documents. It??s for perpetuating and improving the social graph. It??s for Facebook.

Moral vision

Facebook??s self-reflexive utility explains why the company finds privacy so tricky. The freedom to read and experience things privately is essential to self-development, the core proposition of the Emersonian ideal to which the Palo Alto tradition is heir. But Facebook??s core proposition is that when we collectively build the social graph, everyone benefits. The exact nature of those gains is perplexing; the company??s commercials show a lot of young people touching and smiling. Something good.

It??s not simply the case that ?Zuckerberg is sneaky in his promotion of sharing and creepy in his ambivalence about privacy. Rather, he is a true believer. Privacy lowers the value of the social graph. If one sincerely believes in the merits of the graph, then one should be suspicious of privacy, because privacy is selfish.

The moral vision of the Dynabook posited that people would use technology to manipulate code and data, to create models of the world?Das many as they needed in order to understand it. In contrast, Facebook has a single model of the world, unapologetically monolithic: the canonical graph of the relationships between more than a billion human beings. If the company is to grow, it must insert itself between people and their smartphones; there are still simply too many moments spent watching things, or reading things, or making things, that it does not own.

Paul Ford is a writer and computer programmer who lives in Brooklyn. He is writing a book of essays about Web pages.

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   评论人:dlsie4ws62  评论时间:2017/11/16
    As just about every nation has recognized, protecting the intellectual-property rights of inventors is essential to promoting innovation and ensuring economic growth. But the world is divided over which elements should determine whether an invention warrants a patent and who has legitimate rights to that patent. And on this issue-surprise-the United States finds itself alone.

The U.S. system awards a patent to the first person who invents a given thing, as proved by such evidence as witnessed lab notebooks. In nearly every other country, though, a patent goes to the first person who shows up at a patent office to file a claim. But there are many other divisive issues as well-including the very idea of what may be patented.

The globalization of business markets has heightened the need to secure patents for each invention in many nations. Filing and maintaining these multiple claims is expensive even for large companies; for independent inventors, the costs can be downright oppressive. Now, though, momentum is building for a global patent system in which the United States would give up its first-to-invent system and adopt the more common first-to-file approach in return for certain other concessions. In ??Patents Go Global??, contributing writer Evan I. Schwartz, author of The Last Lone Inventor, explains these trade-offs and the roadblocks that stand in the way of such patent ??harmonization.?? His article sets the stage for our annual Patent Scorecard, which tracks the intellectual-property portfolios of 150 companies around the world.

Schwartz??s piece cites inventors, corporate officials, and policymakers. But I thought it would be informative-and fun-to take a more opinionated look at two central questions: What??s most wrong with the U.S. patent system? And, Would you give up the U.S. first-to-invent process for the efficiencies of a global patent system?

Schwartz and I posed these questions to leading inventors and patent experts. Excerpts from their answers:

Robert Langer, MIT chemical and biomedical engineering professor; winner of the 1998 Lemelson-MIT Prize, which recognizes America??s outstanding contemporary inventors:

What??s wrong? ??It would be good if the U.S. process were faster.??

Go global? ??First-to-invent is correct because it recognizes who really did it first.??

Seth Shulman, Technology Review columnist and author of Owning the Future:

What??s wrong? ??We??ve steadily moved up the ladder of abstraction to a point where it represents a perversion of the patent system. The system works great for protecting an inventor??s right to a new type of mousetrap. What??s increasingly happening today, though, is that the U.S. Patent Office is letting crafty applicants essentially patent the idea of trapping mice.??

Go global? ??The first-to-invent system is hands-down the best way to go. But I would grudgingly give up the U.S. system: it is deeply flawed in practice; the gain in simplicity and efficiency from a global system could be significant; and the first-to-file approach takes the onus off the government to make determinations about the evolution of technological innovation and in a sense moves it to the marketplace.??

Carl R. Crawford, inventor; technical vice president, Analogic, an electronics maker in Peabody, MA; holder or coholder of 132 patents worldwide:

What??s wrong? ??Short of perpetual-motion machines, it is possible to get a patent on almost anything. This effectively pushes the question of inventiveness onto the courts, where the sole inventor has a disadvantage.??

Go global? ??First-to-invent causes inventors to file more garbage?? patents. If political and national bias could be removed from the global patent process, then a global patent office would be acceptable.??

Bernard S. Meyerson, IBM fellow and chief technologist, IBM Technology Group:

What??s wrong? ??The greatest challenge faced by the U.S. patent system is the apparent lack of adequate funding and staffing required to perform thorough investigations.??

Go global? ??The U.S. should adopt a first-to-file system-but only as part of a full-harmonization effort with other countries.??

Nathan Myhrvold, former Microsoft chief technology officer; cofounder, Intellectual Ventures in Bellevue, WA:

What??s wrong? ??In most parts of computer science, the rate at which patents are filed is up by a factor of 10 since 1990. Biotech is up even more. The patent office has a real problem trying to cope with that.??

Go global? ??It??s like driving on the right or the left side of the road. Either one [first-to-file or first-to-invent] works just fine: if you try to mix the two, you get a problem. And so the issue is not which one is better; it??s that making the change is going to be wrenching.??

The devil,Buy iphone 6 plus online store, of course, will be in the details. But wrenching though the change may be, it is what needs to happen. The U.S. might even find that going along with the rest of the world will bring unexpected benefits.

   评论人:eedb4yggdi3  评论时间:2017/11/16
    FireShot ist eine coole Chrome-Erweiterung,Wholesale nintendo, um mit wenigen Klicks passende Screenshots von Webseiten zu erstellen.
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Anschlie?end k?nnen Sie Kommentare hinzufügen,Cheap ipod touch, Textabschnitte hervorheben und bestimmte Bereiche herausschneiden. Nach der ?berarbeitung speichern Sie den Screenshot auf Ihrer Festplatte ab oder senden ihn direkt aus FireShot heraus an Kollegen oder Freunde.

   评论人:eedb4yggdi3  评论时间:2017/11/16
    WILMINGTON, Del.,Wholesale nintendo for sale, April 18, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Navient (Nasdaq:NAVI), a leading asset management and business processing services firm announced today it has reached an agreement to purchase JPMorgan Chase’s (NYSE:JPM) approximately $6.9 billion education loan portfolio.?


“We welcome our new customers, and we commit to delivering best-in-class support to ensure a seamless transition,” said Jack Remondi, president and CEO, Navient. “Leveraging our 43-year track record of helping borrowers succeed, we will provide ongoing assistance to help our new customers continue to successfully manage their education loans. The transaction delivers on our business strategy and is a win-win for our company and our customers.”

The portfolio is comprised of approximately $3.7 billion in federally guaranteed student loans, of which $1.6 are securitized, and approximately $3.2 billion in whole private education loans.

Customers do not need to take any action at this time, and their servicing contacts remain unchanged. Navient anticipates converting the loans to its servicing platforms in the future, and will provide multiple consumer-tested personalized communications at the appropriate time.

Closing of the acquisition is contingent upon the completion of certain customary closing conditions and is currently anticipated to occur in stages in the second quarter 2017. The transaction is expected to be accretive to Navient in 2017.

About Navient
Navient (Nasdaq:NAVI) is a Fortune 500 company that provides asset management and business processing solutions to education, healthcare, and government clients at the federal, state, and local levels. The company helps its clients and millions of Americans achieve financial success through services and support. Headquartered in Wilmington, Del., Navient employs team members in western New York, northeastern Pennsylvania, Indiana, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and other locations. Learn more at navient.com.

Contact: Media: Nikki Lavoie,Buy iphone 8 plus online discount store, 302-283-4057, nikki.lavoie@navient.com Shannon O’Reilly, shannon.oreilly@jpmchase.com Investors: Joe Fisher, 302-283-4075,Wholesale vizio tvs for sale, joe.fisher@navient.com

   评论人:eedb4yggdi3  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:gkblgo95ou7  评论时间:2017/11/16
    

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   评论人:gkblgo95ou7  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Now, no matter what type of iPhone7 you order on Apple''s website, the delivery time is at least one to two weeks, and is expected to be several days later than the official launch date. Now some people are going to make an appointment to go to Apple Apple Store proprietary store from mentioning, but the latest news shows that now iPhone7 Plus store booking from mentioning no goods. Today, all Apple retail stores have closed the iPhone7 Plus reservation channel, which means that if you do not have an appointment, no matter what you are in the city, in the day of September 16th can not buy iPhone7 Plus. Thus, the use of dual camera design iPhone7 Plus, its popularity seems far beyond our imagination. As for iPhone7, Apple stores in the major cities are also able to make an appointment, but not all models. Apple iPhone7 appointment (shots from the Apple Store iPhone7 Plus) this morning after the inquiry found, now no matter where an apple retail store, black and bright black iPhone7 are in short supply, you can only choose gold, silver and gold rose reservation model. In general, the three versions of the 128GB model can be booked, and 32GB and 256GB versions will be based on the situation of different retail stores out of stock. WeChat search and pay attention to science and technology news public account: kejixun more exciting,Cheap apple iphone se for sale, I know!

   评论人:gkblgo95ou7  评论时间:2017/11/16
    " the people who live in uncertainty, can stand the test of life; will exercise an independent heart. In uncertainty, it is necessary to learn to convert a small amount of nutrients into a huge amount of energy, and strive to grow ". This is Hubei, a 13 year old girl Xiao Yun to the teachers were in a message online education platform. Xiao Yun was not seen my mother, father, due to traffic accidents in prison, leaving her with my grandfather and grandfather had each other, daily life also need to help aunt. But these Xiaoyun said that she felt just the experience of life, always in the past; but whenever the operation did not encounter problems when people speak, there will be no. An online education platform of senior teachers teachers were in a counseling chance that Xiao Yun, after every day come online to Xiao Yun counseling, now has half a year. In uncertainty to growth was only 13 years old learn to take up the burden of life of Xiao Yun, four points to get up every morning, at home near the breakfast stall until eight to help the school, earn three dollars an hour. Even in this case, Xiao Yun still adhere to finish the teacher the assignment, not procrastination. But because of the lack of family counseling, Xiao Yun often do homework late. " don''t know how to help children, children can only sit on the side with her grandfather, " Xiao Yun talking about this is very helpless. Life is hard, Xiao Yun never complained about what she said in her heart, never felt more bitter than others. " Xiao Yun of this child, let me really admire a lot when she told me very optimistic about their own lives, but also comfort I said the teacher you don''t be sad, I think I can strive to change the status quo, " active learning in teacher counseling Xiao Yun said on the phone. The teachers were encouraged to spend patience is Xiao Yun heart " mother " Xiao Yun said she learned from the students can find a teacher on the Internet,Buy vizio tv online, " I started what software to use, and later because the teachers were taught very well, I will take anything off only fan problem ". Xiao Yun by students learning card and donation envelopes, and 12 dollars in their daily work to earn money, have been studying for more than half a year in any questions online. Adhere to the homework in the Xiao Yun teacher is a senior Shandong math teacher. " she is at school every day at 4, but I have been off work at the end of the day, so we set out at 8 o''clock in the evening on the line to guide her, she did not understand the topic of re " again, said the teacher said. In the teacher''s patience to explain, encourage and accompany, make more difficult to Xiaoyun originally renewed interest in mathematics. No network home, Xiao Yun often go to my aunt''s house to do homework, because " so every day to ask the teacher questions in ". " Xiao Yun the child loves to say the last character actually, her grandfather went to Henan to see a doctor, she bought food to cook, he told me to do their own ", particularly unpalatable; the teachers were speaking on the phone, full of love for the discourse between the Xiao Yun, what.

   评论人:edcb3ygcpa5  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:edcb3ygcpa5  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:edcb3ygcpa5  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:dkel24ai26  评论时间:2017/11/16
    The NSA Builds a Super-secure Android Device The prototypes, code-named "Fishbowl", make encrypted calls, and may be emulated by handset manufacturers. Tom Simonite Another Loan Guarantee Recipient Lays Off Workers In a tough market for solar panels, Abound Solar is halting production. Kevin Bullis Seven Computer Security Fears to Shape 2012 Experts at the RSA security conference predict the worst threats for the year ahead. Tom Simonite View Will Designers Take to the iPad3? Demand for an effective iPad stylus is rising. David Zax The Galaxy Beam: 15 Lumens and a Lot of Cheese Samsung''s projector smartphone is cool. Its ads are unbearable. David Zax Computer Simulation Predicts New Allotrope Of Carbon The new material matches the properties of a puzzling new form of carbon found in high pressure experiments The Physics arXiv Blog Why We''ll Never Get a Cashless Society The arguments against cash are rational, but our attachment to it isn''t. Christopher Mims Facebook is the New Windows How Facebook''s hacker culture disconnected it from the needs of users. Christopher Mims Your iPad Could Be Your TV Or at least, the brains of it. David Zax Nokia Buzzkill Nokia excites and disappoints. David Zax Find your preferred version. Choose from six languages and in 13 regions worldwide. Archives Explore 114 years of innovation from the most respected technology publication. Lists Discover the most important people,Buy sharp tv online, companies and technologies shaping our future. Events Attend one of our over 400 thought-provoking live events worldwide. Subscribers Have MIT Technology Review delivered to your doorstep, desktop, or tablet?

   评论人:dkel24ai26  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Nothing in our system currently matches this topic. Please make another selection. by ! article.published Sponsored by
Traditional media supported themselves for decades by acting as brokers between advertisers and audiences. Audiences wanted content, and advertisers wanted access to audiences, so advertisers subsidized the bill for content. Now, cheap computing and network connectivity have created publishing platforms and advertising markets where advertisers and audiences no longer depend on media companies (see “Convergence Is King” and “Mainstream News Taps Into Citizen Journalism”).

The media companies that look most likely to survive are those whose use of new technologies both attracts revenue directly from their audience (by adding value to content) and convinces advertisers that it makes sense to buy ad space from them. It’s a tough challenge: people are used to getting news and entertainment free. But video-streaming websites like Netflix, and digital music stores like iTunes, have demonstrated that customers can be persuaded to pay for content.

Ad revenue will still be vital to many companies, but advertisers are reluctant to pay for online advertising beyond keyword-based systems, which typically cost money only once an ad is clicked. Advertisers were willing to pay for, say, expensive display ads in magazines because a lot of information was available about the magazine’s readers and the effectiveness of such campaigns. By contrast,Buy intel cpu online, little is reliably known about online audiences. Technology that allows these audiences to be tracked and measured with precision will be essential to convincing advertisers to pay for online display advertising (see “Bringing Advertisers Back”).

This story is part of our January/February 2010 Issue See the rest of the issue
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It will be years before the media industry stabilizes. But it is clear that the surviving companies will be those that can give consumers the content they want, when they want it. This will require embracing technologies that work with whatever platform the consumer prefers–be it a Web browser, an Internet-connected television, or a smart phone (see “Media Moves Online”)–and can give advertisers confidence that they are getting value for money.

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   评论人:dkel24ai26  评论时间:2017/11/16
    2007 Speakers



Cheryl Adas

Manager, Strategic Projects and Initiatives, Xerox

Cheryl Adas is currently in the Developing Markets Organization, as manager of strategic projects and initiatives at Xerox. In the past year, Cheryl has traveled around the world training and coaching Xerox employees in the Lean Six Sigma methodology. She is a certified master black belt and a certified instructor in Crucial Conversations. Cheryl holds an MBA from the Rochester Institute of Technology and a BA from Michigan State University .




Eric Anderson

President and CEO, Space Adventures



Eric Anderson cofounded Space Adventures in 1998 with several former astronauts and leading visionaries from the aerospace, adventure travel, and entertainment industries. He has led the development of commercial human spaceflight and the space tourism industry since its inception.
Anderson has sold more than $150 million in spaceflights, including those taken by the only five tourists who have actually flown to space: Dennis Tito, Mark Shuttleworth, Greg Olsen, Anousheh Ansari, and Charles Simonyi.


He has developed and financed over $500 million in new projects for Space Adventures, including two global spaceports and the first private voyage to the moon, set to launch in 2011.




J. Christopher Anderson

Postdoctoral Fellow, University of California, Berkeley

Christopher Anderson focuses on identifying new applications for engineered cells as test beds for synthetic biology. An interest in protein engineering and directed evolution led him to the Scripps Research Institute, where he received his PhD for work on rewriting the genetic code of live cells with unnatural amino acids. Currently, he works on synthetic-biology approaches to therapeutic bacteria.




Allison Atsiknoudas

CEO, Investment Instruments

Allison Atsiknoudas, CEO of Investment Instruments, has successfully developed and executed multimillion-dollar initiatives for organizations such as the Office of the Army Surgeon General, the government of Japan , and the U.S. Army in Europe . Under her leadership, Investment Instruments'' innovative Web-based tools for residential real estate have received national recognition and industry accolades.




Lotte Bailyn

Professor of Management, MITs Sloan School of Management; Codirector, MIT Workplace Center

Lotte Bailyn is professor of management at MITs Sloan School of Management and codirector of the MIT Workplace Center. She was the T. Wilson (1953) Professor of Management from 1991 until 2005. For the period 1997-99 she was chair of the MIT faculty, and during 1995-97 she was the Matina S. Horner Distinguished Visiting Professor at the Radcliffe Public Policy Institute. She has long studied the ways in which the structure, culture, and practices of work intersect with the family, community, and other personal concerns of employees.


She is the author of Breaking the Mold: Women, Men, and Time in the New Corporate World (Free Press, 1993) and its new and revised edition Breaking the Mold: Redesigning Work for Productive and Satisfying Lives (Cornell, 2006), as well as coauthor of Beyond Work-Family Balance: Advancing Gender Equity and Workplace Performance (Jossey-Bass, 2002).




Marc Baldo

Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, MIT

Marc Baldo, the Esther and Harold E. Edgerton Career Development Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, received his BEng from the University of Sydney in 1995, with first-class honors and university medal, and his PhD from Princeton University in 2001. He has been at MIT since 2002. His research interests include organic light-emitting devices, solar cells, and nanomechanical transistors.





Prith Banerjee

Senior Vice President of Research, Hewlett-Packard; Director, HP Labs

Prith Banerjee is senior vice president of research at Hewlett-Packard and director of HP Labs, the company''s central research organization, which has seven locations worldwide. In these roles, he helps chart technical strategies for the company.


Most recently, Banerjee was dean of the College of Engineering at the University of Illinois at Chicago.


He received a bachelor of technology in electronics and electrical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology in Kharagpur, India, and a master of science and PhD in electrical engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.




Angela M. Belcher

Germeshausen Professor of Materials Science and Engineering and Biological Engineering, MIT

Angela Belcher is a materials chemist with expertise in biomaterials, biomolecular materials, organic-inorganic interfaces, and solid-state chemistry. She received her BS in creative studies and her PhD in inorganic chemistry from the University of California, Santa Barbara. Belcher joined the faculty at MIT as the John Chipman Professor of Materials Science and Engineering and Biological Engineering in 2002. In 2006 she was appointed Germeshausen Professor of Materials Science and Engineering and Biological Engineering. She was awarded the 24th annual MacArthur Foundation Fellowship and the 2004 Four Star General Recognition Award. Her research has been published in various scientific journals.




David Berry

Principal, Flagship Ventures


David joined Flagship in 2005 while completing his MD at Harvard Medical School. He was previously awarded a PhD through the MIT Biological Engineering Division, where his advisors were Professors Ram Sasisekharan and Robert Langer. At MIT, David studied the biological effects of glycosaminoglycans and applied his work to develop potential therapeutics for stroke and cancer. His work led to 10 peer-reviewed papers, 10 patents, and more than 20 awards and honors, including the prestigious Lemelson-MIT Student Prize for invention and innovation in 2005. David also did his undergraduate work at MIT, graduating in 2000, Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi, with a degree in brain and cognitive sciences. He was named a member of the MIT Corporation, the Institutes board of trustees, in 2006.



At Flagship, David focuses on early-stage life science and energy ventures. He works closely with portfolio companies BG Medicine, Epitome Biosciences, T2 Biosystems, and LS9.




Nina Bhatti

Principal Scientist, HP Labs

Nina Bhatti is responsible for creating leading-edge Web, performance, and networking technologies and driving the transformation of these technologies into successful commercial products for Hewlett-Packard and some of its largest customers. She built and leads the labs Customer Business Innovation team, which developed Color Match, a cutting-edge consumer mobile platform and application.


Bhatti holds masters and PhD degrees in computer science from the University of Arizona and a bachelors degree in computer science and pure mathematics from the University of California, Berkeley. She has published more than 30 papers and filed 25 technology patents.




Robert J. Birgeneau

Chancellor, University of California, Berkeley

Robert J. Birgeneau became the ninth chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley, in 2004. An internationally distinguished physicist, he is a leader in higher education and is well known for his commitment to diversity and equity in the academic community.


Before coming to Berkeley, Birgeneau was president of the University of Toronto. He previously was dean of the School of Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he spent 25 years on the faculty.


A Toronto native, Birgeneau received his B Sc in mathematics from the University of Toronto and his Ph D in physics from Yale University. He joined the physics faculty at MIT in 1975 and was named chair of the physics department in 1988 before becoming dean of science in 1991. He became the 14th president of the University of Toronto in 2000.




Ed Boyden

Assistant Professor, MIT Media Lab

Ed Boyden is a codirector of the new MIT Center for Human Augmentation and leads the Media Labs Neuroengineering and Neuromedia group, which invents and applies tools for engineering brain circuits with the goal of developing strategies for systematically repairing brain pathologies. In 2006, he was named to the TR35 by Technology Review. His lab recently revealed a new method for activating and silencing neurons with two different colors of light, a new wearable brain stimulation device, and software that can perform customized and adaptive therapy.


Boyden received his PhD in neuroscience from Stanford University as a Hertz Fellow; there, he discovered new principles of how memories are stored. Before that, he earned multiple degrees from MIT in electrical engineering and physics.




Garrett Camp

Founder and Chief Product Officer, StumbleUpon
Since 2001, Garrett Camp has guided product design and strategy for StumbleUpon, which now has more than 3.5 million members. Camp completed his master''s in software engineering at the University of Calgary , where he researched collaborative systems, evolutionary algorithms, and information retrieval.




Franklin R. Chang-Díaz

CEO, Ad Astra Rocket

Franklin Chang-Díaz is the chairman and CEO of Ad Astra Rocket. He earned a BS in mechanical engineering from the University of Connecticut and studied controlled thermonuclear fusion as a graduate student at MIT.


NASA selected Chang-Díaz to train as an astronaut in 1980. During 25 years of service, he flew seven shuttle missions and continued his research in applied plasma physics. His 1979 concept of a plasma rocket became the Vasimr engine, embodied in three NASA patents. In 1994, he founded the Advanced Space Propulsion Laboratory to develop this concept.


In July 2005, Chang-Díaz retired from NASA and founded Ad Astra Rocket to continue his work on the Vasimr. It plans to deploy the Vasimr technology in space in 2010.




Andrew A. Chien

Vice President of Research, Intel

As a vice president and director of Intel Research, Andrew Chien oversees Intel''s exploratory research. This includes the companys innovative network of university labs and its research programs with universities and governments around the world. Before joining Intel, Chien was the SAIC Endowed Chair Professor in Computer Science and Engineering at the University of California, San Diego and a senior fellow at the San Diego Supercomputing Center. He was the founding director of the Center for Networked Systems, a university-industry alliance focused on developing technologies for robust, secure, and open networked systems. For over 20 years, Chien has led research and development of high-performance computing systems, with expertise in networking, grids, high-performance clusters, distributed systems, and computer architecture. Chien is an NSF Young Investigator, an ACM Fellow, and an IEEE Fellow.




Maria Cirino

Cofounder and Managing Director, .406 Ventures

Maria Cirino focuses on investments in the IT infrastructure and security industry for .406 Ventures. Previously, she was senior vice president of VeriSign, following its acquisition of Guardent, an IT security company that she cofounded and led as CEO and chairman. During her tenure, she received many awards, including Massachusetts CEO of the Year 2004 and Ernst and Young Entrepreneur of the Year.





Adam Cohen

Assistant Professor of Physical Chemistry, Harvard University


Adam Cohen joined the faculty in the departments of chemistry and physics at Harvard University this fall.

He studied physics and chemistry as an undergraduate at Harvard. He completed a PhD in theoretical phys ics at the University of Cambridge as a Marshall Fellow and earned another PhD in experimental physics from Stanford University in 2006.




Guillaume Cohen

Founder and CEO, Veodia

Guillaume Cohen brings extensive Web video and leadership experience to Veodia. Before founding Veodia, Cohen was head of enterprise business at Envivio, a spinoff of France-Telecom, and the leader in MPEG-4 and H.264 technology for IP Television. During his six years with Envivio, he started the enterprise market and made it into the most profitable business unit. His products were deployed by hundreds of customers, including Citigroup, Cornell University, Oracle, and the European Commission. He also initiated the Enterprise Work Group at the Internet Streaming Media Alliance (ISMA) and was a panel speaker at many streaming-media conferences. He holds degrees from Ecole Polytechnique and ENSTA in Paris, France.




Sky Dayton

CEO, Helio

Sky Dayton is the CEO of Helio, a joint venture between EarthLink and SK Telecom. Dayton founded EarthLink in 1994 at the age of 23 and helped usher in the Internet revolution. In 1999, he and former Disney Internet chief Jake Winebaum started eCompanies, an Internet incubator and venture fund that launched several successful recent ventures, including Jamdat Mobile, LowerMyBills, and Business.com. Dayton currently serves on the boards of Helio, EarthLink, and Business.com and on the advisory board of the Center for Public Leadership at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.




Jessica DeGroot

President and Founder, ThirdPath Institute

Jessica DeGroot founded the ThirdPath Institute, a nonprofit with the mission of providing individuals and organizations with practical information for developing integrated work/life solutions. She has been published

in the Harvard Business Review, the Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia, and The American Woman 20032004 and is coauthor of the Wharton Work/Life Resource Guide.




Edward J. DeLong

Professor, Division of Biological Engineering and Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, MIT

Edward DeLongs scientific interests focus primarily on questions in microbial genomics, biology,Cheap iphone 6 16gb for sale, ecology, and evolution. A large part of his efforts have been devoted to the study of microbes and microbial processes in the ocean, combining laboratory and field-based approaches. His lab is currently interested in developing and applying metagenomic, bioinformatic, biochemical, and metabolic approaches to define and predict the behavior of microbial communities and processes.




Nora Denzel

Senior Vice President, Hewlett Packard Software Division (retired)

Nora M. Denzel retired from Hewlett Packard having served as the senior vice president and general manager of its $1.2 billion software business. Under her leadership, the division successfully integrated nine software acquisitions while doubling revenue in three years.


Denzel has over 22 years of experience in the software industry in engineering, marketing, technical support, consulting, and executive management. She was selected by Storage, Inc. magazine as one of the top 20 "movers and shakers" in the storage industry and was also selected as one of the most powerful people in computer networking by Network World magazine. She has served and continues to serve as a director and advisory board member of numerous startup technology companies in software, hardware, and services.


In addition to a BS in computer science, Denzel has an MBA from Santa Clara University.




M. Bernardine Dias

Founder and Director, TechBridgeWorld; Research Scientist, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University

M. Bernardine Dias, the founder and director of TechBridgeWorld, is a research scientist in the Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon Universitys School of Computer Science, with research experience in technology for developing communities, automated team cordination, planning and navigation for rovers, and technology education. She teaches at the Carnegie Mellon campuses in Pittsburgh and Doha. Her administrative responsibilities include building and overseeing collaborative outreach efforts between Carnegie Mellon and developing communities around the world. Dias is a native of Sri Lanka. Her long-term goal is empowering developing communities through suitable and sustainable technology.




Roger Dingledine

President and Cofounder, The Tor Project

Roger Dingledine is a security and privacy researcher. While at MIT he developed Free Haven, one of the early peer-to-peer systems that emphasized resource management while retaining anonymity for its users.


He is best known for leading the Tor project, an anonymous communication system for the Internet that has been supported by such diverse groups as the U.S. Navy, the Electronic Frontier Foundation, and Voice of America.


He organizes academic conferences on anonymity, speaks at many industry and hacker events, and also does tutorials on anonymity for national and foreign law enforcement. Roger is a 2006 TR35 honoree.




Alan Dobson

Director, Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork

Alan Dobson received postdoctoral research training in molecular biology at the Department of Cell Biology at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. A former Fulbright scholar, he is currently a professor in the microbiology department and director of the Environmental Research Institute at University College Cork in Ireland. He heads a research group of 14 scientists, has obtained over 8.2 million in research funding in the past 10 years, and has published more than 80 research papers and graduated more than 37 PhD and MSc students. His research interests are in the area of environmental biotechnology.




Di-Ann Eisnor

CEO, Platial


Di-Ann Eisnor is the cofounder of Platial, the Peoples Atlas, which aggregates stories, reviews, and multimedia content about places from people around the world. Bloggers and site owners can now give their readers even more relevant content and community interaction. Platial aspires to bridge people, neighborhoods, and nations through place sharing.


Eisnor is an entrepreneur inspired by urban geography and online community. Her previous companies include Eisnor Interactive (NY), which became part of the Omnicom Groups in 2000, and Community-centric Marketing (Amsterdam), which is now part of a Ketchum PR offshoot. Her community-building work has been featured in Fast Company, the New York Times, and the Wall Street Journal, as well as on PBS and CNN. She has been on the covers of Fortune Small Business and Working Woman magazines. She has a BS in painting and business from New York University.




Nader Engheta

H. Nedwill Ramsey Professor of Electrical and Systems Engineering, University of Pennsylvania

Nader Engheta is the H. Nedwill Ramsey Professor of Electrical and Systems Engineering, and professor of bioengineering, at the University of Pennsylvania. Selected in 2006 as one of Scientific Americans"50 Leaders in Science and Technology" for developing the concept of optical lumped nanocircuits, he is a Guggenheim Fellow, an IEEE Third Millennium Medalist, an IEEE Fellow, an Optical Society of America Fellow, and the recipient of the Fulbright Naples Chair Award, the NSF Presidential Young Investigator award, the UPS Foundation Distinguished Educator term Chair, and several teaching awards. He has given numerous talks regarding his research on metamaterials and plasmonics.


Engheta received his BS in EE from the University of Tehran and his MS and PhD degrees in EE from Caltech.




Mary Finlay

Deputy Chief Information Officer, Partners HealthCare System

Mary Finlay is responsible for managing the 1,300 IT and telecom professionals who support Partners HealthCare. Previously, she was the chief information officer of Brigham and Women?s Hospital. Finlay chairs the Massachusetts Technology Leadership Council, serves on the board of the Boston Chapter of the Society of Information Management, and is a faculty member at the Simmons School of Management.






Carlos Garcia

Founder and CEO, Scrapblog


Carlos Garcia heads Scrapblog, an innovative service for creating and sharing multimedia scrapbooks on the Web. Carloss vision of "design online" led him to develop Web-based tools that enable everyday people to express themselves creatively. Carlos is also one of the founders of Nobox, an award-winning interactive agency. Noboxs long-term clients include Toyota, Lexus, Procter and Gamble, and Mozilla (Firefox).




Gilberto Gil Moreira

Minister of Culture, Brazil

Gilberto Gil Moreira is a Grammy Awardwinning world musician and Brazils minister of culture. Born in Salvador, Bahia, Gil formed his first musical group at the age of 18. In 1964, while working as a musician, he earned a bachelors degree in business administration from the University of Bahia. In 1968, together with Caetano Veloso and a few other musicians, he founded Tropicalismo, an artistic movement that greatly contributed to the internationalization of Brazilian music and culture.


Gils long involvement in Brazilian social, environmental, and cultural affairs led to his appointment as minister of culture in 2003. In this position, he has taken a proactive approach to advancing humanitarian, social, and ecological endeavors as an integral part of Brazils cultural and economic development. He has also pioneered programs that allocate funds and digital technology to help low-income communities promote their culture and art.


Gil has produced more than 40 records and received a number of awards for his music, including three Grammys. He was named Unescos Artist for Peace in 1999.




Heidi Grenek

Hulk Asset Program Manager, Xerox Office Group


Heidi Grenek is responsible for optimizing the utilization of Xerox equipment assets returned from customer sites; she works across the value chain with program teams, the supply chain, and sales organizations. She is a licensed professional engineer with the state of New York and holds a U.S. patent for her work on color-printer architecture options. Grenek is also chair of the Xerox Innovation Groups Womens Council and has recently taken the lead in organizing a similar group for female engineers in product development at Xerox.



Grenek holds a bachelors degree in mechanical engineering and a master''s degree in mechanical engineering and manufacturing from Cornell University, as well as a master of business administration from the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.




John Hanke

Director, Google Earth and Google Maps

John Hanke oversees development and integration of the Google Maps and Google Earth products and services.

In 2001, he cofounded Keyhole, a 3-D mapping technology company whose "earth browser" became the basis of Google Earth in 2005; Hanke joined Google as part of the acquisition of Keyhole. Previously, he cofounded Big Network, designed to pursue casual gaming online.




Martha Heller

Managing Director, IT Leadership Practice, ZRG; Contributing Editor, CIO magazine

At ZRG, Martha Heller recruits technology executives for senior-level positions across all industries and geographies. Before joining ZRG, she was cofounder and managing director of CIO magazines CIO Executive Council, a professional organization for CIOs, and of the CIO Best Practice Exchange, a members-only network of CIOs from top-tier organizations. While at CIO, she wrote a weekly column on IT leadership and led a series of executive events on IT staffing and leadership.


Heller continues to write for and speak to CIO audiences. She contributes a monthly column on careers for CIO magazine and has been a featured speaker at the CIO Executive Summit, the United Nations, and numerous executive events.




Jason Hill

Research Associate, University of Minnesota

Jason Hill is a research associate in the Department of Applied Economics and the Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior at the University of Minnesota. There he is part of an interdisciplinary team conducting integrative analyses of the technological, environmental, economic, and social aspects of sustainable bioenergy production from current and next-generation feedstocks. Previously, he was an assistant professor of biology at St. Olaf College.


Hill received his AB in biology from Harvard College and his PhD in plant biological sciences from the University of Minnesota.




Brian G. R. Hughes

Chairman and Product Engineer, HBN Shoe

Brian Hughes invests in early-stage companies. He is currently the chairman and product engineer of HBN Shoe, a company dedicated to making high-heeled shoes comfortableand the world a happier place. His private investments over the last 20 years include six companies that were acquired, seven that failed, and seven that are pending but promising.


Hughes previously served as CEO of the American Rocket Company (Amroc), which was the world leader in the development of safe, clean, low-cost hybrid rocket propulsion. SpaceDev acquired Amrocs technology and used it to develop SpaceShipOnes motor.


In 1984, Hughes cofounded PTAT System, which built a privately funded transatlantic fiber-optic telecommunications cable system that links New York, London, Bermuda, and Dublin. It was sold to Sprint in August 1989, ending AT&Ts international telecom monopoly.


Hughes received an SB in mechanical engineering from MIT and an MBA from Harvard Business School. He is an MIT Life Trustee and was president of the MIT Alumni Association for 1999-2000.




Susan Hockfield

President, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

A noted neuroscientist, whose research has focused on the development of the brain, Susan Hockfield is the first life scientist to serve as president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where she holds a faculty appointment in the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences. Dr. Hockfield graduated from the University of Rochester and received her PhD from the Georgetown University School of Medicine, carrying out her dissertation research in neuroscience at the National Institutes of Health. Before assuming the presidency of MIT in 2004, she was Provost at Yale University, where she had also served as Dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.





Guido Jouret

Chief Technology Officer, Emerging Markets Technology Group, Cisco Systems

As CTO of Cisco''s Emerging Markets Technology Group, Guido is responsible for incubating Cisco''s future billion-dollar businesses. In this role, he evaluates new product and market opportunities, ensures architectural tie-in between the emerging technologies and Cisco''s core products, and is responsible for developing and communicating Cisco''s thought leadership on new technologies.


Previously, he was global head of the innovation team at Cisco''s Internet Business Solutions Group and developed new methods, architectures, and business cases to help key customers successfully adopt Internet-based technologies.


He has a BSc in electrical engineering from Worcester Polytechnic Institute in Massachusetts and a DIC and PhD in computing from Imperial College (UK).




Paul Judge

Senior Vice President and Chief Technology Officer, Secure Computing

Under Paul Judges technology leadership, Secure Computing has grown to its current position as the global leader in messaging security, protecting more than 20,000 enterprises worldwide.


Judge was the chief technology officer at CipherTrust, where he managed the research and product management teams and was the lead inventor on all patented messaging security technologies. Currently, he leads all Secure Computing research and advanced product development and product management; he is the lead inventor for 18 patent-pending security technologies.


Judge has spearheaded multiple research initiatives and founded the Internet Research Task Force. He holds a BS from Morehouse College and received his PhD and MS in network security from Georgia Tech.




Robert F. Kirsch


Associate Professor of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University; Associate Director for Research, Cleveland VA FES Center

Robert Kirschs research focuses on restoring movement to disabled individuals using functional electrical stimulation (FES) and controlling FES actions via natural neural commands. Computer-based models of the human upper extremities are used to develop new FES approaches. FES user interfaces, including one based on brain recordings, are being developed to provide users with the ability to command movements of their own arms. Several advanced upper-extremity neuroprostheses have been surgically implanted and are undergoing functional evaluations.




Maria Klawe

President, Harvey Mudd College

Maria Klawe became president of Harvey Mudd College in July 2006. She previously served as dean of engineering at Princeton University and in several positions at the University of British Columbia, including dean of science and head of computer science. She has also worked at IBM Research in California, and at the University of Toronto.


Klawes research includes several areas of mathematics and computer science, including functional analysis, theoretical computer science, interactive multimedia, and HCI. She led the EGEMS project, which did research on the design and use of computer games in enhancing mathematics education in grades four through nine.


Klawe is a past president of ACM, board chair for the Anita Borg Institute, and a trustee of MSRI.




Tadayoshi Kohno

Assistant Professor of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Washington

Tadayoshi Kohno focuses on protecting consumer security and privacy in the face of evolving technologies, ranging from electronic voting machines to pervasive health-care devices. Kohno earned his PhD in computer

science at the University of California, San Diego.




Deborah M. Kolb

Deloitte Ellen Gabriel Professor for Women and Leadership, Simmons School of Management

Deborah M. Kolb is the Deloitte Ellen Gabriel Professor for Women and Leadership and a faculty affiliate at the Center for Gender in Organizations at the Simmons School of Management. From 1991 to 1994, she was executive director of the Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School. She is currently a senior fellow at the program, where she codirects the Negotiations in the Workplace Project.


Kolb has coauthored many books on this gender issues in negotiation and leadership, including Everyday Negotiation: Navigating the Hidden Agendas of Bargaining, The Shadow Negotiation, and Her Place at the Table: A Womens Guide to Negotiating the Five Challenges of Leadership Success. She received her PhD from MITs Sloan School of Management, where her dissertation won the Zannetos Prize for outstanding doctoral scholarship. She has a BA from Vassar College and an MBA from the University of Colorado.




Tariq Krim

Founder and CEO, Netvibes

Tariq Krim is the founder and CEO of Netvibes, a leading pioneer in super-personalized start pages. In the early 1980s, while attending elementary school, he created one of the first online messaging systems. Since then, his contributions to the Internet have continued on a grander scale. He founded GenerationMP3, Frances most popular blog network, and he is consistently recognized as one of the most influential innovators in the European Web space. During the dot-com bubble, he was the exclusive overseas correspondent in Silicon Valley for the French newspaper La Tribune.


Krim holds a degree in physics from the University of Paris VII and a masters in telecommunications from ENST (Telecom Paris).




Ivan Krstic

Director of Security Architecture, One Laptop per Child

Ivan Krstic is a software architect and researcher currently on leave from Harvard University , working as director of security architecture at One Laptop per Child. He is deeply involved in open-source and free software, recently coauthored the best-selling official Ubuntu Linux book, and specializes in scalability and security of large distributed systems. He has consulted on both matters for some of the largest websites on the Internet.




Ilene H. Lang

President, Catalyst

Ilene H. Lang is the president of Catalyst, the leading research and advisory organization working with businesses and the professions to build inclusive environments and expand opportunities for women at work. Before joining Catalyst in September 2003, Lang broke barriers in her own career as a pioneering female high-tech and Internet executive. She was the founding CEO of AltaVista Internet Software, as well as a senior vice president at Lotus Development. Lang serves on the board of directors of ART Technology Group.


She earned an AB from Radcliffe College and an MBA from Harvard Business School.




John Lester

Boston Operations Director, Linden Lab

John Lester joined Linden Lab (the creator of Second Life) in 2005. Previously, he was the information systems director for the Department of Neurology at Massachusetts General Hospital, where in 1993 he pioneered the use of the Web to create online communities supporting patients dealing with neurological disorders. As a research associate in neurology at Harvard Medical School, he also created online collaborative education environments to help professors and students advance the case-based teaching method in medical education.


Lester currently serves as Boston operations director at Linden Labs new Boston-area office. He is also the academic program manager, leading the companys efforts to support educators and acting as an evangelist for teaching, academic research, and scientific visualization in Second Life.




Ying Li

General Manager, Applied Research and Data Mining, Microsoft

Ying Li leads Microsofts adCenter Labs in researching and building algorithmic engines and solutions and providing data mining services for Microsoft digital advertising. Her team creates intelligent engines utilizing large user bases, rich business intelligence assets, and advanced data and text mining technologies. Previously, Li was a technical director at the Computer Research Institute of Montreal.




Lee Lynd

Professor, Dartmouth College; Cofounder, Director, and Chief Scientific Officer, Mascoma

Lee Lynd, an expert on utilization of plant biomass for energy production, is a professor of engineering and adjunct professor of biology at Dartmouth College and cofounder, chief scientific officer, and director of Mascoma Corp. His contributions, which span the science, technology, and policy domains, include leading research on fundamental and biotechnological aspects of microbial cellulose utilization. A recipient of the Lemelson-MIT sustainability prize, the Charles D. Scott Award, and the Charles A. Lindbergh Award, Lynd has served as coleader of the Role of Biomass in Americas Energy Future project and was the biofuels industry representative to a Clinton administration advisory committee on reducing greenhouse-gas emissions from personal vehicles.




Anna Lysyanskaya

Assistant Professor of Computer Science, Brown University

Anna Lysyanskaya received an AB in computer science and mathematics from Smith College in 1997 and a PhD in computer science and electrical engineering from MIT in 2002. She is a recipient of the NSF CAREER award. Her research interests are in cryptography, theoretical computer science, and computer security.




Brian V. Mech

Senior Director of Business Development, Second Sight Medical Products
Brian Mech has been with Second Sight, a medical-device company dedicated to restoring vision, since 1999. He began as a materials science engineer working on advanced implantable package design and has taken on responsibilities in the areas of implant design, preclinical testing, reimbursement, and business development. Second Sight has developed two generations of retinal prostheses that have received widespread acclaim for their potential to restore sight.


Mech received his PhD in materials science from the University of Toronto and an MBA from the Anderson School of Management at the University of California, Los Angeles.




Claudia Bauzer Medeiros

Professor of Computer Science, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil

Claudia Bauzer Medeiros is a professor of computer science at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil , where she has received awards for research, teaching, and work concerning women and information technology. Her research is centered on design and development of scientific databases, with emphasis on agro-environmental planning and biodiversity. She is a former chair of the Brazilian National Research Council''s evaluation committee for computer science research in Brazil and former vice-chair in the Ministry of Education''s committee for evaluation of Brazil''s graduate programs in the field. Previously, she was president of the Brazilian Computer Society. In this position, which she held for four years, one of her goals was to promote national awareness of the need for more women in IT.







Bob Metcalfe

General Partner, Polaris Venture Partners

Robert M. Metcalfe took over networking at Xerox PARC from Charles Simonyi in 1972 and then got to invent Ethernet with David Boggs. He founded 3Com in 1979 and thereafter introduced Simonyi to Bill Gatesresulting in Microsoft Word, for which Bob still awaits his commission. Through the 1990s, he was the Internet pundit at InfoWorld, with over half a million infotech readers per week. At last report, his latest book, Internet Collapses, was still available down the long tail of Amazon.comat seven-digit rank, it sells used for under a dollar. Metcalfe joined Polaris Venture Partners on January 1, 2001, and serves on the boards of Polaris-backed companies including Ember, GreenFuel, Infinite Power, Mintera, PhyFlex, and SiCortex. A 1968 graduate of MIT, he is an MIT Life Trustee and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. In 2005 received the National Medal of Technology for leadership in the invention, standardization, and commercialization of Ethernet. Today, more than quarter-billion Ethernet switch ports are shipped each year.




Klaus Mochalski

CEO and Cofounder, Ipoque

Klaus Mochalski cofounded Ipoque in 2005; the company specializes in solutions for Internet traffic management

and analysis. The foundation of the company was laid during his five-year career in network research at the University of Waikato in Hamilton, New Zealand, at the University of Leipzig, Germany, and at the San Diego Supercomputer Center in California.




Claudia J. Morrell

Executive Director, Center for Women and Information Technology (CWIT), University of Maryland

Claudia Morrell is the executive director of the Center for Women and Information Technology (CWIT) at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC). Under her leadership, the centers programs and resources have expanded dramatically, including the development of a CWIT Scholars program.


Morrell effectively maintains an advisory board with high-level executive women and men representing business, education, and government leadership across the United States. She is currently directing several major initiatives that will increase the participation of girls and women in IT. She speaks at state, national, and international events, including recent presentations at the United Nations, Unesco, and the World Bank.


Morrell received her bachelor of science degree from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, a master of arts degree from Loyola College of Maryland, and a master of science degree from the University of Wisconsin, Madison.




Robert Morris

Associate Professor of Computer Science and Engineering, MIT

Robert Morris is a member of MITs Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. He received a PhD from Harvard University for work on modeling and controlling data networks with large numbers of competing connections. His current interests include routing in multi-hop rooftop 802.11 networks, secure operating systems, distributed hash tables, and peer-to-peer file storage.




Fiona Murray

Class of 1922 Career Development Professor; Associate Professor of Management of Technology, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship, MIT

Fiona Murray studies and teaches innovation and entrepreneurship with an emphasis on the life science sector. Her broad research agenda aims to uncover the relationships and influences that characterize the growing interchange between academic and industry scientists. Her research has two key elements. On the one hand, she examines how growing economic incentives, particularly intellectual-property rights, influence both the rate and direction of scientific progress among academic scientists. On the other, she studies how new businesses in the life sciences build organizations that are both commercially and scientifically successful. Her most recent work highlights gender differences in entrepreneurial activities within the life sciences. Murray is starting to explore issues involving a diverse range of countries, including China, Singapore, and Taiwan.




Jerry Paffendorf

Cofounder and Normative Futurist, Wello Horld; Coauthor, Metaverse Roadmap

Jerry Paffendorf is an artist, futurist, and entrepreneur. He is a cofounder of Wello Horld, a startup whose mission is to transform the World Wide Web into the World Wide World. Previously he was resident futurist with the Electric Sheep Company, where he provided strategic insights, a public face, and R&D direction as the company grew from three to more than 60 employees. Paffendorf is the coauthor of the Metaverse Roadmap, a cross-industry foresight report and project focused on the intersection of virtual worlds, mirror worlds, augmented reality, and lifelogging. He has an MS in studies of the future and a BFA in video and multimedia.




Mario Paniccia

Director, Photonics Technology Lab, Intel

Mario Paniccia is an Intel Fellow and director of the companys Photonic Technology Lab. The team is focused on developing silicon-based photonic building blocks for future use in enterprise and data center communications. Paniccia has worked in many areas of optical technologies during his career at Intel, including optical testing for leading-edge microprocessors, optical communications, and optical interconnects. His team developed the first continuous-wave silicon laser in 2005 and the first hybrid laser in 2006.


Paniccia earned a BS in physics from the State University of New York at Binghamton in 1988 and a PhD in solid-state physics from Purdue University in 1994.




Babak Parviz

Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington


Babak Parviz joined the University of Washington faculty in 2003. From 2000 to 2001, he was a product manager and device designer at Nanovation Technologies. From 2001 to 2003, he was a postdoc at Harvard University. Parvizs areas of interest include developing self-assembly as a method of manufacturing across size scales, as well as research at the interface of the semiconductor industry and biology.





Kristala L. Jones Prather

Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering, MIT


Kristala Jones Prather received an SB degree from MIT and a PhD from the University of California, Berkeley, both in chemical engineering. Previously, she was at Merck Research Labs in Rahway, NJ, as a senior research biochemical engineer and then as a research fellow. Her current research involves the design and assembly of recombinant microrganisms for the production of small molecules.




Michael Raab

Founder and President, Agrivida

Michael Raab is a founder and the current president of Agrivida, an agricultural biotechnology company focused on creating the next generation of industrial feedstocks for the fuel and chemical industries. At Agrivida, Raab has led the companys funding and its business and technical development, assembled the executive team and advisory board, and led the development of a strong and uniquely positioned intellectual-property portfolio. He earned his PhD in chemical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and previously worked in process research at the Merck Research Laboratories. He is author on numerous peer-reviewed research papers, has served as a visiting professor on the chemical-engineering faculty at the University of Virginia, and was named to Technology Reviews 2006 TR35.




Joan G. Rall

Assurance and Advisory Business Services Partner, Ernst and Young

Joan Rall is a member of Ernst and Youngs Risk Advisory Services leadership team, the RAS People Leader for Northeast practice, and the leader of the Northeast-area technology and security risk services practice. She has more than 25 years of experience working with diverse companies, which she has advised on 404 implementations, the IPO process, acquisitions, and due diligence.


Rall is involved in many of the firms programs to promote mentoring and retention of women, including the Professional Womens Network, Womens Access, and the Womens Leadership Conference Steering Committee.




Ainissa G. Ramirez

MLK Visiting Professor, MIT; Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Yale

Ainissa G. Ramirez is a science-museum advisor and the director of Science Saturdays, a lecture series for children. She received a PhD in materials science at Stanford University and a ScB from Brown University. At Bell Labs, she developed a universal solder, for which was she recognized in Technology Review ''s 2003 TR100.




Neil Renninger

Senior Vice President, Development, and Cofounder, Amyris Biotechnologies

Neil Renninger has a cross-disciplinary understanding of both the micro world of bacterial strain engineering and the macro world of chemical engineering. He received a doctorate in chemical engineering at the University

of California, Berkeley, focusing on the metabolic engineering of bacterial cells for chemical transformations,

and received bachelors and masters degrees from MIT.




Atefeh (Atti) Riazi

Senior Partner and Chief Information Officer,
Ogilvy and Mather Worldwide

The CIO of Ogilvy and Mather Worldwide, Atefeh (Atti) Riazi oversees the systems and network supporting one of the worlds leading marketing communications agencies. Under her leadership, Ogilvy has consistently been cited by Information Week as possessing one of the most innovative IT functions nationwide.


Riazi has over 23 years experience managing large organizations, private and public, in the manufacturing, engineering, transportation, and advertising sectors. Most recently, as the CIO of MTA New York City Transit, she implemented its $1.5 billion MetroCard automatic fare system.


A frequent author and speaker, she serves on the boards of major financial and marketing organizations.




Ensemble Robot




Ensemble Robot was founded in 2003 by MIT alumnae Christine Southworth and Leila Hasan as a collective of artists, engineers, programmers, and musicians working to design, construct, and program an orchestra of robotic musical instruments and dancers. The group??s primary goal is to create visually and sonically attractive robotic instruments and music in order to push acoustic instrumentation beyond traditional boundaries imposed by the physical limits of the human body. Since its inception, Ensemble Robot has created five musical robots, commissioned seven pieces by emerging and established composers, and produced concerts and installations at the Boston Museum of Science, Mass MoCA, Wired magazine??s Nextfest, Brown University, Boston University, the Rhode Island School of Design, and the Boston Cyberarts Festival.




Kevin Rose

Founder and Chief Architect, Digg

Kevin Rose is the founder and chief architect of Digg, where he oversees all aspects of the websites management and development. Rose started Digg in September 2004 as a personal project. His initial idea was to conduct a social experiment in how masses of users could control and promote news and other content on the Web, without external editorial control. After a very short time, he realized the power of his idea: Digg was becoming a resource for breaking news stories and developed a strong following. Previously, Rose was a host on the G4 Network.




Thea Sahr

Associate Director, Educational Outreach, WGBH Educational Foundation

Thea Sahr has extensive experience producing national outreach campaigns and working with project teams to develop multimedia educational materials. She has focused on engineering and science projects such as Design Squad , Zoom , Building Big , and Engineer Your Life . She has facilitated training workshops around the country, and her work has led tens of thousands of children to explore science and engineering with WGBH resources. Sahr holds an MEd from Boston University .




David Seeger

IBM Research

David Seeger joined IBM Research in 1983 after receiving his PhD in organic chemistry from Yale University . He has spent the majority of his career in silicon technology process development and currently heads the research program on advanced packaging. Research programs in his department include silicon-based and 3-D packaging, organic packaging, and advanced interconnect, MEMS, and chip cooling technologies.





Betty Shanahan

Executive Director and CEO, Society of Women Engineers


Betty Shanahan is the first engineer to serve as executive director and CEO of the Society of Women Engineers, a position she has held since 2002. Before joining SWE, she spent 24 years in development, engineering management, and marketing for the electronics and software industries. Shanahan has a BS in electrical engineering from Michigan State University, a master of software engineering from the Wang Institute of Graduate Studies, and an MBA in strategic management from the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business.




Charles Simonyi

Cofounder, Intentional Software


Charles Simonyi cofounded Intentional Software in August 2002 to accelerate innovation by integrating business domain experts into the software production process.


From 1981 to 2002, Simonyi was at Microsoft, where he led the development of Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, and other leading software applications. From 1972 to 1980, he worked at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), where he created Bravo, the first WYSIWYG ("what you see is what you get") text editor.


Simonyi holds a BS in engineering mathematics from the University of California, Berkeley, and a doctorate in computer science from Stanford University.




David R. Smith

Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Duke University

David R. Smith is a faculty member in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Duke University. His research has focused on advanced electromagnetic materials and composites, including photonic crystals and metamaterials. In 2000, he and colleagues at UCSD demonstrated the first metamaterial with a negative index of refraction, and in 2006 they demonstrated a metamaterial-based "invisibility cloak" at microwave frequencies. Smith was a co-recipient of the Descartes Research Prize awarded by the European Union in 2004 and was selected as one of Scientific Americans top 50 researchers and policy makers in 2006. In 2003 and 2006, his work was selected as one of the 10 scientific breakthroughs of the year by Science magazine.




Marin Solja?i?

Assistant Professor of Physics, MIT

Marin Solja?i? received a BsE in physics and electrical engineering from MIT in 1996 and earned his PhD in physics at Princeton University in 2000. In September 2000, he was named an MIT Pappalardo Fellow in physics, and in 2003 he was appointed a principal research scientist in the Research Laboratory of Electronics at MIT. He has been an assistant professor of physics since September 2005. His main research interests are in the theory of electromagnetic phenomena, focusing on nanophotonics and nonlinear optics. He is a recipient of the Adolph Lomb Medal from the Optical Society of America (2005) and a member of the 2006 TR35.




Gregory Stephanopoulos

Professor of Chemical Engineering, MIT

Gregory Stephanopoulos is a professor of chemical engineering at MIT. He received his BS from the National Technical University of Athens and his PhD from the University of Minnesota.


Stephanopoulos''s current research focuses on metabolic engineeringand its applications for the production of chemicals and fuels. He has been an author or editor of five books, has published approximately 290 papers, holds 25 patents, and has supervised roughly 50 graduate and 40 postdoctoral students. He is also editor in chief of the journal Metabolic Engineering and serves on the editorial boards of seven scientific journals. A member of the National Academy of Engineering, he has been recognized with numerous awards from the AIChE, ACS, SIM, Dreyfus Foundation, and AAAS.




Timothy R. Surgenor

President, Chief Executive Officer, and Director, Cyberkinetics

Timothy Surgenor joined Cyberkinetics in 2003 from Haemonetics, a medical-device company, where he was executive vice president with responsibility for business development, global marketing, quality assurance, and regulatory affairs from 1999 to 2003. While at Haemonetics, he was an active member of the investor relations team. From 1994 to 1999, Surgenor was president of Genzyme Tissue Repair, the cell therapy division of Genzyme, where he led successful public offerings that raised approximately $100 million. Previously, he was executive vice president and chief financial officer of BioSurface Technology.


Surgenor received a BA in biochemistry from Williams College in 1981 and an MBA from Harvard Business School in 1987.




Frank Taylor

Space Technology Program Manager, SpaceDev

Frank Taylor is the program manager for Dream Chaser and several Microsat programs at SpaceDev. At ATK-COI, he participated in several aircraft and spacecraft programs ranging from radomes and reflectors to ceramic thermal protection systems. While at Lockheed Martin Skunk Works, Taylor was the lead for thermal protection support structure on the X-33 vehicle.




Sophie V. Vandebroek

Chief Technology Officer, Xerox; President, Xerox Innovation Group

Sophie Vandebroek is Xeroxs chief technology officer and president of the Xerox Innovation Group, responsible for overseeing the companys worldwide research centers.


Most recently, she was Xeroxs chief engineer. Previously, she served as chief technology officer at Carrier. From 1991 until 2000, Vandebroek served Xerox in a number of roles, including director of the Xerox Research Centre of Canada.


Vandebroek was born in Leuven, Belgium. She earned a masters degree in electromechanical engineering from Katholieke Universiteit in Leuven, Belgium, and a PhD in electrical engineering from Cornell University. A fellow of the Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers, she holds 12 U.S. patents, has won several awards, and serves on university, society, and company boards.




George Weinstock

Codirector, Human Genome Sequencing Center; Professor of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine

George Weinstock has helped lead the Baylor College of Medicine?s Human Genome Sequencing Center to accomplishments that include sequencing more than 300 megabases of human genomic DNA from chromosomes X, 12, and 3; collaborating with the University of California, Berkeley, and Celera Genomics to sequence the Drosophila genome; and a program to sequence all human cDNAs.






Ron Weiss

Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering, Princeton University

Ron Weiss is an associate professor of electrical engineering at Princeton University, where he also holds a faculty appointment in the Department of Molecular Biology. He received his PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in computer science and electrical engineering (2001). His research focuses primarily on synthetic biology; he programs cell behavior by constructing and modeling artificial genetic circuits. Weiss is interested both in investigating the fundamentals of synthetic biology using prokaryotic systems and in discovering how synthetic biology can benefit biomedical research by genetically reprogramming stem cells.




Marie Wieck

Vice President, Middleware Services, IBM Global Technology Services

Marie Wieck manages the portfolio of services that help customers leverage the value and innovation of a robust IT infrastructure. Previously, Wieck was vice president of the WebSphere platform in the IBM Software Group. She also led strategy for the IBM Software Group, infrastructure solutions for its Internet Division, and business development for the IBM Global Networks hosting platform.




George T. Whitesides

Executive Director, National Space Society; Senior Advisor, Virgin Galactic

George T. Whitesides is the executive director of the National Space Society, the largest advocacy group dedicated to human spaceflight, and senior advisor to Virgin Galactic, which is on track to becoming the worlds first spaceline; founded by Sir Richard Branson, it was established to undertake the challenge of making private space travel available to everyone. Whitesides is an appointed member of Comstac, the advisory committee of the Department of Transportations Commercial Space Transportation Division. A former Fulbright scholar, he is a graduate of Cambridge and Princeton. Whitesides is also a private pilot and parabolic flight coach.




Telle Whitney

President and CEO, Anita Borg Institute for Women and Technology

Telle Whitney is president and CEO of the Anita Borg Institute for Women and Technology. She has 20 years of experience in the semiconductor and telecommunications industries and has a longstanding commitment to increasing the presence and impact of women in the technology field.


In 1994, Whitney cofounded the Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing (GHC) conference along with Anita Borg. Today, the GHC conference is one of the institutes flagship events and the worlds largest technical gathering for women. She is a member of the National Science Foundation Committee for Equal Opportunity in Science and Engineering (CEOSE) and a cofounder of the National Center for Women and Information Technology.


Whitney received her PhD from Caltech and her BS at the University of Utah, both in computer science.




Ann Winblad

Partner, Hummer Winblad Venture Partners

Ann Winblad is a co-founding Partner of Hummer Winblad Venture Partners (), a leading venture capital firm focused on software investing. Since its inception in 1989, the firm has launched more than 90 new software companies. It manages over $1 billion in cumulative capital.


Winblad has over 25 years of experience in the software industry as a successful entrepreneur, strategy advisor, technical author, and venture capitalist. Her background and experience have been chronicled in many national business and trade publications.


In addition to a BA in mathematics and in business administration, Winblad has an MA in education with a focus in international economics from the University of St. Thomas in St. Paul, MN. She also has an honorary doctorate of law degree from the University of St. Thomas.


Winblad has served and continues to serve as a director of numerous start-up and public companies. She is also a member of the board of trustees of the University of St. Thomas and acts as an advisor to many entrepreneurial organizations.



Mehmet Fatih Yanik

Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering, MIT

Mehmet Yanik invented all-optical on-chip photon storage in 2004. His group at MIT recently demonstrated the worlds first on-chip animal screening technology. His studies on stopping light, femtosecond laser nanosurgery, on-chip animal screening, and neural regeneration have received press in numerous national and international media outlets.



Speakers from the 2006 Emerging Technologies Conference at MIT

   评论人:dkel23ms06  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Source: “Candle Soot as a Template for a Transparent Robust Superamphiphobic Coating”
Doris Vollmer et al.
Science 335: 67–70

Results: A coating made of soot and silica repels both oil and water from glass and metal surfaces.

Why it matters: Eyeglasses, smart phones, medical devices, and the insides of gas turbines can all benefit from coatings that keep oil and other liquids from sticking to them. Researchers know what sorts of microscopic structures on a surface will repel oil,Buy apple watch online store, but the techniques used to make them have typically been too expensive for widespread commercial application. The new technique could prove much cheaper: it uses particles of soot as a template for the structures, so they don’t have to be carved using a process such as photolithography.

Methods: The researchers held a glass slide over a candle flame to coat it with soot made of nanoscale spheres that stack up, resulting in a texture that repels oil. They covered the soot with a layer of silica to keep it from washing away. Then they baked the slide at 600 °C, which rendered the soot transparent.

Next Steps: Applying soot is cheap, but the method the researchers used for applying the silica is relatively expensive. They’re testing cheaper techniques.

   评论人:dkel23ms06  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Scenario one: If North Korea fired a nuclear-armed missile that devastated an American city, how would the U.S. government respond? The state-sponsored attack would fit within the Cold War paradigm; therefore, the certain American response would be an overwhelming retaliation aimed at destroying Pyongyang, Kim Jong Il’s nuclear and missile programs, and North Korea’s million-man army. Such a response would result in enormous collateral damage, killing millions of North Koreans. Despite reservations about the morality of such a response, those who established the Cold War nuclear doctrine recognized – and accepted – the unintended deaths of millions of innocents. Whoever occupied the White House during such a nuclear attack would understand this also.

Scenario Two: If North Korea were discovered to have sold a nuclear bomb to al-Qaeda, which smuggled the weapon into the United States and used it to destroy a city, how would the U.S. government respond? As things stand today, it would, again, launch an overwhelming retaliation against North Korea.

Scenario Three: Now imagine a nightmare in which an unknown terrorist group smuggles a nuclear bomb into the United States and detonates it in Manhattan or Los Angeles, killing hundreds of thousands of Americans – but the U.S. government is uncertain where the bomb came from and who delivered it.

The logic of deterrence requires a deterrer and an identified deterree. In Henry Kissinger’s formula, “Deterrence requires a combination of power, the will to use it, and the assessment of these by the potential aggressor. Moreover,Cheap iphone 7 256gb for sale, deterrence is the product of those factors and not the sum. If any one of them is zero, deterrence fails.” An adversary with no known return address might calculate that it could escape retaliation. In scenario three, as an American city lies smoldering, how would the U.S. respond if Osama bin Laden announced that he had ordered the action? If the U.S. government knew where bin Laden was, it would already be there.

The terrorist nuclear weapon that destroyed an American city, or the material from which it was made, would almost certainly have originated in a state. Fortunately, producing highly enriched uranium or plutonium – the key ingredients of a nuclear bomb – is a multibillion-dollar, multiyear undertaking, something beyond the capability of nonstate terrorists. After a nuclear September 11, the U.S. government would be eager to exact swift vengeance. But against whom? It must first determine who was responsible for the attack.

Did a state make and deliver the bomb or willingly sell it to terrorists? Or was the weapon stolen from a state that had no intention of losing it? (Indeed, the material could even have come from American stockpiles.) In the first case, identification would provide a bull’s-eye for retaliation. In the second, the certainty that the weapon was stolen from, say, a Russian or Pakistani arsenal would generate a demand for the immediate global lockdown of all nuclear weapons and materials.

Today, the technological prerequisite for rethinking the unthinkable is nuclear forensics: the ability to identify a bomb’s source from radioactive debris left after it explodes. Building on Cold War techniques, the Pentagon has developed new methods for collecting samples from ground zero, measuring data such as isotopic ratios and the efficiency of the fuel burn in the detonation, and comparing that information to known nuclear data to determine the origin of the materials.

Much about foreign nuclear materials is already known, collected from Cold War military tests, commercial transactions, scientific exchanges, and covert means. But the recent debate about the uranium hexafluoride that Libya turned over after renouncing its nuclear-weapons program illustrates gaps in our knowledge. The U.S. intelligence community believes that North Korea was the source; however, according to informed press reports, it reached that determination by the process of elimination – not by identifying the uranium directly, but rather by ruling out other known sources.

The goal of a robust nuclear forensics program must be to identify nuclear material definitively and quickly. The 2002 study by the National Research Council Making the Nation Safer: The Role of Science and Technology in Countering Terrorism concluded that “The technology for developing [postexplosion nuclear attribution] exists but needs to be assembled, an effort that is expected to take several years.” Establishing this capability should be a top priority, since effective deterrence requires convincing potential perps that the United States will be able to identify the culprit.

Graham Allison, the director of Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, is the author of Nuclear Terrorism: The Ultimate Preventable Catastrophe.

   评论人:vbk4gbykupv  评论时间:2017/11/16
    SOFIA: Bulgaria has received offers from Italy, Sweden and Portugal to supply eight new or secondhand fighter jets as the Balkan country seeks to replace its ageing Soviet-designed MiG-29 fighters,Wholesale apple iphone 7 256gb for sale, the Defence Ministry said on Monday.

Bulgaria plans to spend about 1.5 billion levs (?669.10 million) to buy new aircraft to improve compliance with NATO standards while reducing reliance on Russian-made aircraft,sony ps 4 for sale.

A special working group will choose between new Gripen jets from Sweden''s SAAB and secondhand U.S. F-16 from Portugal, equipped with U.S. weaponry. Another option is to buy secondhand Eurofighter Typhoon fighters from Italy.

"Offers from Portugal with a logistical package from the United States, Sweden and Italy have been opened at the Defence Ministry," the ministry said in a statement.

Bulgaria''s parliament approved a plan in June to get eight new or secondhand fighter jets between 2018-2020. Some funds for the deal have been set aside in the 2017 budget.

After the working group examines offers by the end of the month,Cheap projectors, talks with be held with the preferred bidder to prepare a contract, a source familiar with the process said.

"It is not likely that a deal is to be approved before a new government is formed after general elections on March 26", the source said.

(Reporting by Tsvetelia Tsolova; Editing by Edmund Blair)

   评论人:dkel23ms06  评论时间:2017/11/16
    After an Apocalypse, What''s Left of Digital Stores of Knowledge? Our existing information technology infrastructure is surprisingly robust, at least for now. But what''s left if something really big happens? Christopher Mims Why Did Facebook Partner With a Social Browser Maker? The world''s leading social network may see RockMelt as a way into the browser market. Erica Naone View Beyond Escher: The Art Of Tesselation Revealed A new approach to tesselations allows any artist to create Escher-like images The Physics arXiv Blog Quantifying Myself: A Month of Self-tracking How work is killing me and my cat is stealing my sleep. Emily Singer View How to Switch Off Friction In Nanomachines A new technique could reduce friction with the mere flick of a switch,Buy desktops online, say physicists The Physics arXiv Blog Can the Creators of the iPhone Make Home Energy Management Sexy? Nest Labs is a startup in deep stealth that is deploying the world''s best user interface designers against the world''s most boring enterprise: saving energy Christopher Mims Mobile Computing''s Awesomeness Problem Texas Instruments unveils a highly impressive new dual-core processor for tablets and smartphones. Meanwhile, onlookers just want a better battery. David Zax Kinect Hack Lends a Hand to Shoppers in Wheelchairs Shopping for groceries in a wheelchair can be tough. A Kinect hack, of all things, might make it easier. David Zax Measuring The Quality Of Abstract Art Abstract artists are only 4 per cent better than child artists, according to a controversial new way of evaluating paintings The Physics arXiv Blog How the Human-Curated Web is Winning, Even if Mahalo Isn''t As social replaces search, humans show their superior ability to defeat the web''s spammers and disinformation Christopher Mims Archives Lists Events Subscribers MIT Technology Review

   评论人:vbk4gbykwoi  评论时间:2017/11/16
    You wouldn’t buy a suit without trying it for size,Wholesale laptops, so why buy a whisky without tasting it first? That’s the thinking behind Master of Malt’s online Drinks by the Dram service, which offers around 2,Cheap sony tv,600 whiskies by the 30ml dram. Prices start at around ?3 for a run-of-the-mill Scotch blend and rise all the?way to ?350 for a taster of Karuizawa 1980 Golden Samurai, a sought-after single malt from Japan that goes for ?4,445 a bottle. ?

It’s a neat way of testing the water without leaving your house, but it also makes the whole business of sampling, comparing and contrasting different whiskies a lot more fun. You can mix and match samples, or buy a ready-made flight of five whiskies on a particular theme such as smoke, cask type or country. And if you’re not a whisky fan, they do tasting sets of other spirits,Wholesale laptops, all sealed up in the kind of dinky, wax-topped bottles that make grown men cry.?

Another whisky specialist catering for the 21st century’s increasingly promiscuous

   评论人:vbk4gbykwoi  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Click for restrictions All markets data located on FT.com is subject to the FT Terms & Conditions All content on FT.com is for your general information and use only and is not intended to address your particular requirements. In particular,bulk wholesale samsung note 5, the content does not constitute any form of advice,Discount samsung 65 inch tvs, recommendation,Discount audio, representation, endorsement or arrangement by FT and is not intended to be relied upon by users in making (or refraining from making) any specific investment or other decisions. Any information that you receive via FT.com is at best delayed intraday data and not "real time". Share price information may be rounded up/down and therefore not entirely accurate. FT is not responsible for any use of content by you outside its scope as stated in the FT Terms & Conditions . Welcome to the FT.com Markets Data

   评论人:vbk4gbykwoi  评论时间:2017/11/16
    SINGAPORE: An endangered Malaysian giant turtle rescued in Singapore has been sent back to Malaysia to get a second chance at living in the wild, said the Animal Concerns Research and Education Society (ACRES) on Thursday (Feb 2).

The turtle, named Rahayu, was rescued by ACRES in October 2015 after it was found crossing a road in Lim Chu Kang with a fish hook lodged in its mouth. The hook has since been removed.

The 30kg turtle is the first live reptile to be repatriated by ACRES. It will be handed over to local authorities in Johor, and will be released in a protected nature reserve in the northern part of Malaysia.

Social and Family Development Minister Tan Chuan-Jin, who helped transfer Rahayu into a crate for its journey to Malaysia, said the turtle was likely kept as a pet and abandoned.

“It is not easy to send these creatures home but the Malaysian Wildlife Department would be receiving Rahayu in Johor and will reintroduce her back into her world,” he said in a post on Facebook on Thursday.



Social and Family Development Minister Tan Chuan-Jin and ACRES chief executive and Nee Soon GRC MP, Louis Ng,Cheap lg tv for sale, helping to transfer Rahayu into a transport crate. (Photo: Tan Chuan-Jin''s Facebook page)
Before repatriating an animal, ACRES has to determine if it is fit to be released into the wild and apply for permits to transport the animal across borders, said the non-profit organisation’s deputy chief executive, Kalai Balakrishnan. The whole process could take up to one-and-a-half months, he said.

"We need to work with the authorities in the country we''re sending the animals back to. To negotiate how we want to send them back and whether the animal will be released eventually,Wholesale samsung phones online store," said Mr Balakrishnan.

He said ACRES has seen an increase in the number of online advertisements selling illegal wildlife. Currently, there are no regulations governing the online sale of animals, although ACRES is pushing for a ban.

"People want to keep something different,Buy toshiba laptops online shopping, something exotic. But these animals are smuggled in and you never know how they are smuggled in. The whole process is cruel so people need to think about how the animals come in here," said Mr Balakrishnan.

   评论人:yh3bhggnv35  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:yh3bhggnv35  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Here is a, fairly random, selection of Tweets about the draft bill from journalists and others.

From the Guardian’s George Monbiot
GeorgeMonbiot (@GeorgeMonbiot)
Instead of stopping #surveillance abuses revealed by Edward Snowden''s revelations, Teresa May is legalising them. That''s progress for you.
November 4, 2015
From Henry Porter
henry porter (@HenryCPorter)
#snooperscharter has been exemplarily constructed and spun yet is still highly intrusive and a danger to a free society.
November 4,Cheap samsung laptops for sale, 2015
From Tom Newton Dunn
Tom Newton Dunn (@tnewtondunn)
Investigatory Powers Bill: the Wilson Doctrine is over. MPs'' communications can be intercepted, but only with a judge and PM''s approval.
November 4, 2015
From David Allen Green, the FT’s legal commentator
David Allen Green (@DavidAllenGreen)
The immediate reaction to any Bill, or Budget, is often not a good guide to its merits.
November 4, 2015 David Allen Green (@DavidAllenGreen)
One point can be made: the draft Bill envisages the Human Rights Act remaining in place.
November 4, 2015
From the author Robert Harris
Robert Harris (@Robert___Harris)
May''s proposal quite staggering. Imagine if in 70s to fight IRA MI5 had demanded to know every shop visited, book read, inquiry made.
November 4, 2015
From the barrister Matthew Ryder
Matthew Ryder (@rydermc)
In face of #Snowden litigation Govt went NCND on #Tempora powers. Today its somehow able to ask for them in #IPBill #inaccordancewiththelaw
November 4, 2015
NCND means “neither confirm nor deny”.
Matthew Ryder (@rydermc)
If it was so damaging to Nat Security for #Snowden to reveal bulk collection was going on… how is UK Govt now able to set it out in a bill?
November 4, 2015
From Charles Arthur,Cheap samsung laptops for sale, the technology journalist
Charles Arthur (@charlesarthur)
Waiting for Theresa May to tell us that ISPs,Wholesale ipad pro, such as TalkTalk, will safely and securely store our browsing history.
November 4, 2015
From Ryan Gallagher, a journalist at The Intercept
Ryan Gallagher (@rj_gallagher)
Some positive oversight measures in #IPBill. But the proposed bulk retention powers among most invasive & sweeping in any Western democracy.
November 4, 2015

   评论人:yh3bhggnv35  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:dkel23kv21  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Making a Genome Quickly from Scratch A startup hopes to use the new approach to make vaccines. Katherine Bourzac A New Kind of Smart-Phone Connection Handsets will soon be able to connect to other gadgets or make payments with a tap. Tom Simonite Harnessing the Here and Now Five ways to embrace "real-time marketing," served up by a best-selling business author. David Meerman Scott View First Human Tests of Embryonic Stem Cell Therapy Underway Geron announced that the first patient has been treated with its experimental therapy for spinal cord injury. Emily Singer View Introducing Phygg.com What do you get if you cross the Physics arXiv with the social networking site Digg.com? The Physics arXiv Blog Mining Moods for Brand Intelligence Marketers sift through a trillion tweets and blogs for nuggets of wisdom. Erica Naone View World''s First Robot Census When a Carnegie Mellon student decided to count all the robots on campus, she had no idea it was the spark that would start a conflagration. Christopher Mims Theft ''n'' Robbery The best of the rest from the Physics arXiv this week: The Physics arXiv Blog How Close Is a Workable Brain-Computer Interface? Noninvasive communication between brains and computers just came a step closer. Christopher Mims New Class of Malware Will Steal Behavioral Patterns Computer scientists predict that a new generation of malware will mine social networks for people''s private patterns of behavior. The Physics arXiv Blog Editions Find your preferred version. Choose from six languages and in 13 regions worldwide. Archives Explore 114 years of innovation from the most respected technology publication. Lists Discover the most important people, companies and technologies shaping our future. Events Attend one of our over 400 thought-provoking live events worldwide. Subscribers Have MIT Technology Review delivered to your doorstep, desktop,Cheap epson projectors for sale, or tablet? More

   评论人:dkel23kv21  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:dkel23kv21  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Nothing in our system currently matches this topic. Please make another selection. by ,Cheap xbox! article.published Sponsored by
WHEN S. Travis Waller, a native of tiny Ironton, OH, first experienced the traffic snarls of Chicago, he was shocked. Clearing congestion is now his work. The fundamental research tool in his field is software that models traffic flow, but until recently, the models were capable of representing only static traffic conditions. Waller wrote algorithms that allow for dynamic modeling of changing conditions. As a postdoc at Northwestern University, he led the development of modeling tools based on the algorithms and made them available on the Web. Waller and others are using these tools to analyze traffic-congested areas and specify the most effective long-term investments in infrastructure improvements. Now an assistant professor of civil engineering at the University of Texas at Austin, Waller is also devising an online routing system that uses onboard computers to tell drivers which routes offer the quickest paths given current traffic patterns. Hoping to identify the conditions that slow traffic, he is working with the city of Chicago to test the system by tracking transponder-equipped buses. Eventually, the system could feed data to a central controller that would change red lights to green to improve traffic flow.

   评论人:vbk3vyykvzm  评论时间:2017/11/16
    RIO DE JANEIRO: Singapore swimmers Joseph Schooling and Quah Zheng Wen both progressed to the 100m butterfly semi-finals at the 2016 Rio Olympics early,Discount samsung 60 inch tvs?on Friday (Aug 12).?

Schooling topped his heat in 51.41s, beating American legend Michael Phelps for the second time in his career. The most decorated Olympian of all time was racing in the next lane and came in second with a time of 51.60s.



WATCH: @joschooling finishes 1st in his 100m butterfly heat with a time of 51.41 at #Rio2016 https://t.co/NgIuw1bNvm https://t.co/4gtBHJC9u2
― Channel NewsAsia (@ChannelNewsAsia) August 11, 2016





"It was alright," said Schooling. "It felt like a morning swim, nothing special. I laid off a bit, didn''t really go for it. I set myself up well for tonight so see what I can do tonight."?




The Singaporean medal hope placed 1st overall out of 43 competitors while Quah, swimming in an earlier heat,Buy sony ps vr online discount store, posted a personal best of 52.08s to squeeze through to the semi-final on the final 16th spot.?


WATCH: Quah Zheng Wen finishes 2nd in 100m butterfly heat, with time of 52.08 at #Rio2016 https://t.co/NgIuw1bNvm https://t.co/XCYhO4jOOH
― Channel NewsAsia (@ChannelNewsAsia) August 11, 2016


Said Quah: "I think it went pretty OK. I was feeling good for the first 75m,Cheap iphone se online store, and then I tired out pretty bad the last couple of metres. My finishing wasn''t that good but I made it into the top 16, so that''s cool, so I''ll see how it goes tonight."

   评论人:vbk3vyykvzm  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Colour me bad
The face is outlined in a glowing, ill green, its double profiles – one closed and one open-mouthed – suggesting a simple flipbook animation. The cartoonish speech bubble of the title is a puny fleshy knot, a tongue tied. It threatens to melt into the background of noisy lurid pink. An eye bulges,Wholesale samsung tv, frightened.
Keeping on
The great Austrian painter Maria Lassnig was in her late 80s when she created this work. Others from this period directly channel the experience of being in hospital, physical limits and pain.
Under the skin
This wasn’t exactly new territory, though. From the late 1940s on, her self-portraits consistently tackled the challenges of being alive. Language Mesh of 1999 similarly addresses the nightmare of self-expression, replacing her vocal chords with an imprisoning grille.
Body conscious
Lassnig’s “body awareness” paintings dominated her output. For these, she painted only what she could physically feel. The resulting abstractions are both creepy and droll, suggesting an artist who was never afraid to laugh at life’s tragi-comedy.

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   评论人:vbk3vyykvzm  评论时间:2017/11/16
    View our ranking of the top European business schools ,Buy vizio tv online shopping, plus the methodology and key to the ranking . Also,sony camcorders for sale cheap, download the latest magazine and read about developments in the European business education sector. More from the FT Group Markets data delayed by at least 15 minutes. ? THE FINANCIAL TIMES LTD 2017. FT and ‘Financial Times’ are trademarks of The Financial Times Ltd. The Financial Times and its journalism are subject to a self-regulation regime under the FT Editorial Code of Practice . Close

   评论人:dlsie2ch36  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Shortly after walking through the door at Face++, a Chinese startup valued at roughly a billion dollars, I see my face, unshaven and looking a bit jet-lagged, flash up on a large screen near the entrance.

Having been added to a database, my face now provides automatic access to the building. It can also be used to monitor my movements through each room inside. As I tour the offices of Face++ (pronounced “face plus plus”), located in a suburb of Beijing, I see it appear on several more screens, automatically captured from countless angles by the company’s software. On one screen a video shows the software tracking 83 different points on my face simultaneously. It’s a little creepy, but undeniably impressive.

Over the past few years, computers have become incredibly good at recognizing faces, and the technology is expanding quickly in China in the interest of both surveillance and convenience. Face recognition might transform everything from policing to the way people interact every day with banks, stores, and transportation services.

Technology from Face++ is already being used in several popular apps. It is possible to transfer money through Alipay, a mobile payment app used by more than 120 million people in China, using only your face as credentials. Meanwhile, Didi, China’s dominant ride-hailing company, uses the Face++ software to let passengers confirm that the person behind the wheel is a legitimate driver. (A “liveness” test, designed to prevent anyone from duping the system with a photo, requires people being scanned to move their head or speak while the app scans them.)

The technology figures to take off in China first because of the country’s attitudes toward surveillance and privacy. Unlike, say, the United States, China has a large centralized database of ID card photos. During my time at Face++, I saw how local governments are using its software to identify suspected criminals in video from surveillance cameras, which are omnipresent in the country. This is especially impressive—albeit somewhat dystopian—because the footage analyzed is far from perfect, and because mug shots or other images on file may be several years old.
Paying With Your Face
Facial recognition has existed for decades, but only now is it accurate enough to be used in secure financial transactions. The new versions use deep learning, an artificial-intelligence technique that is especially effective for image recognition because it makes a computer zero in on the facial features that will most reliably identify a person (see “10 Breakthrough Technologies 2013: Deep Learning”).

“The face recognition market is huge,” says Shiliang Zhang, an assistant professor at Peking University who specializes in machine learning and image processing. Zhang heads a lab not far from the offices of Face++. When I arrived, his students were working away furiously in a dozen or so cubicles. “In China security is very important, and we also have lots of people,” he says. “Lots of companies are working on it.”
Employees simply show their face to gain entry to the company’s headquarters.
One such company is Baidu, which operates China’s most popular search engine, along with other services. Baidu researchers have published papers showing that their software rivals most humans in its ability to recognize a face. In January, the company proved this by taking part in a TV show featuring people who are remarkably good at identifying adults from their baby photos. Baidu’s system outshined them.

Your browser doesn''t support HTML5 video.
Face++ pinpoints 83 points on a face. The distance between them provides a means of identification.
Now Baidu is developing a system that lets people pick up rail tickets by showing their face. The company is already working with the government of Wuzhen, a historic tourist destination, to provide access to many of its attractions without a ticket. This involves scanning tens of thousands of faces in a database to find a match,Discount lg tv store, which Baidu says it can do with 99 percent accuracy.

Jie Tang, an associate professor at Tsinghua University who advised the founders of Face++ as students, says the convenience of the technology is what appeals most to people in China. Some apartment complexes use facial recognition to provide access, and shops and restaurants are looking to the technology to make the customer experience smoother. Not only can he pay for things this way, he says, but the staff in some coffee shops are now alerted by a facial recognition system when he walks in: “They say, ‘Hello, Mr. Tang.’”

   评论人:dedlcoe8o73  评论时间:2017/11/16
    This is the "hunting cloud network reported 16710th home early screening" startup "double" is the current social hot topic, the past two years the country launched the "double" craze. According to the agency estimates, China''s early entrepreneurial activity index was 12.84, among the world''s major countries at the forefront, at the same time the "double" spawned a large number of enterprises, in 2016, and individual industrial and commercial households every established enterprises reached more than 40 thousand. More and more young entrepreneurs to enter the society began to put into practice to achieve their own business plan, of course, the risk of entrepreneurship, which is difficult to avoid problems in the world. Hunting cloud network recently learned a companion project is dedicated to helping young entrepreneurs project. Founder Wang Peng told hunting cloud network, entrepreneurship is a complex thing, like a minefield, no one will be in danger, in this way to avoid the numerous mines to pass, and the entrepreneurs want to start again with countless paths. It is important that no one can solve all the problems encountered by the entrepreneur in the entrepreneurial process, but these problems can be drawn by logic or judgment. A companion is the entrepreneur''s partner, this partnership will help him to check his problem, solve his problem, he gave straightforward solutions, this program is through the data logic deep analysis is given. At present, a company contact entrepreneurial projects amounted to more than and 600, more than and 50 to help the entrepreneurial projects, there are 16 and get involved in the success of the project financing, holds 6 shares of high-quality projects. A companion cloud incubator compared with the traditional incubation by the time, location, character limit, can quickly and accurately solve the problems of entrepreneurial projects. Wang Peng told a hunting cloud network, is based on our experience to help our business projects. On the other hand is our professional business consulting team based on, everyone in the team for at least 5 years experience in the consulting business consulting,Cheap iphone se online store, refers to the logic and data consulting, such as we have received a professional consulting projects, 3 people need to do one year, through rigorous data analysis and model finally, generation is the dozens of pages PPT. At present, we have 4 such consultants, you can guide the same time entrepreneurial projects 20. When it comes to the business model and profit, Wang Peng explained, we are through the project audit, venture capital project to intellectual shares way and make guidance for the project to help the project to get financing, we generally accounted for 2% of the shares of the project 5%, at present we have helped include super hi dense array, a number of parking the project to get financing, holding shares of up to tens of millions. We will be divided into 3 stages of venture investment and investment before and after the investment, the intervention stage is the pre investment and post investment, like eliminating technical barriers, business model, capital barriers and other barriers of information asymmetry in the two stages. For the Xi''an entrepreneurs, Wang Peng wanted to say, Xi''an is richly endowed by nature environment, provide technical support and project support a number of research institutes and universities, but at the same time, Xi''an is unable to retain talent in science and technology, the transformation rate is not high, the entrepreneur must grasp two points in such an environment, one is. No, not a good project, no future development, I

   评论人:dlsie2ch36  评论时间:2017/11/16
    How Vehicle Automation Will Cut Fuel Consumption Cars that park themselves and automatically convoy with other cars could reduce congestion and emissions. Kevin Bullis ''s Picks Cloud computing is changing how businesses, consumers, and even armies store and use data. Technology Review looks at six ideas at the cutting edge. Antonio Regalado Google News: Friend or Foe for Local News Services? Research suggests news aggregators like Google drive more traffic to local sites—but not their home pages. Erica Naone News EmTech: Infusing the Media Lab with Startup Spirit "We''re doing a lot of things here that can, and should, influence the way higher education is generally thought of," says Joi Ito. Will Knight New Malware Brings Cyberwar One Step Closer Stuxnet-like code found on industrial machines in Europe may have performed reconnaissance in preparation for attack. David Talbot EmTech: Does IT Cost More Jobs than It Creates? An academic says the past decade has brought mixed blessings. David Talbot BlackBerry''s New OS: Too Little, Too Late? Research in Motion has announced a new Operating System, "BBX." David Zax Kurzweil Responds: Don''t Underestimate the Singularity Last week, Paul Allen and a colleague challenged the prediction that computers will soon exceed human intelligence. Now Ray Kurzweil, the leading proponent of the "Singularity,Cheap iphone 8," offers a rebuttal. Ray Kurzweil News Shoot Now, Focus Later A startup''s new camera lets you refocus photos and capture 3-D images. Tom Simonite
Nicholas Powley ‘04 is in the business of finding better ways to do things. His condo in St. Paul, MN. is a model of efficiency. He’s converted his bedroom into a work space and sleeps on a Murphy bed in the living room. And he’s simplified maintenance. To haul logs to his second-floor fireplace, he ties one piece of firewood every few feet to a 60-foot rope suspended from a window. When Powley takes out the trash and recycling, he lowers it out through the window.

Nicholas Powley ’04 founded his own invention firm, Open Forum Design.
Although he gets an occasional chuckle from neighbors on trash day, they value his contributions to the community. “I help people fix stuff around the neighborhood,” he says. He also works with about 60 students at nearby Johnson High School, where he’s helping them invent and design a product for a real-world business–in this case, a bakery chain. His goal, he says, is “to improve the climate for invention in the U.S.” Through a new fellowship, Powley is helping the Minnesota Museum of Science build innovation into its educational programs. Recently he has been invited to teach engineering graphics at the University of St. Thomas in St. Paul.

Powley runs his own invention consulting business, Open Forum Design, developing medical and other products and helping other inventors take their ideas from conception to marketplace. For client Rockler Hardware, he works with the chain’s more enthusiastic customers, who want to create new tools. Another client is a high-powered company working to combat kidney disease.

At MIT, Powley didn’t always do exactly what was expected. In his sophomore engineering class, he wrote his own assignments and kept his work logs instead of turning them in. Yet by graduation he had won a mechanical-engineering award for ingenuity and creativity and an International Design Competition Award in the 2.007 robotics contest.

During Powley’s freshman year, Professor Woodie Flowers told him MIT could be either “a steamroller or a candy store.” Powley chose to think of it as a sweet opportunity, so he dove in–collaborating on projects with professors and friends, attending Enterprise Forum gatherings, and having fun.

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   评论人:dedlcoe8o73  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Bruce Lee died, many fortune teller charlatans have to do this after Zhu Geliang, said Bruce Lee " people have said, the short " Bruce Lee " at a discount of ". When Bruce Lee was alive, no one dared to say so openly, but after the death of Bruce Lee, the men jumped out. But there is a person in Bruce Lee is popular, it has been said that Bruce Lee is a " short-lived species ". It turned out that Bruce Lee''s feet were born with small defects,Buy toshiba laptops from china, when walking a little up and down " ". Ordinary people can not see the flaw, but has already seen leaf''s division of his characteristics, Bruce Lee said with a smile " not to walk heel, it is short-lived phase ". The so-called " walk heel to died " rumors, in fact not only the first division leaves, leaf division observe, have seen the defects of Bruce Lee, as a joke, not even a fact. Bruce Lee was born pingzu, not only walking heel to " " early, but not to the entire foot touchdown position to squat down, this is the teacher and other senior leaves and Bruce Lee all know better. Bruce Lee went to the United States, has great development in terms of boxing. A few years later, Bruce Lee will return to Hongkong to visit the Yip Man and brother. A door with some supper, dragons deliberately asked teachers leaves " believe he can squat down now, " leaf teacher smiled, knowing he has overcome the defects in trouble.

   评论人:dlsie2ch36  评论时间:2017/11/16
    “To be a good strategist, forget about yourself,” says Brian Bilello, chief operating officer of the New England Revolution, the Major League Soccer (MLS) team based in Foxborough, MA. “Good strategies develop from considering the viewpoints of everyone who will be affected by the decisions.”


Bilello, who has been cited as “the next Theo Epstein” by Bostonmagazine, hopes to score big with his latest strategy to increase the Revolution’s ticket base and to see a New England soccer stadium built and opened within a few years.

Although U.S. soccer has not enjoyed the colossal popularity of baseball and football, let alone that of soccer in other parts of the world, Bilello sees a new era for the sport. “We’re poised for growth,” he says, asserting that a new soccer age was already under way by the time English superstar David Beckham joined the Los Angeles Galaxy in 2007. “Beckham sees something exciting here. MLS has a solid infrastructure of ownership groups, strong players, team-owned stadiums, and a history of managing teams.”

Bilello joined the Kraft Sports Group in 2003, serving the New England Revolution, the New England Patriots, and Gillette Stadium in a variety of operational and strategic roles before becoming the Revolution’s COO in 2006. From 1997 to 2002, he was a management consultant at Bain in its San Francisco and Boston offices.

A lifelong soccer enthusiast, Bilello has played the game as long as he can remember and now participates in an over-30 league. He played varsity soccer at MIT, where he also discovered a new love: business. “MIT was an overwhelmingly positive experience for me,” he says. As he gained problem-solving acumen through engineering studies, “I saw those strategic skills, combined with a minor in economics, as the most exciting combination for me. I knew I wanted to go into business.”

Bilello, his wife Vanessa, and their toddler daughters–three-year-old Samantha and one-year-old Madison–frequent zoos and museums near their home in southern Massachusetts. Vanessa plans to return to her career in education soon. And Samantha, reports Bilello, “is starting to kick the ball around.”

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   评论人:dedlcoe8o73  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Ancient prisoners beheaded when feeling how? Is one of the ancient means of execution beheading, is killed. The so-called beheaded or abandoned city are actually beheaded, but that after the head suspension beheaded beheaded publicly in a tall pole, abandoned city refers to the prisoners in the downtown. From the Qin Shiqi beheaded formally included in the code. After the Sui Dynasty until the Ming and Qing of the death penalty is mainly beheaded, the degree of punishment than it rather than hanging heavy pieces of light. Beheaded, in a variety of art of death penalty is relatively low, but the technical requirements are not low! Novice or layman can be smooth head off! Has been recorded, a butcher chopped 17 knife to cut down the prisoner''s head of the executioner! The executioner beheaded hard neck hands are evil. The hand is black people, they not only have the guts to kill, and to go through some training. Although the neck is relatively thin, but because of the cervical vertebrae, so you can not cut off all of a sudden. Some prisoners have or special skills, not so easy to cut off his head and. "Xiao Ting miscellany" volume eight written Alima is the Qing generals, in the city office should act illegally, evil, Emperor Shunzhi to get rid of him, sent a strong second only to his military attache Bartle Shandong accounted for his arrest, he rushed Caishikou beheaded. The tumbrils went to Xuanwumen, Alima said: " death will die, but I can not let the Han Manchu people, I saw you at the gate of the city inside the torture and kill me! " at the same time, his feet hooked gate Wengdong, van could not before. Batu Lou Dzhan agreed to his request, ordered the execution within the gates. In the punishment, Alima neck like cast iron like knives, real. Arima told Pakistan turu accounted for that first cut with a knife and then cut neck tendons. According to Baturuja Jean, the executioner, Alima''s head off. "More than" the general Yesou Wellcome " said; ISO " a day, remember there is a Lu Hui Ming Dynasty Suzhou crime when cut, torture, and brandished a knife and cut off, but failed to damage his flesh, but was cut off the knife. This cut three knives in a row, his neck was not even a trace of blood, only the 3 knife seal. The execution officer was surprised, and asked him what was wrong,ipad pro online store, Lu Hui said: " I let my family made a statue of Goddess Guanyin in jail, devout pray curatio. Now you can''t kill me, this is Avalokiteshvara''s power. " the execution officer put the situation reported truthfully, with our play of Ming Dynasty absolved Lu Hui''s death. This Lu Hui, may have a kind of hard Qigong stunts, Avalokiteshvara blessed it is on the pretext of words. The Qing Dynasty Xianfeng, once in the coastal areas of Fujian captured the Pirates of them were more than 50 people, Fuzhou City, Beijiao drive execution beheading. These pirates are some of the time, even when the executioner cut a few knives can not cut his head. Then think of other ways to find a large saw carpenter, two people to pull, cutting off the prisoner''s neck, the prisoner is too sad and shocking to the ear.

   评论人:eetg2yglhy0  评论时间:2017/11/16
    There are many dreadful wars in the Middle East and Africa. With the US and UK parading their morals over Syria (Report,Cheap apple laptops for sale, 13 April), I wonder if they would consider that not hundreds or thousands but millions of people are in danger of death by hunger and by the bombing by Saudi warplanes and the US and UK blockade of aid to Yemen. It will no doubt be of comfort to the dead Yemenis that their deaths were by moral US and UK bombs. I am just about to send more money to try and aid the poor Yemeni people as it appears that the UK and US are not going to help.
Cliff Billings
Droitwich Spa, Worcestershire

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   评论人:eetg2yguma3  评论时间:2017/11/16
    SINGAPORE: Yip Pin Xiu has won Singapore’s second gold medal at the Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro.

On Friday morning (Sep 16),Wholesale desktops, the 24-year-old touched home first in the women’s S2 50m backstroke event in 1:00.33s, picking up a second gold medal at the Games.

Her time was half a second off the world record of 59.32s set six days ago enroute to winning the S2 100m final.

China’s Feng Yazhu, who won this event in the London Games four years ago,Cheap iphone 7 plus 256gb, came second in 1:02.66s, with bronze going to Ukraine’s Iryna Sotska with 1:17.22s in a repeat of the 100m backstroke podium.

Singapore''s leaders took to social media to congratulate Yip, hailing her "resilience and tenacity".

Yip is the first Singapore athlete to win multiple gold medals at the same Paralympics, as her win took the nation’s medal haul at the Games to three.

Teammate Theresa Goh won the bronze medal in the women’s SB4 100m breaststroke final.

Watch the live coverage and relive the winning moments of Team Singapore at the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games on okto or Toggle at toggle,Wholesale cameras.sg/Paralympics.

   评论人:eetg2yguma3  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Eurozone smashes forecasts with 0.6% growth, markets hit by strong yen – as it happened Europe’s economy has posted its fastest growth in a year, as France and Spain beat expectations,Wholesale apple ipod nano, but US data disappoints Published: Anatole Kaletsky Italy is resuming its historic role as a source of Europe’s best ideas and leadership in politics, and also, most surprisingly, in economics Published: Eurozone economy grows faster than expected in first quarter Currency bloc beats forecasts but inflation slips back into negative and experts urge against reading too much into data Published: Tusk rejects Tsipras request for EU summit on Greece bailout European council president rejected Greek proposals,Wholesale iphone 6s, instead urging eurozone finance ministers to call emergency debt meeting within days Published: Britons and Europe: the survey results Ahead of the momentous referendum on 23 June, the Observer has commissioned an extensive nationwide survey into British attitudes and beliefs about Europe Published: ''President Trump'' as big a threat as jihadi terror to global economy - EIU Republican frontrunner could damage trade and increase Middle East instability if he wins US presidency, say analysts Published: ECB cuts eurozone interest rate to zero to jump-start economy European Central Bank also ramps up quantatitive easing programme in attempt to fend off deflation Published: Kipper Williams on ECB cutting eurozone interest rate to zero European Central Bank tries again to revive bloc’s economy, with measures including increased quantatitive easing Published: ECB under mounting pressure to step up eurozone support Bloc slips into negative inflation for third time in a year prompting fears eurozone is heading for deflation Published: G20: Market rally continues,bulk wholesale samsung tablets, as US GDP growth better than expected - as it happened Investors hope for more central bank stimulus, while US GDP could be revised down Published: Carney: Bank of England could cut interest rates to zero, but not below Bank governor dismisses setting negative interest rates even in the event of an economic downturn Published: US factory woes add to pressure on Fed to hold interest rates Worst manufacturing month for three years could influence central bank chiefs when they meet in three weeks Published:

   评论人:eetg2yguma3  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:gkblgo76pn1  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Science and technology] November 14th news, the saying goes to sleep in the winter of March. Xiaobian I arrive in the winter will feel tired, especially in the morning, it was curled up in bed do not want it, if people can hibernate is good. When it comes to hibernation, why do animals sleep for three months? Which animals hibernate? Refers to warm blooded animals - some mammals and a small number of birds in the cold season, will be reduced by the way the body temperature to enter a similar physiological state of sleep. People study animal hibernation, mainly for warm blooded animals. Because they can control their body temperature accurately and purposefully. Some mammals,Sony PS Vita for sale cheap, such as bats, do not hibernate. The other (such as the Dormouse, dormouse, hedgehog, marmot or Ou Huangshu) hibernation with brief awakenings. As for the timing of hibernation is the subject of the study of biological clock. The hibernating animal behavior in the autumn in the winter hibernating animal opportunity to find a place to hibernate: the hollow trunk and the crypt, and inside covered with grass, straw, leaves and wool cushion. In such a good place to live they will be huddled in a huddle, drooping eyelids, in this form of low energy -Torpor (Latin: dull), through the winter. Their body temperature drops to 1 to 9 degrees celsius. All physical functions will drop significantly. Breathing is very weak, slow heartbeat, sensitivity to external stimuli decreased. If you shoot a hibernating bat with an infrared camera, you will see the bat''s body is dark blue. For example, in a hibernating state, the body temperature will drop from 39 to about 7 degrees celsius. The heart rate fell from 100 to about 2 to $3 per minute. Breathing frequency can be extended to one hour. The metabolites of the intestine and liver are collected in the lower part of the intestine and excreted during recovery. Animals stop eating during hibernation, or eat in a brief waking state. Hibernating animals rely on their own fat. Especially in brown adipose tissue, the tissue in the shoulder and neck, is a very important source of energy, especially when the outside temperature animal come out of hibernation state, the process for several hours. During the second half of the awakening process, the animal is able to raise the body temperature to normal levels by shaking the body and contracting the flexor and extensor muscles simultaneously. The higher the temperature, the faster the animal breathes.

   评论人:gkblgo76pn1  评论时间:2017/11/16
    [font technology news] September 27th news,Buy laptops online store, Apple has launched a series of 7 for a period of time, the bright black version of iPhone7 is a hard to find, panic buying is very hot, the recent news that the next Apple 7S or the ceramic body, take a look at it. According to foreign media Cult of Mac said before, apple uses a precision ceramic material in Apple Watch Edition body appearance, and rumors of iPhone7s will also use the material, ceramic material is the ideal body material to create iPhone7s, if Apple will carry on the change in the iPhone model design, Aluminum Alloy material body give up to 4 years is not impossible. WeChat search and pay attention to science and technology news public account: kejixun more exciting, I know!

   评论人:gkblgo76pn1  评论时间:2017/11/16
    The cloud age is coming, are you ready? Easy Shenyun era new conference national tour officially opened the first station: Shantou. As the representative of the third wave of IT, " cloud " the surging waves for human life, production and business model has brought a huge change. In order to work with " cloud era " brought about by a series of changes in the overall integration, easy God software is also actively started the road of change, " cloud " product related research and development. As the leading brand of domestic ERP management software, easy to God''s " cloud products " after research and development, customer verification is also about to be ready to lead the fashion companies into the " cloud era ". In the upcoming 2014, " cloud " what new business models will bring to fashion companies? In the new business model, how to deal with the enterprise? Easy Shenyun.... products will provide you with a comprehensive interpretation of the new trend of cloud era garment enterprises informatization; senior consultants share fashion enterprises in the transformation of the road more easily with you; God provides enterprise research institute expert cloud era integrated solutions for your growth! 2014 of God is the transformation of the year, is to accumulate steadily for a year. Easy to Shenyun mature products gives us confidence, 2014 to " 2014" transformation; Yi Shenyun era new conference national tour will be grand sail, in Shantou, in Guangzhou, in Shenzhen,Buy ipod nano online, in Beijing, in Hangzhou. We will take you... Again, cloud, chongshangyunxiao experience into the cloud era.

   评论人:dkel21vb32  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:dkel21vb32  评论时间:2017/11/16
    Imagem: Pratt & Whitney usou fabrica??o aditiva para criar esses suportes do motor.

A empresa de avia??o Pratt & Whitney está explorando se a tecnologia conhecida como fabrica??o aditiva pode ser usada para desenvolver motores a jato mais compactos que poderiam tornar os avi?es comerciais mais leves e eficientes em combustível.

Pratt & Whitney já utiliza duas técnicas de fabrica??o aditiva para fazer alguns componentes do motor. Em vez de fundir o metal em molde, os métodos envolvem a forma??o de objetos sólidos pela fus?o parcial de um pó de metal com um laser com um feixe de elétrons. Outros fabricantes de avi?es usam tecnologias similares; GE, por exemplo, cria bicos de combustível para motores a jato, usando sua própria técnica de fabrica??o aditiva (veja “Breakthrough Technologies 2013: Additive Manufacturing”).

Os métodos utilizados pela GE e Pratt & Whitney s?o mais complexos e sofisticados do que a impress?o 3D, que envolve a cria??o de objetos através do depósito sucessivo de camadas ultrafinas de material (veja “The Difference Between Makers and Manufacturers”).

Processos de fabrica??o aditiva podem reduzir o desperdício, acelerar a produ??o e permitir a execu??o de projetos inviáveis com processos de produ??o convencionais. As novas formas e propriedades do material pouco comuns que a tecnologia torna possível - como pás de uma hélice optimizadas para for?a em uma das extremidades e flexibilidade na outra - poderia mudar a forma como os avi?es s?o feitos.

Uma possibilidade a ser explorada pela Pratt & Whitney é a produ??o de motores com menos pe?as, que exigiriam menos montagem e seriam mais baratos de fazer. Frank Preli, engenheiro-chefe de materiais e engenharia de processos na empresa, prevê a possibilidade de radicais novos concep??es de aeronaves "como muitos motores embutidos em uma asa para eficiência ultra aerodin?mica".

Tal projeto poderia ter muitos benefícios, diz Mark Drela, professor de aeronáutica e astronáutica no MIT. Distribui??o de motores ao longo da borda das asas e na parte traseira da fuselagem pode, teoricamente,sony wireless speakers for sale cheap, reduzir o consumo de combustível em 20 por cento e diminuir o peso de uma aeronave. Estes benefícios "significam grandes redu??es na queima de combustível", diz Drela. Economias de 50 por cento "n?o s?o difíceis de atingir".

Para chegar nisso, Preli diz, técnicas de fabrica??o aditiva precisam melhorar para permitir maior precis?o. Assim que os pesquisadores entenderem a física fina, em escala molecular de como lasers e feixes de elétrons interagem com pós, diz ele, "vamos ter a capacidade de incorporar características cada vez menores e taxas de deposi??o mais e mais rápidas".

Faz todo o sentido que a indústria aeroespacial tenha sido uma das primeiras a adotar a fabrica??o aditiva - mesmo pequenas melhorias de desempenho ou pequenas redu??es de peso podem levar a uma grande economia de combustível, justificando o alto custo inicial de imprimir uma pe?a.
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   评论人:dkel21vb32  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:eetg2ygmzm8  评论时间:2017/11/16
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   评论人:vbg2vyykmls  评论时间:2017/11/16
    KUALA LUMPUR: Ri Jong Chol,Wholesale apple iphone 7 256gb, a North Korean arrested in the probe into last week''s murder of the half-brother of the isolated state''s leader, lived in Malaysia for more than three years without working at the company registered on his employment permit or receiving a salary.

Ri, 47, had a Malaysian work visa that showed he was an employee of Tombo Enterprise. But the owner of the company said he never worked a day there or drew a salary from the small herbal medicine firm.

Chong Ah Kow said he facilitated Ri''s working visa by stating in supporting documents that he was a product development manager in the company''s IT department earning 5,500 ringgit (?994.2) per month. The visa was renewed once, he said, in June 2016.

"It was just a formality, just documents, I never paid him," Chong, a Malaysian, said in an interview. "I don''t know how he survives here. I don’t know how he gets money."

Chong, a frequent traveller to North Korea, said he was just trying to "help out" Ri. He has been interviewed by police and told Reuters he was ready to face any consequences from submitting false information to the government.

Chong, who has remained friends with Ri, said the North Korean lived with his wife and two children in Kuala Lumpur.

Reuters could not ascertain if Ri had any other employment or source of income. Police could not be reached for comment to explain how Ri supported his family in Malaysia.

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Ri has been arrested as a key suspect in the murder of Kim Jong Nam, the half-brother of North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Un. Police have not specified what role he may have played in last week''s brazen killing at the Kuala Lumpur International Airport.

Reuters was unable to find out whether Ri has a lawyer or to contact his wife or his daughter. Efforts to contact the North Korean embassy in Kuala Lumpur were also unsuccessful.

Chong said Ri rented an apartment in Kuchai Lama, a middle-class Kuala Lumpur suburb. Three-bedroom apartments in the neighbourhood typically rent for about 1,500-2,000 ringgit per month, according to property websites.

Ri''s daughter studies at HELP University, a fee-paying private college in a western Kuala Lumpur suburb that bestowed a honorary doctorate in economics on Kim Jong Un in 2013 for his "untiring efforts for the education of the country and the well-being of the people".

The university has confirmed she is a student there.

Chong said he and Ri met in 2013 when the North Korean came to him in Kuala Lumpur, and said he was related to the inventor of a mushroom extract with anti-cancer effects. Chong said he has visited North Korea about 10 times and admires the country for its culture.

"They have great shows,Cheap apple iphone 7," Chong said. "(Ri was a) soft-spoken, courteous, humble man - just like other North Koreans."

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Ri met Chong infrequently, driving with his daughter to Chong''s office in Kuala Lumpur. The men discussed business opportunities, such as palm oil importation, with Ri''s daughter translating from Korean into English and vice versa. Nothing, however, came from the talks, Chong said.

The duo last met in January.

Malaysia is about the only foreign country that a North Korean can easily enter, thanks to a visa-free policy for visitors that is largely reciprocated by Pyongyang. Since the 1980s, North Korea has used the Southeast Asian nation as a hub to promote its strategic and business interests, legitimate and otherwise, some analysts say.

However ties are under strain following the killing of Kim Jong Nam.

Kim died last week after being assaulted at the airport with what police believe was a fast-acting poison. The two women who assaulted him, one who is Indonesian and another who carried a Vietnamese passport, are both in custody.

Police have said they are also seeking four other North Koreans who fled the country on the day Kim was murdered.

South Korean and U.S. officials believe Kim was killed by agents from the North, possibly on orders from his half-brother because he had spoken out publicly about his family''s dynastic control of the nuclear-armed nation.

Malaysia has not gone that far, but it has been annoyed by Pyongyang''s suggestions that its police are acting at the behest of South Korea.

COSY TIES

North Korea and Malaysia have had a cosy relationship since former prime minister Mahathir Mohamad embraced the isolated state, in part to rebuff the United States.

However, two-way trade between the two nations was worth only 23 million ringgit in 2015.

Even so, Malaysia''s Proton cars have been sold to North Korea and used as taxis in Pyongyang. North Korean miners work in Malaysia''s Sarawak province while Malaysian palm oil and rubber is exported to the communist state.

Last year, the chief executive of the Malaysia External Trade Development Corp, Dzulkifli Mahmud, spoke of North Korea "using Malaysia as a gateway to Southeast Asian markets as it finds the country business-friendly with pro-business policies."

James Chin, the director of the Asia Institute at Australia’s University of Tasmania,Cheap iphone x for sale, said the trade figures do not include substantial illicit economic activity, much of it directed through the North Korean embassy and front companies.

"Malaysia is the source of a lot of smuggling operations by North Korea to raise money for the motherland," he said. "They also buy a lot of high-end consumer goods in Malaysia for the elite in Pyongyang."

(Reporting by Liz Lee and Tom Allard; Editing by Raju Gopalakrishnan and Bill Tarrant)

   评论人:vbg2vyykmls  评论时间:2017/11/16
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